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There is nothing special about this list. It is merely the result of over 60 years collecting books in no particular order. It will be apparent than the majority are about history of one time or place or another. But there are also books on economics, investments, political science, philosophy and even some on art and architecture or literature. I have attempted to make a comment, if I consider one worth making about a particular book. In an effort to organize the history books I arbitrarily have - ancient history prior to 450 AD - medieval history from 450 AD to 1450-1500 - early modern history from 1500 to 1815 and modern history post 1815. I have a separate listing of military books in the library {short description of image} And now I have begun another list here - {short description of image}

 

Author

Title

Publisher Information

Subject

Comment

 

Hammond Odyssey Atlas of the World

Hammond, N.Y., 1994, 72 pgs., index, map projections, world flags, paperback large format

Reference Atlas

An excellent set of maps in large format.

 

Svyhatini Dryevnyei Moskvi - Sacred Places of Ancient Moskow

MP, Kontakt, Moscow, 1993, 176 pgs., illustrations, other reading

Russian history

This is a remarkable book. It features 158 photos of wonderful churches in Moscow, many of them no longer there. They are organized by location, Kremlin, Kitai gorod - Belii (white) gorod, Earth city, and outside earth town. Each of those locations had its own fortification walls - Kremlin in the inside, Kitai gorod next to it. Both surrounded by White city named for its white brick walls, Then the earthen rampart and palisade of the outer wall. The list of names is in English as well as Russian. The book states that before the Bolshevik destruction there were 500 churches in Moscow but now only 320 remain.

The 9/11 Commission Report

W. W. Norton, Co, N.Y., 567 pgs., end notes, illustrations

Government report

The Final report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States

Abbott, A. - editor Philip Smith

Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions

Dover Pub. N. Y., 1979, 83 pgs., paperback

A Victorian satire

Abbott published this small booklet in 1884 in England. He was, among other skills, a mathematician. school teacher,

Abelard and Heloise - trans,-ed. Betty Radice

The Letters of Abelard and Heloise

Penguin Books, Middlesex, England, 1974, 309 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, paperback

Literature

A famous, classic exchange of letters in France of the Middle Ages that created quite a scandal and resulted in serious problems for one of the foremost philosophers of the age, Peter Abelard

.

Acemoglu, Daron & James A. Robinson

Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

Crown Business, N.Y., 2012, 529 pgs., index, references, end notes, bibliographic essay

Economic History, Finance, Political Theory

A recent entry into the massive literature on what makes countries or nations successful or powerful and why others never make it or fail. The authors believe that political institutions either promote or deter success. They discuss to discount various other theories. On example they use is comparison between Nogales in Arizona and Mexico.

Acton, John Emerich, Edward Dalberg, First Baron Acton

Essays on Freedom and Power

Meridan Books, N. Y., 1960, 350 pgs., notes, paper back

Political Philosophy

Introduction by Gertrude Himmerfarb. This is a series of Lord Acton's lectures. He died in 1902 so this publication is post mortuum.

Adams, Brooks

The Law of Civilization and Decay

Vintage Books, N.Y., 1955, 308 pgs. , index,

European History

An iconoclast's version of Western History - full of great phrases. Much discussion of personalities and scandals. Very enjoyable.

Admati, Anat & Martin Hellwig

The Bankers' New Clothes: What's Wrong with Banking and What to do about it

 Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2013, 398 pgs., index, references, end notes

 Economics, Public Policy, Financial institutions, Crash of 2008

 The authors lay the blame for the huge financial crisis and market crash of 2008 on greedy bankers. They ignore both the role of government in creating - even demanding - the bank mortgage policies and easy money that led to the crash.

Airne, C.W.

The Story of Tudor and Stuart Britain told in pictures

Sankey, Hudson Co., Manchester, nd. 64 pgs., illustrations, paperback

British History

The booklet had over 500 line drawing illustrations depicting all sorts of things from costume to architecture.

Airne, C.W.

The Story of Hanoverian and Modern Britain told in pictures

Sankey, Hudson Co., Manchester, nd. 64 pgs., illustrations, paperback

British History

The booklet had over 650 line drawing illustrations depicting all sorts of things from costume to architecture.

Akhmedov, Ismail

In and Out of Stalin's GRU: A Tatar's Escape From Red Army Intelligence

University Publications of America, Frederick MDZ., 1984, 222 pgs., index, glossary

Soviet Russian History

The author was recruited into the GRU during Soviet effort to expand influence in the Central Asian societies. On the eve of WWII he was privy to the GRU knowledge of Hitler's preparations to attack the USSR. He escaped through the Balkans into Turkey.

Alchian, Armen A & William R. Allen

Exchange & Production: Competition, Coordination, & Control

Wadsworth Pub, Belmont, Calif.,, 1983, 475 pgs, index, tables, glossary

Economics

Economics textbook by a famous professor complete with questions for students. Very highly rated by the profession. Clear discussion.

Alchian, Armen A

Collected Works Vol 1 - Choice and Cost Under Uncertainty

Liberty Press, Indianapolis, 2006, 760 pgs., index,

Economics

The economist's economist - essays

Alchian, Armen A

Collected Works Vol 2 -Property Rights and Economic Behavior

Liberty Press, Indianapolis, 2006, 829 pgs., index, graphs, tables

Economics

The economist's economist - essays

Alexander, Pat - ed

Eerdmans' Family Encyclopedia of the Bible

Guideposts, Carmel, N. Y., 1978, index, illustrations, maps

Biblical History

Together with the following entry, this is an excellent reference book for students with many illustrations and maps. The text is organized by general topic and sub topic.

Alexander, Pat & David- ed

Eerdmans' Handbook to the Bible

Guideposts, Carmel, N. Y., 1973 680 pgs., index, gazetteer, illustrations, maps

Biblical History

Together with the preceding entry, this is an excellent reference book for students with many illustrations and maps. The text is organized by general topic and sub topic.

Allen, J. W.

A History of Political Thought in the Sixteenth Century

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1928-1969, 527 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Political Theory

Professor Allen spells out his ideas about political theory in a lengthy introduction. One particular concept strikes me. "Men are constantly engaged in an on the whole highly successful effort to adjust their ideas to circumstance and, also, in an effort, very much less successful, to adjust circumstance to their ideas." The text is organized into four parts. One is on Lutheranism and Calvinism. The second is about England. The third is about France, and the fourth is about Italy. The Italy section is focused on Machiavelli and Guicciardini.

Amann, Peter, - ed.

The Eighteenth-Century Revolution: French or Western?

D. C. Heath Co., Boston, 1963, 114 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

This booklet is in the series on Problems in European Civilization designed for use by teachers in classroom discussions. There are 16 essays (extracts) of which 4 are by R. R. Palmer whose thesis is the subject of the question. Palmer's contention is that the revolutionary era was widespread, hence 'western' while his critics maintain that even so the French Revolution was different.

Anderson, Hans Christian - trans. E. V. Lucas and H. B. Paull

Anderson's Fairy Tales

Grosset & Dunlap, N. Y., 1945, 343 pgs., illustrations

Literature

Excellent illustrations. The book contains many of the well known and lesser known of the fairy tales

Andrade, Tonio

The Gunpowder Age: Subtitle: China, Military Innovation, and the Rise of the West in World History

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2016, 432 pgs., index, bibliography, notes

World History

The author conducted huge research in Chinese sources. This is com;parative history of the role of gunpowder, fortifications, industrial power and innovation that led to the British (West) dominating China in the mid-19th century. It dispells many myths.

Ardrey, Robert

African Genesis: A Personal Investigation into the Animal Origins and Nature of Man

Atheneum, N. Y., 1961, 380 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

Anthropology

This became both influential and controversial. The author sought to link the aggressive and social behavior of various animals with behavior of man. The author relied on the field work and written reports of others.

Ardrey, Robert

The Territorial Imperative: A Personal Inquiry into the Animal Origins of Property and Nations

Dell, N.Y., 1966, 390 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, paper back

Anthropology

Ardrey expanded his concept in the effort to show that man's desire to control territory also has its basis in animal behavior.

Ardrey, Robert

The Social Contract: A Personal Inquiry into the Evolutionary Sources of Order and Disorder

Atheneum, N.Y., 1970, 405 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

Anthropology

Ardrey again expanded his concepts, now in an effort to show that the organizational structure of society itself also in a result of evolutionary development from animal behavior. Note the book is dedicated to Jean Jacques Rousseau, one of the proponents of social contract.

Ardrey, Robert

The Hunting Hypothesis: A Personal Conclusion Concerning the Evolutionary Nature of Man

Atheneum, N.Y., 1977, 244 index, bibliography, paper back

Anthropology

Ardrey brings his theories together and considers the impact of climate also on mankind's evolution from animal behavior.

Arendt, Hannah

The Origins of Totalitarianism - 2nd ed.

Meridan Books, N.Y., 1958, 520 pgs., index, foot notes, paperback

Political Philosophy

A very influential book by an influential student of modern political ideas and practices. The content includes Antisemitism, Imperialism, as background and then the 'rise' of totalitarian government and its use of terror. The subject matter is now history but the concepts are still relevant for the study of contemporary events.

Arendt, Hannah

On Revolution

Viking Press, N. Y., 1963, 343 pgs. ,index, bibliography, end notes

Political Philosophy

Another brilliant statement of realities that the radicals don't want to hear. The author notes that now 'freedom' is no longer articulated as the motivation for revolution. She has been violently attacked by the radical left for her exposee that socialism has been a central part of the rise of totalitarianism.

Arendt, Hannah

The Human Condition: A Study of the Central Dilemmas Facing Modern Man

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1959, 385 pgs. , index, end notes, paper back

Political Philosophy

A deeper and broader study of fundamentals.

Aristotle - trans. Terence Irwin and Gail Fine

Introductory Readings

Hackett Publishing, Indianapolis, 1996, 359 pgs., readings, glossary, foot notes, paper back

Philosophy

Selected extracts from many of Aristotle's works with commentary by the editors.

Aristotle - trans. Kurt von Fritz & Ernst Kapp

Aristotle's Constitution of Athens and Related Texts

Hafner Pub. N. Y., 1950, 233 pgs., index, foot notes, paper back

Political Philosophy

The translator/ editors believe the text was not written for publication but only for internal use at Aristotle's school. They state that the Greek text is very difficult to understand. Thus they provide commentary and also mention other scholars and their opinions.

Artz, Frederick

Reaction and Revolution: 1814-1832

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1934, 328 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, foot notes, paperback

Modern History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series of histories. It includes much social and intellectual history of the post- Napoleonic Europe up to the new revolutionary movement in France in 1930.

Ashe, Geoffrey

The Quest for Arthur's Britain

Frederick A. Praeger, N.Y., 1968, 282 pgs., index, maps, illustrations, bibliography, tables, chronology

Medieval History

The author describes both the myth and legend of Arthur and the potential real case. His discussion of the real situation on southern England is excellent - see also Herm - The Celts. And there are several books in the military history list.

Ashley, Maurice

The Stuarts in Love

Macmillan Co., N. Y., 1968, 284 pgs., index, notes

Early Modern History - Biography

Biography of a series of Stuart rulers with some description of aspects of the times. The first section is about 'Love and Marriage in the 16th and 17th centuries;" so we do get a little cultural history. The second section is 'from Mary, Queen of Scots to Charles I - and the third section is from Charles II to Queen Ann. There is lots of gossip but little of political affairs.

Atiya, Edward

The Arabs

Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1955, 250 pgs., index, paperback

History

A brief summary of the expansion of the Arab conquests.

Avery, Albert E.

Handbook in the History of Philosophy

Barnes & Noble, N.Y., 1954, 320 pgs., index, references, paper back

Reference text book

Summaries of the ideas of philosophers from Ancient Egypt and Babylon to Bible, to Greece and Rome to the 1930's.

Austin, Jane -=ed. Beth Lau

Sense and Sensibility

Houghton Mifflin Co, N,. Y. 2002,. 386 pgs., notes, bibliography, chronology, paperback

Literature - Classic novel of life in early 19th century England

The first to be written but not published until much later, this is one of Jane Austin's masterpieces of English society and manners, with critical essays and historical context.

Austin, Jane

Emma

Barnes & Noble Classics, N. Y., 2004, 449 pgs., end notes, introduction, paperback

Literature - Classic novel

The crowing glory of Jane Austin's literary career, published in 1816 a year before her death.

Bagley, J. J.

Historical Interpretation: Sources of English Medieval History, 1966- 1540

Penguin Books, Baltimore, 1965, 285 pgs., index, glossary, paper back

Medieval History

The chapters are organized by century from the 11th to the 16th. In each chapter the author describes some of the most important primary sources available to the history student.

Bailey, Thomas A.

A Diplomatic History of the American People

Appleton-Century-Crofts, N. Y., 1950, 986 pgs., index, tables, bibliography, foot notes, appendices, illustrations,

American History

Dixon Ryan Fox in his forward comments. "Diplomacy has been a favorite theme of history since the times of Thucydides, if not those of Homer. It has been the means of gaining benefits for the group without fighting for them or of securing benefits which fighting has already earned." He continues that diplomacy was reserved to monarchs in the long past but now is decidedly influenced by democratic public opinion. Therefore the description of how operates must change as well. This book begins with the diplomacy conducted during the colonial period and then with the more critical diplomacy between the colonies and French during the American Revolution. It concludes with the initial phases of the Cold War, and a chapter titled 'Toward a New World Order'.

Bailyn, Bernard

The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1955, 249 pgs., index, references, end notes

American History

A detailed scholarly study by a noted authority on Colonial American History

Baker, Franklin T. & Ashley H. Thorndike

Everyday Classics - Eighth Reader - The introduction to Literature

The Macmillan Co., N.Y., 1919, 415 pgs. , glossary, illustration

Literature

The classics of literature thought essential for junior high schools in 1919. The selections include Sir Walter Scott, Alfred Tennyson, John Ruskin, Joseph Addison, Shakespeare, Macauley, and many more.

Baldwin, Marshall W.

The Medieval Church

Cornell Univ. Press, Ithica, 953, 124 pgs., index, readings, paperback

Medieval History

The author explains in excellent detail that the Church's role and mission was primarily religious, but that circumstances placed bishops and monasteries in particular into secular governmental and social roles as well. The Church's mission was to save individual souls, not perform social work. But its members could and should perform such work as part of their own effort toward salvation. The author describes many of the most significant events, particularly those involving the Church in the representation of a Pope and the state represented by a king or emperor. This brief summary text is an excellent resource for teachers.

Bamford, James

The Puzzle Palace: A Report on America's Most Secret Agency

Houghton Mifflin Co, Boston, 1982, 465 pgs., index, notes, acronyms, appendix

Modern History

The book is about the National Security Agency, the federal government's communications, signal, cryptography agency. Since the book's publication the agency and its activities have become widespread public knowledge. Still, the book overcomes the myths and provides a real look into the agency.

Banfield, Edward C.

The Un-heavenly City Revisited

Little, Brown and Co., Boston, 1968, 358 pgs., end notes, paperback

Modern Urban History - Social Policy

The author notes that the vast majority of urban dwellers in American are living in the best conditions of anyone in history. Still there are real as opposed to claimed problems.

Barber, Bernard & Elinor G. Barber - eds.

European Social Class Stability and Change

Macmillan Co., N. Y., 1965, 145 pgs., bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Sociology, Modern History

There are 12 essays on various subjects related to social class and occupations

Barbour, Philip

Dimitry; Called the Pretender: Tsar and Great Prince of all Russia 1605-1606

Macmillan, London, 1967, 387 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, illustrations, chronology, maps, appendices, historical figures

Russian History

The first of several 'false' Dimitri's. This account describes both the individual and Muscovy of beginning of 17th century.

Barck, Oscar Theodore & Nelson Blake

Since 1900: A History of the United States in Our Times

Macmillan Co., N.Y., 1952, 903 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations

American History

The book has the advantage of including only 50 years of American history. But evaluations of that 50 years may have changed since 1952. But the content is detailed

Bark, William Carroll

Origins of the Medieval World

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1960, 224 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Medieval History

Obviously there has been much scholarly research and publication since 1960, but this small volume contains worthwhile thought by a distinguished historian. It represents the concepts prevalent in the older generation.

Barron, John

KGB Today: The Hidden Hand

Reader's Digest Press, N. Y., 1983, 489 pgs., index, notes, appendices

Russian History

Yuri Andropov (former head of the KGB) was the ruler of Russia when this book was published. Now we have another former KGB leader as ruler, Vladimir Putin. Much has changed and much remains the same. (See also John Dziak's books.)

Bastiat, Frederic

The Law

Foundation for Economic Education, Irvington-on-Hudson, N. Y. 1962, 75 pgs., paperback

Economics, Public Policy

Classic study and exposee of Socialism published in 1850 by great French economist and politician

Bastiat, M. Frederic

That Which Is Seen & That Which is Not Seen: The Unintended Consequences of Government Spending

The Waking Lion Press, 2006, West Valley City, Utah, 47 pgs., paperback

Economics, Public Policy

Another classic study and exposee of Socialism published great French economist and politician

Bastiat, M. Frederic

The Law: Power, Liberty, and the Proper Role of Government

The Waking Lion Press, 2006, West Valley City, Utah, 40 pgs., paperback

Economics, Public Policy

Classic study and exposee of Socialism published in 1850 by great French economist and politician

Baudin, Louis - trans Katherine Woods, ed. Arthur Goodard

A Socialist Empire the Incas of Peru

D. Van Nonstrand Co. N. Y./, 1961, 442 pgs. , index, maps, bibliography, end notes, appendix

Early Modern History - sociology, ethnology

There is an interesting forward by Ludiwg von Mises, who writes: "this a brilliant examination of the human angle of the Inca system is the main merit of this magnificent book." This is a study of what can be known of the Inca society itself, its political structure, economic activities, culture, all prior to the Spanish conquest. That comes only at the end.

Baumgarten, N. de

Chronologie Ecclesiastique des Terres Russes du X au XIII Siecle

Orientalia Christiana vol. XVII, no. 58, Jan. 1930, 177 pgs., Pontificium Institutem Orientalium Studiorum, Roma, index, paper

Russian History

A chronology year by year of events relating to religious and political events in medieval Russia

Baumgarten, N. de

Genealogies des branches regnantes de Rurikides du XIII au XVI siecle

Orientalia Christiana vol. XXXV, no. 94, June. 1934, 153 pgs., Pontificium Institutem Orientalium Studiorum, Roma, index, tables, paper

Russian History

Geneological tables of the many branches of the Rurikids with extensive comments and notes.

.

Baumgarten, N. de

Genealogies et mariages occidentaux des Rurikides Russes du X au XIII siecle

Orientalia Christiana vol IX, no, 35, May, 1927 Pontificium Institutem Orientalium Studiorum, Roma, index, paper

Russian History

Fascinating tables and lists of persons as cross references showing the marriages between Rus and Western European spouses. The charts show the various branches as they developed in the various towns.

Beard, Mary

S P Q R : A History of Ancient Rome

Liveright Publishing, W. W. Norton, New York, 2015, 606 pgs., index, illustrations, maps, further reading, timeline, paperback

Ancient History, Roman History

A terrific new book on a much written about subject. But the author has great style, and her approach is different, new, and delightful - much recommended. Actually, it is more a History of what people thought then and think now about Rome.

 Beck, Glenn

Broke: The Plan to Restore our Trust, Truth and Treasure

Threshold Editions, N. Y., 2010, 406 pgs., end notes, illustrations,

Public Policy, Investment,

An excellent compendium of the history of the growth of federal debt in the US. and its disastrous results for everyone. But Mr. Beck's concepts about what might be done to correct the situation are too optimistic.

Beck, Spenser - ed.

Palaces of St. Petersburg: Russian Imperial Style - exhibition catalog

Mississippi Commission for International Cultural Exchange, Jackson, Mississippi, 1996, 192 pgs., illustrations, paperback , large format

Russia, Fine Arts

This is the extraordinary, beautiful exhibition catalog prepared for an unprecedented, special event in Jackson, Miss. The combined efforts of the Russian authorities and curators of the Imperial palaces - Peterhof, Catherine Palace, Gatchina and Pavlovsk brought to Jackson whole rooms from those palaces plus hundreds of priceless example of furnishing, paintings, and other artistic treasures. There are full sized portraits of emperors and empresses. Stunning photography of the exterior of the palaces. We were fortunate to be able to attend this exhibition.

Becker, Carl L.

The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1932, 168 pgs., foot notes, paper back

Intellectual History

Becker is either a ego-centric, radical, leftist, progressive or a satirist. His lectures attempt first, to describe medieval philosophy (theology) and authors such as St. Thomas and Dante and then to describe the leading lights of the Enlightenment era in Western Europe. Then he claims there are more similarities between these two in their failures to be as really enlightened as he is today. (well in the 1930's). The book ends with musings on the coming triumph of either Communism or at least collective planning. Is he serious in claiming that the Russian Revolution is a "happy turning point" for mankind? But his book received great attention and had influence - as two of the books listed here attest - Carl Becker's Heavenly City Revisited.

Beik, Paul H.

The French Revolution Seen From the Right: Social Theories in Motion 1789-1799

Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, 1956,122 pgs., index, references, foot notes, paperback

Modern History - Political Theory

The author compiles the writing and thought of a number of conservative or absolutist adversaries of the French Revolution. He links each author with his biography and social background. The 'right' authors had many different ideas, especially about an 'absolute' monarch versus a constitutional monarch.

Belloc, Hilaire

The Crusades

Tan Books, Rockford, Illinois, 1937, reprint 1992, 250 pgs., paperback

Medieval History

History but with critique and commentary on modern perceptions of the events.

Belloc, Hilaire

Essays of a Catholic

Tan Books, Rockford, Illinois, 1931, reprint 1992, 245 pgs., paperback

Political and Intellectual commentary

This is a collection of essays that were controversial and meant to be. The author seeks to launch a counter-attack on modern paganism. He sees in this struggle that of the State against the Church.

Belloc, Hilaire

Europe and the Faith

Tan Books, Rockford, Illinois, 1920, reprint 1992, 191 pgs., paperback

Political and Intellectual commentary

A history of the role of the Catholic Church in Europe - that is Christendom. The author equates the division of Europe as due to the division of Christendom. He has special scorn for Prussia. He perceives and predicts the general collapse of Europe in the world as due to its lessening of belief in the Catholic Church. Note the date of publication.

Beloff, Max

The Age of Absolutism 1660- 1815

Harper & Row, N.Y., 1962, 189 pgs.,. index, notes, maps, paperback

Early Modern History

The author points out that dividing history's continuous story into artificial periods does create problems. But it also enables one to focus. In this book he provides a general background and then focuses on France, Spain, Portugal, Prussia, Austria, Russia and Poland. He considers that the 'Maritime Powers" were in a different situation.

Bendix, Reinhard

Max Weber: an Intellectual portrait

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1962, 522 pgs., index, paper back

Biography, but focused on the subject's thoughts

A lengthy study of the many concepts Max Weber developed in sociology, history, and political theory.

Benjamin, Jules R.

A Student's Guide to History, 2nd ed.

St. Martin's Press, N. Y., 1979, 154 pgs. , paper back

History

The author writes: "The aim of this book is to introduce you to the study of history and to assist you in history courses. ...this volume presents some basic concepts and methods of the field and helps you acquire the skills you will need in your work."

Berg, Harry D. & Martha Layman, Wallace Ferguson, Geoffrey Bruun

A Survey of European Civilization: Student's manual to accompany - 3rd ed.

Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, 1958, 234 pgs., maps, tables

Modern European History

Tests, work sheets, diagrams, maps for student review

Berman, Harold J.

Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1983, 637 pgs., index, end notes, paperback

Legal History

A marvelous, scholarly work based on detailed examination of primary sources on the development of legal theory and practice in Europe since Middle Ages. The author places major influence on Catholic Church Canon Law.

Bernholz, Peter

Monetary Regimes and Inflation: History, Economic and Political Relationships

Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K., 2003, 210 pgs., index, appendices, references, tables, paperback

Economic History, Finance, Political Science

The focus is on inflation. In this context the role of money, banking, currency manipulation, political policy. The author believes inflation is caused by manipulation of the money supply, which he considers in terms of currency. He writes, "Inflation presupposed the existence of money, which evolved as an unplanned social institution by a number of inventions and innovations during a period of perhaps 2500 years. It follows that inflation cannot be older than money.." I do not agree.

Bernstein, Peter L

Capital Ideas: The Improbable Origins of Modern Wall Street

Free Press, N.Y., 1992, 392 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, paperback

Finance, Economics, Stock Market

The author is writing about the expansion of Investment advice and market prediction rampant on Wall Street. He questions the value of all this considering the expense that is taken off by Wall Street insiders.

Bernstein, Peter L

Against the Gods: The Remarkable Story of Risk

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N.J., 1998, 383 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, paperback

Finance, History of mathematics

This is a much acclaimed and unique book on the history of human thought about risk, what it is, how to deal with it. But the concept of risk involves the concept of probability and that involves measurement, which means mathematics at least arithmetic involving use of numbers.. Bernstein notes: "Without numbers, there are no odds, and no probabilities, without odds and probabilities, the only way to deal with risk is to appeal to the gods and fates." Thus we meet Leonardo Pisano, known as Fibonacci, the author of Liber Abaci, whom we meet in quite a few other books in this list. And anyone today reading much about the cult of chartists who predict future market values will read about Fibonacci and the magic number relationships that govern all.

Bernstein, William J.

Rational Expectations: Asset Allocation for Investing Adults

Reality Premedia Services, 2014, 207 pgs, index, tables, paperback

Investment Advice

Excellent, clear language with examples

Beskrovnii, L. G

Atlas Kart i Skem po Russkoi Voyennoi Istorii

Voyuennoye izdatrel'stvo narodnogo komissariata vooruzhyiennikh sil, Moscow, 1945.88 pgs., 169 maps or diagrams.

Reference - Russian History

Maps of military events, battles and campaigns from 9th century to 1905.

Bibby, Geoffrey

Looking for Dilmun

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1969, 390 pgs., index, illustrations

Archeology, memoir, Ancient History

Dilmun was in Sumerian times a major transport between Mesopotamia and India. But where was it? The author recounts his efforts in the 1950's - 60's to locate it, while having to deal with the various Arab potentates who jealously ruled their small realms. In this lengthy process not only a single port that might be Dilmun was uncovered but remains of ancient civilization from Kuwait to Muscat.

Billington, James H.

The Icon and the Axe: An Interpretive History of Russian Culture

Vintage Books, N.Y., 1970, 810 pgs., index, references, bibliography, paperback

Russian History

This is social, cultural and ultimately intellectual history. The author includes much information on art, music, literature, education, philosophy and scientific study that is not found in basic political history texts.

Bilinova, H. I.

Atlas Mira

Glavnoyer Upravleniye Geodezii i Kartografii MVD SSSR, Moscow, 1959. 325 pgs., index, large format

Reference, World Atlas

Russian language atlas of the world, has more maps of Russia than the usual American atlas.

Binkley, Robert C.

Realism and Nationalism 1852 - 1871

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1935, 337 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, maps

Modern History - Social History - Intellectual History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series. Itr was a period of great and increasingly rapid change in ideas and in government structure. The author considers the development in Germany a 'civil war'. There certainly was a lot going on in Europe during this period. Although there were several disconnected wars, in comparison with the 18th century it seems that war was relatively less the center of history than intellectual history.

Binkley, Wilfred E. & Malcolm C. Moos

A Grammar of American Politics

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1950, 778 pgs., index,

American History - Government

So much has changed even since 1950 with the expansion of the welfare state that this book may be considered a history rather than a contemporary civics text as originally published.

Black, Jeremy

The Power of Knowledge: How Information and Technology made the Modern World

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 2014, 492 pgs., index, end notes

World History - Economic History - Intellectual History

The author focuses on the role of information, knowledge put to use, in the history of modern times. He believes that superior use of information was a major cause for the development of what can be called modernity in the West. (See Stark). He writes, "This book will take information as a cause, measure and product of power, and show how the relationships between information, modernity and power changed, and how these changes made the modern world."

Blau, Peter M

Bureaucracy in Modern Society

Random House, N. Y., 1956, 127 pgs., readings, foot notes, paperback

Political Science - Sociology

A study of the structure and dynamics of bureaucracy.

Bloch, Marc - trans. Peter Putnam

The Historian's Craft

Random House, N.Y., 1964, 197 pgs., paperback

History

The famous French historian describes what a professional historian does, for the benefit of the lay reader.

Bloom, Allan

The Closing of the American Mind

Simon and Schuster, N.Y., 1987, 392 pgs., index, foot notes

American Education

A critical analysis of the decline in higher education in American colleges and universities. Saul Bellow wrote an extended Forward.

Blum, Jerome

Lord and Peasant in Russia from the ninth to the nineteenth century

Atheneum, N.Y., 1965, 656 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Russian History

Considered a landmark in social history of Russia.

Blum, Jerome

The European Peasantry from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century

Service Center for teachers of history, Wash., D. C., 1960, 30 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

The essay describes the gradual change in status of the rural agricultural community from near serfdom to modern conditions. Even in 1800 the peasantry comprised 90% of the population. The author writes: "The purpose of these pages is to furnish some information about the history and activities of Europe's peasants from the end of the Middle Ages into the nineteenth century."

Board of Governors, Federal Reserve

The Federal Reserve System: Purposes and Functions

Federal Reserve System, Washington D.C., 1961, 238 pgs., index, illustrations, paperback

Public policy, political system

The official book by the Federal Reserve itself describing its functions.

Boeckh, J. Anthony

The Great Reflation: How Investors Can profit from the New World of Money

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N. J. , 2010, 314 pgs., index, end notes, figures

Investment Advice, Finance, Economics

Another in the wave of new investment advice books. This one is focused on the Government - FED massive expansion of the money supply to counter deflation and 'stimulate' the economy. The government actions will create opportunities for successful investment.

Boissonnade, P. - trans. Eileen Power

Life and World In Medieval Europe: The Evolution of Medieval Economy from the Fifth to the Fifteenth Century

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1927-reprint 1964, 395 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Medieval History

A classic French study now reprinted. Lynn White Jr. in his introduction questions why we should reprint such an old book when so much new material has been discovered and published. He answers his question by noting that nevertheless this work remains the best general study of labor during the middle ages.

Bolgar, R. R.

The Classical Heritage and its beneficiaries: from the Carolingian age to the end of the Renaissance

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1964, 591 pgs., index, appendices, end notes,

Medieval History

See also Arthur Herman - The Cave and the Light- and others in this list. Bolgar begins with Carolingian age, but the classical heritage was not completely lost during the 3 centuries prior to that. An appendix table shows the dates for translations of Greek and Latin texts into English and French.

Bonner, Bill and Addison Wiggin

Empire of Debt: Debt: The Rise of an Epic Financial Crisis

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N.J., 2006, 370 pgs., index, endnotes

Investment Advice - finance

The author is founder of AGORA, a money machine that publishes investment advice in pay for subscription newsletters. They correctly identified the coming financial disaster - predicted the dot com and mortgage disasters - and correctly predict the debt bubble disaster. Then they want to sell protection and advice on how to profit from all this.

Bonner, Bill and Addison Wiggin

Financial Reckoning Day: Surviving the Soft Depression of the 21st Century

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N.J., 2003, 506 pgs., index, endnotes

Investment Advice - finance

The author is founder of AGORA, a money machine that publishes investment advice in pay for subscription newsletters. They correctly identify the coming financial disaster - predicted the dot com and mortgage disasters - and correctly predict the debt bubble disaster. Then they want to sell protection and advice on how to profit from all this.

Bonner, Bill and Lila Rajiva

Mobs, Messiahs, and Markets: Surviving the Public Spectacle in Finance and Politics

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N.J., 2007, 424 pgs., index, endnotes

Investment Advice - finance

The title is a clever play on Kindelberger's famous book. The author is founder of AGORA, a money machine that publishes investment advice in pay for subscription newsletters. They correctly identify the coming financial disaster - predicted the dot com and mortgage disasters - and correctly predict the debt bubble disaster. Then they want to sell protection and advice on how to profit from all this.

Boorstin, Daniel J.

The Americans: The Colonial Experience

Random House, N. Y., 1958, 434 pgs., index, bibliography

American History - Cultural and Intellectual History

The first volume -The material is organized more or less in a chronological manner, but the chapter topics are focused on culture or concepts. The period of the book is from the Puritans to the end of the American Revolution. This is an ideal companion to the typical history text focused on political activities.

Boorstin, Daniel J.

The Americans: The Democratic Experience

Random House, N. Y., 1973, 717 pgs., index, bibliography

American History - Cultural and Intellectual History

The third volume - This is structured like volume 1. The period is post Civil War America up to the 1960's.

Boorstin, Daniel J.

The Americans: The National Experience

Random House, N. Y., 1965, 717 pgs., index, bibliography

American History - Cultural and Intellectual History

The second volume - Like the first and third. It is unusual to have such a large history text focused on the period between the American Revolution and the Civil War.

Booth, Danielle Dimartino

FED UP

, Portfolio, Penguin, NY., 2017, 326 pgs., index, notes

Economics, Finance, Public Policy

Subtitle: An Insider's Take on Who the Federal Reserve is Bad for America -Based on her work inside the FED the author has wrritten a memoir that reveals the process in which monetary policy is developed.

Bouquet, A. C.

Comparative Religion

Penguin Books, Baltimore, 1953, 319 pgs., index, references, foot notes, paperback

Religion

Organized in general by subject topics as well as by individual religions.

Bouwsma, William J.

The Interpretation of Renaissance Humanism

Service Center for Teachers of History, Wash.., D. C., 1959, 24 pgs., readings, foot notes, paperback

Early Modern History - Intellectual History

The booklet is in the series for teachers to use in classrooms.

Bowden, Catherine Drinker

Miracle at Philadelphia: The Story of the Constitutional Convention, May to Sept. 1787.

Little, Brown and Co., Boston, 1966, 346 pgs., index

American History

A detailed narrative and commentary on the process at Philadelphia that created the Constitution

.

Bowder, Diana - ed.

Who Was Who in the Greek World

Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, 1982, 239 pgs., glossary, bibliography, maps, charts, index, chronology, genealogy

Reference - Ancient Greek World

Contains brief biographies of significant individuals one is likely to look up.

Bowder, Diana - ed.

Who Was Who in the Roman World

Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, 1980, 256 pgs., glossary, bibliography, maps, charts, index, chronology, genealogy

Reference - Ancient Roman History

Contains brief biographies of significant individuals one is likely to look up.

Boyle, Donzella Cross

Quest of a Hemisphere

Western Islands, Boston, 1970, 633 pgs., index, illustrations

American History

The initial chapter describes the explorations by Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch and Swedes as well as the French and English. But from there on the focus is on the English colonies and subsequent establishment of the United States. The story concludes in the post World War II period. The many illustrations are excellent.

Braidwood, Linda

Digging beyond the Tigris

Henry Schuman, N. Y., 1953, 297 pgs. , illustrations

Memoir, Archeology, Ancient Pre-History

The personal memoir of an American woman archeologist's story of life on a 'dig' in the Kurdish hills of Iraq. The location was Jarmo, a relatively unknown very early (actually prehistoric) habitation, the time for the 'dig' was 1950-51. Now the area is in the news continually because Jarmo lies only a few miles north-east of Kirkut. This memoir tells a great tale of what goes on in planning and executing an archeological project. From it we also learn about the state of official Iraqi interest and desire to preserve their ancient cultures. And of course we learn something about what the expedition found - but not a lot - a significant find indeed. A prehistoric village, among the earliest found, inhabited at the time humans were first domesticating grain and animals. The author has a very vivid, intimate style that soon draws the reader in. Since this book is about life on a dig, and the 1950-51 expedition it does not more than wet the reader's appetite for more. Fortunately at turn to great Google quickly reveals an extensive Wikipedia article and much more. The Jarmo site is much more famous and important than indicated from this book. Jarmo was occupied between 7090 BC and 4950 BC., and is one of the oldest sites at the dawn of the age of agricultural domestication. Read about it. And the Braidwood's are much more famous that the book reveals.

Brandon, William

The American Heritage Book of Indians

American Heritage, N. Y., 1961, 424 pgs., index, illustrations

American History

The many illustrations are the main value of this book. The text narration explains these illustrations.

Braudel, Fernand - trans Sian Reynolds

Civilization & Capitalism 15th - 18th century - vol 1, The Structures of Everyday Life

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1979, 623 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations

European History

A much acclaimed trilogy of social as well as economic history. The author is a leading figure in the realist school of French historiography that seeks to reveal what is going on at the basic levels of every day life. His books caused a revolution in thinking.

Braudel, Fernand - trans Sian Reynolds

Civilization & Capitalism 15th - 18th century - vol 2, The Wheels of Commerce

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1979, 670 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations, paperback

European History

A much acclaimed trilogy of social as well as economic history. The author is a leading figure in the realist school of French historiography that seeks to reveal what is going on at the basic levels of every day life. His books caused a revolution in thinking. He writes in conclusion to this volume: At the end of this, my second volume, it seems clear to me that the capitalist process considered as a whole, was able to develop only out of certain economic and social conditions which either prepared or facilitated its progress,"

Braudel, Fernand - trans Sian Reynolds

Civilization & Capitalism 15th - 18th century - vol 3, The Perspective of the World

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1979, 699 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations, paperback

European History

A much acclaimed trilogy of social as well as economic history. The author is a leading figure in the realist school of French historiography that seeks to reveal what is going on at the basic levels of every day life. His books caused a revolution in thinking.

Breunig, Charles

The Age of Revolution and Reaction, 1789 - 1850, 2nd ed.

W. W. Norton & Co., N.Y., 1970, 304 pgs., index, readings, maps, footnotes, illustrations. paperback

Modern History

This is in a Norton series on the History of Modern Europe. The time category for this book differs from that of the Rise of Modern Europe series. Thus it is a useful companion to the other series, since it merges into the one book the periods of pre-revolutionary preparation, the revolutions themselves and Napoleon, and the post-revolutionary reactions, and the second wave of revolutions up to 1850. It is followed by Norman Rich'sThe Age of Nationalism and Reform 1850- 1890.

Brinton, Crane

The Shaping of the Modern Mind

Mentor Boo,, New American Library, N. Y., 1953, 287 pgs., index, paper back

Intellectual History

The content is organized around major themes such as humanism, rationalism, cosmology,

Brinton, Crane

The Lives of Talleyrand

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 1963, 316 pgs. , index, bibliography, paperback

Biography, Modern History

Talleyrand lived from 1754 to 1838 and managed to remain in public affairs and politics through the widely different political regimes that controlled France at times during that period.

Brinton, Crane

A Decade of Revolution 1789 - 1799

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1934, 331 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, footnotes, illustrations, paperback

Early Modern History - Intellectual History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series. It describes the period of revolution just preceding Geoffrey Bruun's Europe and the French Imperium. Revolution of course means change, The change in thought (intellectual change) was a continuation of the change during the so-called Enlightenment and it culmination in violent political change. Dr. Brinton is the expert on this era. The focus of course is on France.

Bronowski, J &

The Western Intellectual Tradition: From Leonardo to Hegel

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1960, 521 pgs., index, footnotes

Modern History - Intellectual History

The subject matter is relatively narrower in scope than some other works on intellectual history in this list. The authors seek to counter what they perceive as a 'cleavage' between 'conventional presentations of history and the recent but still specialized interest in the historical growth of science and of techniques.' They hope to foster an understanding of the coherent relation between science and the humanities, especially in college students. Thus the attention to the time since Leonardo. The focus is on the intellectual contributions of specific individuals including Leonardo, Galileo, Machiavelli, Thomas More, Erasmus, Hobbes, Locke, Descartes, Pascal, Boyle and on to Kant and Hegel. The connection is that these individuals were philosophers speaking in an era of amazing scientific revolutions.

Brook, Ian

The One Eyed Man is King

G. P. Putnam's Sons, NM. Y., 1967, 327 pgs.,

Personal memoir - life in Nigeria

This is the memoir of a British Foreign service officer in Nigeria after World War II.

Brooks, Arthur. C.

The Conservative heart: How to Build a Fairer, Happier, and More Prosperous America

Harper Collins, N.Y., 2015, 246 pgs., index, notes

Public Policy

The author believes the 'conservatives' have the right policies to help everyone and the 'progressives' do not, but the progressives use the effective words in their policy statements while the conserevatives do not. His final chapter is titled "The Seven Habits of Highly Effecive Conservativism - How to Talk so Americans wil Listen."

Brown, Anthony Cave

Bodyguard of Lies - 2 vol.

Harper & Row, N.Y., 1975, 1056 pgs., index, sources and notes, map, glossary

Modern History - Intelligence

This is about the special intelligence sharing arrangement between the United States and Great Britain from 1938 to the Normandy Invasion in 1944.

Brown, R. Allen

The Normans

St. Martin's Press, N. Y., 1984, 191 pgs., notes, bibliography, illustrations

Medieval History

The story of the Normans from their origins and settlement in Normandy to conquest of England - and also their conquests in southern Italy and Sicily plus the First Crusade. (See also David Douglas)

Browning, Robert

Justinian and Theodora

Praeger Pub., N. Y., 1971, 217 pgs., index, further reading, sources, maps, illustrations, table of dates

Medieval History

This is history of Byzantium in terms of biographies of an emperor - Justinian and his powerful wife, Theodora. During the reign much of Justinian's foreign military effort was in regaining Italy and North Africa. Historians now frequently consider that this ultimately failed effort diverted much needed strength that could have been better employed in the East. Either way, the wars between Byzantium and Persia left both weakened when the Arabs arrived. We have Justinian to thank for the codification of Roman law and magnificent architecture. The final chapter is the author's appraisal.

Brucker, Gene A. - ed.

Renaissance Italy; was It the Birthplace of the Modern World?

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1963, 37 pgs, bibliography, paperback

Early Modern History

This is one of the series of booklets designed for teachers to use in class. There are two aspects to this question - was it in Italy, and was it during that time period. There are 21 essays describing various aspects of the Renaissance era which may stimulate discussion. But there are new books in this list that place developments toward the modern world further back in time.

Bruun, Geoffrey

Europe and the French Imperium: 1799 - 1814

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1938, 280 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, illustrations, foot notes, paperback

Early Modern History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series, The author focuses on a relatively shorter period than that in most of the other books. But it was certainly a dynamic period dominated by war. The author is able to discuss not only military conflict but also economic warfare and financial aspects of war as well. European society is described and the increase in nationalism as both social concept and political force is tied to the revolt against French imperialism. See Crane Brinton - A Decade of Revolution 1789-1799- for the period leading up to this one.

Bryce, James

The Holy Roman Empire

Schocken Books, N.Y., 1904 reprint 1961, 535 pgs., index, list of events, tables of rulers, appendices, paperback

European History

The author begins with the Roman Empire prior to the 'barbarian invasion'. This is to indicate the existence of a deep concept of an empire. Then he discusses the attitude of the various barbarians toward the concept of empire as it was dissolving around them. He describes the development of the various polities such as that of the Franks that brought out the Empire of Charlemagne. He continues through the middle ages by describing the changing or continuing concepts of 'empire' in relation to the reality during the reigns of the succession of emperors. There is a huge amount of information in this book. See also the new book by Peter Heather -The Restoration of Rome - and Edward Crankshaw's The Fall of the House of Habsburg- and Oscar Jaszi's The Dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy.And also the newer book by Friedrich Heer - The Holy Roman Empire.

Buchanan, James M & Gordon Tullock

The Calculus of Consent: Logical Foundatins of Constitutional Democracy

University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1962, 361 pgs., notes, graphs, paperback

Political Science, Economics, Public Policy

The authors employ economics theories and methods to political policy issues

Buchanan, James M. & Robert Tollison ed.

The Theory of Public Choice II

Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1984, 452 pgs., notes, tables, papeback

Economics, politics, government policy

A series of 25 essays on various aspects of 'public choice' - an economist's view of government politics.

Buell, Thomas B.

The Quiet Warrior: A Biography of Admiral Raymond A. Spruance

Little, Brown and Co., Boston, 1974, 486 pgs., index, appendices, bibliography, illustrations

Biography

Biography of a relatively little known U. S. Navy hero of World War II.

Bukharev, Ravil

Kazan The Enchanted City

Flint River Press, London, 1995, 144 pgs., chronology, illustrations

Russia, Kazan, Tatars

This is a book of gorgeous photography -color illustrations of the place and people. The text includes a description of the Russian conquest and subsequent efforts to Russify the Tatar population.

Bulfinch, Thomas

The Age of Chivalry and Legends of Charlemagne

New American Library, N. Y., 1962, 608 pgs., index

Medieval History - Literature

This is two books in one. The Chivalry book is about the legends of King Arthur and later, related stories including about King Richard I and Robin Hood.. The second is about a variety of stories associated with Charlemagne. Both are collections of literature Bulfinch assembled.

Burckhardt, Jacob

The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy - vol 1 - The State as a Work of Art. The Development of the Individual - The Revival of antiquity

Harper & Brothers, N. Y., 1929-1958, 288 pgs., index, notes, illustrations, paperback

Early Modern History

The classic exposition and analysis of the Renaissance that practically created modern thought on the subject when it was published, first in German in 1860. Since then it has come in for much comment and criticism. (See number of books in this list). There is an excellent introduction from 1958 that assesses the book. The first part, on The state as a Work of Art is especially interesting. The many illustrations are excellent.

Burckhardt, Jacob

The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy Vol 2 - The Discovery of the World and of Man - Society and Festivals - Morality and Religion

Harper & Brothers, N. Y., 1929-1958, 245 pgs., index, notes, illustrations, paperback

Early Modern History

The classic exposition and analysis of the Renaissance that practically created modern thought on the subject when it was published, Since then it has come in for much comment and criticism. (See number of books in this list).

Burckhardt, Jacob

The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy - This edition contains both of the preceding.

New American Library, 1960, 392 pgs. , index, footnotes, paperback

Early Modern History

This edition contains all the chapter headings of the two-volume edition but without illustrations.

Burke, Edmund

Reflections on the Revolution in France

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N. Y., nd, 266 pgs.

History - Political Theory

This edition has introduction by Russell Kirk. The classic foundational work on modern conservative thinking.

Burnham, James

Suicide of the West: The Meaning and Destiny of Liberalism

John Day Co., N.Y.., 1964, 312 pgs., index,

Public Policy

A famous book by famous author. Much of the developments Burnham described have continued and accelerated

Burns, Edward McNall

Western Civilizations: Their History and their Culture - 5th ed.

W. W. Norton & Co., N.Y., 1958, 1022 pgs., index, illustrations, maps

Western History

This is an excellent book to accompany Palmer's (see below). It contains the history of art and culture that Palmer does not. The narrative begins earlier also - in the Stone Age. There is a section on the nature and origin of civilization itself. There are extensive sections on the ancient Near East., Greece, Rome and medieval Europe. These are in effect summaries of Durant's massive volumes. Concepts about feudalism and economic activity in medieval Europe have changed with recent scholarship.

Burns, Edward McNall & Philip Lee Ralph

World Civilizations from Ancient to Contemporary, Vol. 2 - 2nd ed.

W. W. Norton & Co., N.Y., 1958, 710 pgs., index, illustrations, maps

Modern World history\

Volume two here begins in 1500 with Absolutism and then the Enlightenment. There is much more in this book on Asia than in the above entry.

Burns, Thomas

A History of the Ostrogoths

Indiana Univ. Press, Bloomingtron, 1964, 299 pgs., indeed, bibliography, end notes, illustrations

Medieval History

The Ostrogoths established a kingdom with Theodoric in northern Italy that attempted to preserve as much of organized government as possible after the last western Roman emperor was dethroned. Theodoric wanted to maintain relations with the East Romans at Byzantium. The Byzantines, however, wanted to bring Italy back into their empire and successfully defeated the Goths in several battles only to find them replaced by the even more 'barbaric' Lombards. Boethius was Theodoric's advisor for years, but unfortunately fell from grace and was executed. See Heather -The Restoration of Rome

Burtt, Edwin Arthur

The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N. Y., 1924, 352 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Intellectual History

Yes, scientists were deeply students of metaphisics, especially that paragon of modern science, Newton. The author here examines the thoughts of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Hobbes, Thomas More, Gilbert, and Boyle before tackling Newton. Newton spent much time in study and writing about religion and alchemy.

Bury, J. B.

History of the Later Roman Empire: From the death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian - Vol II

Dover Pub. N. Y., 1958, 494 pgs., index, maps, bibliography, notes, paper back

Ancient History

Considered a masterpiece of the famous author. There are chapters on Justinian's wars with Persia and in Italy and Africa. See books in this list on Byzantium.

Bury, J. B.

The Idea of Progress: An Inquiry into its Growth and Origin

Dover Pub., N. Y., 1932, 357 pgs., index, paper back

Intellectual History - Philosophy

A controversial thesis on the concept of 'progress' - was it something new in modern times or did any ancient people hold such a conception.

Butler, Alban, ed. Michael Walsh

Butler's Lives of the Saints, revised

Harper, San Francisco, 1991, 466 pgs., index, paperback

Biography, Religious history

The famous biographies of Catholic Saints arranged chronologicaly according to their feast deays in a moder, edited edition.

Calomiris, Charles W. & Stephen Haber

Fragile by Design: The Political Origins of Banking Crises and Scarce Credit

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2014, 570 pgs., index, references, foot notes

Economics, Finance, Banking

The authors show that the structure of the banking system in a country is a result of political decisions and policies. They describe the history of banking in the United States in detail and show that periodic financial (banking) crises are a result. Then they examine the banking systems in Canada, Mexico and Brazil as case studies of the results of different banking systems also established by political systems. The lesson is that the financial crisis in the US in 2008 was not the result of banker greed but rather the actions of the banking system as it is responsive to politics.

Cameron, Averil

The Later Roman Empire: AD 284-430

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1993, 238 pgs., index, further reading, primary sources, illustrations, map

Ancient Rome

The book is part of the series "Fontana History of the Ancient World". It is concise but includes discussion of all the important issues.

Camp, L. Sprague de

The Ancient Engineers

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1963, 408 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

Ancient History

The subject, as the title may indicate, is engineers in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, medieval Europe and Asia. But these individuals are known largely by their works.

Cantor, Norman F.

Medieval history: The Life and Death of a Civilization

The Macmillan Co., N. Y.., 1963, 622 pgs., chronology, readings, illustrations, maps

Medieval History

A fine study of the entire period from the 2nd to 14th centuries. Perhaps a little light on the 5th-7th centuries. By one of my professors at Columbia Univ.

Carnes, Mark C. & John A. Garraty

Mapping America's Past

Henry Holt Co., N.Y., 1996, 287 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, illustrations,

Reference, American History

Based on maps, but there is much more with the extensive text and statistics displayed graphically with maps.

Carr, Robert K. & Marver Bernstein et al.

American Democracy in Theory and Practice: Essentials of National, State, and Local Government

Rinehart & Co., N.Y., 1957, 737 pgs., index, illustrations, tables, appendix

American Politics - Government

A basic text book that describes Federal, State and Local government as the greatest result of democracy in action. Government welfare policy is a presumed achievement. Everything is the best in all possible best of all worlds.

Carson, Clarence B.

The World In the Grip of an Idea

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N.Y., 1978, 562 pgs., index, end notes

Political Philosophy, Modern History

The author explains: "The world is in the grip of an idea today. The thrust of the idea is to replace man, to remove the supports for him in the position that he occupies and to force him into a new place or configuration. The impact of the application of this idea is to displace people." He describes the application of this idea in the processes of Marxism - socialism - Bolshevization in Russia, Nazification in Germany, Gradualism in England, social democracy in Sweden, Republican gradualism in the U.S. . The generalized result is the subjugation of the individual.

Carson, Clarence B.

A Basic History of the United States Vol 1 The Colonial Experience 1607 - 1774

American Textbook Committee, Wadley Alabama, 1983, 183 pgs., readings, glossary, index, notes, illustrations, paperback

American History

Excellent text for high school history courses. The author includes topics slighted in many course books today.

Carson, Clarence B.

A Basic History of the United States Vol 2 The Beginning of the Republic 1775 - 1825

American Textbook Committee, Wadley Alabama, 1983, 262 pgs., index, readings, glossary, notes, illustrations, paperback

American History

Excellent text for high school history courses. The author includes topics slighted in many course books today.

Carson, Clarence B.

A Basic History of the United States Vol 3 The Sections and the Civil War 1826- 1877

American Textbook Committee, Wadley Alabama, 1983, 224 pgs.. index, readings, glossary, notes, illustrations, paperback

American History

Excellent text for high school history courses. The author includes topics slighted in many course books today.

Carson, Clarence B.

A Basic History of the United States Vol 4 The Growth of America 1878 - 1928

American Textbook Committee, Wadley Alabama, 1983, 300 pgs., index, readings, glossary, notes, illustrations, paperback

American History

Excellent text for high school history courses. The author includes topics slighted in many course books today.

Carson, Clarence B.

A Basic History of the United States Vol 5 The Welfare State 1929 - 1985

American Textbook Committee, Wadley Alabama, 1983, 346 pgs., index, readings, glossary, notes, illustrations, paperback

American History

Excellent text for high school history courses. The author includes topics slighted in many course books today.

Carta

Carta's Historical Atlas of Israel: A survey of the past and review of the present

Carta, Jerusalem, 1996, 65 pgs., index, maps, chronology

Reference Atlas

Includes maps of Israel from prehistoric era through Biblical, and Medieval times to the present day.

Carter, Howard

The Tomb of Tutankhamen

Sphere Books Ltd., London, 1972, 238 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations

Ancient History - archeology

Beautiful book with color illustrations of the remarkable artifacts found in the tomb. The author found the tomb in 1922, causing a sensation. His original report filled three volumes, This is a summary. See also Christriane Desroches-Noblecourt

Cartwright, Frederick F.

Disease and History: The influence of disease in shaping the great events of history

Thomas Y. Crowell Co., N. Y., 1972, 248 pgs., index, bibliography

European history

There are 9 chapters in which the author discusses a few major events - disease in the ancient world, black death, syphilis, Typhus, and general impact of infections diseases.

Castell, Alburey & Mary J. Shaw - eds.

Selected Readings in Social Criticism from Rousseau, Burke, and Paine

Itasca Press, Webb Publishing, Saint Paul, 1948, 84 pgs., paperback, large format

Political Philosophy

Readinsg of three of the most famous and influential authors of the late 18th century on the eve of and during the French Revolution.

Castiglione, Baldesar - trans. Charles Singleton

The Book of the Courtier

Doubleday and Co., Garden City, N. Y., 1959, 387 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations paperback

Renaissance Society

The classic book on how to be a gentleman. It is based on the author's life at the court of Duke Francesco Maria della Rovere and Guidobaldo Montefeltro, Dukes of Urbino.

Castries, Rene de La Croix, duc de - trans. Anne Dobell

The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1979, 272 pgs., index, glossary, illustrations

Medieval and Modern History

The book is organized chronologically by dynasty and within each a biography of each ruler and summary of the times. These are Merovingians 450 -768; Carolingians 768-987; direct Capetians 987-1328; Valois 1328-1589; Bourbons 1529-1792; restored Bourbons 1814-1830; and Orleans 1830-1848. There are no ruling queens, all queens are wives of a king. The illustrations are excellent.

Ceram, C. W. - trans. Richard and Clara Winston

The Secrets of the Hittites: A Discovery of an Ancient Empire

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1956, 291 pgs. , index, bibliography, illustrations

Archeology, Ancient History

The book tells the story of the newly developed science of Hittitology as a branch of archeology. The Hittites existed in modern knowledge only as a name in the records of other peoples until the closing years of the 19th century. Now there is a full exhibition of their artifacts in the museum in Ankara. The new and revolutionary information was found not only in the uncovered capital and other cities of the Hittites in east-central Turkey but in the discovered archives in Egypt.

Chambers, Frank P.

This Age of Conflict; The Western World - 1914 to the Present

Harcourt, Brace & World, N. Y., 1962, 880 pgs., index, end notes, bibliography, maps, glossary, illustrations

Modern History

The content begins with World war One and concludes with the Cold War to 1961. The focus is mostly on Europe. Thus the book is a good supplement to Gordon Wright's An Age of Controversy, which describes the same period but without the wars..

Chambers, James

The Devil's Horsemen: The Mongol Invasion of Europe

Atheneum, N. Y., 1979, 190 pgs., index, glossary, bibliography, illustrations, genealogy table, maps

Medieval History

The author places the Mongol's in the wider context of Europe and the Near East.

Chambers, Mortimer

Greek and Roman History

Service Center for Teachers of History, Wash., DS. C., 1958, 28 pgs., foot notes, paperback

Ancient History

A brief survey of recommended sources and current scholarship to assist teachers with new reference material.

Channon, John

The Penguin Historical Atlas of Russia

Penguin Books, London, 1995, 144 pgs., index, readings, illustrations, maps, time line

Russian History

As an atlas obviously the maps are central. But the text is also excellent. The content is from the origins of the Slavs to the dissolution of the USSR .

Checksfield, M. M.

Portraits of Renaissance Life and Thought

Barnes & Noble, N.Y., 1965, 244 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes illustrations, maps

Biographies, Early Modern History

There are 10 biographies of important historical figures from Lorenzo de' Medici to Cervantes. The author writes about his choices: "They are presented here because they illustrate, in their lives, work and personalities, certain aspects of the life and thought of the time, and some knowledge of their activities should therefore assist the reader, who it is assumed will have made or be making a preliminary study of the general history..."

Cheyney, Edward P.

The Dawn of a New Era: 1250-1452

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1936, 388 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, illustrations, foot notes, paperback

Medieval History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series. It is the first volume of the 20. It includes description and analysis of the increase in trade and wealth, the expansion of the middle class, popular insurrections, the 100 years' war, the decline of the Church and increase in heresies, and language and literature.

Chirfovsky, Nicholas L.

A History of the Russian Empire Vol 1: Grand-ducal Vladimir and Moscow

Philosophical Library, N. Y., 1973, 449 pgs., index, bibliography, map

Russian History

The author is one of the most rabid anti-Russian historians in print. He denies any connection between Kievan Rus and the north east Vladimir - Moscow 'core' Russians. He uses every disparaging and derogatory adjective short of profanity in his picture of Ivan IV and Russian Tsars or Grand Princes in general.

Church, William F - ed.

 The Greatness of Louis XIV: Myth or Reality?

D. C. Heath Co., Boston, 1959, 100 pgs., readings, paperback

Early Modern History

 This booklet in in the Problems in European Civilization series designed for use by teachers in classroom discussions. 17 essays either pro or con on the question. These include many 18th century authors.

Churchill, Winston S.

A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Vol 1 - The Birth of Britain

Dodd, Mead & Co., N. Y., 1956, 521 pgs., index

Medieval History

From pre-Roman era to Richard III

Churchill, Winston S.

A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Vol 2 - The New World

Dodd, Mead & Co., N. Y., 1956, 433 pgs., index

Early Modern History

From Renaissance to the revolution of 1688

Churchill, Winston S.

A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Vol 3 - The Age of Revolution

Dodd, Mead & Co., N. Y., 1957, 402 pgs., index, map

Modern History

From 1688 to 1815

Churchill, Winston S.

A History of the English-Speaking Peoples Vol 4 - The Great Democracies

Dodd, Mead & Co., N. Y., 1958, 403 pgs., index, maps

Modern History

From 1815 to 1901

Cicero, Quintus Tullius - trans. Philip Freeman

How to Win and Election: An Ancient Guide for Modern Politicians

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 201, 299 pgs, glossary, further reading

Roman political advice

A translation of the ancient Roman text of Quintus Cicero advice to his brother, Marcus Tullius Cicero, who was running for election as consul.

Clark, Sir George

The Seventeenth Century

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1929-1961, 381 pgs., index, maps

Early Modern History - Intellectual History

In his introduction the author states that there was a major change in Europe in the mid-17th century. That was the time of the end of the 30 Years' War and Peace of Westphalia, The English Civil war, The transition in France from King Henry IV to King Louis XIV, a time of major change in economic conditions and economic theory. It was a time during which the English and French became more active in the New World and also when artifacts and ideas were coming in from India and China. But beyond all this it was a time of changes in thought.. And it is thought, ideas, that the author has focused on here. But there are lengthy chapters also on armies and navies. "One of the great changes of the seventeenth century was the rise of navies." "The first striking fact in this history is the great increase in the size of armies, in the scale of warfare." "During the whole course of the seventeenth century there were only seven complete calendar years in which there was no war between European states."

Clayton, Peter A

Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt

Thames and Hudson, London, 1994, 224 pgs. , index, 350 illustrations, bibliography

Ancient History

The chronological organization of biographies and for each individual identification of his family provides a valuable skeleton on which one can place the history of events during this lengthy era.

Cleugh, James

Chant Royal; The Life of Louis XI, King of France

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1970, 312 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

Medieval History

The Spider King, Louis XI, lived from 1423 to 1483 and ruled from 1461. The first six chapters describe his difficult life during the reign of his hated father, King Charles VII, ruled (1423-1461).As a teenager he was already drawn into politics by being given important governmental duties. But in 1456, being totally estranged from his father, he fled to the court of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. Both were descendents through several generations from French King Philip VI of Valois. The last chapters recount the machinations and manipulations that resulted in Louis being nicknamed 'the Spider King'.

Clough, Shepard R, & Peter Gay & Charles Warner - eds.

The European Past Vol II: Reappraisals in History since Waterloo

Macmillan Co., N. Y., 1964, 530 pgs., foot notes, paperback

Modern History

The editors state that their objective is to introduce new materials and a new approach to the study of European History. The content is a series of essays that individually seek to present reevaluations or conflicts of interpretation of 32 important historical topics. The list begins with Henry Kissinger writing on the Congress of Vienna. Hans Kohn writes on the revolution of 1848. There are several essays on Intellectual trends. There are essays on Napoleon III, Cavour, and Bismarck. The origins of World War One and the Treaty of Versailles are discussed. More essays are on totalitarianism, World War Two and the Cold War.

Coburn, Tom A.

The Debt Bomb: A Bold Plan to Stop Washington from Bankrupting America

Thomas Nelson, Dallas, Texas, 2012, 349 pgs., index, end notes, appendices, graphs

Public Policy, finance, economics

Senator Coburn is the leading exposer of government waste and fiscal insanity. He denounces expanding debt but with little result. The book is an effort to generate more public attention to the 'debt bomb'

Coggan, Philip

Paper Promises

Subtitle - Debt, Money and the New World Order - PublicAffairs NY., 2012, 302 pgs. index, notes, paperback

Economics, public policy, investment

 

Cohen, Joan and Jerome

China Today: and her Ancient Treasures

Harry N. Abrams, Inc. N. Y., 1975, 349 pgs., index, bibliography, chronology, illustrations,

China

A large section of the book is devoted to 'China Today' meaning the period 1960-1975, which of course is nothing like China in 2014. But it is rather a historical account now by authors who were critical observers yet on the whole supportive. The great strength of the book, however, is in the excellent and extensive sections on ancient and medieval China with rich use of illustrations from museums as well as countryside.

Cohn, Norman

The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary messianism in medieval and Reformation Europe and its bearing on modern totalitarian movements

Harper & Brothers, N. Y., 1961, 481 pgs., index, bibliography, end note, paper back

Political Theory

See Talmon also on messianism. This book by noted medieval historian takes the story back into the middle ages. Each chapter focuses on a specific group that embraced messianistic beliefs.

Colish, Marcia L.

Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition 400 - 1400

Yale Univ. Press, 1997, 388 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, paperback

Intellectual History - Medieval History

The author presents a huge amount of information on what actually was taking place in western Europe during the middle ages, especially the early middle ages so often mislabled 'dark ages' as a result of the self serving attitude of "enlightenment' authors. On the other hand she to some extent lessens the influence of retained knowledge of classical Greece and Rome by medieval scholars. See also her excellent analylsis of Machiavelli's Art of Warin Renaissance Quarterly v. 51, 1998 - listed in the military book list.)

Commager, Henry Steele & Richard Morris - eds.

The "Spirit of 'Seventy-Six: The Story of the American Revolution as told by Participants - 2 vol

.

The Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indianapolis, 1958, 1348 pgs., index, maps, illustration

American History

A massive collection of eye-witness primary documents describing events of the American Revolution

Conti-Brown, Peter

The Power and Independence of the Federal Reserve

Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2016, 347 pgs., index, bibliography, notes

Economics, politics, history, financial institutions

An excellent study of the Federal Reserve, The author describes the history of the Federal Reserve - much different from most versions. And he focuses on its current role. He believes tghe Federal Reserve Banks are unconstitutional. he recommends serious reforms

Coolidge, Olivia E.

Hercules and other tales from Greek Myths

Scholastic Book Services, N.Y., 1949, 133 pgs., paperback

Literature

Greek myths for school students.

Copeland, Miles

Without Cloak and Dagger: The Truth about the new Espionage

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1974, 351 pgs., index, appendices

American History

The author claims to be greatly upset by the mass of erroneous stuff about intelligence that fills the media and academia. He was a professional at the business and intends to tell the true story, but without revealing any secrets that might endanger American intelligence operations or individuals today (meaning in 1974).

Corbett, James A.

The Papacy

D. Van Nostrand, N. Y., 1956, 187 pgs. , bibliography, list of popes

General History

A short and rather superficial history, but it does hit the main issues. The important value is that it contains 29 significant primary source documents..

Cornell, T. J.

The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (ca. 1000 - 264 B.C.)

Routledge, London, 1995, 507 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, illustrations, maps, tables

Ancient History

The author discusses in great detail the archeological evidence for the earliest period in Rome - not only Rome but all of Italy.. Thus he bases his concepts about the reality of early Rome on physical evidence rather than later Roman myths. This is a wonderful book.

Corzine, Phyllis

The Black Death

Lucent Books, San Diego, 1997, 112 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, illustrations

Medieval History

The text is written for your readers. With clear illustrations it well explains the origin, causes, and results of the plague that swept through Europe. Especially useful is the description of the climate change to colder and wetter weather that had already had serious negative impact almost exactly 100 years before the plague began.. The chapter on its legacy is especially valuable not only because it well describes specific changes in society and beliefs but also because by example it shows the interrelationships between seemingly separate events.

Costain, Thomas B.

The White and the Gold: The French Regime in Canada

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1954, 482 pgs., index

Early Modern History

The narrative begins with John Cabot's voyages to the New World. Then came Jacques Cartier and Samuel de Champlian. It was Champlain who did the most to organize French colonization and Costain initially devotes most attention to his efforts. But the story expanded greatly from that effort. Costain describes the efforts and deaths of the Jesuit Martyrs and the victory of the Iroquois over the Hurons. King Louis XIV takes an interest and becomes active. The French defeat the Iroquois. Jean Talon improves colonial organization. Costain discusses the activities of Radisson and Groseilliers and Frontenac. Then come La Salle, Marquette and Joliet. Finally, Costain turns to the wars between French and English. The book is especially valuable for students who generally learn only about the English colonies.

.

Coulanges, Numa Denis Fustel de - trans. Willard Small

The Ancient City

Doubleday & Co. Garden City, N.Y., 1873., 396 pgs., paper back

Ancient History

Considered a classic. The subject is the social life in the classic Greek and Roman city. And family life was based on religious belief. Thus the subject includes marriage, morals, law, city government, social classes and the changes that took place with the beginnings of Christianity.

Coulton, G. G.

Medieval Village, Manor, and Monastery

Harper and Brothers, N. Y., 1925, reprinted 1960, 603 pgs., index, foot notes, illustrations, appendices

Medieval History

This book is a counterpart to Labarge "A baronial household.." It is organized topically. The peasant's lot is shown to be not a happy one.

Cowen, Tyler & Alex Tabarrok

Modern Principles: Microeconomics, 2nd ed.

Worth Pub., NY., 2013, 490 pgs., index, illustrations, tables, charts, glossary, readings, paperback

Economics

Excellent text book for course in micro-economics with questions and examples

Coyle, Diane

GDP: A Brief but Affectionate history

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2014, 159 pgs., index, end notes

Economics, Finance, Public Policy

The author describes well what the concept of GDP is and is not, how it came to be, what are its limitations. Despite all the problems from its limitations she considers it still the best statistical measure we have for determining national productivity.

Crankshaw, Edward

The Fall of the House of Habsburg

Viking Press, N. Y., 1963, 459 pgs., index, notes and sources, illustrations

Modern History

This is a much different book from Oscar Jaszi's Dissolution of the House of Habsburg. There is much less attention to the multitude of ethnic groups within the empire. Jaszi stresses 'organic' collapse. Crankshaw focuses more on external forces in particular Prussia, Russia and Italy.

Crawford, Michael

The Roman Republic

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1992, 240 pgs., index, readings, dates, appendices. maps, illustration,, sources

Ancient Roman History

Part of the Fontana series. There is an appendix on the Roman Army.

Crocker. H. W. III

The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Civil War

Regnery Pub. Wash. D. C., 2008, 370 pgs., index, notes, illustrations, paperback

American History

Well, the book begins with the section heading "Why the South Was Right ", so we can take the author at his word for his title. One part of the book consists of summaries of individual battles from First Manassas to Appomattox. The next section is biographies of many of the leading generals. The book is written for the high school student readers.

Cronin, Vincent

The Florentine Renaissance

E. P. Dutton Co, NM. Y., 1967, 316 pgs., index, sources and notes, illustrations, appendices, maps,

Early Modern History

The content includes all aspects of the Renaissance - art, literature, religion, personalities, the French invasion by King Charles VII, and Savonarola

Cronin, Vincent

The Flowering of the Renaissance

E. P. Dutton Co, NM. Y., 1969, 332 pgs., index, sources and notes, illustrations, appendices, maps, list of popes and table of dates.

Early Modern History

In this sequel the story moves to Rome and Venice. - Pope Julius II and Caesar Borgia. We learn of Pope Julius' commissions to Michelangelo and Raphael. And Pope Julius' wars as well. But art and artists predominate throughout.

Crosher, Judith

The Greeks

Macdonald Educational, London, 1974, 61 pgs., index, time line, glossary, illustrations

Ancient History

A highly illustrated book for young students. The author describes the every-day- life of the Greeks.

Cultural Atlas of the World- Michael Roaf

Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 238 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, king list, sites.

Ancient History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about cities from Jericho to Persepolis and states like Assyria and Babylon.

Cultural Atlas of the World- John Baines & Jaromir Malek

Ancient Egypt

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 238 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, sites.

Ancient History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about all aspects of Egyptian society including religion, culture, economy, but with reference to geography and locations shown on maps..

Cultural Atlas of the World- John Rogerson

The Bible

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 238 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, sites.

Ancient History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about the historical development of the Bible, but with reference to locations from Tyre to Capernaum and the geography of Palestine. Art and warfare are included..

Cultural Atlas of the World- Peter Levi

The Greek World

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 238 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, sites.

Ancient History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about the entire Greek world from Bronze age to Hellenistic kingdoms, but with reference to geography. Many sites are described from Mycenae to Priene, Gods and goddesses are discussed, Theater, art, everyday life, warfare and campaigns, sport and other activities are included..

Cultural Atlas of the World- Tim Cornell & John Matthews

The Roman World

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 238 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, , sites.

Ancient History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about Rome from earliest times to its decline and Gothic invasions, but in the context of geography. Events and developments in culture as well as politics are linked to locations with excellent maps and pictures..

Cultural Atlas of the World- Caroline Blunden & Mark Elvin

China

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 238 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, tables, sites.

World History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about China from Neolithic era to modern times. Tables show for instance, economic growth, Ming provinces, population shifts. Art and religion are included.

Cultural Atlas of the World- Michael Coe, Dean Snow and Elizabeth Benson

 Ancient America

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 238 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, sites.

World History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about North, Central and South America from the period of first arrivals of Indians to that of Columbus. Individual sites are described and shown. There are many maps of special features, no only the extent of the many kingdoms and tribes. Resources, beliefs, and every day activities are included.

Cultural Atlas of the World- Jocelyn Murray

Africa

Andromeda, Oxford, 1981-1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria VA. 240 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, sites.

World History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about the culture and nations of Africa all with reference to geographic location. These are divided into North, West, West Central, Northeast, East, South East, Southern and Africa in the Indian Ocean.. .

Cultural Atlas of the World- C. Black et al.

 The Renaissance

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 238 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, sites.

World History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about the era not only in Italy but throughout Europe. There are special sections on many subjects such as Dante, music, Chambord, Inquisition, Escorial, Hampton Court. Maps show the locations for events and subjects discussed..

Cultural Atlas of the World- Robin Milner-Gullalnd

Russia and the Soviet Union

Andromeda, Oxford, 1990, Stonehedge Press, Alexandria Va. 240 pgs., index, glossary, maps, illustrations, chronology, gazetteer, sites.

Russian History

This is a marvelous series as the list here indicates. The text and illustrations combine a geographic atlas type organization with detailed descriptions and analysis of individual locations, events and cultural developments. This volume is about the huge time spread from medieval Rus to recent Soviet Union. Special topics include everything from
Scythian gold to Stravinsky. Individual regions from the Baltic to Central Asia are discussed.

Curtius, Ernst Robert - trans. Willard R. Trask

European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1953, 658 pgs., index, bibliography, appendix, foot notes

Literature - Medieval History

The author reports that his central concern was to preserve something of Western culture. (And how difficult that is today.) The books is organized by topics rather than chronologically or by medieval author. Boethius, Abelard, Isidore of Seville, and many more of the early medieval authors are included. A reviewer wrote: "One of the most important contributions of our time to the field of comparative literature, and - what is even more important - one of the richest and most eloquent testimonials to the continuity of Western Culture." See also Arthur Herman - The Cave and the Light.

Custine, Marquis de

Empire of the Czar: A Journey Through Eternal Russia

Doubleday, N. Y., 1989, 631 pgs., index, map

Russian History

The original memoir was composed in 1839 and depicted a very backward (in western European eyes) country.

Daiches, David

Charles Edward Stuart: The Life and Times of Bonnie Prince Charlie

Thames and Hudson, London, 1973, 356 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, illustrations

Early Modern History - Biography

This lengthy study is indeed about much more than the biography of its hero. The story involves not only Scotland and England but France as well. There is a good account with map of the battle of Culloden and one of Falkirk as well.

Dampier, Sir William Cecil

A Shorter History of Science

Meridian Books, N. Y., 1957, 190 pgs. , index, bibliography, illustrations, paper back

History -=Science

Of course a huge amount of new scientific knowledge has been achieved since 1957. But this brief outline of ancient, medieval, renaissance and early modern eras still provides useful information

Dannenfeldt, Karl H. - ed.

The Renaissance: Medieval or Modern?

D. C. Heath Co., Boston, 1959, 115 pgs., readings, paperback

Early Modern History

This booklet is in the problems in European Civilization series designed for use by teachers in classroom discussion. There are 14 essays lead off by an extract from Jacob Burckhardt's The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, which was a major work in forming modern views of the subject. But he had his critics represented here.

Davenport, Basil - ed.

The Portable Roman Reader: The Culture of the Roman State

Viking Press, N.Y., 1951, 656 pgs.,

Roman Literature

The editor's selection of extracts from important Roman authors, translated by various scholars. Early authors include Plautus and Terence. Particularly valuable is the inclusion of St. Augustine and Boethius as the last authors. Greeks writing in Rome, such as Polybius are not included.

Davidson, James Dale

The Disappearance of Integrity and the Financial Destruction of America's Middle Class

Strategic Investment Ltd, Baltimore, 1996, 92 pgs., paperback

Current fiscal and monetary policy

The author believes current fiscal and monetary policy is set on destruction of the middle class in the United States.

Davidson, James West & William Gienapp, et al.

Nation of Nations: A Narrative history of the American Republic, Vol. 1 to 1877

McGraw Hill, Boston, 2005, 400 pgs., index, appendix, illustrations, maps

American History

A basic high school text book. Included is a CD with original source documents. There is very little discussion of the War of 1812, Mexican War or even the Civil War, as if the authors sought to eliminate warfare.

Davies, Glyn

History of Money: From Ancient Times to the Present Day

Univ. of Wales Press, Cardiff, 2002, 720 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, illustrations, paper back

Economic history, Banking & Finance

The most comprehensive treatment of the history of money. But the author claims a significant role for barter in ancient societies. This is much disputed. In ancient temple and palace economies credit was kept as a money of account.

Davies, J. K.

Democracy and Classical Greece

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1993, 308 pgs., index, illustrations, maps, sources,

Ancient Greek History

The book is part of the Fontana series on the ancient world. It includes study of Athens, Sparta and Thebes. Also included is the Peloponnesian War

Davies, Norman

Europe - A History

Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1993, 1365 pgs., index, end notes, maps, illustrations, appendices

European History

From the 1365 page length one can get an idea immediately about the scope of the content of this highly recommended book. It begins with consideration of the geographical environment and then prehistory. The narrative and commentary marches on through classical Greece and Rome to the 'Birth of Europe' between 300 and 800 AD. Chapters follow divided by the typical designations - middle ages 750-1270; Christendom in Crisis 1250-1493; Renaissance and Reformation 1450-1670; Enlightenment and Absolutism 1650-1789; Revolution 1770-1815; Powerhouse 1815-1914; Europe in Eclipse 1914-1945; Europe divided and undivided 1945-1991.

Davis, Charles - ed.

The Eagle, the Crescent, and The Cross: Sources of Medieval History Vol I, (c.250 - c. 1000)

Appleton - Century - Crofts, N. Y., 1967, 240 pgs., foot notes, sources, paperback

Medieval History

This is volume I of a collection of extracts from primary sources, organized both by topics and chronologically. For each, the editor has supplied commentary. The first set is documents relating to the relationship between empire and church. The last chronologically is about the role of the monarchy in the west - about Charlemagne, Alfred, Otto III and law. In between there are sections on Islam, Byzantium and Barbarians

Davis, Charles - ed.

Western Awakening: Sources of Medieval History Vol II (c. 1000 - c. 1500)

Appleton - Century - Crofts, N. Y., 1967, 256 pgs., foot notes, sources, paperback

Medieval History

This is a collection of extracts from primary sources, organized both by topics and chronologically. For each, the editor has supplied commentary. The first set is documents relating to the Investiture Controversy - the excommunication of German Emperor Henry VI by Pope Gregory VII. The last chronologically are by Machiavelli, Philippe de Commynes, and Desiderius Erasmus

Davis, William Stearns

Readings in Ancient History I : Greece and the East

Allyn and Bacon, Boston, 1912, 357 pgs., notes, end notes

Ancient History

The content is extracts from original sources for student use. These include ancient Egypt, Babylonia, Assyria, Persia, Greece to Hellenistic Age. It is an example of what the high school student was expected to study a century ago. Volume II of this set is by Willis West

Deacon, Richard

A History of the Russian Secret Service

New English Library, London, 1975, 352 pgs., bibliography, paperback

Modern History

The book begins with Ivan IV's Oprichnina, continues with Catherine II' secret service and Nicholas I Third Section and the Okhrana. It continues through the Soviet era to Yuri Andropov and the KGB..

Dent, Harry S. Jr.

The Demographic Cliff: How to Survive and Prosper During the Great Deflation of 2014-1019

Portfolio, Penguin, 2014, 358 pgs., index, graphs, tables

Economics, Investment ideas,

The author believes too much in cycles rather than waves or trends. However, he is right to focus on the economic impact of demographics. He shows detail down to the buying habits of age groups as they age. I believe the current deflation began long before 2014 - rather around 2000 but it has been lessened somewhat by the extraordinary monetary methods of the world Central banks. Based on his analysis then, he provides in chapter 7 some recommended strategies for self protection over the coming decade..

Desroches-Noblecourt, Christiane

Life and death of a pharaoh - Tutankhamen

New York Graphic Society, N. Y., 1963, 312 pgs., index, illustrations

Archeology - Ancient History

A spectacular book with color illustrations of the artifacts found by Carter in Tutankhamen's tomb. - see Carter - The author is an archeologist and Egyptologist. The author provides a moving account of Lord Carnarvon's support of the archeological exploration and his sudden death. The rest of the book is a detailed account of both the finding of the tomb and its contents and the reconstructed history of Tutankhamen.

DeVoto, Bernard - ed.

The Journals of Lewis and Clark

Houghton Mifflin Co./, Boston, 1955, 504 pgs., index, maps

American History

The Journals were a priceless addition to early American's knowledge about the new wilderness Jefferson had just purchased. DeVoto is just the man to prepare them for publication today.

DeVoto, Bernard

Across the Wide Missouri

Bonanza Books, N. Y., 1947, 483 pgs., index, illustrations

American History

One of my long time favorite books. The stunning illustrations are by Alfred Jacob Miller, Charles Bodmer and George Catlin, all original artist painters of the early western US and its native inhabitants. This is the story of the 'mountain men' the fur trappers and adventurers, scouts, and explorers of the Louisiana Purchase terrain, in 1833-38. During the time a Scottish adventurer, William Drummond Stewart decided on seeing the area for himself. He took a young artist, Alfred Jacob Miller, along. The result was spectacular. The Miller sketches reproduced here look like photographs in their detail. In addition to his main text focused on the fur trapper industry with the many Miller and a few Catlin and Bodmer illustrations, DeVoto appends a fascinating chapter devoted to description and analysis of all the artists who visited the West during the same period, with most attention to these three.. It includes his expert evaluation of these men's artistic skill, the quality of specific paintings and biographies of their activities.

Dickens, Charles

Charming Children of Dickens' Stories

Smithsonian Company, Oakland Calif. 1906, illustrations

Literature

This contains 20 chapters, each about one of the famous children in Dickens' stories. For instance, starting with Little Nell and Little Dorrit to Joe, the Fat boy and Tom and Louisa Gradgrind.

Diehl, Charles - trans. Naomi Walford

Byzantium; Greatness and Decline

Rutgers Univ;. Press, New Brunswick, 1957, 366 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

Medieval History

In contrast with Norwich and Ostrogorsky (see below), the organization of this book is more topical than chronological. The full history from foundation to 1453 is described in the first few pages. The rest is with such section titles at "Elements of Power "; "Elements of Weakness"; and "Byzantium's contribution to the world". The book, then, is a fine companion to the above mentioned two. The section on military can be compared with the many books in the military history list.

Dixon, Wilfrid J. & Frank Massey Jr.

Introduction to Statistical Analysis

McGraw - Hill Book Co., N. Y., 1951, 370 pgs. , index, tables

Mathematics

Standard student text book in statistics.

Dmytryshyn, Basil ed.

Medieval Russia; A source book, 900-1700

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1967, 312 pgs., glossary, bibliography, genealogy tables,

Russian History

This source book has extracts from primary documents begining with Kievan Rus, then Muscovite Russia down to the 1550's.

Dobbs, Richard & James Manyika, Jonathan Woetzel

No Ordinary Disruption: The Four Global Forces Breaking all the Trends

Public Affairs, N.Y., 2015, 277 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, charts

Economics, current public policy

A very important book. The authors focus on the current dramatic changes in the world that impact economics and investment as well as poblic policy and national security: 1 shift in economic activity to emerging markets and shifts of economic activity within these markets - 2 disrup;tive force in the acceleration in scope, scale and economic impact of technology - 3 - Demographics=4 degree in which the world is much more connnected through trade and movement of capital.

Dolgun, Alexander

Alexander Dolgun's Story; An American in the Gulag

Ballantine Books, N. Y., 1975, 503 pgs.,

Memoir - Modern History

The memoir of an American who was captured by the Soviet secret police right on the street in Moscow in 1948 and survived 25 years in the Gulag.

D'Orazio, Federica

Rome Then and Now

Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, 2004, 144 pgs., index, illustrations, large format

Architecture

A spectacular book with full color illustrations on facing pages that match with older photos, some dated and some not. They include many famous places and many more obscure. Some look remarkably the same and other show major changes.

Dorf, Philip

Visualized American Government

Oxford Book Co., N.Y., 1947, index, bibliography, illustrations

Reference text - American Government

A basic text for high schools

Domingos, Pedro

The Master Algorithm

Basic Books, N.Y., 2015, 329 pgs., readings

Future world - artificial intelligence- computers

The sub-title provides the subject - How the Quest for the Ultimate Learning Machine Will Remake t=our World - - read with Gilder=Knowledge and Power

Dorn, Walter

Competition for Empire: 1740- 1763

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1940, 424 pgs. , index, bibliography, illustrations, foot notes, paperback

Early Modern History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series. It includes, political, economic, and intellectual history. This era included the development of absolutism in government and also the Enlightenment in intellectual fields. It includes the Seven Years' War., the Anglo-Spanish War, The Italian War, Commercial wars, and The War of the Austrian Succession

Douglas, David C.

The Norman Achievement

Univ. of Calif. Press, Berkeley, 1969, index, bibliography, dates, rulers, illustrations, maps,

Medieval History

The origins and conquests from Normandy, to England to Italy to Sicily, and then on the Crusades. The book also sets the Normans into the general background context of their times. (See Brown).

Dowd, David L - ed.

Napoleon Was He the Heir of the Revolution?

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N.Y., 1961, 60 pgs., readings, map, foot notes, paperback

Modern History

The booklet is in the Source Problems series for use by teachers in classroom. There are 14 topical chapters plus introduction and conclusion.

Doyle, William

The Oxford History of the French Revolution

Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1989, 466 pgs., index, bibliography, appendices, end notes, paperback

Modern History

The author provides a section on the background in France prior to the revolution. The book concludes in 1802 and the author's assessment and evaluation .

Druon, Maurice -trans. Humphrey Hare

The She-Wolf of France

Charles Scribner's Sons, N. Y. ,1960, 335 pgs. , historical notes, List of key personalities

Medieval History

Isabella of France, - the She Wolf - wife of King Edward II - sister of French King Charles IV, daughter of the great Philip IV - lived in the midst of intrigue and insurrection. In France the curse of the Templars was seen to work its way and it is thought that she might have brought it also to England. Thus does the author weave the fates of these ill-stared royals. There is much conversation mixed with narrative and appraisal. In the conclusion of this sordid tale King Edward dies in agony. Read on.

Duckett, Eleanor

Death and Life in the Tenth Century

Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1968, 359 pgs., index, sources, genealogy charts, tables, maps

Medieval History

The author has an interesting metaphor for organization - the season. The 10th century begins with the approach of Winter 885-99 and Winter itself 900 - 918. The situation is grim. Then comes Spring 919-936 and revival. Summer begins 936-983 and then fully flowers 983-1002 with the reign of Emperor Otto III. These episodes are very much described in terms of their principal protagonists. Part Two is all about the flowering - the Tenth Century in its harvest - chapters describe the harvest in religion; harvest in verse; harvest in drama; harvest in art; harvest in learning. The text is engaging and a pleasure to read.

Dudley, Donald R.

The Romans 850 B.C. - A. D. 337

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1979, 316 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, maps

Ancient History

The book is in a series titled The History of Human Society. The focus is more on society, culture, intellectual history. But political and military events and personalities are described in general terms.

Dulles, Foster Rhea

The United States Since 1865

Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1959, 565 pgs. , index, readings, maps,

American History

This is paired with Michael Kraus - The United States to 1865 - It is a straight forward history text book for colleges. The author includes, economics, culture, politics, warfare, literature.

Duncan, David Douglas

The Kremlin

New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, Conn, 1960, 171 pgs., illustrations, end notes, large format

Russian History - art and architecture

The author was granted special permission during 5 trips to take these photographs, do research and write the text. This is a spectacular book. And the photographer-author has written a very thoughtful history of the Kremlin as well, told in the biographies of the rulers from Ivan III on.

Duncan, David Douglas

Great Treasures of The Kremlin

Crown Pub. N. Y., 1979, 139 pgs., illustrations, end notes, very large format

Russian History - art and architecture

This newer edition contains the same illustrations and text as the previous one, but in even larger format. And in his note here Mr. Duncan feels able to explain how and from whom he obtained the remarkable detailed information about the history of the Kremlin and each exhibit for the notes in that edition as well.

Duncan, Richard

The New Depression

John Wiley & Sons, Singapore, 2012, 179 pgs., index, charts

Economics, investment

Subtitle: The Breakdown of the Paper money Economy - predictions about coming financial crisis

Durant, Will

The Story of Philosophy

The Pocket Library, N. Y., 1960, 543 pgs., index, glossary, paper back

History of Philosophy

This is brief biographies and discussion of the thoughts of a series of important philosophers, Plato, Aristotle, Greek Science, Francis Bacon, Spinoza, Voltaire and Enlightenment authors, Immanuel Kant and German idealism, Schopenhauer, Herbert Spencer, Freidrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson, Benedetto Croce, Bertrand Russell, George Santaynara, William James, and John Dewey. Quite a list.

Durant, Will

The Story of Civilization: Part I - Our Oriental Heritage

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1954, 1049 pgs., index, end notes, map, glossary, illustrations

Ancient History - Oriental History

The history of civilization in ancient Egypt and the Near East to the death of Alexander, and in China, India, and Japan from the beginning to our own day; with an introduction on the nature and foundation of civilization. Durant divides the first section on the 'establishment of civilization' into chapters - conditions - economic elements - political elements - moral elements - mental elements - and prehistoric begining. He includes sections on these general subjects for each of the civilizations such as Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, Japan.

Durant, Will

The Story of Civilization: Part II - The Life of Greece

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1939, 754 pgs., index, end notes, map, bibliography, illustrations

Ancient History

The history of Greek civilization from the beginnings, and of civilization in the Near East from the death of Alexander, to the Roman conquest; with introduction on the prehistoric culture of Crete

Durant, Will

The Story of Civilization: Part III - Caesar and Christ

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1954, 751 pgs., index, end notes, map, illustrations

Ancient History

The history of Roman Civilization and of Christianity from their beginnings to A. D. 325.

Durant, Will

The Story of Civilization: Part IV - The Age of Faith

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1950, 1196 pgs., index, end notes, map, bibliography, illustrations

Medieval History

The history of Medieval Civilizations - Christian, Islamic, and Judaic - from Constantine to Dante: A. D.. 325 - 1300

Durant, Will

The Story of Civilization: Part V - The Renaissance

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1953, 776 pgs., index, end notes, map, bibliography, illustrations

Early Modern History

The history of Civilization in Italy from 1304 - 1576 A. D.

.

Durant, Will

The Story of Civilization: Part VI - The Reformation

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1957, 1025 pgs., index, end notes, bibliography, illustrations

Early Modern History

The history of European Civilization from Wyclif to Calvin: 1300 - 1564.

Durant, Will and Ariel

The Story of Civilization: Part VII - The Age of Reason Begins

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1961, 727 pgs., index, end notes, map, bibliography, illustrations

Modern History

The history of European Civilization in the Period of Shakespeare, Bacon, Montgaigne, Rembrant, Galileo, and Descartes: 1558 - 1648

Durant, Will and Ariel

The Story of Civilization: Part VIII - The Age of Louis XIV

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1963, 802 pgs., index, end notes, map, bibliography, illustrations

Modern History

The history of European Civilization in the Period of Pascal, Moliere, Cromwell, Milton, Peter the Great, Newton, and Spinoza: 1648 - 1715

Durant, Will and Ariel

The Story of Civilization: Part IX - The Age of Voltaire

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1965, 898 pgs., index, end notes, map, bibliography, illustrations

Modern History

The history of Civilization in Western Europe from 1715 to 1776, with Special Emphasis on the Conflict between Religion and Philosophy

Durant, Will and Ariel

The Story of Civilization: Part X - Rousseau and Revolution

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1967, 1091 pgs., index, end notes, map, bibliography, illustrations

Modern History

A history of Civilization in France, England, and Germany from 1776, and in the Remainder of Europe from 1715, to 1789

Durant, Will and Ariel

The Story of Civilization: Part XI - The Age of Napoleon

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1975, 870 pgs., index, end notes, map, bibliography, illustrations

Modern History

A history of European Civilization from 1789 to 1815

Durbin, Charles

The Mercenary: The Fortunes of Gianpaolo Baglioni of Perugia

Houghton Mifflin Co, Boston, 1963, 330 pgs., maps, genealogy chart

Early Modern History - Biography

This is a true story, but it reads like a romantic novel, told in the first person singular. Renaissance figures tended to be 'larger than life' and the 'hero' here was certainly one of these. He was notorious. But we find others here. The Borgias, The Della Rovere family, The Medici. Machiavelli enter stage. At that point our condottierre comments about politicians and diplomats, "They were astute pismires, infinitely intelligent dung-beetles who confused gamester luck with a mastery of the stars, who knew all and understood nothing. But Niccolo Machiavelli was not one of these." Fun to read.

Dutaillis, Charles Petit - trans E. D. Hunt

The Feudal Monarchy in France and England From the Tenth to the Thirteenth Century

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1936 reprint 1964, 420 pgs., index, references, foot notes, maps, genealogical tables, paperback

Medieval History

Much has been learned and published about 'feudalism' in recent years. But this book still has value for the detailed study the author provides. His thesis is that during the period covered, France and England were in such close contact that a proper history combines the two.

Dziak, John J.

Chekisty, A History of the KGB

Lexington Books, Lexington Mass., 1988, 234 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, appendices

Russian History

Dr. Dziak is a long time specialist, expert on Soviet affairs, especially intelligence related subjects. In this book he describes Soviet secret services from the Bolshevik Revolution and the Checka. I had the dubious pleasure of visiting the KGB museum in Moscow in which many of the operations Dziak describes are displayed as glorious triumphs.

Dziak, John & Raymond G. Rocca

Bibliography on Soviet Intelligence and Security Services

Westview Press, Boulder, Co., 1985, 203 pgs., index, diagrams, paperback

Russian History

There could be no better experts on Soviet Intelligence to prepare such a comprehensive bibliography (as of 1985) than Ray Rocca and John Dziak. This book contains hundreds of entries.

Easton, Stewart C.

The Western Heritage: From the earliest times to the present

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N.Y., 1961, 916 pgs. , index, bibliographies, illustrations, maps

Western History

Certainly a much needed reference book for students now that study of Western history has been so emasculated. The author begins with pre-history and then the ancient Near East. The story unfolds in chronological order through Greece and Rome, medieval Europe, age of exploration, 18th and 19th centuries to the 1950's.

Ebenstein, William and Alan

Great Political Thinkers Plato to the Present, 5th ed.

Holt, Rienhart and Winston, Chicago, 1990-1998, 1082 pgs., index, bibliography

Political Theory

A valuable source - for each political theorist there is commentary and extracts from their original writing. The book includes Hayek and Rawls. A good book to study along with Bobbitt and Herman.

Economist Intelligence Unit

Oxford Regional Economic Atlas - The U. S. S. R and Eastern Europe

Oxford Univ, Press, 1956, 134 pgs. maps, index, paperback

Reference - Russia

Contains many maps showing special industries or natural resources, climate, soil et cetera.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life was Like on the banks of the Nile: Egypt 3050 - 30 BC

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1997, 192 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronouncing guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Ancient Egypt

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life Was Like at the Dawn of Democracy: Classical Athens 525-322 BC.

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1997, 144 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronunciation guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Classical Greece

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life Was Like when Rome Ruled the World: The Roman Empire 100 BC-200 AD

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1997, 168 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronunciation guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Ancient Rome

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. Of course Rome never 'ruled the world' but that is a commonplace statement. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life Was Like among Druids and High Kings: Celtic Ireland AD 400 - 1200

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1998, 144 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronunciation guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Medieval Ireland

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life Was Like in the age of Chivalry: Medieval Europe AD 800-1500

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1997, 168 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronunciation guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Medieval Europe

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life Was Like amid Splendor and Intrigue: Byzantine Empire AD 330-1453

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1998, 144 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronunciation guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Medieval Europe

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life Was Like when Longships Sailed: Vikings AD 800- 1100

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1998, 144 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronunciation guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Medieval Europe

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life Was Like in the Land of the Dragon: Imperial China AD 960-1468

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1998, 144 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronunciation guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Medieval China

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

What Life Was Like in the Time of War and Peace: Imperial Russia AD 1696-1917

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1997, 192 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, pronunciation guide, illustrations, chronology, map

Russian History

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. The book includes a very long time span with considerable developments. In addition to descriptions of the illustrations, there are special essays on major topics.

Editors, Time Life Books

Time frame 1500 - 600 BC, Barbarian Tides

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1987, 173, pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, chronology, map

Ancient History

One of the series of highly illustrated books of social, cultural history. This volume includes ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, early Greece, and other areas.

Editors, Time Life Books

Time Frame 600 - 400 BC, A Soaring Spirit

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1987, 173, pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, chronology, map

Ancient History

This volume contains history of Celts, Persian Empire, Buddha, Hellenic kingdoms, Early Rome and Confucius in China.

Editors, Time Life Books

Time Frame 400 BC - 200 AD, Empires Ascendant

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1987, 175, pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, chronology, map

Ancient History

This volume contains Alexander's campaign, Roman despots, Silk Road, Buddha's Legacy

Editors, Time Life Books

Time Frame AD 200 - 600 Empires Besieged

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1987, 173, pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, chronology, map

Medieval History

This volume contains End of Rome, China Great Wall (although it was not built until a thousand years later) Gupta India, Persian empire, and New World Migrations.

Editors, Time Life Books

Time Frame AD 800 - 1000, Fury of the Northmen

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1987, 173, pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, chronology, map

Medieval History

This volume contains, Vikings, Byzantium, South East Asia, Japan, Monument builders in Americas

Editors, Time Life Books

Time Frame AD 1100 1200, The Divine Campaigns

Time-Life Books, Alexandria VA. 1987, 173, pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, chronology, map

Medieval History

This Volume contains European Feudalism, Crusades, Islam conquering in India, Temple states in Asia

Eichengreen, Barry

Exorbitant Privilege: The Rise and Fall of the Dollar and the Future of the International Monetary System

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 2011, 225 pgs., index, references, end notes

Economics, finance

The title refers to the author's view that the dollar has had undeserved privilege as the international reserve currency. The author predicts a collapse of the dollar on international exchanges The US government and FED have so expanded the volume of dollars that foreign investors and banks are likely to dump it. But so far the opposite has happened because the dollar - as the central money of the strong US economy - has been seen as stronger than foreign currencies.

Elliott, William Y. & Neil A. McDonald

Western Political Heritage

Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1949, 1027 pgs., index, bibliography

History of Political Thought

Very comprehensive - begins with Moses, Israel, Lycurgus, Solon - then Greek city state - Plato, Aristotle, Roman law, Medieval thought, Protestant revolt - Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Smith and on to many Americans.

Epstein, Richard A.

Why Progressive Institutions are Unsustainable

Encounter Broadside, 56 pgs., paperback

Public Policy, Finance

The author contends that the expanding demands of progressives for more and more government spending are unsustainable

Epstein, Richard A.

Design for Liberty: Private Property, Public Administration, and the Rule of Law

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2011, 233 pgs., index, end notes

Constitutional Law, Political Science

The rule of law and its support for the individual's right to private property are the foundations of our democratic republic.

Epstein, Richard A.

The Classical Liberal Constitution

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2014, 684 pgs, index, end notes

Political Science, Constitutional Law

A strong argument about how the original 'liberal' American Constitution has been subverted and changed over past 100 years.

Erasmus, Desiderius

-

Christian Humanism and the Reformation; Selected Writings

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1965, 201 pgs., index, illustrations, bibliography, paperback

Literature - Philosophy

The book also has Beatus Rhenanus' The Life of Erasmus. There are 9 of Erasmus' letters. The purpose is to give students some primary sources to enable them to have better understanding of this great and very influential 16th century philosopher.

Ergang, Robert

Europe since Waterloo

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1954, 836 pgs., index, maps, bibliography, illustrations

Modern History

With this focus on a relatively narrow place and time the author is able to provide a more detailed narrative and extensive commentary than that in the general histories in this list. The Congress of Vienna rates 21 pages alone. The chapters are organized some by topic and some by country. The Third French Republic rates 20 pages. Of course, given the date of publication, the final chapter on the Soviet Union cannot imagine its subsequent history.

Eshbach, Ovid W.

Handbook of Engineering Fundamentals

John Wiley & Sons, N.Y., 1950, pages by section, index

Engineering

Standard handbook from West Point classes - an old favorite

Esspenshade, Edward B. Jr., ed.

Goode's World Atlas

Rand McNally Co., Chicago, 287 pgs., maps

Reference - standard atlas

A standard reference.

Evans, Michael K.

How to Make your Shrinking Salary Support you in Style for the Rest of Your Life

Random House, N, Y., 1991, 429 pgs., index

Investment Advice

It is interesting to read advice books many years later and see how accurate the authors might have been.

Evans, Richard J.

The Pursuit of Power: Europe 1815-1914

Viking, NYC., 2016, 819 pgs., index, further reading, illustrations

European History - Modern History

Comprehensive

Fagothey, Fr. Austin, S. J.

Right and Reason, 2nd ed.

Tan Books, Rockford, Illinois, 1959, 627 pgs., index, bibliography, readings, paperback

Philosophy - Ethics

The author writes that the basis of the philosophy here is Aristotelian-Thomistic. But to this is added such later concepts as appear valid and useful. And the ethics presented here presumes the reader already has mastered the fundamentals of philosophy of which ethics is a higher subject. The author presents the material in a 'problem method' manner, that is by presenting various ethical problems and then discussing them.

Faissler, Margareta

Key to the Past; Some History Books for Pre-College Readers

Service Center for Teachers of History, Wash., D. C.y 1959, 77 pgs., index, notes, bibliography

History references

The booklet is a lengthy bibliography of books on history organized by era from ancient to the present. Although a huge volume of similar books have been written in last 60 years, still this list may be useful for teachers.

Falconer, Daniel

The Hobbit: An Unexpected journey Chronicles - & Chronicles II

Harper Collins, N.Y., 2012 & 2013, 210 pgs., and 223 pgs. highly illustrated,

Literature - movie version

These elaborate books are related to parts one and two of Peter Jackson's production of the Hobbit.

Faulkner, Harold Underwood

American Economic History

Harper and Brothers, Pub., N. Y., 1943, 784 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, readings, illustrations

American Economic History

Obviously dated now, but contains more information on early 19th century than can fit now in recent histories.

Ferguson, Niall

The Great Degeneration: How Institutions Decay and Economies Die

Penguin Press, N.Y., 2012, 174 pgs., notes

Modern History

Ferguson is concerned about 'globalization' and 'deleveraging' and broadly about economic failure. Events and trends are accelerating the "rise' of the East - meaning China. He is particularly concerned about high debt levels in US and EU governments. He considers three options - 1 raise the rate of 'growth' above the rate of interest - 2 default on large proportion of public debt - 3 wiping out the debt via currency depreciation and inflation. . He writes that 'main stream' economic theory has no answers. The cause of the situation is the expanding 'state' and degeneration of private economic power. The key institutions that gave the West its expansion of world power are degenerating.

Ferguson, Niall

The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

Penguin Press, N. Y., 2008, 442 pgs., index, illustrations, end notes,

Finance - Banking - Money

The author writes: "Behind each great historical phenomenon there lies a financial secret, and this book sets out to illuminate the most important of these." I accept this thesis. But Ferguson continues with several specific examples that I find very misleading. Actually the three examples he cites are nearly backwards. The French Monarchy did not collapse in revolution due to John Law, it was already collapsing and then went into financial disaster from support of the American Revolution. The Rothschild's did not do more to defeat Napoleon at Waterloo than Wellington but rather they used their knowledge of his victory to make a financial killing. But it was the Bank of England, no Rothschild, who did finance the entire British century of war against France from 1697 on. But his broader thesis is correct. And he is quite correct in his belief that most of the public is ignorant of finance as an industry or its role in government and politics. (Or the role of governments and politics in finance.) So this book is not about the entire history of either money or finance, but rather its recent history and the disaster that has caused and continues to cause.

Ferguson, Niall

Civilization: The West and the Rest

Penguin Press, N. Y., 2011, index, 402 pgs., index, end notes, bibliography, illustrations, figures, maps

Modern History

Currently the academic establishment in its eagerness to be 'politically correct' denounces any concept that Western Civilization is or has been superior. Ferguson claims otherwise. he shows that is obviously false. Then his question is Why? His answer is to identify 6 aspects of the West in thought and institutions: Competition, Science, Property Rights, Medicine, Consumer Society, and Work Ethic. He then organizes his study of history since 1500 into chapters on each of these themes. He basically accept the idea that East and West were about equal, or that East was ahead, in 1500. Rodney Stark, and some historians of the 'middle ages' consider that the intellectual and cultural basis for the subsequent advancement of the West were laid already long before 1500. In his conclusion chapter he discusses various 'cyclical' concepts of human history and rise and fall of civilizations and disagrees. Then he writes about 'complexity' and sudden collapse and financial problems. He believes that the East is now catching up and may soon surpass the West in at least material terms.

Ferguson, Wallace K.

The Renaissance in Historical Thought: Five Centuries of Interpretation

Houghton Mifflin Co, 1948, 429 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes,

Early Modern History - Intellectual History

The author begins with sections concerning what contemporaries thought about 'humanism' and the intellectual changes all about them. The later humanists, then, solidified the concepts. In the 18th century trhe self-appointed rationalists had their say reflecting their own concepts. Then came the romantic reaction. The Renaissance era was divided into periods of art and literature. The author devotes much attention to Burkhardt, who defined the era in his classic The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. (see in this list). But a reaction to Burkhardt soon arose. Study and interpretation of the previously benighted 'middle ages' gained popularity. Now medievalists have had their say and found that the roots of the Renaissance lay in the Middle Ages.

Ferguson, Wallace K

The Renaissance

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1940, 148 pgs. , index, bibliography, paperback

Early Modern History - Intellectual History

The book was written as a resource for college history teachers. This is part of a Berkshire Studies series. Topics were selected that had no other convenient sources for students. It is divided into three sections - The background - The Renaissance in Italy and The Renaissance in the North. The economic and political situations are described as well as the art and literature.

Ferguson, Wallace K. & others

The Renaissance

Harper &^ Row, N. Y., 1953, 184 pgs. , index, illustrations, foot notes, paperback

Early Modern History - Intellectual History

The six essays are: Toward the Modern State by Wallace Ferguson; Hard Times and Investment in Culture by Robert Lopez; The Quest for Truth by George Sarton; Man. God and the Church in the age of the Renaissance by Roland Bainton; From Petrarch to Shakespeare by Leicester Bradner; and Artist, Scientist, Genius: Notes on the Renaissance Dammerung by Erwin Panofsky. Quite a line up of specialist experts in each of the subjects included.

Feynman, Richard P.

The Meaning of It All: Thoughts of a Citizen Scientist

Perseus Books, Reading, Mass., 1998, 130 pgs., index, paperback

Personal essays

The scientist writes about science and its misuse.

Fichtenau, Heinrich - trans. Peter Munz

The Carolingian Empire

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1963, 196 pgs. , index, foot notes

Medieval History

This book is about a very specific time and place and events and personalities. But the story has universal applications. The scene is the effort of Charles the Great and his sons and grandsons to establish a new empire in western Europe. The author contends that such an event requires two prerequisites - an ideology, belief system, that would legitimize such a political structure and justify its exercise of power - and a physical organization with the capable leaders who could establish a government with the real power to rule. One might say that 'ideas have consequences' if there exists a real power to create those consequences. The book, then, is focused on the question - could Charles create the empire he dreamed of or not. The author's conclusion is that despite all the great things that Charles accomplished the above fundamentals were inadequate, especially the willingness of the various separate peoples to accept the single empire.

Filjushkin, Alexander

Ivan the Terrible: A Military History

Frontline Books, London, 2008, 306 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, maps, chronology, appendices

Russian History

Outstanding study of the influence of war and the military requirements to wage it during Ivan IV's reign in Moscow. See Isabel de Madariaga for another biography of Ivan

Fine, John V. A.

The Ancient Greeks

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1983, 720 pgs., index, maps

Ancient History

Another excellent history text, along with Sealey. This one begins a bit earlier in time

.

Finley, M. I.

Economy and Society in Ancient Greece

Viking Press, N. Y., 1982, 326 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

Ancient History - Economic and Social History

Professor Sir Moses Finley was the acknowledged academic expert on ancient Greece, from his prolific writing, especially on social issues. But this book of his essays has come in for criticism in recent times. The authors of the lengthy introduction point out that in the 1930's Finley came under the influence of Max Horkheimer's Frankfurt School at Columbia - that is Marxism. And he also was influenced by Max Weber.

Fischer, David Hackett

The Great Wave: Price Revolutions and the Rhythm of History

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1996, 536 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, appendices, tables, graphs

Economic History

An extremely important study of the nature of price movements throughout western European history. Appendices on historiography, price revolutions, types of inflations and theories about causation. In 1996 Fischer predicted the crisis ending 20th century inflation and beginning of another era of deflation.

Fisher, Paul A.

Behind the Lodge Door: Church, State and Freemasonry in America

Tan Books, Rockford, Illinois, 1988, 362 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, paperback

Freemason Philosophy and Practice

The book is about the influence of Freemasonry in American politics and culture.

Fisher, Sydney Nettleton

The Middle East - A History

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1964, 681 pgs., index, maps

Middle East History

(See also Goldschmidt, Hitti, Jackh) Fischer begins with a brief summary of geography and pre-Islamic society. He then discusses the same subjects as does Goldschmidt - Muhammad, Caliphate, Islamid beliefs, the Umayyads, and rather more on Muslim culture during the Middle Ages. he devotes considerable space to the Ottoman Turks and their wars of conquest against both Byzantium and the Arabs. He skips Iran prior to the reign of Shah Reza Khan. He includes the Arab- Israeli conflict up to date of writing.

Florinsky, Michael

Encyclopedia of Russia and the Soviet Union

McGraw Hill Book, N. Y., 1961, 624 pgs., illustrations,

Reference - Russian History

An extensive resource for quick facts on the entries.

Florinsky, Michael

Russia: A History and An Interpretation - 2 Vol.

The Macmillan Co, N. Y., 1953, 1511 pgs., index, index, bibliography, author's note

Russian History

The author was my favorite professor at Columbia Univ. He was a gentleman of the 'old school' of pre-Revolutionary Russia and a very exciting teacher. The two volumes are very strong on medieval and Imperial Russia and end in 1917. By 'interpretation' Prof. Florinsky means it - he does not shy from commentary on personalities or actions. This is the text I used when teaching Russian History.

Foroohar, Rana

Makers and Takers, Sub-title: The Rise of Finance and the Fall of American Business

, Crown Business, NY., 2016, 388 pgs., indes, bibliography, notes

Finance, economics, business, public policy

 

Forbes, Steve, and Elizabeth Ame

s

Money

McGraw Hill, NY., 249 pgs., index, notes.

money, cash, currency, debt, credit, finance, public policy, morality

 

Forbis, William H.

The Cowboys

Time-Life Books, N. Y., 1973, 240 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

American History

This is part of a Time-Life series - The Old West - It is extensively illustrated with contemporary and recent photographs. There are many detailed illustrations depicting such activities as roping cattle or the components of a cowboy's dress and equipment.

Fox, Justin

The Myth of the Rational Market; A History of Risk, Reward, and Delusion on Wall Street

Harper Collins, N. Y., 2009, 382 pgs., index, end notes, list of characters

Economic History - finance, Economic Theory- Investment advice

The book is a direct attack on the 'random walk' ideas of Burton Makliel and the 'buy and hold an index fund' ideas of Bogle and the investment establishment. It is a history of the development of establishment economic theory since 1930 told through the brief bios and ideas of the principle theorists - including Irving Fisher, Fred Macauley, Harry Markowitz, Paul Samuelson Gene Fama, Modigliani, Jack Bogle, Fischer Black, Dick Thaler, Bob Shiller, Warren Buffett, Alan Greenspan and others. It is apparent that all these would be emperors have no clothes.

Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles

A Complete Guide to Heraldry

Bonanza Books, N.Y., 1978, 647 pgs., index, illustrations

Reference - Heraldry

Excellent source for study of the meaning of the many components of a coat of arms - the science of armory. There are excellent full color examples here.

Frankel, S. Herbert

Two Phiulosophies of Money

St. Martin's Press, NY., 1977, 163 pgs., index, notes, bibliography

Philosophy, economics, money

The subtitle is The Conflict of Trust and Authority. The author critiques the concept of money taught to the public

Franklin, Joseph P. Maj Gen Ret

Building Leaders the West Point Way

Thoman Nelson, Nashville, 2007, 192 pgs.

Leadership, psychology

The sub-title is "Ten principles from the nation's Most Powerful Leadership lab." There are chapters devoted to each of these: Duty, Honor, Faith, Courge, Perservance, Confidence, Aproachability, Adaptability, Compassion and Vision. The author describes the manner in which West Point instills each of these in cadets - future officers. But much more insight into the practical application of these is providede by very relevant examples from the author's personal experiences in both military and civilian service. The book is highly recommended.

Frankopan, Peter

The Silk Roads

Alfred A. Knopf, N.Y., 2016, 645 pgs., index, notes, map, illustrations

World History -

Sudtitle: A New History of the World

Friedman, Jeffrey & Wladimir Kraus

Engineering the Financial Crisis: Systemic Risk and the Failure of Regulation

Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2011, 212 pgs., index, references, end notes, tables and graphs, glossary

Economics, Public Policy, Financial crisis of 2008

The authors have a different view of the causes for the financial collapse of 2008. They deny that there is evidence for any of the standard, popular, theories of causation. Instead they believe the cause was inadequate content for the banking regulations. They also believe that the way 'experts' have congered up these alternate theories of causation is itself evidence of the systematic problem.

Friedrich, Carl J.

The Age of the Baroque 1610 - 1660

Harper & Row, N.Y., 1952, 368 pgs., index, bibliography, map, illustrations, footnotes, paperback

Early Modern History - Intellectual History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series. As the title suggests, the author has discussed art history rather more extensively that authors of other works in the series. There is considerable social and intellectual history, including religion and science, in this as well. It was also a period of the solidification of the modern 'state'. The Thirty Years' War dominated the continent. And the English Civil War is discussed as well.

Friedrich, Carl J & Zbigniew K. Brzezinski

Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy

Frederick A. Praeger, N. Y., 1956, 346 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Political Theory

Note the date of publication. The authors consider totalitarian dictatorship a unique form of government. They claim that it is too early to describe the how of the origins of totalitarianism. But they describe its characteristics. See J. L. Talmon for The origins of Totalitarian Democracy. And Hannah Arendt.

Furlong, Rev. Philip J

The Old World and America

Tan Books, Rockford Illinois, 1984, 382 pgs., index, illustrations,

European History

High School text

Furlong, Rev. Philip J

Our Pioneers and Patriots

Tan Books, Rockford Illinois, 1940, 505 pgs., index, illustrations, - with an answer key for teachers 50 pgs.,

American History

Excellent text for high school - each chapter has review and test questions, with answers in the separate booklet. Very brief chapter on 20th century ending with FDR, as publication date will indicate.

Furlong, Rev. Philip J.

The New History of America

William H. Sadlier, N. Y., 1944, 618 pgs., plus index and appendix, illustrations, maps.

American History

The book is a text book for high schools. The content begins with the explorers (Columbus and others) and concludes during World War II. In addition this volume has a History of California.

Ganshov, F. L. - trans Philip Grierson

Feudalism

Harper & Brothers, N. Y., 1962, 177 pgs., index, foot notes, illustrations, paperback

Medieval History

The standard concept about the origin and nature of feudalism. But see Colish for recent major revisions.

Garcilaso de la Vega ( 1539- 1616) - trans by Maria Jolas from French edition of Alain Gheerbrant

The Incas; The Royal Commentaries of the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega

Orion Press, N. Y., 1959, 432 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, illustrations

History of Incas

The famous account of the Inca society by the descendent of Inca royalty who went to Spain and entered Spanish military service.

Garrett, Garet

The People's Pottage

Truth Seeker Books, San Diego, 1992, 116 pgs, paperback

Public policy, New Deal policies

This edition contains three of Garrett's many monographs, The Revolution was - Ex America - and The Rise of Empire. The author was a long time journalist who exposed the socialist policies and practices of the New Deal Roosevelt Administration in the 1930's.

Garrett, Garet

The Revolution Was

Caxton Printers, Caldwell, Idaho, 1944, 23 pgs., paperback

Analysis of Roosevelt New Deal government policies

A thorough analysis of the step by step revolution in American government achieved by the New Deal administration in the 1930's.

Gasparino, Charles

Bought and Paid For: The Unholy alliance between Barack Obama and Wall Street

Penguin Books N. Y., 2010, 290 pgs., notes, appendix

Public Policy, finance, Politics

The author is an investigative reporter with extensive contacts on Wall Street. In this book he describes specific events and individuals who lobbied and provided funds for political campaigns, especially for Barack Obama. There is a table showing amounts given by a long list of financial institutions.

Gay, Claire

Eighteenth Century Painting

Funk & Wagnalls, N. Y., 1966, 207 pgs., index, illustrations, bibliography, dictionary, chronology, museums, exhibitions

Art - Art History

The text describes the paintings shown by illustrations and also the history and meaning of art. The color illustrations are excellent. This is one of a series of books on art.

Gay, Peter

The Enlightenment: An Interpretation: Vol. I, The Rise of Modern Paganism

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1967, 575 pgs., index, bibliographical essay, foot notes

Modern History- Intellectual History

Peter Gay considers himself a progressive who in general agrees with the philosophy developed by the authors whose thought he describes so well. And there is no doubt that they generated the revolution in thought that has permeated modern society every since the French Revolution.

Gay, Peter

The Enlightenment: An Interpretation: Vol. II, The Science of Freedom

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1969, 723 pgs., foot notes, extensive bibliographical essays

Modern History- Intellectual History

In this second volume the author discusses the social environment in which the philosophes worked and the results of their writing.

Gay, Peter & Gerald J. Cavanaugh

Historians at Work Vol One Herodotus to Froissart

Harper and Row, N. Y., 1972, 431 pgs.

History by Historians

Each chapter is an extract from the original work of an important historian. - In this volume 15 are included. The authors discuss the history of history pointing out that recently more and more divergencies have taken place in what historians write about.

Gay, Peter & Gerald J. Cavanaugh

Historians at Work Vol. Two Valla to Gibbon

Harper and Row, N. Y., 1972, 406 pgs. foot notes, bibliography

History by Historians

Each chapter is an extract from the original work of an important historian. - In this volume 14 are included. It includes the time from the beginning of the Renaissance through the Enlightenment. It was a time of revolution in the craft of the historian.

Gay, Peter & Gerald J. Cavanaugh

Historians at Work Vol. Three Neibuhr to Maitland

Harper and Row, N. Y., 1975, 325 pgs.

History by Historians

Each chapter is an extract from the original work of an important historian. - In this volume 10 are included. The authors write: "The nineteenth century is the century in which the craft of history became a thoroughly modern profession."

Gayley, Charles Mills

The Classic Myths in English Literature and in Art

Ginn and Co., N. Y., 1911, 579 pgs. ,index, notes, illustrations

Literature

The author makes a strong plea for a return to the study in schools of myths because they form the basis for western art and poetry and literature. Imagine already in 1900 there was a perception that students were not being exposed to so much of the basis of our culture. This book is limited to Greek, Roman and Norse mythology but for these it is comprehensive. There is a section also on the study of myth.

Genovese, Eugene D.

Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves made

Pantheon Books, N. Y., 1972, 825 pgs., index, end notes, sources

American History

A highly acclaimed study of slavery in America. It is a study in which the author claims that a specific African- American culture within a southern culture - in other words African- American slaves and white Americans in the south interacted with each other in creating their distinct but integrated society. He writes: "Masters and slaves shaped each other and cannot be discussed or analyzed in isolation."

Gershoy, Leo

From Despotism to Revolution: 1763-1789

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1963., 355 pgs. , index, bibliography, illustrations,, foot notes, paperback

Early Modern History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series. It includes political, economic, social, artistic, intellectual history. The illustrations are very helpful.

Gibb, Sir, Hamilton A. R.

Muhammadanism: An Historical Survey

New American Library, N. Y., 1955, 159 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Religion

The book is mostly about the history of the origin and spread of Islam. Along the way summaries of beliefs are included - Sufism, Shia and Sunn

i.

Gibbon, Edward

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Vol. One 180 AD - 395 AD

The Modern Library, N. Y., 956 pgs., foot notes

Ancient History

One of the most famous books of all time. The author became famous. His concept of theory of 'fall' became standard knowledge of the generations of people who never read his book. Many historians today will deny that there ever was a 'fall'.

Gibbon, Edward

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Vol. Two 395 AD - 1185 AD

The Modern Library, N. Y., 925 pgs., foot notes

Medieval history

Already in volume two we are far past any reality of a Roman 'fall' and well into the era the Enlightenment authors like to call 'dark ages.'

Gibbon, Edward

The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Vol. Three 1185 AD - 1453 AD

The Modern Library, N. Y., 898 pgs., index, foot notes

Medieval History

Here we are in the middle ages - what the Enlightenment writers of which Gibbon was one liked to term 'dark ages'. Of course vastly more has been written about this period since Gibbon. His book may be read not so much for the history of the period itself but rather for the history of what Enlightenment writers thought about the middle ages.

Gilbert, Felix

The End of the European Era 1890 to the Present

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 1970, 572 pgs., index, readings. maps, illustrations, paperback

Modern History

This is the final book in the Norton History of Modern Europe series, following on from Norman Rich's The Age of Nationalism and Reform. This is a combination of exposition and analysis. It is political history with some economic history as needed, but not social, cultural, technological or intellectual history.

Gilder, George

Wealth and Poverty

Basic Books, N.Y., 1981, 306 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

Public Policy, economics

The author offers recommendations on what to do and how to fix current financial problems

Gilder, George

Knowledge and Power

Regenery, NY. 2013, 348 pgs., index, notes

economics, capitalism, public policy, information theory

Subtitle: The Information Theory of Capitalism and How it is Revolutionizing our World

Gilder, George

The Scandal of Money

Regenery, NY. 2016, 202 pgs., index, notes

money, currency, gold, finance, economics, public policy

Subtitle: Why Wall Street Recovers but The Ecopnomy Never Does

Gillingham, John

Richard the Lionheart

Times Books, N. Y., 1978, 318 pgs., index, end notes, map, illustrations

Medieval History - Biography

King Richard has come in for much controversial denigration by modern historians who favor his brother John. Gillingham presents a lengthy and detailed narrative and analysis of Richard's life and reign. His conclusion is that these historians are wrong. That Richard was a successful king and John was not. Actually John undermined Richard's reign. Had Richard not dies prematurely, almost by accidental a minor siege, the outcome for England would have been much different. See also - Dan Jones -Plantagenets

Gilmore, Myron P.

The World of Humanism: 1453-1517

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1952, 326 pgs., index, bibliography, map, illustrations, foot notes, paperback

Early Modern History

This is part of the Rise of Modern Europe series. It includes discussion of economic and social change. Of course there is much on intellectual history and art and science. There is relatively little on warfare.

Glover, T. R.

The Ancient World

Penguin Books, 1937, 350 pgs., index, maps, tables, illustrations, paperback

Ancient History

The book describes classical Greece and Rome to the introduction of Christianity.

Gobineau, J. A. de

The World of the Persians

Minerva, Geneva, 1971, 159 pgs., index, illustrations

Ancient History

An excellent book with many illustrations. The text describes the conquests of Cyrus and the empire of Darius and Xerxes.

Godfrey, E. Drexel Jr.

The Government of France

Thomas Y. Crowell Co., N. Y., 1961, 186 pgs. , reading, paperback

Political Theory

The book is in a comparative government series. There have been many changes since its publication, but the sections on the history of French government are worth study.

Gogol, Nilolai - trans Ronals Wilks

Diary of a Madman and other stories

Penguin Books, N. Y., 1972, 188 pgs., paperback

Literature

This contains 5 great Gogol short stories - in addition to the title there are; The Nose, The Overcoat, How Ivan Ivanovich Quarrelled with Ivan Nikiporovich and Ivan Fyodorovich Shponka and his Aunt

Goldschmidt, Arthur Jr.

A Concise History of the Middle East - 4th ed.

Westview Press, San Francisco, 1991, 465 pgs., index, maps, bibliography, glossary, chronology, tables, figures, paperback

Middle East History

An excellent recent study. (See also Ernest Jackh, Philip Hitti, Sidney Fisher, and George Lenczowski) The author provides an overview of the geography, so critical to history in the region. He then gives a very brief account of pre-Islamic history. After introducing Muhammad, he describes the basic tenants of Islam. He devotes a few pages to the Arab Caliphate, the Crusades and Mongols, and the various Moslem regimes into the 20th century. More space is devoted to the Arab Israeli conflict. Finally he discusses the Iranian Revolution and the Gulf War.

Gooch, Brison D. - ed.

Napoleon III - Man of Destiny: Enlightened Stateman or Proto-Fascist"

Holt, Rinehart and Winston: N. Y., 1963, 122 pgs., added reading, paperback

Modern History

One in the series on problem studies for teachers. I don't like even the title with a misunderstood reference to Fascist. Is this to introduce a negative ideological thrust? Anyway, the booklet begins with a section "Racketeer or Statesman?" a much better question. There are 16 essays included to provide a variety of perspectives and opinions the teacher may develop for classes.

Goodall, George, ed.

Muir's Historical Atlas Medieval & Modern

Barnes and Noble, N.Y., 1952, 128 pgs., index,

Reference -atlas

Contains an introduction by Ramsay Muir of 1927. This is the 8th edition. Contains maps from around 200 AD to 1927.

Goodenough, Erwin R.

The Church in the Roman Empire

Henry Holt Co., N.Y., 1931, 132 pgs., index bibliography

Ancient History

The text describes the growing inter relationship between Christian ideas and organizations and the Roman state. The author writes that at the time of Constantine's recognition, the Christians constituted only 10% of the total population, but they were well organized, both into strong local communities and into an integrated empire wide structure. He hoped to use this organization to strengthen the empire. The author describes all this in great detail.

Gordon, John Steele

An Empire of Wealth: The Epic History of American Economic Power

Harper Perennial, N. Y., 2004, 460 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, paperback

American History - Economic History

An excellent narration of the development of the American economy from colonial days to present. However, I disagree with his apparent approval of sizable debt in the process.

Gordon, Robert J.

The Rise and Fall of American Growth

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2016, 762 pgs., index, references, notes, appendix

American Economic History - Pubic Policy

The subtitle is "The U. S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War. This is a huge text that descries the author's thesis that the increase of the standard of living in the US since 1870 is unprecedented in history in size and rapidity but since about 1970 has slowed to almost zero and will not expand over the next 25 years. The author denies there was much if any improvement in people's standard of living prior to the mid 19th century and that since the 1970's there has been an unprecedented increase in the gap of living standards between rich and poor in America. He claims the causes of this are the usual 'headwinds' of the elitest liberal academia and recommends the typical leftist political soultions. He uses the standard leftist concept of the economy as a 'pie' and claims that the 'rich' (wealthy 1%)are taking a larger slice of this thus leaving a smaller slice to the poorer 99%. But the volumenous facts he well describes show that the economic 'pie' is what has expanded vastly thus raising the standard of living of all. By begining his analysis in 1870 and focusing on the US. he falsely claims that there was no improvement of people's standard of living for all the centuries before that and ignores the much greater differences between the living standards of the most wealthy and poorest in many societies in the past as well.

Goudsblom, Johan, Eric Jones & Stephen Mennell

The Course of Human History: Economic Growth, Social Process and Civilization

M. E. Sharpe, London, 1996, 152 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

Social History

The authors are sociologist, economist and historian. They write about 'long -term historical processes'.

Graeber, David

Debt: The First 5,000 years

Melvillehouse, Brooklyn, N.Y., 2011, 534 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

Economic History

The author describes debt=credit as central part of monetary -financial systems through history .Especially important is his account of the use of credit in ancient societies before the invention of coined currency.

Graham, A. J.

Colony and Mother City in Ancient Greece

Barnes & Noble, N. Y.., 1964, 259 pgs., index, foot notes, bibliography, appendices

Ancient History

Greek colonies were more independent of their 'mother' cities than, for instance, British colonies in the 17th century. But they did have political and social ties that became relevant during wars.

Grant, Michael

Ancient history atlas 1700 BC to AD 565

Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1974, 51 pgs., index, maps

Reference - atlas

Very useful to have maps of the areas when reading a typical book. Included here are campaign maps, maps of large regions, and maps of towns.

Grant, Frederick ed.

Ancient Roman Religion

The Liberal Arts Press, N. Y., 1957, 252 foot notes.

Ancient History

The editor has assembled extracts from primary sources on various aspects of the Roman religion and made his comments on them to form a coherent whole. It is difficult to determine the details of the earliest Roman religious beliefs and practices because the Romans rapidly adopted Greek religious concepts. And later Roma was exceptionally open to introduce the religion of conquered or other peoples as well.

Grant, Michael

The Ancient Historians

Charles Scribner's Sons, N.Y., 1970, 486 pgs., index, end notes, maps, chronology

Ancient historians

This is about the classical Greek and Roman historians. The author provides an overview in his forward. He includes historians that Peter Gay includes and many others Three more books by Michael Grant are included in the list of military history books.

Grant, Michael

Dawn of the Middle Ages

Bonanza Books, N. Y., 1981, 224 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, large format

Medieval History

The illustrations are outstanding. The subject includes both western Europe and the Middle East, and even a short section on China. It begins with the split of the Roman Empire into east and west with the latter then being transformed into independent kingdoms. The Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire is fully described Much of the text is focused on the individual ethnic groups, such as Ostrogoths, Lombards, Visigoths, Franks, Jews, Arabs, Anglo -Saxons, Slavs, Avars, Khazars and more.

Grant, Michael

The Ancient Mediterranean

Charles Scribner's Sons, N. Y., 1969, 374 pgs., index, maps, further readings, notes, illustrations

Ancient History

Not about the sea itself - but about the ancient civilizations that lived along the coast - Egypt, Lebanon, Crete, Mycenaeans, Philistines and Hebrews, Carthage, Greece, Rome. The eminent classical scholar, Michael Grant, notes that ultimately our civilization stems from those who occupied the Mediterranean's shore and he seeks to show the contributions of each. But he points to the Greeks as the most important.

Grant, Michael

Cities Vesuvius Pompeii & Herculaneum

Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1976, 240 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, maps

Ancient History

The scholar of classical Greece and Rome undertakes field work to describe the actual sites of the two towns buried by Vesuvius. He writes the history of the places and then describes life there as found from the excavations. There are floor plans. The illustrations are valuable evidence.

Grant, Michael

Readings in the Classical Historians

Charles Scribner's Sons, N. Y., 1992, 686 pgs., index, notes, bibliography, table of dates

Ancient History

Selections from 23 Classical Greek and Roman historians.

Green, Barbara, B.

The Dynamics if Russian Politics: A Short History

Greenwood Press, Westport Conn. 1994, 236 pgs., index, bibliography, notes

Soviet History

The author seeks to place contemporary political developments in Russia in historical context. Thus she begins with brief summary of Tsarist methods and organizations for political control. After the Tsars lost control the new regime of Lenin regained it. The author focuses mostly on the Gorbachev and Yeltzin period. Finally she addresses the question of the ability of the post-collapse system to retain legitimacy and fulfill promises to the people. Although the author does not venture further, the example of Russia can be considered in the cases of China, EU and USA today.

Green, Robert - ed.

Protestantism and Capitalism: The Weber Thesis and Its Critics

D. C. Heath Co., Boston, 1959, 116 pgs., readings, paperback

Early Modern History

This is one of a series of booklets designed for use by teachers for discussions in classroom. We have Weber's book and several of those by his critics in this list. The booklet had 11 essays including a section by Weber himself. But much as been written on this question in recent years to show that capitalism was developing long before the Protestant 'revolt' and not only in Northern Europe.

Greenlaw, Ralph, W. - ed.

The Economic Origins of the French Revolution

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1958, 95 pgs., readings, foot notes, paperback

Modern History

The booklet is one of a series for use by teachers in classrooms. There are 11 essays focused on various economic issues such as agriculture, famine, villages, feudal relations, and social conflict.

Greenspan, Alan

The Map and The Territory: Risk, Human Nature, and the Future of Forecasting:

Penguin Press, N.Y., 2013, 388 pgs., index, end notes, appendices

Memoir, Finance, Stock Market Investing

This is the "Maestro"s account of the financial crisis of 2007-08 and his role, plus that of the FED and others in the disaster. He admits that he and the FED did not foresee or prepare for the collapse, but claims no one else did either. This is false, many others not only predicted it but made millions from their actions. He writes about a favorite idea, 'animal spirits', culture, productivity, regulation, money, inflation, and more. He is a noted student of data, so supplies many graphs and much financial information. The book is a good tutorial on monetary policy and finance.

Gregor, A. James

A Survey of Marxism: Problems in Philosophy and the Theory of History

Random House, N.Y. 1965, 370 pgs., index, readings, end notes

Political and Social Philosophy - History of History

The author writes: "In this book I have attempted two things: (1) to provide within the compass of a single, brief exposition a survey of the wealth and complexity of Marxism; (2) to present not only the principal elements of Marxism as a philosophy and a theory of history but also to suggest some of the criticisms that have been or, in the author's opinion, should be leveled against it."

Grey, Ian

Boris Godunov: The Tragic Tsar

Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1973, 188 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes ,map

Russian History

Based on Karamzin, Solovyev, Platonov and Vernadsky.

Gribble, Charles E.

A Short Dictionary of 18th Century Russian

Slavica Pub., 1976, 106 pgs., index,

Reference dictionary

Russian to English translations for use when reading 18th Century Russian documents.

Griffin, G. Edward

The Creature from Jekyll Island: A Second Look at the Federal Reserve

American Media, Westlake Village, Calif., 2002, 608 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paper back

Economics, Finance

The full story about the creation of the Federal Reserve System.

Grosvenor, Gilbert - ed.

Everyday Life in Ancient Times

National Geographic Magazine, 1953, 368 pgs., index, illustrations

Ancient History

The 120 paintings by H. M. Herget are exceptional. The chapters are on Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome.

Guicciardini, Francesco - trans. Mario Domandi

Maxims and Reflection of a Renaissance Statesman

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1965,150 pgs.

Early Modern History

Guicciardini was a Florentine diplomat and government official who also entered Papal service with two Medici Popes. He also wrote history and other political essays. This is a collection of his comments and opinions, some brief and some longer. They reveal much of contemporary political thinking.

Guillaume, Alfred

Islam

Penguin Books, London, 1954, 208 pgs., index, readings, paperback

Religion

The book contains a brief biographical background on Muhammad and his times. Then it discusses the Quran and some of the main topics since.

Gustavson, Carl G.,

A Preface to History

McGraw- Hill Books, N.Y., 1953, 222 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

History

The author writes his purpose: "The principal purpose of this book is to present an outline of the nature of historical-mindness on a level sufficiently elementary to be suitable for first-year college students. History, when treated purely as book learning can be deceptive, for, unlike work in economics, mathematics, or the sciences, the existence of inherent patterns of reasoning may escape the uninitiated almost completely. When the untrained mind must grapple with the broader historical problems, it finds its explanations in certain rudimentary concepts and gross oversimplifications based upon inadequate observation and strong subjective preferences." Of course the author intends to disabuse the foolish reader from belief in any alternative theories about historical causation than those he holds.

Hagen, Victor W. von

Realm of the Incas

New American Library, N. Y., 1957, 231 pgs., index, map, bibliography, notes, illustrations, paperback

History of Incas

The author has written many books on the Incas. In his first chapter he discusses many of the primary sources including de al Vega, listed here. For a brief paperback the book contains much information.

Hamburger, Philip

Is Administrative Law Unlawful?

Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2014, 635 pgs., index, end notes

Constitutional Law, Political Science

Now "the federal government acts against Americans through its own legislation and adjudication. This administrative action, whether legislative or judicial, is known as 'administrative law' and the executive relies on it to constrain Americans in all aspects of their lies, political, economic, social and personal." The author also spoke at Hillsdale College on same topic and this is printed in Imprimis Vol 43, No 9 Sept. 2014.

Hamilton, Alexander & James Madison & John Jay

The Federalist Papers

New American Library, N.Y., nd., 559 pgs., index, paperback

American History - Political document

This edition has introduction and notes by Clinton Rossiter.

Hamilton, Alexander & James Madison & John Jay

The Federalist Papers

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N.Y., nd, 527 pgs.,

American History - Political document

This edition has introduction by Willmoore Kendall and George Cary - highly recommended

Hamilton, Edith

The Greek Way

W. W. Norton Co., N.Y., 1941, 347 pgs., references

Literature- Ancient History

The book is about the great Greek authors - plays, histories, philosophy, religion. Historians are Herodotus, Thucydides and Xenophon. The purpose of the book is to show via their literature what the Greeks gave to our western way of thinking.

Hamilton, Edith

The Echo of Greece

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 1957, 224 pgs.

Literature

There are chapters devoted to a small number is Greek personalities.

Hamilton, Edith

Mythology

Little, Brown and Co., Boston, 1943, 497 pgs., index, family trees, illustrations

Literature

The main subject is naturally Greek mythology, with its Roman off shoots, since the author is an expert on Greek literature. But there also is a short section on Norse mythology. The material is organized well, by general subject.

Hamm, William A.

From Colony to World Power: A History of the United States

D. C. Heath Co., Boston, 1947, 854 pgs. , index, reading, maps, charts, diagrams, appendices, illustrations

American History

 An excellent standard history text for high school or college.

Hammond, Jeremy R.

Ron Paul vs Paul Krugman; Austrian vs Keynesian Economics in the Financial Crisis

Jeremy Hamond, 2012104 pgs., index, notes, paperback

Economics theory

The author uses quotations from the two writers to create a debate over the validity of Keynesian economic theory in comparison to the Austrian school such as Frederick Hayek - Keynes is the looser.

Harper, F. A.

Why Wages Rise

Foundation for Economic Education, Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y., 1957, 123 pgs., index, paper back

Economics

"Free market" discussion about labor, productivity, wages, and leisure.

Haskins, Charles Homer

The Normans in European History

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 1915, reprint 1966, 258 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Medieval History

This is eight lectures Prof Haskins delivered in 1915. Obviously much new scholarship has been accomplished since then. Even so, this is an useful general description of the remarkable impact the Normans had every where they ventured (and conquered).

Hassall, W. O. ed.

Medieval England: As Viewed by Contemporaries

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1965, 236 index, paperback

Medieval history

This is a collection of primary sources describing conditions in England. The editor seeks to present some idea of the experience of people in medieval England.. The first selection is about the arrival of the Roman army in 55 B.C. There are many more entries from throughout the early middle ages to Hastings in 1066. The entries continue marching through the years to Crecy, Black Death, Agincourt and finally Bosworth in 1485. Many extracts are about social, economic, religious, or cultural matters. This is an excellent companion to a standard history text.

Havens, George R.

The Age of Ideas: From Reaction to Revolution in Eighteenth-Century France

Henry Holt Co., N. Y., 1955, 474 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations

Modern History - Intellectual History

The author focuses on the leading political writers - mostly famous Enlightenment figures - such as Pierre Bayle, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseasu, Diderot and Beaumarchais. Read along with Palmer and other writers on the French Revolution.

Hawkins, Charles & Robert Love - eds.

The New Great Game: Chinese Views on Central Asia

Foreign Military Studies Office, Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, 2005, 193 pgs., references, paperback

Chinese History - Current Affairs

Discussion at a symposium

Hayden, Michael V.

Playing to the Edge

Penguin Press, N.Y., 2016, 448 pgs., index

Intelligence terrorism, SIGINT,

Subtitle: American Intelligence in the Age of Terror - The author was directors of both NSA and CIA and had a long career as an Air Force Intelligence officer. This is his memoir of his service in the CIA and NSA.

Hayek, Friedrich A. - ed Bruce Caldwell

The Road To Serfdom

Univ. of Chicago Press , 2007, 273 pgs. ,index, bibliography, appendices, paperback

Political science, economics, philosophy

The sensational, best seller that influenced PM. Thatcher and Pres. Reagan, but was fought by Keynesians. The author was greatly disturbed by the strong shift in American and Britain to centralized economic planning. He showed that this would lead to despotism. This edition is from a series of Hayek's collected works with comment by the editor.

Hayek, Friedrich A.

The Constitution of Liberty

Univ. of Chicago Press, 1960, 570 pgs., index

Political Science, economics

The author vividly exposes the fundamental problem of the West - loss of belief in its on underlying principles. He describes the intellectual developments that have brought ruin. He states that the book must deal mainly with basic issues of political philosophy, it studies the institutions created in and by the West to secure individual liberty, and it then relates these to today's critical economic and social issues.

Hayek, Friedrich A.

The Constitution of Liberty

Gateway Editions, South Bend Ind., 570 pgs., index, paperback

Political Science, economics

The author vividly exposes the fundamental problem of the West - loss of belief in its on underlying principles. He describes the intellectual developments that have brought ruin. He states that the book must deal mainly with basic issues of political philosophy, it studies the institutions created in and by the West to secure individual liberty, and it then relates these to today's critical economic and social issues.

Hayek, Friedrich A.

Studies in Philosophy, Politics and Economics

Simon and Schuster, 1967, 356 pgs., index, foot notes, paperback

Political science, Economics, Philosophy

A series of essays on specific subjects in the three related fields.

Hayes, Carlton J. H.

A Generation of Materialism 1871 - 1900

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1941, 390 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, illustrations, foot notes, paperback

Modern History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe series. It is between Robert Binkley's Realism and Nationalism 1852 - 1871and Oron J. Hale's The Great Illusion 1900 - 1914. During this period expansion of industrial production and foreign commerce drove change in society and the political response. Liberalism, religion and the arts are all discussed. The author describes the European State System that had developed.

Hazlitt, Henry

Economics in One lesson

Manor Books, N. Y., 1973, 143 pgs., paperback

Economics

A classic summary of real economics - actual results of various economic theory in practice. Strongly conservative free market ideas.

Hazlitt, Henry

The Free Man's Library: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography

D. Van Nostrand C., Princeton, N.J., 1956, 176 pgs

Bibliography of works on the philosophy of individualism,

Still a valuable reference for learning about important early books on economics, politics, public policy and the like.

Heather, Peter

The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New history of Rome and the Barbarians

Oxford Univ. Press, London, 2006, 372 pgs, index, glossary, bibliography, end notes, maps, illustrations, paperback

Ancient History

Over the centuries, especially since Gibbon, there have been many books and many attempts at explanation on how the once mighty Roman Empire could 'fall'. This book, based on extensive research, provides answers. First it was only a part of the empire that changed and that was not so much a 'fall' as a transition.

Heather, Peter

The Restoration of Rome: Barbarian Popes and Imperial Pretenders

Oxford Univ. Press, London, 2013, 470 pgs, index, bibliography, end notes

Medieval history

Outstanding scholarly exposition that changes most popular opinion about the early middle ages and the relationship of the 'barbarian' invaders to the remaining Roman Empire. This is a continuation of Heather's other book, above

Heer, Friedrich - trans. Janet Sondheimer

The Holy Roman Empire

Frederick A. Praeger, N. Y., 1968, 309 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, foot notes

Medieval and Modern History

The wealth of illustrations is impressive. The narration begins briefly with the empire of Charles the Great (Charlemagne), then that of the Ottonian Emperors.. The author stresses that at this time this 'empire' was created by the voluntary agreement of the four main German tribes - Franks, Saxons, Bavarians and Swabians (actually their dukes) plus some smaller tribes - Thuringians and Lotharingians to unite under an elected 'king' for military purposes. He notes that this elective character of the imperial office remained so right through the middle ages even as the 'electors' changed. the author devotes considerable space to description and commentary about Duke Otto I the first of the new 'Roman' Emperors. He wants to show how so much of what Otto accomplished remained internal to the German empire to its end. From the Ottonians the crown moves to the Salians, then Hohenstaufens and finally to the Habsburgs but remains elective.

Heidenheimer, Arnold J.

The Governments of Germany

Thomas Y. Crowell, N. Y., 1961, 224 pgs.,

Political Science

This was written prior to the reunification of Germany. Now it may be considered an historical look and German government in the 20th century..

Heilbroner, Robert L.

The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times and Ideas of the Great Economic Thinkers

Simon and Schuster, N. Y., 1961, 309 pgs., index, further reading, paper back

History of economic thought from Adam Smith to 1950's

Many considered this the standard introduction to economic history for colleges throughout the United States. That may be a major cause of current ignorance. He leaves out much of Austrian School economic theory for instance von Mises.

Heilbroner, Rober L.

The Future as History: The historic currents of our time and a direction in which they are taking America

Grove Press, N. Y., 1960, 217 pgs., index, paperback

Ideas about the future

This book serves as a masterful example of the inability of trained academic minds to grasp even the barest concepts of what the future will being. The predictions turn out to be so wrong but history itself shows that this is common. In this case the author reveals his own bias and political philosophy in the consistent nature of his faulty predictions.

Hemming, John

Red Gold: The Conquest of the Brazilian Indians

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1978, 677 pgs. , index, notes and references, illustrations, maps, glossary, appendix

History of Brazil prior to 1760

This is a story much like the Spanish conquests of Mexico and Peru - namely the attraction for gold. But the missionaries did want converts and the settlers wanted Indian labor. The terrible disaster to the population had the same cause as elsewhere in the Western Hemisphere - the lack of Indian immunity to European and African disease. However, there were also destructive wars between Indians and colonists.

Herm, Gerhard

The Celts: The People who Came out of the Darkness

St. Martin's Press, N. Y., 1975, 312 pgs. , index, bibliography, chronology, illustrations

Ancient History

With this excellent reference available, there is no excuse for authors now to overlook the Celts when writing about Classical Greece or Rome. In the last chapter the author takes up the legend of Arthur. He considers that the closest possible real leader would be a Celtic, Romanized chieftain who tried to defend the Celtic Britons against the invading Angles and Saxons on the 5th century.

Herman, Arthur

The Cave and the Light: Plato versus Aristotle, and the Struggle for the Soul of Western Civilization

Random House, N. Y., 676 pgs., index, notes, bibliography,

History of Political Theory

The author demonstrates that from ancient classical Greece to the present the beliefs and thought processes of Western Civilization have oscillated between the teachings of Plato and Aristotle. The cover picture that shows Plato and Aristotle from Raphael's School of Athensdepicts the core of the struggle. Read along with Ebenstein and Ryan. Prof. Herman's commentary is a major contribution.

Hildebrand, Dietrich von

Trojan Horse in The City of God

Franciscan Herald Press, Chicago, 1967, 263 pgs., end notes.

Philosophy

The author is deeply concerned about modern trends in Catholic 'progressives' who appear to have lost their roots in beliefs in the metaphysical situation of man. He writes: "Against this background we shall try to shed light on the confusions, apostasies, disclosures of loss of faith that are to be found among those who trumpet forth the claim that They are the true interpreters of the Council." The book is a commentary on false beliefs stemming from false interpretation of the Second Vatican Council.

Hill, John Hugh and Lauirita Lyttleton

Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse

Syracuse Univ. Press, 1962, 177 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, genealogy

Medieval History

Raymond IV of St. Gilles was one of the main leaders of the First Crusade. He left his home in southern France, where he claimed 13 counties, to fulfill his religious belief in the crusade mission. He was the oldest, and wealthiest of the Crusaders and led the largest army. It was composed of numerous contingents led by many of the independent lords of southwestern France. This biography fills an important place in the history of the crusades. He never returned. the many contemporary writers and later historians have penned very different appraisals of his person and results. The authors used Arabic as well as contemporary European primary sources.

Hindley, Geoffrey

The Medieval Establishment 1200 -1500

G. P. Putnam's Sons, N. Y., 1970, 128 pgs., index, illustrations, further reading

Medieval History

An illustrated treat. It depicts people doing all sorts of daily things. The full color pictures are mostly from medieval documents. The text describes and comments on the illustrations. A fun book to study.

Hirschfeld, Charles - ed.

Classics of the Western Thought- The Modern World

Harcourt, Brace & World, N. Y., 1964, 494 pgs.

Intellectual History

This is one volume in a full series, It contains extracts from the writings of important authors starting with Francis Bacon and concluding with Bertrand Russell.

Hitti, Philip K.

The Near East in History; A 5000 Year Story

D. Van Nostrand Co., NJ. Y., 1961, 574 pgs., index, maps, illustrations

Middle Eastern History

The author devoted much more space to pre-Islamic era than do the other authors in this list. Muhammad and Islam do not enter the story until page 187. Then he devotes more space to the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties as well. The Ottoman Empire is well discussed. Then Arabia during and after World War One. But the Arab- Israeli conflict is not - see date. We have 5 books in the list on Middle East History and one needs to read them all - plus of course the books on Babylon, Crusades, Byzantium, and Dupuy's book on the Arab- Israeli war.

Holborn, Hajo

The Political Collapse of Europe

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1959, 212 pgs., index, bibliography

Modern History

The author writes: "This book is an attempt at historical interpretation rather than a historical narrative of events" It is about the events that transformed Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries. He continues, "Historical research has a twofold purpose. Its most immediate task is to assemble the record of events. But the work of the historian necessarily must also aim at the understanding of these events." His interpretation and understanding may be summarized in these three sentences from his Introduction. "Europe emerged after the seventieth century as the absolute master of her own political fortunes." "In World War II, which was decided by the participation of the Soviet Union and the United States, the collapse of the traditional European system became an irrevocable fact. What is commonly called the 'historic Europe' is dead and beyond resurrection." "The collapse of the traditional political system of Europe took place at the same time that the self-contained American political system of the nineteenth century disappeared."

Hollingsworth, J. Rogers - & Bell
Wiley - eds.

American Democracy: A Documentary Record: Vol I, 1620 - 1865

Thomas Y. Crowell, N. Y., 1961, 625 pgs. ,index

American History

This contains 118 primary source documents on American government and politics from Colonial government in Virginia to Congressman Thaddeus Stevens' Speech on the South as a Conquered Province, December 18, 1865. This is a terrific reference for teachers to use in courses.

Hollister, C. Warren

Medieval Europe: A Short History

John Wiley & Sons, N.Y., 1964, 262 pgs., index, maps, readings, illustrations, paperback

Medieval History

The author writes: "This brief survey of medieval Western Europe is intended for the beginning college student or for the general reader who wishes a compact summary of the period." And that is what he will receive. The first section provides a start with discussion of the late Roman Empire and its decline in the West. The general narrative concludes in the 14th century.

Hook, Sidney

Political Power and Personal Freedom

Collier Books, N. Y., 1962, 539 pgs., index, paper back

Political Theory

This political philosopher has written a series of essays focused on the struggle for freedom in the world. He discusses the philosophical assumptions of the major political systems. He is concerned about the dictates of national security versus individual freedom. These issues are even more acute now than in 1962

Hope, Thomas

Costumes of the Greeks and Romans

Dover Pub;, N. Y., 1962, 300 illustrations and short text

Ancient History

An excellent guide to the civilian clothing of Greeks and Romans with a few illustrations also of military armament, including shields, helmets and body armor.

Horowitz, David

Radical Son

The Free Press, N. Y., 1997, 468, index

Personal Memoir

One of the leading radical leftists of Berkeley in the 1960's, son of Communist Party members had a change of heart. In this book he describes the inner workings of the radical movement. He now is a major voice in exposing the radical left progressive agenda

Horowitz, David & Peter Collier

Destructive Generation: Second Thoughts about the 60's

Summit Books, N.Y., 1989, 352 pgs., index

Personal Memoir

Two of the leading radical leftists of Berkeley in the 1960's describe the radical progressive agenda and explain their own conversions.

Horowitz, David & Peter Collier

The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1976, 746 pgs., index, notes, illustrations, bibliographic note

Biography - Business history

A massive research effort using family archives. In their opening to the first chapter the authors describe the contrast between the public image of John D. Rockefeller as a benighted robber and the actual fact that he was a philanthropist on a massive scale. And that his business activities were honest in comparison with the Gould's, Fisk's and other of the real robber barons. He was subjected to the most vicious attacks and false claims. The authors meld the personal histories of each Rockefeller generation with their business projects and both with the story of the times in which they lived. And it is quite a story.

Horton,. Rosalind & Sally Simmonds eds.

Great American Documents

Quercus, London, 2007, 255 pgs., index, illustrations

American history

An excellent compilation of important original documents from a letter by Christopher Columbus to a missing persons message board of 2001. The book is intended as a readings supplement for High School

Hosking, Geoffrey

Russia and the Russians: A history

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2001, 718 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, maps, paperback

Russian History

A standard text.

Hotelling, Neal

Pebble Beach: The Official Golf history

Triumph Books, Chicago, 2009, 244 pgs., index, tables, illustrations

California History

This is an elaborate history of Pebble Beach, Monterey County, California focused on the famous Pebble Beach golf club and the interesting tournaments held there.

Howard, A. E. Dick

Magna Carta - text and commentary

Univ. Press of Virginia, Charflottesville, 1964, 55 pgs., bibliographical note, paperback

Medieval History - Political Theory

The very famous founding political document in English history with commentary

Howe, Neil and William Strauss

The Fourth Turning

Broadway Books, NY. `997, 382 pgs., index, references, notes, paperback

economics, finance. public policy

 

Howells, William

Back of History: The Story of our own Origins

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N. Y., 1954, 384 pgs. , index, illustrations

Prehistoric era - early human development

The book is about the evidence of early human development as found from archeology world - wide.

Hoyt, Robert S.

Feudal Institutions: Cause or Consequence of Decentralizatrion?

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1961, 35 pgs., bibliography, paperback

Medieval History

One of a series on 'source problems' for teachers. The author writes that many agree that one of the most difficult subjects for history teachers to explain is 'feudalism'. Indeed that is so, and perhaps it is because the common theories are either incorrect or at least misleading. And much change in concepts has taken place since this publication - See Marcia Colish for instance

Hsu, Robert

China Fireworks: How to Make Dramatic Wealth from the Fastest-Growing Economy in the World

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N.J., 2008, 275 pgs, index

Investment Advice, China economy

The author maintains an active presence in China with meeting business and government leaders. he is clearly a believer in the expanding future of the Chinese economy.

Hubbard, Douglas W.

The Failure of Risk Management: Why It's Broken and How to Fix it

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N.J., 2009, 281 pgs., index, appendices

Risk, Fiance, Economics,

The author is an expert in measuring intangibles, risks and value. The book is full of mathematics and ideas on how to measure and then control risk. Read with Bernstein and Taleb. Hubbard blames the financial crisis on failure of all responsible parties to properly evaluate and mitigate risk.

Hubbard, Glenn and Tim Kane

Balance: The Economics of Great Powers from Ancient Rome to Modern America

Simon & Schuster, N. Y., 2013, 315 pgs., index, end notes, references, tables

Economics, Economic history

A broad study of economic history

Hughes, Frank

Prejudice and the Press: A Restatement of the Principle of Freedom of the Press with Specific Reference to the Hutchins-Luce Commission

Devin-Adir Co., N.Y., 1950, 642 pgs., index, end notes, appendices

Public Policy

The Hutchins-Luce self appointed commission published a report attacking freedom of the press and advocating a policy for government control. The book attacks the report.

Hughes, Lindsey

Russia in the Age of Peter the Great

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1998, 602 pgs, index, bibliography, end notes, illustrations, map, chronology

Russian History

The author begins with an excellent section of background - Russia during the reign of Sophia (of whom she already wrote a biography). The next two sections are "Russia and the World: 1696-1725, which is mostly about Peter's campaigns against Azov and the Great Northern War; and The Russian Military Machine, which describes his strenuous efforts to transform the country after suffering defeat at Narva. Then comesectdions on government, economy, people. arts, court, education, religion. After these descriptions of 'the Age' she turns to Peter himself and his family. This is the critical biography of Peter.

Hughes, Philip

A Popular History of the Catholic Church

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1953, 309 pgs., index, notes, paperback

Church History

The first chapter describes the early Catholic Church amid a numerous group of heresies such as Gnosticism, Marcion, Monanus, Mani. The second chapter describes the church from 313 - 711 under protection of the Empire. Following chapters follow through the middle ages, the Protestant Revolt, the revolt of the Catholic kings, and the assault of liberalism up to 1946.

Hughes, Thomas Parke - ed.

The Development of Western Technology Since 1500

The Macmillan Co., N. Y., 1964, 149 pgs., foot notes, paperback

Modern History

The book is a selection of essays on narrow subjects related to technology or engineering. The purpose is to provide a few samples of how technology has influenced other aspects of society and to show that technology has a history.

Huizinga`, J.

The Waning of the Middle Ages: A Study of the forms of life, thought and art in France and the Netherlands in the dawn of the Renaissance

Doubleday & Co. Garden City , N. Y., 1924-1954, 362 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Social - Medieval History - Intellectual History

The author comments that generally the study of history is about beginnings. People seek to find the causes and origins of the new developments. In this case he rather seeks to describe the endings. He writes; "The present work deals with the history of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries regarded as a period of termination, as the close of the Middle Ages." He believes the era retains much more of its links to its past rather than links to the future. His graphic word picture includes this -="The contrast between silence and sound, darkness and light, like that between summer and winter, was more strongly marked than it is in our lives... All things presenting themselves to the mind in violent contrasts and impressive forms, lent a tone of excitement and of passion to everyday life and tended to produce that perpetual oscillation between despair and distracted joy, between cruelty and pious tenderness which characterize life in the Middle Ages.'

Humes, James C.

The Wit & Wisdom of Ronald Reagan

Regnery Pub., Wash. D. C., 2007, 222 pgs., index,

Biography, American History

The author, former speech writer, selected extracts from President Reagan's speeches, comments, and one-liners to illustrate his view of Reagan's clever wit.

Hunold, Albert - ed.

Freedom and Serfdom: An Anthology of Western Thought

D. Reidel Pub. Dordrecht, Holland, 1961, 288 pgs., bibliography

Political Theory

A great group of authors including Arendt, Voegelin, Hayek, Kirk, and Oakeshott

Hyland, William G. Jr.

In Defense of Thomas Jefferson

St. Martin's Press, N. Y., 2009, 292 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, appendices

Biography - American History

The author mounts a legal style defense of Thomas Jefferson against the charges that he had a child with Sally Hemings.

Idzerda, Stanley J.

The Background of the French Revolution

Service Center for Teachers of History, Wash. D. C., 1959, 22 pgs., footnotes, paperback

Modern History

A short discussion of available references that history teachers may find useful in preparation of their courses.

Ilf, Alexandra Ilyinichina - ed

State Armoury in the Moscow Kremlin

Izobranitel;noye Iskustva, Moscow, 1969, index, glossary, bibliography, large format

Russian History - art

A spectacular book with large color illustrations of exhibits in the Kremlin Armory museum - weapons, clothing, gold and silver, books. state coaches and more. Includes foreign items.

Ingham, Geoffrey

The Nature of Money

Polity, Cambridge U.K., 2004, 254 pgs., index, references, notes, paperback

Economic History, money

Very importqant analysis ofthe real nature of money in society throughout history

Ingham, Geoffrey

Capitalism

Polity, Cambridge U.K., 2008, 284 pgs., index, references, notes, paperback

Economics, sociology

A sociological study of the development and role of capitalism

Ismail. Salim

Exponential Organizations

Singularity University Book, N.Y., 2014, 320 pgs. paperback

Business, Economics

The authors claim and illustrate that successful organizations including businesses now must become morefelxible by using all the expanding tools provided by the information economy.

Ivanov, Nikolai Mikhailovich.

Istoriya Rusi v imyenakh i datakh ,

Nordmed-Izdot, St. Petersburg, 1998, 148 pgs. genealogical charts

Reference - Russian History

This is a remarkable reference. It has elaborate family genealogies cross referenced. The families are traced not only to those who hold titles as princes ruling udels' but also to the descendent families of these who remained 'nobles' through subsequent generations.

Jackh, Ernest - ed.

Background of the Middle East

Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, 1952, 236 pgs., index, bibliography, maps,

Middle Eastern History

This contains 22 essays on a wide variety of topics such as: geostrategic importance, Hebrew civilization, Rome, Oriental Christianity, Islamic Civilization, Turkish Empire, Russian Messianism, Nationalism, petroleum, American Archeology and more.

Jacques, Martin

When China Rules the World: The End of trhe Western World and the Birth of a New Global Order

Penguin Press, N.Y., 2009, 510 pgs., index, end notes

China, economics, politics

The author has a strong dislike for America, Great Britain and to some extent the entire Euro area. He believes China will set these countries in their proper place by surpassing them and bringing them down. So far. since 2009 the trends do not show that he is correct.

Jaffa, Harry V.

Equality & Liberty: Theory and Practice in American Politics

Oxford Univ;. Press, N.Y., 1965, 229 pgs.,

Political Theory

A compendium of 10 essays on various topics related to the reality of American politics.

Jaszi, Oscar

The Dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy

Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1929, reprint 1961, 482 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Modern History

This is a lengthy study of the gradual dismemberment and demise, of the multi-ethnic, multi-national, heterogenous, family realm of the medieval Habsburg clan under the multitude of pressures both internal and external that rendered it impossible. The author dissects all these forces, centrifugal and centripetal that competed for power. He provides much data, for instance population figures by ethnic group.

 Jelavich, Charles and Barbara

The Habsburg Monarchy: Toward a Multinational Empire or Nation States?

Rinehart & Co., N. Y., 1959, 57 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

This is one of a series of booklets designed for teachers to use in classrooms. It contains 14 essays related to the Habsburg reign from 1815 to 1918. Several are about specific nationalities and several others are about specific events such as the revolution of 1848. We have several comprehensive histories of the Habsburgs in this list.

Jennings, Sir Ivor

Cabinet Government

Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1959, 587 pgs., index, biographical and bibliographical notes,

British Government

A text book on the working of the British government. It begins with a discussion of the British Constitution, which of course is not written. The author cites four major principles of the Constitution. It is democratic, it is parliamentary, it is monarchal, and it is a Cabinet system. The book goes on from there.

Johnson, Edgar N.

An Introduction to the History of the Western Tradition Vol I

Ginn and Co., Boston, 1959, 822 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations foot notes

Western Intellectual and Cultural History

The author writes: "This book introduces the American undergraduate to some of the many strands that form a Western Tradition he may be called upon to defend with his life." Ha-ha -fat chance that today's student will learn about this. Rather he will be indoctrinated with a false notion that the West was evil through and through. The author begins with an unusually profound discussion of history itself and the historian's role and purpose. He defines both western and tradition. He writes in the context of a difference, if not fully a conflict, between West and East in terms of East being the Communist bloc. I doubt if he even considered the East would be Islam instead. Volume I includes the ancient near east, Greece, Rome, and +medieval Europe

Johnson, Edgar N.

An Introduction to the History of the Western Tradition Vol II

Ginn and Co., Boston, 1959, 799 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations foot notes

Western Intellectual and Cultural History

Volume II begins with the Renaissance and concludes with post WWII Europe, Communism and the United Nations. In his conclusion chapter he summarizes. He writes: 'This book has tried to interpret the history of Europe in the light of a tradition, the western tradition, that has been compromised, attacked, and desperately defended in two world wars of the twentieth century." There is no hint of the much worse attacks to come from within the West itself from anti-western intellectuals. The attacks are from Communism. And there is no hint of the later attacks from Islam. Both volumes are important sources for the student who still hopes to defend Western Tradition. See Zabel study guide below

Johnson, Rev. George & Jerome Hannan & Sister M Dominica

Bible History: A Textbook of the Old and New Testaments for Catholic Schools

Benziger Brothers, N.Y., 1931, 558 pgs. , index, illustrations, maps

Bible History

A school text with questions at end of each chapter.

Johnson, Paul

Intellectuals

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1988, 385 pgs., index, end notes

Intellectual History

The ideas of some 'intellectuals' including Rousseau, Shelley, Marx, Ibsen, Tolstoy, Hemingway, Brecht, Russell, Sartre, Edmund Wilson, Gollancz and Lillian Hellman. Quite a mix of characters. The author links them by writing that the book is an examination of the moral and judgmental credentials of these folks who propose to give advice to humanity on how to conduct its affairs. They do not come off very favorably..

Johnson, Simon & James Kwak

White House Burning: The Founding Father, Our National Debt, and Why It Matters to You

Pantheon Books, N. Y., 2012, 352 pgs., index, end notes

Public Policy, Finance, Economic Policy, Monetary Policy

The authors correctly describe the essential roles of government to maintain the rule of law, individual private property, stable money supply and the rest. They write: "Ultimately, our choice of government implies a choice of the kind of society we want to live in." Their view of the kind of society they want is one in which the government protects everyone from a host of potential misfortunes. Their view is based on 'fairness'. So they deplore conservative efforts to reduce taxes. They denounce the 'Tea Party' movement.

Jones, Daniel Steadman

Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2012, 418 pgs., index, end notes

Economic History - Monetary Policy and Politics

The Keynesian economic theory in practice. The language is polemical and at times vicious. The 'free market' is blamed for the every problems that the absence of a real 'free market' have produced. Not only Austrian economic theory is attacked but also 'public choice' concepts from George Mason Univ. Economics department. Among many books countering Jones one can read "Defending the Free Market" by Rev. Robert Sirico.

Jones, Dan

The Plantagenets

Viking, N. Y., 2012, 534 pgs., index, reading, maps, genealogical tables

English History

Excellent study, combines the biographies of the leading figures with the historical context of their times. Without the author's explicit effort the history shows the importance of contingency in outcomes of events. It also shows the significance of leaders. The history also shows the central role of warfare in determining events.

Jones, Dan

The Wars of the Roses: The Fall of the Plantagenets and the Rise of the Tudors

Viking, N. Y., 2014, 392 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, illustrations, genealogy, maps

English History

The sequel to Plantagenets describing their fratricide that destroyed the dynasty. The above comments apply.

Jonge, Alex de

Fire and Water: A Life of Peter the Great

Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, N. Y., 1979, 279 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

Russian History

The author makes use of quotations from Peter's and contemporaries' letters. He devotes much attention to Peter's military endeavors.

Kagan, Donald, ed.

Problems in Ancient History Vol One: The Ancient Near East and Greece

The Macmillan Co., N.Y., 1966, 443 pgs.,

Ancient History

A selection of extracts from a variety of books and articles. The content begins with Mesopotamia, then Egypt and Israel. It ends with the deification of Alexander the Great.

Kagan, Donald, ed.

Problems in Ancient History Vol. Two: The Roman World

The Macmillan Co., N.Y., 1966, 431 pgs.,

Ancient History

A selection of extracts from a variety of books and articles. The content begins with Livy's account of the mythical foundation of Rome and ends with Diocletian, Constantine and their efforts to save the Roman Empire.

Kagan, Donald - ed.

Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire; Why Did it Collapse?

D. C. Heath Co., Boston, 1962, 99 pgs., readings. paperback

 Ancient History

The booklet is one in the Problems in European civilization series designed for use by teachers in classroom discussion. You will see from other books in this list why I don't like this title. The Roman Empire did not 'collapse'. As for why the western half was transformed into separate kingdoms and principalities there have been many works written since 1962. This booklet has 16 essays by noted historians. Today the booklet would be useful for classroom discussion comparing all these views with the more recent concepts.

Kahn, David

The Codebreakers: The Story of Secret Writing

The Macmillan Co. N. Y., 1967, 1164 pgs., index, notes, illustrations, bibliography

General History

This is the definitive history of cryptology from ancient times to late 20th century. It was published before the secret history of code breaking during World War II was declassified and published. But it nevertheless includes what could be published. The value is in the total context in which the author describes and explains the details of cryptology methods.

Kahneman, David

Thinking, Fast and Slow

Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, N. Y., 2011, 499 pgs., index, notes, paperback

Economics, psychology

A very highly rated book on how individual psychological reality influences decision making, especially predicting and decisions on financial matters.

Kaplan, Robert D.

The Revenge of Geography: What the Map tells us about coming conflicts and the battle against fate

Random House, N.Y., 2012, 403 pgs., index, end notes

Geopolitics

The author has written many books relating geography to history and strategy throughout history. This one describes current areas of political crisis.

Kates, Gary - ed.

The French Revolution: Recent debates and new controversies

Routledge, London, 1998, 364 pgs., index, notes, illustrations

Modern History

This book consists of 11 essays each focused on a controversial, revisionist issue.

Katusa, Marin

The Colder War: How the Global Energy Trade Slipped from America's Grasp

John Wiley & Sons, N. Y., 2014, 246 pgs. , index, references

Investment, Finance, Energy

The author brings together information published in a variety of sources over last 15 years plus his own research. The theme is that Vladimir Putin has a long-term strategy for manipulating the world energy sources, oil, natural gas and uranium to enhance Russia's strategic position. Mr. Katusa describes Putin's actions in a step-by-step process to solidify his power in Russia, eliminate rival oligarchs, bring the energy industry back under government control (while letting it remain theoretically private) and use Russian energy position to strengthen foreign policy.

Katz, Solomon

The Decline of Rome and the Rise of Medieval Europe

Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, N. Y., 1955, 164 pgs. , index, readings, chronology, map, paperback

Ancient & Medieval History

The text was prepared for college students lacking in the level of historical knowledge previously presumed in high school graduates. In addition it is presumed that the student today is hard pressed for time and has low attention span, hence the text is highly compressed. The chronology table indicates the period to be discussed dates from the Antonine Age 138-192 to the reign of Pope Gregory the Great 590-604 AD. The chapter organization is more or less chronological, but also topical with subjects such as crisis and recovery; ordeal and triumph; decline and fall; transition; and Roman legacy.

Kenan, H. S.

The Federal Reserve Bank

Nonetide Press, Los Angeles, CA., 1967, 254 pgs., bibliography, paperback

Finance, monetary policy

A well explained documentary expose of the workings of the Federal Reserve Bank. But the bank has become more powerful and done more since 1967.

Kendall, Paul Murray

The Yorkist Age: Daily Life during the Wars of the Roses

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 1964, 524 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, list of names of individuals in the story

Medieval History

The author writes: "The object of this book is not to analyze but to recapture a part of the past. I have aimed at recreating the Yorkist Age as it was lived; and I have therefore avoided, when I could, dealing with pots and pans and concepts and constitutions and governments and economic change and religious attitudes, and have tried to show people using and acting out and responding to and being moved by these things and institutions and forces." This is indeed social history. it is no wonder that he places a lengthy list identifying the names of the many individuals who people his story.

Kendall, Paul Murray

Richard the Third

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 1955, 602 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, illustrations, maps, genealogical chart

Medieval History -
Biography

Kendall notes that Richard III is one of the most polemical figures in English history. One reason is that his name was blackened by Tudor historians right up to Shakespeare. He writes that he has ignored the Tudor story and based his research on contemporary documents and sources. I note that the Richard's body has recently been recovered and this has generated quite a bit of recent interest and scholarship.

Kendall, Willmoore

The Conservative Affirmation

Henry Regnery Co, Chicago, 1963, 272 pgs., index

Political Philosophy

A classic study by one of the great philosophers of our time

Kendall, Willmoore

Contra Mundum

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N.Y., 1971, 640 pgs., index

Political Philosophy

A collection of many articles, speeches and essays by the great political philosopher. Jeffrey Hart writes in his essay: "Willmore Kendall remains, beyond any possibility of challenge, the most important political theorists to have emerged in the twenty-odd years since the end of World War II."

Kendall, Willmoore

John Locke and the Doctrine of Majority-Rule

Univ of Illinois Press, Urbana, 1965, 141 pgs., bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Political Philosophy

See John Locke below - Commentary by a political philosopher on Locke's ideas.

Kennedy, John F.

Profiles in Courage

Perennial - Harper & Row, N. Y., 1964, 238 pgs., index, bibliography, paper back

Biographies

There is a preface by Robert Kennedy, There are also rumors that JFK did not actually write the book.

Kerner, Robert Joseph

Bohemia in the Eighteenth Century

Academic International, Orano, Main, 1969, 412 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes,

Early Modern History

The sub-title is: A Study in Political, Economic, and Social History With Special Reference to the Reign of Leopold II, 1720-1792. The subject is organized by topics rather than chronologically. Thus we have - Introduction - Political - Economic - Social - and Conclusion. For instance, Economic includes chapters on Commerce and Industry - on Finance and Taxation - and on Serfdom

Ketchum, Richard M. - ed.

American Heritage Book of The Pioneer Spirit

American Heritage Co., N. Y., 1959, 371 pgs., index, illustrations

American History

The illustrations are the important part of the book. There are text sections by Allan Nevins, Alvin Josephy, Peter Lyon and Francis Russell. I don't know why John Brown is given so much space.

Kiefer, Otto - trans. Gilbert and Helen Highet

Sexual Life in Ancient Rome

Barnes & Noble, N.Y., 1962, 379 pgs., index, illustrations, genealogy

Ancient History

The book includes religious beliefs, poetry on love, physical life, brief biographies of some emperors and their consorts, and related topics.

Kling, Arnold

Specialization and Trade

Cato Institute, Wash.D.C. 2016, 208 pgs., index, footonotes, paperback

Economics

The author focused on dispelling common economic myths.

Kindleberger, Charles P. & Robert Aliber

Manias, Panics, and Crashes: A History of Financial Crises 5th ed.

John Wiley & Sons, N.Y. 2000, 355 pgs., index, end notes, tables, paperback

Economic History, Finance

Dr. Kindleberger did not live to complete this edition, but it follows in his path. The history of money and banking is the history of repeated financial crises. Money is a concept and as such its 'value' depends on psychological as well as physical factors.

King, Stephen D.

When the Money Runs Out; The End of Western Affluence

Yale, Univ. Press, New Haven, 2013, 287 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

Economics, Finance, Public Policy

The believes European countries and America are stagnating economically and running out of money with increasing debt.

Kirk, Russell

The Conservative Mind

Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1953, 478 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

Political Philosophy - Intellectual history

The book has many reviews. It is considered a 'landmark' of intellectual thought. In it Kirk describes the history of conservative thought from Burke through John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, the Romantics and Utilitarians, Randolph and Calhoun, Macaulay, Disraeli, John Stuart Mill, Henry and Brooks Adams, and many more including George Santayana.

Kirk, Russell

The Conservative Mind - revised edition

Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1953, 478 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

Political Philosophy - Intellectual history

The first edition created such a mass of comment and replies to the author that he was able to use these in writing a significant revision immediately, as is indicated by its rapid publication date.

Kirk, Russell

The Conservative Mind - paper back

Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1978, 566 pgs., end notes, paperback of the revised edition

Political Philosophy - Intellectual history

In his review George Nash wrote: "But cetainly the appearance of The Conservative Mind in 1953 was an event of importance in the recent intellectual history of the American Right. The achievement of Kirk in this book were manifold. With eloquence and conviction he demonstrated that reflective conservativism was not mere myopic selfishness, was not the rationalizations of unattractive greed, was not the ritual incantation of hardened privilege."

Kirk, Russell

Edmund Burke: A Genius Reconsidered

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N.Y., 1967, 255 pgs., index, end notes

Biography, Intellectual History

An expansive biography from the author's essay on Burke in The Conservative Mind.He notes the large volume of more information now available.

Kirk, Russell

John Randolph: A Study in American Politics with Selected Speeches and Letters

Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1964, 485 pgs., index, bibliography, appendices, notes

American History, Intellectual History

John Randolph was one of the significant political leaders in America during the Revolutionary era. This is not a biography of the man but a presentation and analysis of his thinking. he was a strong conservative and opponent of both Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. The appendices consist of his letters and speeches. Kirk chooses to write this as Randolph is so similar to Burke in his representation of conservative thought.

Kirk, Russell

Enemies of the Permanent Things: Observations of Abnormality in Literature and politics

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N. Y., 1969, 311 pgs. , index

Political Philosophy

A series of lectures or printed articles. one of the most powerful and fascinating is titled Eric Voegelin's Normative Labor. It focuses on Voegelin's ideas about modern Gnosticism and his massive multi-volume Order and History(which we have here). He discusses the first volume,Israel and Revelationin particular. Kirk also discusses the 'extortionate demands of a doctrinaire egalitarianism," and "the triumph of envy". (See Envy). The opening section is titled "Normative Art and Modern Vice"; in which he writes, "The Word 'vice' originally meant abnormality, deformity, failing. This is a book about modern vices - that is, modern flaws - and about norms, the standards by which we live." Unfortunately since the 1960's everything in this category has degenerated.

Kirk, Russell

Beyond the Dreams of Avarice

Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1956, 339 pgs.

Social Criticism

A series of lectures and essays from Britain and well as America. The author writes: "So these essays are intended to be, in their imperfect and desultory way, some manner of answer to the dominant doctrine that the end of man is gratification of carnal appetite, - a doctrine preached on high in schools of philosophy and theology, and vulgated by gentlemen like Mr. George Soule and Mr. Moriss Ernst. We are going to have to search back far beyond Bentham and Marx, Freud and Dewey, for measures to prevent the dehumanization of man."

Kirk, Russell

The American Cause

Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1957, 172 pgs. suggested readings

Political Philosophy

The book explains the essential requirement for society to be based on moral principles. Among those categories described in detail are - The Nature of Man - The Church and State - Ordered Liberty -The Federal Republic, The Free Economy - American Economic Accomplishment. There are chapters also discussing the Communist Claims and the American Answer.

Kirk, Russell

Confessions of a Bohemian Tory

Fleet Publishing, N. Y., 1965, 308 pgs.

Personal Memoir

The author certainly has 'been around', and in this memoir he describes some of the places, events and personalities involved. He starts the first page with: "A connoisseur of slums and strange corners, I have dwelt in more garrets and cellars, forest cabins and island hovels, than I can recall. These random memoirs, vignettes, and meditations are occasional fruits of a frugal and often picturesque solitude." Since there is no index, the interested person will have to read the whole thing to find out the details.

Kirk, Russell

The Roots of American Order

Open Court, Lasalle, Illinois, 1974, 534 pgs. , index, readings,

Political Philosophy

The author writes: "In this book we examine the roots of order in the United States of America. Old and intricate, these roots give life to us all. We can distinguish two sorts of roots, intertwined: the roots of the moral order, of order in the soul; and the roots of the civil social order, of order in the republic." And also: "All the aspects of any civilization arise out of a people's religion: its politics,, its economics, its arts, its sciences, even its simple crafts are the by-products of religious insights and religious cult."

Kirk, Russell

Eliot and His Age

Random House, N. Y., 1971, 462 pgs., index, end notes

Literary criticism

The subtitle is: T. S. Eliot's Moral Imagination in the Twentieth Century. The author writes: "A fresh examination of the work of T. S. Eliot may assist in that reinvigoration. This book is an endeavor at once to criticize an important body of literature, and to relate that literature to the events and circumstances and prospects of civilization in this century."

Kirk, Russell

Decadence & Renewal in the Higher Learning: An Episodic History of American University and College Since 1953.

Gateway Editions, South Bend, Indiana, 1978, 354 pgs., index

Higher Education

The book is about the progressive decadence of American Higher Education establishments. The author writes: 'For a quarter of a century, higher education in America has been sinking lower. This book, of which the first part is chronological in scheme, gives a mordant account of that decline. I have endeavored to express myself graphically, though episode and vignette. In the later part of the book, concerned with renewal, I permit some cheerfulness to break in."

Kirszner, Laurie G. & Stephen Mandell

Patterns for College Writing

Bedford/St. Martin's, N.Y., 2010, 819 pgs., index, paperback

English writing

A detailed guide for better writing with many examples of excellent writing by well-known authors.

Kogan, V. M

Istoriya Doma Rurikovichyei (History of the Rurikovich dynasty

Izdatel'skii dom Bel'veder, St Petersburg, 1993, 196 pgs., index, illustrations, bibliography, genealogical charts, list of Metropolitans,

Russian History - reference for descendents of Vladimir

This is a key reference. One part has summary histories of the various 'principalities' and 'udels' that is the territories - cities - that eventually were owned by a member of the Rurikoviche clan as prince. For instance, the Galitsko-Volinskoye principality had the Bel'ski and Lutski appanages in it. The Polotskoye principality had Vitebski, Minski, Gorodenski, Drutski, Borisovski, Logovski and Isyaslavski udels in it. The other part of the book is an alphabetical list of the princes and members of their families who held these udels. They form cross references in that the short bio of the prince gives his titles, dates, father's name, wife's name if married, and names of his sons and daughters. Then there are also genealogical charts showing their various sub families. For instance the 'house' of Grand Prince of Moscow Danil Aleksandrovich (died 1303) shows 9 more generations to Fedor I who died in 1598. That is the family who started with Moscow and assembled all of Russia into their hands.

Knyazyeba, V

Illustrirovannaya Istoriya Rossii (Illustrated history of Russia)

Fond Leningradskaya galeriya, St. Petersburg, 1994, 307 pgs., illustrations, chronology

Russian History

A reign by reign history from Rurik to Sophia, Aleksevena with illustrations. In Russian

Kransberg, Melvin - ed.

1848; A Turning Point?

D. C. Heath and Co, Boston, 1959, 104 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

One of the series of booklets on controversial topics for use by history teachers. This has 12 essays by specialists on various issues relating to the idea that the Revolutions in 1848 marked some kind of change - even transformation - in European society and affairs.

Kraus, Michael

The United States to 1865

Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1959, 540 pgs., index, readings, maps

American History

This is paired with Foster Dulles - The United States Since 1865 - It is a straight forward history text book for colleges. The author includes, economics, culture, politics, warfare, literature.

Kristeller, Paul Oskar

Renaissance Thought II Papers on Humanism and the Arts

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1965, 234 pgs., index. foot notes, paperback

Intellectual History

There are nine essays (lectures) reprinted from various sources. The topics are Humanist Learning, Moral Thought, Platonic Academy, Music and arts and more.

Kucharski, Adam

The Perfect Bet

Basic Books, N. Y., 2016, 271 pgs., index, notes

Technology, math, computers

Subtitle is How Science and Math are Taking The Luck out ofGambling - but the content ranges more widely into the applications of computers and mathmatics to enable predictions.

Labarge, Margaret Wade

A Baronial Household of the Thirteenth Century

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1965, 235 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, illustrations, appendix

Medieval History

This is a fine, detailed look at the reality of every-day life for the wealthy, politically powerful baronage - actually the top most group - the handful of earls who held their domains directly from the king. The author takes much of her information from detailed records remaining of the household of the countess of Leicester. Chapter titles include: the castle as house - the lady of the house - organization of the household - daily fare (food) - spice account - wine and beer - cooking and serving meals - clothes - travel and transport - amusements.

Ladurie, Emmanuel Le Roy - trans. Barbara Bray

Montaillou: The Promised Land of Error

Random House, N. Y., 1979, 383 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, map, paperback

Medieval History

Montaillou was located in the north Pyrenees. It was the last village that supported the Cathar heresy (Albigensianism). The village was chosen for study due to the existence of documentary sources compiled by the Fournier family. Jacques was a Cistercian monk who became a bishop and then a cardinal. And in 1327 he was elected at Avignon as Pope Benedict XII. Previously, as Bishop of Pamiers he had led a powerful inquisition court. It is from the records of this court that we have so much detail on peasant and village life. Le Roy Ladurie created a sensation when he published his study of economic and social history at this 'low' level.. A whole school of French historians developed.

Lamb, Harold

The March of Muscovy

Doubleday Co., N. Y., 1966, 276 pgs., index, illustrations, paper back

Russian History

A popular style narration for general readers.

Lampard, Eric E.

Industrial Revolution: Interpretations and Perspectives

Service Center for Teachers of History, Wash. D. C., 1957, 39 pgs., bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Modern History

The booklet is designed for teachers to use in classrooms. There are 8 chapters with various topics related to the change from agricultural to industrial manufacturing economy in the 19th century.

Landes, David S. and Joel Mokyur, William Baumol - eds.

The Invention of Enterprise: Entrepreneurship from Ancient Mesopotamia to Modern Times

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2010, 566 index, each essay has its own reference notes.

Economic History -

A set of excellent original essays on economic history, especially development of entrepreneurship from Neo-Babylon and Near East to Greece to Medieval Europe and then western Europe -individual countries - to America. Then chapters on India, Japan and China as well.

Landes, David

The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some Are So rich and Some So Poor

W. W. Norton, N. Y., 1998, 650 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, map

World History - Political and Economic

A major work by a distinguished historian. The author wants to show how and why the world consists of such varied nations in terms of their economic status and living standards. Compare with Rodney Stark - How the West Won - Daron Acemoglu - Why Nations Fail - Glenn Hubbard - Balance, The Economics of Great Powers. and Jared Diamond - Guns, Steel - Niall Ferguson - Civilization - and Jeremy Black - War and the World.

Laqueur, Walter Z. - ed.

The Middle East in Transition

Frederick A. Praeger, N. Y., 1958, 5134 pgs., index,

Middle Eastern History

The book is in two sections - 1 is about social and political change with 20 essays on various aspects - 2 is about Communism, Soviet Union and the Middle East with another 15 essays. Dramatic and extensive changes have occurred since 1958 so this book is a history rather than discussion of current conditions as it was originally intended.

Lavender, David

Bent's Fort: A Historical Account of the Adobe Empire that Shaped the Destiny of the American Southwest.

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N. Y., 1954, 450 pgs. index, bibliography, end notes, map

American History

The subtitle seems rather overdrawn, but in his introduction Lavender does provide enough of a summary of the events to be described in the book to draw the reader's attention and try to find out if it is true that the Bent brothers and their two forts played such a decisive role.

Lawrence, T. E.

Seven Pillars of Wisdom

Dell Books, N.Y., 1935, 653 pgs., paperback

Memoir

The famous "Lawrence of Arabia" personal account of his participation in the Arab warfare against Ottoman Turk forces in the First World War.

Lee, Dwight E. - ed.

The Outbreak of the First World War :Who or What Was Responsible?

D. C. Heath Co., Lexington Mass., 1970, 112 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

This booklet in the problems in European Civilization series was designed for use by teachers in classroom discussions. Well, now it is 40+ years later and we are thinking of the 100 year anniversary of the start of WWI and still discussing this topic. Here are 14 essays related to the question.

Lee, Robert A.

Orwell's Fiction

Notre Dame Univ press, London, 188 pgs., index, biblikography, notes

Literature, criticsm

Extracts from some of Orwell's novels with analysis

Lefebvre, Georges - trans. R. R. Palmer

The Coming of the French Revolution

Vintage Books, N.Y., 1957, 197 pgs., index, appendix, paperback

Early Modern History

A classic study. The author divides the events into - The Aristocratic Revolution - The Bourgeois Revolution - The Popular Revolution - The Peasant Revolution -The Rights of Man and Citizens - and The October Days

Leithauser, Joachim G. - trans Hugh Merrick

Worlds Beyond the Horizon

Alfred A. Knopf, N.Y., 1955, 422 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

History of Exploration

The story begins with the Phoenicians and Greeks. Then it jumps to Marco Polo. But the main story is about the intrepid men of the Age of Exploration - that is from Columbus, with a brief mention of the Vikings. Travels and exploration of the various continents are all included. The story concludes with the first efforts at space exploration

.

Lenczowski, George

The Middle East in World Affairs

Cornell Univ. Press, Ithica, 1952, 459 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, foot notes, appendices

Middle Eastern History

The author skips the history prior to modern times. The first section is on World War One and the Peace with some background on the Ottoman Empire. Parts 2, 3, and 4 are organized by country - Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Yeman. Part 5 is on World War II, geostrategy, Arab League, and American and British activities. There are valuable tables.

Leventhal, Lionel

On Publishing: A Professional Memoir

Greenhill Books, London, 2002, 208 pgs., index, illustrations

Personal memoir

From a great friend, Lionel Leventhal, publisher of Greenhill books and other imprints, specialist in military history. A history of a segment of the book publishing business in which he was a major figure.

Leveque, Pierre, trans. Miriam Kochen

The Greek Adventure

The World Publishing Co. N.Y., 1968, 595 pgs., index, chronology, glossary, bibliography, illustrations

Ancient History

The content begins in pre-history and then the arrival of Indo-Europeans, then Minoaan culture. The several hundred pages devoted to pre- classical Greece are more than one finds in many histories of Greece. Literature, society and religion are well covered. Another unusual section is on Greek society outside Greece, such as Seleucid and Ptolemaic kingdoms. The barbarian world even including Celtic Europe at far as Spain and Nubia are is included as well.

Levi, Mario Attilio - trans. Jane Costello

Political Power in the Ancient World

New American Library, N. Y., 1955, 194 pgs., index

Ancient History

The content is a discussion of political power in Greece and Rome.

Levin, Mark

Plunder and Deceit: Big Government's Exploitation of Young People and their Future

Threshold Editions, N.Y., 2015, 244 pgs. notes.

Public Policy, Politics, Economics

The author warnd about the increasing way the expanding government power is destroying American civil society and replacing it with tyranny.

Lewis, Hunter

Free Prices Now! Fixing the Economy by Abolishing the FED

AC2 Books, Edinburg, VA., 2013, 276 pgs., index, end notes

Economics, Finance

A strong appeal to abolish the Federal Reserve System because it distorts interest rates and manipulates the money supply thus eliminating the functions of a free market.

Lewis, Hunter

Where Keynes West Wrong: and Why World Governments Keep Creating Inflation, Bubbles, and Busts

Axios Press, Mount Jackson, VA,. 2009, 384 pgs., index, end notes

Economic Theory

The author quotes extensively from Keynes and places his comments and criticisms directly with each quote. Among Keynes' fundamental ideas were - low interest rates, spending rather than saving, print more money, government borrowing and expanded debt. and inability of free markets. Read also Wapshott and White

Lewis, Naphtali & Meyer Reinhold - eds.

Roman Civilization Sourcebook I - The Republic

Harper & Row, N.Y. 1951, 544 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, paper back

Ancient History

The editors provide an introduction. The book is a compendium of primary sources. The earliest Roman writing is from 240 B.C. Thus accounts of earlier Roman periods were written by much later authors, but they had access to sources now lost to us.

Lewis, Naphtali & Meyer Reinhold - eds.

Roman Civilization Sourcebook II - The Empire

Harper & Row, N.Y. 1955, 652 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, paper back

Ancient History

The editors provide an introduction. The book is a compendium of primary sources. The Authors for this book are contemporary but not all Romans. They also had access to primary sources now lost to us. There is a section with interesting descriptions of the Roman Army.

Lincoln, W. Bruce

Nikolai Milyutin An Enlightened Russian Bureaucrat

Oriental Research Partners, Newtonville, Mass, 1977, 130 pgs., bibliography, end notes, paperback

Russian History - Biography

Milyutin was a very important adviser to Tsar Alexander II. Bruce Lincoln combines his biography with discussion and analysis of the reform era in Russia.

Lind, L. R. - ed.

Ten Greek Plays in contemporary translations

Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, 1957, bibliography, glossary, paperback

Literature

The ten plays are: Aeschylus - Prometheus Bound and Agamemnon; Sophocles - Antigone, Odipus Rex and Philoctetes Euripides - Alcestis, Supplicants, Andromache, and Bacchae Aristophanes - Lysistra There is an introduction by Lind.

Lindsay, Philip

King Henry V: A Chronicle

Howard Baker, Kondon, 1934, 377 pgs., index,

Biography - Medieval History

Full scale biography of the great English King Henry V and his times. The centerpiece so to speak is a natural one, the campaign to Harfleur and Agincourt. This is political and military history. It is not about culture, art, intellectual development or the like.

Lippmann, Walter

Essays in The Public Philosophy

Little, Brown and Co., Boston, 1955, 189 pgs., index, footnotes

Politics

These are essays on current events and political affairs. - political philosophy

Littlefield, Henry W.

History of Europe since 1815 - College Outline Series

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1953, 321 pgs., index, list of rulers, dates, paperback

Modern History

This is a college course reference guide for student use in reviews.

Locke, John

The Second Treatise of Government

Bobbs-Merrill, N. Y., 1952, 139 pgs. notes, bibliography, paperback

Political Theory

The classic study of government that was extremely influential with American Constitutional authors. There is valuable introduction by Thomas Peardon. Today the book is much more mentioned than read, but it should be studied. See Willmoore Kendall - John Locke and the Doctrine of Majority Rule

Loewenberg, Bert James - ed.

Darwinism: Reaction or Reform?

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1960, 60 pgs., paperback

Modern History - Intellectual History

One in the series of booklets on controversial issues designed for history teachers. This booklet has 13 essays ranging from 'conservative Darwinism" to "Evolutionary Ethics" to race and war. The essay by John Dewey on "the Impact of the Doctrine of Evolution" is part of the influence Dewey himself had on education.

Lofts, Norah

Domestic Life in England

Book Club Associates, London, 1976, 254 pgs. , index, readings, illustrations

English History

The content stretches from medieval England to the 1940's. The descriptions of medieval life are the most interesting. For instance, it is fairly well known that in a castle a garde-robe was a privy built in a small enclosure that jutted outside the fortress wall and emptied directly down into the moat or hillside. But the name is usually a puzzle. Turns out that this small room actually was the place that winter furs and heavy coats were hung on the walls to deter moths. Apparently the ammonia odor kept the moths at bay.

Logunova. M. O.

Pechal'niyue ritual imperatorskoi Rossii,

Izdatel'stvo Tentropoligraf, Moscow, 2011, 270 pgs., illustrations, bibliography, end notes, glossary,

.

Russian History

Mrs. Logunova is the chief guide to the Peter and Paul Fortress, Cathedral in St. Petersburg. her book is a detailed description of the traditional ceremonies for internment of royalty. She first discusses the ceremonies before Peter, when internment was in the Moscow Kremlin and several other monasteries - Cathedral St. Michael, Voznesenskii Monastery, Novospasski Monastery, Uspenskii cathedral in Kremlin, Novodevechii monastery, and Uspenskii monastery at Aleksandrovskii sloboda. Then there is a lengthy chapter on the ritual during Peters' reign. including interesting sections on the funerals for Patrick Gordon and Franz Lefort, and then members of Peter's family .The next chapter is on Peter's funeral. Then there is a lengthy chapter on the developments and changes in rituals for funerals. Finally there is a chapter on the Peter-Paul Cathedral .

Lopez, Robert

The Birth of Europe

M. Evans Co., N. y., 1966, 442 pgs., maps, index, bibliography, appendices - lists of rulers, illustrations

Early Modern History

The history of Europe from 4th to 13th centuries. Should be read with more recent works by Simon Jones and Peter Heather.

Lopez, Robert

The Tenth Century: How Dark the Dark Ages?

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1962, 58 pgs., bibliography, paperback

Medieval History

See also Duckett, Charles Davis and Southern - This is designed for teachers. The author seeks to dispel the typical myths of 'dark age' and even 'medieval' as periods of, well, darkness. He provides reading material taken from various sources, some primary and some recent. In his conclusion Lopez comments that the 10th century ended better than it had begun - the main thesis of Duckett's detailed study.

Lorenz, Konrad Z.

King Solomon's Ring

Time Inc, N. Y., 1952, 221 pgs., index

Zoology, Anthropology

The results of experiments in animal behavior. Robert Ardrey quotes Lorenz repeatedly.

Lot, Ferdinand

The End of the Ancient World and the Beginnings of the Middle Ages

Harper & Brothers, N. Y., 1961, 455 pgs., index, illustrations, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Medieval History

The author describes the final convulsions with in the western Roman Empire, and its downfall beginning in last half of the 4th century. The last half of the book describes the results - mentioning Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Lombards, Justinian's efforts at repair, and mostly the Franks

Lovat, Lord

March Past

Holmes & Meier, N. Y., 1978, 399 pgs., index, appendices, illustrations, maps

Personal Memoir - WWII and more

Lord Lovat was a heir to a very distinguished Scot aristocratic clan. His father had raised the Lovat Scouts before World War One. He fought in World War Two in the commandos and participated in famous raids. This is his autobiographical memoir. A story of a time gone past.

Lucas, Henry S.

The Renaissance and the Reformation - revised edition

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1934-1969, 757 pgs., index, bibliography, genealogical tables, illustrations, maps

Early Modern History

The author states that his revised edition 'expresses the belief that the culture of medieval times was a mighty factor in the development of the civilization of the Renaissance, that medieval culture contributed notably to the life, thought, artistic expression, and political and economic activity of our forbears in the age of the Renaissance." Hooray!! - He is expressly noting that this is a change from the thought of the 1930's that was still enamored of Enlightenment bias.

Lye, Keith, ed.

Encyclopedia of World Geography

Dorset Press, N. Y., 1989, 26556 pgs., index, gazetteer, maps, illustrations, large format

Reference - atlas

The many illustrations of places enhance the excellent maps.

Lyons, Bryce

The Middle Ages in recent Historical Thought - selected topics

Service Center for Teachers of History, Wash. D. C., 1959, 37 pgs., notes, readings. paper back

Medieval History

The author addresses a series of issues that are more or less contentious among historians. he presents various scholars and their arguments. The first is 'when did the Middle Ages Begin?' The process of change from the Roman world to the Medieval world in Europe lasted over several hundred years. Selecting a specific date for the change depends on the priority one places on specific factors. Other issues include the meaning of manorialism and feudalism, the value of Magna Carta and the significance of representative institutions.

Machlup, Fritz -ed.

Essays on Hayek,

Hillsdale College Press, Hillsdale Michigan, 1976, 182 pgs., index, paperback

Economics, political science,

Excellent set of essays that describe Hayek's significance for understanding of economics, politics, and contemporary society.

Macqueen, H. G.

The Hittites and their contemporaries in Asia Minor

Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1975, 206 pgs., notes, bibliography, extensive illustrations

Archeology, Ancient History

The content of this book places the Hittites in the context of the neighboring societies. It includes also description of the geographic environment that favored the establishment of humans there even in Neolithic times. The identification of this 'new' people was the result of detective work that linked ancient mentions in the Bible and other texts with newly uncovered clay tablets found in Egypt and Anatolia with recently uncovered ruins at Beogazkoy in Anatolia. The tablets revealed that these people spoke an Indo-European language, and thus were entirely different from the Semetic or Egyptian peoples. The rich assortment of illustrations provides excellent evidence for the reader.

Madariaga, Isabel de

Ivan the Terrible

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 2005, 484 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, notes, abbreviations, illustrations, maps

Russian History

One of the three biographies of Ivan in the library. This one describes the broadest range of topics.

Madariaga, Isabel de

Russia in the age of Catherine the Great

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1981, 698 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, notes, maps

Russian History

Another masterful biography, one of two, as the title indicates the subject matter is about Russia, not only Catherine.

Maenchen-Helfen, Otto J. - ed by Max Knight

The World of the Huns

Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1973, 601 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, illustrations, appendices

Medieval & Ancient History -

Also in this excellent book is a section by Paul Alexander on the background - Roman Empire at the Time of the Hunnic Invasions. We have many books that discuss the Huns in Roman terms, in relation to other subjects. This book is a terrific source on the Huns themselves. There is a 50 page section on details of warfare. Art, religion, language, race, economy, are all described in detail in addition to their history. There is a section discussing how the Huns were viewed by contemporary Roman authors.

Magocsi, Paul Robert

A History of Ukraine

Univ. of Washington Press, Seattle, 1996, 784 pgs., index, reading, end notes, illustrations, maps

Ukrainian History

The author discusses the 'great debate' on the origin of 'Rus'. The history of Ukraine in the middle ages was the history of Rus. The author focuses more on events and conditions in Ukraine specifically after the 1660's. Of interests today is his table showing the ethnic makeup of Crimea, which was not a part of Ukraine until recently. In 1926 there were 391,000 Russians, 179,000 Tatars, only 77,000 Ukrainians, and groups of Greeks, Jews, Armenians, Germans, and others resident there.

Makovskaya, L. K.

Ruchnoye Ognestryiel'noye Oruzhiye Russkoi Armii Kontsa XIV-XVIII vekov - catalog

Voyenoye Izdatel'stvo, Moscow, 1990, 246 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary

Russian armament

This a a catalog of 418 small arms in Russian museum. The list is organized by type of weapons, pistol. rifle, et cetera.

Mandeles, Mark D. & Thomas Hone, & Sanford Terry

Managing 'Command and Control" in the Persian Gulf War

Praeger, Westport Conn, 1996, 196 pgs, index, end notes

Military History, Desert Shield operations

A thorough review of the planning and conduct of the Air War aspect of Desert Shield.

Mango, Cyril - ed.

The Oxford History of Byzantium

Oxford, Univ;. Press, Oxford, 2002, 334 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, illustrations, chronology

Medieval history

In contrast to Norwich and Ostrogorsky, this is a book of many separate essays by specialists on specific aspects of Byzantium. The illustrations and production values of the book are impressive. The subject matter tends toward the cultural and intellectual aspects.

Manion, Clarence

The Key To Peace

Heritage Foundation, Chicago, 1951, 121 pgs., appendix

Public Policy

Recommendations for public policy in America

Mannix, Daniel P.

Those About To Die

Ballantine Books, N. Y., 1958, 183 pgs., bibliography, paper back

Roman History

Book about gladiators

Mantoux, Paul

The Industrial Revolution in the Eighteenth Century: an outline of the beginnings of the modern factory system in England

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1961, 528 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, maps, paperback

Modern History

Preface by T. S. Ashton. This second edition was first published in 1927. It is amazingly detailed and comprehensive. Itr is about the introduction and development of the 'factory system' of production. But the changes that generated had huge impact on agriculture, trade, merchants, politics, society in every respect. All of that is included here. There are many issues debated by historians about causes and effects which Dr. Mantoux discusses.

Maranon, Gregorio

Tiberius; The Resentful Caesar

Duell, Sloan, Pearce, N. Y., 1956, 215 pgs., index, foot notes

Ancient History - Biography

The author describes Tiberius and his era in Roman society

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus - Trans. G. M. Grube

The Meditations

Bobbs-Merrill, Indianapolis, Ind., 1963, 143 pgs., glossary, biographies

Literature

The classic work by the Roman Emperor who was also a philosopher.

Marcuse, Herbert

Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory

Becon Press, Boston, 1960, 431 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Political Philosophy - Socialo Theory

The author was a leading and influential teacher of the new left political movement in academia. The dedication to Max Horkheimer, a leader of the Frankfurt School of leftist political movement is entirely appropriate. He writes: "This book was written in the hope that it would make a small contribution to the revival, not of Hegel, but of a mental faculty which is in danger of being obliterated: the power of negative thinking. As Hegel defines it: 'Thinking is, indeed, essentially the negation of that which is immediately before us." He continues: "Today, this dialectical mode of thought is alien to the whole established universe of discourse and action." Well, he under estimates the situation and his own contributions.

Marrou, Henri - trans. Patrick Hepburne-Scott

St. Augustine and his influence through the ages

Harper and Brothers, N.Y., 192 pgs.. bibliographical guide, illustrations, paperback

Religious Philosophy

The author discusses both St' Augustine's life and his works.

Marsh, Frank B.

Reign of Tiberius

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1931, 335 index, bibliography, foot notes, Appendices, genealogical tables

Ancient History

The main primary source for Tiberius is Tacitus, a very critical author. Mr. Marsh discusses Tacticus, Suetonius and Dio. Refer also to Maranon

Martin, Felix

Money: The Unauthorized Biography

Alfred A. Knopf, N., Y. 2014, 321 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations

Economic history, Finances, Banking

An excellent history of money. But the author is inconsistent in his definition of what is used for money. That is currency versus credit. He includes many concepts and their authors not found in some histories of money.

Mason, A. E. W.

The Four Feathers

The Macmillan Co., London, 1901-1969, 277 pgs.,

Novel - literature - Modern history

This is a classic Victorian novel based on the Kitchner expedition to Khartoum. A tale of romance and adventure. Two great movies were made based on the story.

Matlock, Jack E. Jr,

Autopsy on an Empire: The American Ambassador's Account of the Collapse of the Soviet Union

Random House, N. Y., 1995, 836 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, maps, illustrations

Soviet History

The eye-witness memoir from an experienced observer.

Matthew, Donald

Atlas of Medieval Europe

Facts on File, N.Y., 1983, 240 pgs., index, glossary, maps, bibliography, gazetteer, illustrations,

Medieval History

 This is much more than a simple atlas containing maps, although it is based on this organization. It include much text on historical development and traces the description of these changes on their geographic locations.

Mauldin, John

Bull's eye Investing: Targeting Real Returns in a Smoke and Mirrors Market

John Wiley & Sons, N. Y., 2004, 426 pgs., index, tables

Investment advice - Economics, Finance - Stock markets

Excellent analysis of the economy and financial industry with predictions ahead of the collapse and financial chaos that soon followed.

Mauldin, John & Jonathan Tepper

Endgame: The End of the Debt Supercycle and how it Changes Everything

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N. J., 2011, 318 pgs., index, end notes, graphs

Investment advice - Economics, Finance - Stock markets

The author has a free weekly email essay that is worth reading. I do not believe in 'super cycles' nor that the debt crisis has ended, it is expanding. But I do agree with the authors that the government and FED have created a disaster. The world entered another periodic deflation era and governments every where are desperately seeking to re inflate their economies.

Mauldin, John & Jonathan Tepper

Code Red: How to Protect Your Savings from the Coming Crisis

John Wiley &Sons, Hoboken N. J., 2014, 354 pgs., index, graphs

Investment advice - Economics, Finance - Stock markets

The authors believe a major financial crisis and market collapse is coming. The central banks are creating vast quantities of money, which distorts the economy and will lead to another crisis. They give general recommendations on protecting an individual's investments from this crisis. They accept standard economics concepts such as 'velocity of money' and GDP

Maurois, Andre - trans Henry Binesse

A History of France

Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, N. Y., 1956, 598 pgs. ,index, maps,

Medieval and Modern History of France

One of my favorite books. The author is a great writer with many credits. The book is full of quotable bits and pieces a teacher can use to generate student interest. The scope is all of French history from ancient Gaul to the Fourth Republic.

May, Henry F.

The Enlightenment in America

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1976, 419 pgs., index, end notes,

Intellectual History - American History

The author is a fan of Enlightenment thinking. As he describes in his lengthy and excellent introduction he has been focused as an historian on 19th and 20th century American thinking. He recognized that there must be an intellectual background and precursor to early 19th Century American thought in the 18th century. He finds this background in two dominant intellectual threads - Protestantism and Enlightenment thought. In this book he skips Protestantism to focus on the role of Enlightenment thinking in America and its influence on the Revolution and post Revolutionary era. He organizes his subject into interesting thought periods. - 1 Moderate Enlightenment 1688-1787 - 2 Skeptical Enlightenment 1750-1789 - 3 Revolutionary Enlightenment 1776-1800 - 4 Didactic Enlightenment 1800 - 1815. Throughout he not only describes but also explains, comments, evaluates thinking, the origins of the thoughts, and the consequences or results of the thinking. This is an excellent companion to histories of the events.

 Mayer, Christopher

Invest like a Dealmaker: Secrets from a Former Banking Insider

John Wiley & Sons, N. Y. 2008, 222 pgs., index, notes

Investment advice

One of the best bvooks on investing. But the author correctly describes a very rigorous 'due dilligance' process that individual will find it difficult to follow.

McCloskey, Deirdre Nansen

Bourgeois Virtues

, Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2010, 616 pgs., notes, index, bibliography, paperback

History, economics, culture, literature, public policy

Volume 1 - subtitle: Ethics for an Age of Commerce

McCloskey, Deirdre Nansen

Bourgeois Dignity: Why Economics Can't Explain the Modern World

, Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2010, 571 pgs., notes, index, bibliography, paperback

History, economics, culture, literature, public policy

Volume2 -

McCloskey, Deirdre Nansen

Bourgeois Equality Subtitle: How ideas, Not Capital or Institutions Enriched the World

, Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2016, 787 pgs., index, bibliography, notes

History, economics, culture, literature, public policy

Volume3 -

McKenzie, R. T.

British Political parties: The Distribution of Power within the Conservative and Labour Parties

Frederick A. Praeger, N. Y., 1963, 694 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Political Science - Modern History

This is both a history and an analysis - The Liberal Party is discussed briefly in an appendix. The current Green, Scottish, Irish, and Liberal Democratic parties of course are not included.

McNeill, William H.

The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community

Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1963, 829 pgs., index, illustrations, foot notes,

World History

The author notes that he conceived the book in 1936, began it in 1954 and completed it in 1962. This explains how he got away with the title. Now thinking that the West ever Rose is anathema. He also notes that he has skipped much relative detain on well known aspects of European history in favor of including more on lesser known topics such as Asian history. Thus he does not propose the book as a basic text for students.

McNeill, William H.

History Handbook of Western Civilization

Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1953, index, maps, further readings, charts, chronologies, illustrations, paperback

European History

The authors, professors at Univ. of Chicago, developed this as a student reference that is somewhere between a standard textbook and a set of primary sources. Thus the topics are first organized into short tables of contents and then discussed in brief outline form. But the information contained is comprehensive. The book remains a valuable review summary for students who have read the more lengthy standard texts.

Meer, F. Van der - trans Brian Battershaw and G. R. Lamb

Augustine the Bishop: Church and Society at the dawn of the Middle Ages

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1961, 679 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations, paperback

Ancient - Medieval History

Part 1 is about the church at Hippo Regius, the environment in which Augustine lived. Part 2 is about The cults, descriptions and commentary on documents. Part 3 is Preaching, The precepts and content of his teaching. Part 4 is about Popular Piety, what the common folks believed and how they acted with respect to religious beliefs. The Epilogue is an analysis of Augustine's thought and its influence to present times.

Mehrling, Perry

The New Lombard Street, How the FED Became the Dealer of Last Resort

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2011, 174 pgs,. index, references, notes

Economics, Finance, investments, public policy

History of money and credit with application to discussion of the financial crisis of 2008

Meier, Ronald

Common Sense Rekindled

Self published, 2016, 94 pgs, paperback

Politics, Constitution, American history, public affairs

An excellent study comparing the views of the authors of the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence with later and present changes generated by progressives and radicals. The focus is largely on views about the importance of religion in public affairs. The author presents his 'call to action' with ideas about what one can do to return our political situation to original purposes.

Meiss, Millard

Painting in Florence and Sienna after the Black Death

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1951, 197 pgs. , index, illustrations, foot notes, paperback

Art History

The 169 illustrations are key to the book. The sub-title is The Arts, Religion and Society in the Mid-Fourteenth Century. The time period is generally from 1350 to 1375, a short span but what a mass of great art. The author shows the interrelation between art, religion, and the thoughts of society.

Mendenhall, Thomas et al,

.

Foundations of the Modern State: Four Problems in Historical Interpretation

Henry Holt Co., N.Y., 1952, 117 pgs., end notes.

Politics, History

This is a product for student education. It contains four case studies in the conflict between the centralizing modern state and individual liberty. Each case is built around extracts from contemporary authors who had different opinions on this conflict. The student it expected to form his own opinions on the issues.

Mendenhall, Thomas et al,

The Quest for a Principle of Authority in Europe 1715 - Present

Henry Holt Co., N. Y., 1948, 376 pgs., end notes, study questions, paperback

Modern History

This is also fur students. There are 14 sections, with study questions, extracts from primary sources, and an introduction explaining what the problem is that is described in that section. . The time period is from the Enlightenment to 19th Century Liberalism.

Meyer, G. H.

Witness of Antiquity

Museum of Western Asiatic Antiquity, Berlin 1971, 42 pgs., illustrations, paperback

Ancient History

A small, illustrated guide book to some of the exhibits in 13 rooms of the Museum of Western Asiatic Antiquity in Berlin,

Mian, Atif and Amir Sufi

House of Debt; How They (and You) Caused the Great Recession, and how We Can Prevent it from Happening Again

University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2014, 219 pgs., index, end notes, tables

Finances, Economics, Public Policy - Financial collapse in 2008

The authors refuse to consider the role of federal government in causing the housing boom and bust. They blame bankers and bank regulators but down play the role of the Federal Reserve. Their ideas about how mortgages are created and by whom are incorrect, especially their idea that somehow wealthy homeowners are involved. Please read "Fragile by Design" for a more accurate analysis.

Michener, Charles D. & Mary H. Michener

American Social Insects: A book about bees, ants, wasps, and termites

D, Van Nostrand Co., N. Y., 1951, 267 pgs., index, glossary, bibliography, illustrations

Behavior of social insects

A general description intended for the general audience.

Mises, Ludwig von

Theory and History: An Interpretation of Social and Economic Evolution

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N. Y., 1969, 384 pgs., index

Philosophy

Thoughts on fundamental issues of reality

Mises, Ludwig von

Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1951, 599 pgs., index

Economics, Philosophy

The devastating attack on socialism that shows the impossibility of a central planed economy to meet the needs of a public, let alone expand.

Mises, Ludwig von

Human Action: A Treatise on Economics, 3rd ed.

Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1966, 907 pgs., index

Economics, Philosophy

The magnum opus in which von Mises develops a science of human action - praxeology. Since everything in economics ultimately is based on human action, it is critical to have a full understanding of what human action really is, what motivates it. Von Mises establishes an epistemological basis for study of the subject. Then he discusses categories of human action, the rule of uncertainty, the role of deferment of present desires for future results and much more.

Mishkin, Frederic S.

The Economics of Money, Banking, and Financial Markets - 5th edition

Addison- Wessley, N. Y., 1998, 732 pgs., plus appendices, illustrations, tables, graphs

Economics text book

This is a massive college level text book that includes every subject the student needs to learn about the title subject. The author is off and on Professor at Columbia Univ. and Governor of the Federal Reserve System. He should know what the ideas on economics are that are the bible of establishment economists. Thus it is a real avenue into establishment thinking, or was as of 1998. I looked forward for years to read Prof. Mishkin's text book written after the financial collapse now in 2014..

Mishkin, Frederic S.

The Economics of Money, Banking, and Financial Markets - 9th edition

Addison- Wessley, N. Y., 2010, 665 pgs., plus appendices, illustrations, tables, graphs, glossary

Economics text book

And here it is - the 2010 edition in which Professor Mishkin writes that the world of banking has changed as a result of the financial near collapse and he has revised his book. But it is still is a massive college level text book that includes every subject the student needs to learn about the title subject. The author is again Professor at Columbia Univ. He should know what the ideas on economics are that are the bible of establishment economists. Thus it is a still real avenue into establishment thinking. And still disagree with several of the fundamental economic concepts - for instance the nature of money and of interest rates. This is still a Keynesian economic theory that ignores the Austrian school.

Mitsik, Yurii Andrievich & Ivan Storozhyenki

Rano Vstali Kozlchyen'ki

Izdatel'stvo Promin', Dnepropetrovsk, 1990, 134 pgs., illustrations, maps, paperback

Cossack History

Chapters on several Cossack battles including at Kam'yanets Podilski

Mitsik, Yurii Andrievich & Ivan Storozhyenki

Spolozhi kozats'koi zvityago

Izdatel'stvo Promin', Dnepropetrovsk, 1991, 205 pgs., illustrations, maps, paperback

Cossack History

Cossack campaigns in 1640's. List of Cossack Hetmen of Right Bank and Left Bank Ukraine from Bogdan Kmyel'nitsikii on.

Mokyr, Joel

Culture of Growth: The Origins of the Modern Economy

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2017, 403 pgs. ,index, references

Modern History - economic history, economic theory

A very valuable addition to the extensive discussion on the causes and efffects of the Industrial Revolution - The stress is on evolution of European culture and its impact on economic development - an excellent addition to Dr. McCloskey's studies.

Population Movements in Modern European History

Macmillan Co., N. Y., 1964, 138 pgs. population tables, paperback

Modern History - Sociology

There are 13 essays on a variety of topics related to demography. The editor comments that there is insufficient knowledge about population numbers in general..

Molnar, Thomas

Utopia: The Perennial heresy

Sheed and Ward, N. Y., 1967, 245 pgs., index

Political Theory

This is about the secularized Religion that has made man its god (or else the state). It is another way of writing about messianism. The author writes: "One effort throughout this book has been to show that utopianism is not merely a way of experimenting with social possibilities , as when a child arranges his tin soldiers in various formations. Utopianism is a system of thought, a philosophy with well established views of God, man, nature and community. The history of utopian thought in religious heresies, various Gnostic doctrines, Marxism, spiritual evolutionism and the like proves that utopianism is a perennial Type of Thinking as ineradicable as realistic philosophy itself."

Mommsen, Theodor - trans Rev. William Dickson

The History of Rome, Vol 1

Richard Bentley &Son, London, 1872, 511 pgs., appendices

Roman History

A rare first edition. The classic German history of Rome by the great historian. From the founding to the unification of Italy

Mommsen, Theodor - trans Rev. William Dickson

The History of Rome, Vol 2

Richard Bentley &Son, London, 1872, 480 pgs., map, appendices

Roman History

A rare first edition. The classic German history of Rome by the great historian. From the Union of Italy to the destruction of Carthage and the Greek States

Mommsen, Theodor - trans Rev. William Dickson

The History of Rome, Vol 3

Richard Bentley &Son, London, 1876, 478 pgs., appendices

Roman History

A rare first edition. The classic German history of Rome by the great historian. The Roman Revolution

Mommsen, Theodor - trans Rev. William Dickson

The History of Rome, Vol 4

Richard Bentley &Son, London, 1877, 681 pgs., index, appendices

Roman History

A rare first edition. The classic German history of Rome by the great historian. From

Monnerot, Jules - trans. Jane Degras and Richard Rees

Sociology of Communism

George Allen & Unwin, London, 1949, index, foot notes

Sociology and Political Philosophy

Interesting that the author titles for first section "The Twentieth-Century 'Islam'". The author notes: "In the 19th century, Marx's study of Clausewitz gave him the idea of using strategy in the service of revolution." While the Soviet Union is no more, still, the study of Marxism such as in this book on its sociology is important as there remain dedicated theorists throughout the world.

Moodie, Graeme C.

The Government of Great Britain

Thomas Y. Crowell Co., N. Y., 1961, 207 pgs., bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Political Science

The book was designed as part of a set for study of comparative government. We have Germany and France in this list. The structure of British government has not changed much since 1960. Most of the book is historical in nature anyway so worth study today.

Morford, Mark P. O. & Robert Lenardon

Classical Mythology - 2nd ed.

Longman, N.Y., 1977, 523 pgs., index, bibliographies, maps, illustrations, figures

Literature

Limited to Greek and Roman mythology, but very complete. See Hamilton and Gayley.

Morgan, Edmund S. & Helen M.

The Stamp Act Crisis

Collier Books, N.Y., 1955, 384 pgs., index

American History

Discussion of the important event that lead to the American Revolution. It is a fascinating read. I am always amazed at the volume of personal letters by unofficial individuals that remain in archives from the 18th century Exploiting this vast quantity of material the authors have produced a very detailed account of who did what on both sides during this conflict over Parliament's right to tax the colonies.

Morgan, Theodore

Introduction to Economics

Prentice-Hall Inc, N.Y. 1950, 857 pgs., index, foot notes, tables

Economics

Standard college text of 1950 - very much has been learned (or at least presumed) since then but it is interesting to learn what the establishment theories were right after World War II.

Morgenson, Gretchen & Joshua Rosner

Reckless Endangerment: How Outsized Ambition, Greed, and Corruption led to Economic Armageddon

Henry Holt Co., N. Y., 2011, 331 pgs., index, sources, list of main characters

Finance, Banks, money, Market crash 2008

Many books rushed out to blame various people or institutions for the financial crisis, mortgage bubble, market recession of 2007-=08. This one blames the mortgage industry, banks, regulators, GSE's, and Congress. They name names, such as Jim Johnson at Fannie Mae and Angelo Mozilo at Countrywide And Andrew Cuomo, director of HUD.

Morrall, John B.

Political thought in medieval times

Harper & Brothers, N.Y., 152 pgs., index, bibliography, paper back

Medieval History - Political Theory

The author discusses in detail the beginnings of the concept of 'state' in the 14th century citing the papacy and the combination of Germanic conceptions of the duty of kings to seek advice from council and the Roman concept of representation in matters of private law.

Morris, Ian

Why the West Rules - for Now

Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, NY., 2010, 750 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

World History, Politics, economics

Subtitle is The Patterns of History and What They Reveal About the Future

Morrison of Lambeth, Lord

Government and Parliament: A Survey from the Inside - 3rd edition

Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1964, 384 pgs., index,

Political Science - Modern History

Lord Morrison was for years a minister member of Parliament in the House of Commons when he wrote the first edition of this book, he became a Peer and member of the House of Lords before making the amendments for this third edition. Thus he writes with great authority on the daily working mechanisms of the British Parliament.

Morwood, James - ed.

Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary

Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 2005, maps, paperback

Literature

Excellent small dictionary for students of Latin

Mosse, George L. ed.

Calvinism: Authoritarian or Democratic?

Rinehart & Co., N. Y., 1957, 25 pgs., map, bibliography, paperback

Intellectual History - Modern History

This is in a series of booklets designed for teachers to use for class discussions. There are 12 essays on the ideas of John Calvin and on considerations of the trends in his thought toward absolutism or democracy.

Mosse, George L.

The Reformation -3rd edition

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1953, 136 pgs., index, paper--+back

Intellectual History - Modern History

The author writes that: "This study centers upon the religious scene itself, Unless this is properly understood, the social, political, and economic factors of the age will seem inexplicable. The link between life and thought is indissoluble, but during the Reformation, at least, the elucidation of the thought is of prime importance for an understanding of the life of the period."

Mott, George Fox & Harold M. Dee

Middle Ages: An Outline History from the Decline of the Roman Empire through the Reformation

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1950, 272 pgs., index, readings, bibliography

Medieval History

A college outline for review.

Moulin, Raoul-Jean - trans. Anthony Rhodes

Prehistoric Painting

Funk & Wagnalls, N. Y., 1965, illustrations, bibliography, dictionary, maps

Art - Art History

An extensively illustrated study of pre-historic art from around the world, including Oceana and Africa. The text is an excellent description and commentary on the meaning or art.

Muller, Herbert J.

Freedom in the ancient world

Bantam Books, N. Y., 1963, 390 pgs., index, bibliography, paper back

Ancient History

The concept of 'freedom' in the ancient world was quite different from the modern concept. The author means only the Western World

Muller, Jerry Z.

The Mind and the Market

Random House, NY., 2002, 487 pgs., index, notes, paperback

Intellectual History - Economic thought - political/economy

Subtitle: Capitalism in Western Throught

Mulligan, Casey B

.

The Redistribution Recession: How Labor Market Distortions Contracted the Economy

Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 2012, 315 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, graphs

Economics, Public Policy, recession of 2008

The author employs the whole arsenal of modern econometric tools, graphs, mathematics and all to show that government policy in manipulating the labor market through subsidies and wage controls expanded and prolonged the level of unemployment

Mumford, Lewis

The City in History: It's origins, it's transformations, and it's prospects

Harcourt, Brace & World, N.Y., 1961, 657 pgs. ,index, bibliography, illustrations

Western Urban History

The author explains that his study is limited to cities he has personally visited, therefore he has to omit major areas such as Russia and South America. He is the author of many books on urban culture and was a practicing city planner as well as professor of city planning. He begins with the questions - "What is the city? and how did it originate. He continues to examine its functions. He believes the city has a great future.

Mumford, Lewis

Symposium on The City in History

Washington University Law Quarterly, Vol 1962, June 1962, Number 3

Western Urban History

This issue contains 5 essays - lectures devoted to discussion of Mumford's book. The organizers of this symposium, the participants and Mumford himself all realized in 1962 that the growth of urban contuberations was creating problems, among which law would play a part. But even so, they didn't imagine the extent now projected for the growth of cities over the next 20-30 years.

Murray, Charles

Losing Ground: American Social Policy 1950-1980

Basic Books, N.Y., 1984, 323 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, appendices with tables

American Social Policy

The author writes: "This book tries to do two things that are not quite mutually exclusive, but almost. it draws upon a varied and sometimes technical body of social science data; and it addresses a general audience. part of the solution has been to write what amounts to a subtext in the notes for the chapters in parts II and III. The reader who so wishes may read the book from beginning to end without once referring to the notes and I I trust) come away with an accurate understanding of the argument and the evidence." The book is about the failure of the American welfare program to provide the help its workers hope to provide. Of course it generated a storm of criticism from the progressive left.

Murray, Oswyn

Early Greece

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1993, 331 pgs., index, sources, maps, date chart

Ancient Greek History

The book is part of the Fontana series on the ancient world.

Myagkov, Aleksei

Inside the KGB

Arlington House Pub., New Rochelle N, Y., 1978, 131 pgs., appendices,

Modern History

Now with the most famous former agent President of the Russian Federation even an older history of the organization is worth reading, despite the many changes in the Soviet Union and Russia since 1978.

Namier, Sir Lewis

Vanished Supremacies: Essays on European History 1812-1918

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1963, 179 pgs., foot notes, paperback

Modern History

The book consists of 12 chapters, each an essay on quite different topics. It seems the only connection is from the title, that these all have to do somehow with the empires or states that disappeared at the end of the 19th century in World War One. The topics include, Napoleon's letters, Talleyrand, Metternich, Prince Lieven, 1848, Downfall of Habsburg Monarchy and others.

Nardo, Don - ed.

The Black Death

Greenhaven Press, San Diego, 1999, 173 pgs., index, bibliography, chronology

Medieval History

A series of essays by various specialists on different aspects of the plague including causes, course, and results.

Nash, Gary B. & Julie Jeffrey, et al.

The American People: creating a Nation and a Society 2nd ed.

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1990, 568 pgs., index, appendices, maps, illustrations, recommended reading

American History

This is the 'poster child' of the radical progressive view of American history that permeates high school texts of which this is a leading example.

Nasibova, Aida - trans Arthur Shkarovski-Raffe

The Art Treasures of the Moscow Kremlin

Planeta Pub., Moscow, 1992, illustrations, large format

Russian History - art

Another spectacular book of color photographs of exhibits in the Kremlin and of the architecture itself.

Neale, J. E.

Elizabeth I and her Parliaments 1559-1581

St. Martin's Press, N. Y., 1958, 434 pgs., index, foot notes, illustrations

Early Modern History

The author writes that 'This volume is the first of two in which I hope to fulfil the promise made in my Elizabethan House of Commons to write a parliamentary history of Elizabeth I's reign. ...I have focused the narrative on the relations between the Crown and Parliament: partly because the story would have been formless and unreadable if I had attempted to discuss all the business that came before Parliament; and partly because my purpose is to reveal the significance of the Elizabethan period in the constitutional evolution of England..." The chapters are each devoted to one Parliament - 1559 - 1563 - 1566 - 1571 -1572 - 1576 - and 1581.

Neale, J. E.

Elizabeth I and her Parliaments 1584-1601

St. Martin's Press, N. Y., 1958, 452 pgs., index, foot notes, illustrations

Early Modern History

As the author noted above this is the second volume in his history. The chapters are on the Parliaments of 1584-85 - 1586-87 - 1589 - 1593 - 1597-98 - and 1601.

Nef, John U.

Cultural Foundations of Industrial Civilization

Harper & Row, N.Y., 1960, 164 pgs., index, foot notes, paperback

Modern History - Intellectual History

The author remarks about recent trends toward more specialization in less and less. The comments, "I came to realize that, not only my own effort as a specialist, (in the coal industry) but the whole approach to the problem of origins in terms of economic history was a partial approach." The results of his change of view is among other places, found in the following important book as well as this one. He continues, "A knowledge of general history is bound to change man's outlook on economic history, and in all probability on the other separate channels into which specialized research has divided the study of history during the past hundred years or so." Fischer, in The Great Wavedevotes a whole appendix to the same lament. There is much more in this introduction as well as the entire book. This is why the title of the first chapter is "Movements of the Mind, 1570 -1660." And other chapters are titled, "The Spiritual Basis of Civilization" and "The Aesthetic Basis of Civilization". I wish everyone would read these two books.

Nef, John U.

Western Civilization since the Renaissance: Peace, War, Industry and the Arts

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1950, 464 pgs., index, end notes

Early Modern and Modern History

The time frame of the content is from circa 1494 to 1950. The theme is the change in warfare and all else between those dates. In the introduction the author notes: 'I had come to realize that all sides of human endeavor are interrelated, and that the very specialization which for a century had been opening new avenues to information concerning many facets of history was blinding historians to the consideration of history as a whole and from views of the nature and extent of historical interrelations." This is a very important book. The same point may be made about the divergent specialization of economics and political science from each other and from history. The author also notes: "I discovered that peace, which is an absence of war, and war, which is an absence of peace, were closely related to every facet of historical development during the past four or five centuries in Europe, in America and indeed in the whole world." The book is meant to show this. It should be read with Preston and Wise Men In Arms

Neill, Thomas P.

Makers of the Modern Mind

Bruce Publishing, Milwaukee, 1958, 420 pgs., index, paperback

Intellectual History

Bios and short discussion about 12 major influential intellectuals - Luther, Calvin, Descartes, Locke, Newton, Rousseau, Kant, Bentham, Darwin, Marx, Freud and Dewey.

Nevins, Allan & Henry Steele Commager

A Pocket History of the United States

Simon & Schuster, 1974, 625 pgs. , index, readings, maps, paperback

American History

A handy school text. Only one general map of the southern US at the time of the Civil War and no campaign maps.

Norwich, John Julius

Byzantium: The Early Centuries

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1996, 408 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, illustrations, maps, family trees,

Medieval History

The chapters begin with Constantine to 323 AD and conclude with Irene 775-802 AD. Thus they include a much shorter period than does Ostrogorsky (see below). But the coverage is thereby more detailed. Also compare with the biographies of Justinian. The detailed treatment of Byzantine nearly perpetual wars can be compared with books in the military history list. Dr. Norwich points out that Heraclius's wars against the Persian, Chosroes II left both empires too weak to withstand the immediate attack of the Muslim Arabs.

Nussbaum, Frederick L.

The Triumph of Science and Reason 1660 - 1685

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1953, 304 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, map, foot notes, paperback

Early Modern History

This is in the Rise of Modern Europe Series. The author includes some thought on the previous period - Baroque. The central development of the period was the further expansion of the power of 'the state'. The conflicts between the European powers did not end with the 30 Years' War included in the previous book but degenerated into separate wars between France and others. Agriculture and industry continued to improve and overseas adventures increased.

Ober, Josiah

The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2015, 416 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, map, tables, images, appendices

Ancient History

A comprehnensive study of how and why classical Greece became so different from the political/economic social system of its contremporary neighbors.

Ohmae, Kenichi

The End of the Nation State

The Free Press, N.Y., 1995, 211 pgs., index, references, end notes

History, current events, public policy, economics

The author writes that the current structure, political geographical borders, no longer conform to reality in economic markets. Political organization will soon conform to economic market organization.

Oliva, L. Jay - ed.

Russia and the West from Peter to Khrushchev

D. C. Heath Co, Boston, 1965, 283 pgs., paper back

Russian History

The book contains about 100 essays from specialist historians. The sections extend from Peter the Great, through 18th and 19th centuries to the Revolution, Stalin, WWII, and Soviet Union since Stalin. The editor has also included a useful introduction stating the theme - the place of Russia in relation to Western Europe and the intellectual struggle centered about what the place is or should be.

Olschki, Leoarndo

Marco Polo's Asia

Univ. of Calif. Press, Berkeley, 1960, 459 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, map, illustrations

Medieval History

Scholarly study of Marco Polo's book with analysis.

Onacewicz, Wlodzimierz

Empires by Conquest - 2 Vol.

HERO Books, Fairfax VA., 1985, 460 and 317 pgs., bibliography, maps

Russian History

Russia from the 9th century to 1945. Written by a Pole, the theme shows in the title. Very negative on the Russians

O'Neil, Paul

The Rivermen

Time-Life Books, N. Y., 1975,240 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

American History

This is part of a Time-Life series - The Old West - It is extensively illustrated with contemporary and recent photographs. The story is about the life and activities along the Missouri - Mississippi rivers north and west of St. Louis,

Orwell, George

1984

Signet Classic, N. Y., 1950, 268 pgs., bibliography, paperback

Literature

The great classic novel about the coming dystopia.

Ostrogorsky, George - trans. Joan Hussey

History of the Byzantine State

Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, 1957, 548 pgs., index, geneologies, maps, foot notes, illustrations

Medieval History

A comprehensive study of Byzantium, its wars, its culture, its economics and politics.

Packard, Laurence Bradford

The Commercial Revolution 1400-1776

Henry Holt Co., N. Y., 1927, 105 pgs., index, paperback

Medieval - Early Modern History

The booklet was designed as supplementary reading for students. There are three sections - The Commercial Revolution describes medieval commerce - Colbert and Mercantilism describes the economic and fiscal policies of early modern France - From Mercantilism to Adam Smith describes the economy and economic ideas in England in the 18th century. The text shows that early capitalist ideas pre dated Max Weber's theory about Protestantism.

Packard, Sidney R.

Europe and the Church Under Innocent III

Henry Holt Co., N. Y., 1927, 109 pgs., index, paperback

Medieval History

It is generally agreed that the medieval church reached its strongest and greatest position during the Reign of Pope Innocent III. In this book the author provides a short biography of that pope and then a general view of Italy and the Empire including the pope's conflict with the Hohenstauffen emperors, Henry VI, Otto IV and Frederick II. Then the author turns to papal relationships with Spain, France, and England all of which also had powerful rulers. Lastly the author discusses the relationship of Innocent III and the Church itself. It was during his reign that the Church launched the Albigensisan Crusade in southern France and that the Fourth Crusade which he had preached was turned by Venice to attack Constantinople. He also had to deal with the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215.

Painter, Sidney

The Rise of the Feudal Monarchies

Cornell Univ. Press, 1951, 147 pgs., readings, index, chronology, paperback

Medieval History

The focus is limited to England, France and the Empire. The author notes that in all three regions the early monarchs were 'Germanic' in their concepts stemming from being tribal war chieftains. "The royal power rested on three bases. Each king had a small group of men, bound to him by special oaths of loyalty, who served as his officials and bodyguard, clearly a later form of the German chieftain's comitatus." As leader in war he had the right to call for service from every able-bodied man. And the kings' economic resources came from the lands he held for his own use. Government was very limited in scope or power. The author in this book then describes the extended process by which the early Germanic kingships were transformed by Christian concepts into feudal monarchies.

Painter, Sidney

Medieval Society

Cornell Univ. Press, 1951, 109 pgs., readings, index, chronology, paperback

Medieval History

This book is in same series as the above. The topics of the chapters are: - The Feudal System - The Seignorial System - The Development of towns and commerce. There are many other books in this list that discuss feudalism. Opinions have been changing recently. Likewise the subject of medieval commerce and especially of money has been changing.

Palamarchuk, Petr - sobvral

Sorok Sorokov - Krel' i monastri, Vol. Pervii

AO "Kniga i Biznes", Moscow, 1997, 603 pgs., illustrations, notes, sources

Russian History

A monumental reference work - a labor of love - it is a detailed listing of all the churches and monasteries in Moscow including especially the huge number that were destroyed by the Bolsheviks. Volume 1 describes those that existed in the Kremlin. There are tables listing the names of the original churches that describe the appauling destruction of hundreds.

Palamarchuk, Petr - sobvral

Sorok Sorokov - Moskva v granitsakh Sadovogo kol'tsa; Kitai-gorod, Belii gorfod, Zemlyanoi gorod, Zamoskvorechie - Vol vtoroi

AO "Kniga i Biznes", Moscow, 1994, 271 pgs., illustrations, notes, sources

Russian History

This volume describes the churches that were within the Garden Ring _line of medieval walls since destroyed - in Kitai gorod, White Gorod, Earthen Gorod and across the Moscow river..

Palamarchuk, Petr - sobvral

Sorok Sorokov - Moskva v granitsaskh 1917 goda -

AO "Kniga i Biznes", Moscow, 1995, 603 pgs., illustrations, notes, sources

Russian History

This volume describes the 275 churches that were within the Moscow city limits in 1917

Palamarchuk, Petr - sobvral

Sorok Sorokov - Okraini Moskv i Inoslaviye i inobveriye.

AO "Kniga i Biznes", Moscow, 1995, 579 pgs., illustrations, notes, sources, tables

Russian History

This volume describes the 88 (existing, closed, and detroyed) churches that were around Moscow and nonj-=Orthodox. -

Palmer, A. W.

A Dictionary of Modern History 1789-1945

Penguin Books, Baltimore, 1962, 363 pgs., paperback

Reference - History

An alphabetical listing of short entries useful for quick reference.

Palmer, R. R. & Joel Colton

A History of the Modern World - 2nd ed.

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1964, 970 pgs., index, end notes, maps, bibliography, chronology, illustrations

Modern History - mostly European

The content begins with a few pages of background discussion of ancient Greece and Rome, then a few more pages on medieval Europe. The main subject matter then begins in the chapter on The Revolution in the Christian Church, 1300 - 1560. It continues in typical fashion by mixing intellectual developments with events and institutions. The final chapter is on World War II and its immediate aftermath. The book is a basic general text for college students.

Palmer, R. R. & Joel Colton

A History of the Modern World - 3rd ed.

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1965, 1031 pgs., index, end notes, maps, bibliography, chronology, illustrations

Modern History - mostly European

The content begins with a few pages of background discussion of ancient Greece and Rome, then a few more pages on medieval Europe. The main subject matter then begins in the chapter on The Revolution in the Christian Church, 1300 - 1560. It continues in typical fashion by mixing intellectual developments with events and institutions. The final chapters are on World War II and the Cold War after 1945. The book is a basic general text for college students

Colton, Joel - R. R. Palmer

A Study Guide to Accompany R. R. Palmer A History of the Modern World

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1956, 188 pgs., maps, tables, questions, graphs

Modern History - mostly European

The student review summary with questions and study guide.

Palmer, R. R.

The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America 1760-1800 - The Challenge

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1959, 534 pgs., index, foot notes, appendix

Modern History

Volume One of Professor Palmer's study of the American and French Revolutions. This volume describes the background - the ancien regime and the political thought generated by Enlightenment authors. It also includes the American Revolution.

Palmer, R. R.

The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America 1760-1800 - The Struggle

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1964, 584 pgs., index, foot notes, appendix

Modern History

This is volume Two of the study. It shifts to the French Revolution on Bastille Day of 1792. It moves on to the revolutions in Holland, Italy, Helvetia, and Germany. Then it discusses reactions in Great Britain and America. The content concludes in 1799, before Napoleon.

Palmer, R. R.

Twelve Who Ruled: The Year of the Terror in the French Revolution

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1941, 427 pgs., index, map, list of the 12

Modern History

This period is the author's speciality. In this book he can dig deeply into the specific actions and events and the individuals who were the leaders. This is the story of the French Committee of Public Safety. The first chapter titled, "Twelve Terrorists to Be" provides brief biographies of these men. The remainder of the book describes their thoughts, and actions.

Panov, T. D.

Nekropoli Moskovskogo Kremlya (Cemeteries in the Moscow Kremlin)

State history of culture, Moscow, 2002, 69 pgs., illustrations, plan drawings, bibliography, paperback

Russian History

A history of the burials and internments in The Kremlin with a list of 324 individuals who were interned and note for those since removed (mostly when the cathedral in which they were was destroyed. It gives interesting information on these individuals and their families.

Pares, Bernard


A History of Russia

Dorset Press, N. Y., 1953 - 1991, 811 pgs., index, bibliography, genealogy charts

Russian History

An interesting introduction here was written by the author's son, Richard Pares. This is, next to Florinski, the best history of Russia one can study. The author begins with excellent explanation of the impact of geography, climate and length of growing season and soil on the very poor agricultural base of Muscovite Russia. He describes the system of land ownership and the patrimonial government system. he includes Kievan Rus until the Mongol conquest but after that only writes about Muscovy, leaving out any history of what became Ukraine. Read Magocsi for that.

Parkinson, C. Northcote

The Evolution of Political Thought

Viking Press, N.Y., 1958, 327 pgs., index, footnotes, paper back

Political Theory

The author provides a broad view from ancient times to the present with these major subjects - monarchy, oligarchy, democracy, and dictatorship. The author is a realist. In the preface he provides excellent comment. He debunks common fallacies. "First of these implicit fallacies is the idea that political thought is confined to authors and denied to every one else." Another is that political theory began in ancient Greece. He continues: "One other error implied in the existing text-books is that the published works of political theorists have had a vast influence on actual events." "NO actual politician is greatly influenced by a book of political theory although many have been influenced by a book of religion." If a book appears to have "influenced a politician it is because the author recommends what he, the ruler, has already decided to do; or what indeed he has already done." I can add that the same goes for books on economic theory He continues, "It is the events which decide which book is to be pulped and which made compulsory reading in the schools." "The significance then of a political theorist is not that he guided the ruler but that he provided the ruler with a rational explanation of what he, the ruler, had already done." I add or what he is planning to do..

Papaioannou, Kostas

Byzantine and Russian Painting

Funk & Wagnalls, N.Y., 1965, 207 pgs., bibliography, dictionary, maps, museums, chronology, documents

Art - Art History

The text describes the individual illustrations and also the history of Byzantine and Russian art. The Russian painting is the medieval religious art - icons and the like - similar to Byzantine - not 17th century and later art. The book is one of a series.

Parkman, Francis - ed Mason Wade

The Journals of Francis Parkman - 2 vol.

Harper & Brothers, N.Y., 1947, 718 pgs., index, end notes, map, illustrations

American History - Literature

A wonderful primary source from the famous historian. Parkman visited many of the places about which we wrote. The Oregon Train journey in 1846 is especially important, but prior to that he visited Canada, New York and New England, the locus of the French and Indian Wars. And he made a tour in Europe in 1843-44. And after the Oregon Trail his note books extend to 1892. The editor has provided critical commentary and explanation about Parkman's motives and efforts in making these extensive tours. It is rare enough for an accomplished historian to visit the locale about which he intends to write, let alone provide us with his personal notes about his sights and thoughts..

Parks, Henry Bamford

Gods and Men: The Origins of Western Culture

Alfred A. Knopf, N, Y., 1959, 497 pgs. , index, bibliography, foot notes, illustrations

Ancient Western Intellectual history

The book is about ancient near eastern culture and religion, Judaism, Hellenism, and Christianity. The author writes: "This book is planned as the first of several volumes dealing with the cultural history of the Western world. Western civilization will be treated as a unity, and the main purpose will be to analyze the development of those dominant ideas and beliefs which have given the Western world its creativity and its sense of collective purpose." "Ethical monotheism, natural law, and the Christian kingdom of heaven have been the main spiritual principles of Western civilization and as all of them transcend reason, they must be defined as social myths. This book is written in the conviction that the vitality of any society depends on the continued affirmation of mythical symbolisms created by the collective imagination for the ordering of experience, and that a pure rationalism can result only in social disintegration." Well, we now are witnesses to the results the author indicated.

Parrington, Vernon Louis

Main Currents in American Thought: An Interpretation of American Literature from the Beginning to 1920

Harcort, Brace & Co., N. Y., 1930, Book 1 493 pgs,. Book 2, 429 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes,

Intellectual History - Literary criticism, American political history

The author analyzes literature, but much of it is political writing or cultural (for instance religious texts) that were politically influential. Basically it is a study of the influence of ideas on action. The first section is on the Puritan Heritage in 1620-1660. Each intellectual development is thoroughly described along with its impact. The final chapter, written in 1930, treats the 'liberal' now we call progressive, movement of the pre-World War One as a mostly spent force. Little did the author predict the following 70 years.

Parry, J. H.

The Establishment of the European Hegemony 1415-1715: Trade and Exploration in the Age of the Renaissance

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1949-1961, 201 pgs. , index, readings

Early Modern History

This is a straight forward narrative of the European expansion pushed initially by the desire to make profit through trade. Then came the exploitation of the New World for silver, then colonies. Soon there was rivalry and war between the European states seeking to take over from the earlier explorers.

Payne, Robert & Nikita Romanoff

Ivan the Terrible

Thomas Y. Crowell Co., N.Y., 1975, 502 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, chronology, glossary, genealogy, illustrations, map

Russian History

One of the biographies of Ivan in this list.

Pedretti, Carlo

Leonardo da Vinci

TAI books, Surrey, 2004, 232 pgs., index, illustrations, chronology, large format, paperback

Art

A terrific large print of Leonardo's work - two sections, one on his art and science and the other on his drawings of machines. The topics include anatomy.

Plender, John

Capitalism: Money, Morals and Markets

BiteBack Books, London, 2015, 344 pgs., index, notes

Economics, Public Policy

xx

Perkins, Edwin J.

The Economy of Colonial America, 2nd ed.

Columbia Univ. Press, N. Y., 1988, 226 pgs. , index,

American History - Economics

A scholarly study of American Economic History. The author describes colonial America as a very dynamic place with output expanding 12-fold between 1700 and 1774. .By the time of the Revolution the colonies were rapidly gaining in economic output with Great Britain itself. Even so, the economy was mostly rural and agricultural. Total economic development was largely due to population increase. He gives these numbers: White population in 1650=40,000 - in 1700=235,000 - in 1770=1,.8 million. The black population went from 13000=1690 to 465,000 in 1770.

Peters, Harvey W.

America's Coming Bankruptcy: How the Government is Wrecking your Dollar

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N. Y., 1975, 222 pgs., index, tables

Public Policy - financial

Written in 1975 at the height of a period of massive inflation, the book describes how the government fiscal and monetary policies are leading to bankruptcy. Well it is now 2014 and the same government policies are still leading to bankruptcy, even more so. It is worth reading old predictions that didn't come to pass to see why they did not.

Petrie, Sir Charles

Philip II of Spain

W. W. Norton Co., N.Y., 1963, 319 pgs., index, maps, illustrations, foot notes

Biography, Early Modern History

This is more than a pure biography. As Philip lived in turbulent times - times also occupied by many other powerful personalities, the biography includes much about these individuals and the significant events. The author pens a favorable assessment of Philip's leadership and rule. He left Spain stronger than he found it.

Piggott, Stuart

Ancient Europe from the beginnings of Agriculture to Classical Antiquity

Aldine Publishing, Chicago, 1965, 340 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

Pre-history and Ancient History

The book is based archaeology. It is not meant to be comprehensive but a focus on the factors the author believes contributed to the eventual character of the ancient world that was behind historical Europe.

Piketty, Thomas, trans., Arthur Goldhammer

Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2014,685 pgs., index, end notes, tables, illustrations

Public Policy, Economics, Economic history, politics

Very controersial book that claims that there has been a great increase in the inequality of wealth - rich versus poor in recent years. The author advocates government intervention and redistribution of wealth.

This is a very interesting and important book. It is about much more than what is described in the press reviews I have read. The author is a French economist. Yes, the book is about economics and is full of the typical graphs, equations and econometric material so popular with economists today. But it's about much more - political/economy in its fullest meaning. Actually it is about public policy. The author takes for granted the status quo of what he terms the 'social state' what I would call the 'welfare state'. This is very reasonable as he is convinced or presumes that this established political structure is not about to change. His thesis is that under uncontrolled conditions capital is increasing more rapidly and greater than income and the result is to greatly increase the gulf between the tiny wealthy people and the mass of the poor people.

Pipes, Richard

Russia under the Old Regime

Charles Scribner's Sons, N.Y., 1974, 361 pgs., index, chronology, notes, illustrations, maps

Russian History

A standard reference by noted historian

Pirenne, Henri - trans. Bernard Miall

A History of Europe: From the invasions to the XVI Century

University Books, N.Y., 1955, 625 pgs., index

Early Modern History

See also Lopez and Heather. This famous historian wrote much on the origins of Europe. The subject chapters here are: The End of the Roman world; The Carolingian Epoch; Feudal Europe; The War of Investitures and Crusades; The formation of the Bourgeoise; The Beginnings of the Western States; Hegemony of the Papacy and France; European Crisis; and Renaissance and Reformation. Thus it parallels many of the other books in this list.

Pirenne, Henri - trans. I. Clegg

Economic and Social History of Medieval Europe

Harcourt, Brace & World, N.Y., 1933, 239 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Medieval History

The text describes the general movement of economic and social evolution in Western Europe from the end of the Roman Empire to the fifteenth century. The focus is on the totality of Western Europe while still noting the variations in specific regions. Much scholarship has been published since 1933 and theories of history itself have changed. Pirenne made particular stress on the Moslem conquest of enough of the Mediterranean basin to force a shift of European society northward. Even so, he discusses the continuity as much as it was of commerce across the Mediterranean. He discusses medieval fairs, merchants, commerce, credit, money, and beginnings of capitalism.

Pirenne, Henri

Mohammed and Charlemagne

World Publishing Co, N. Y., 1957, 293 pgs., index, foot notes, paperback

Medieval History

The author writes some conclusions:
1 The German invasions destroyed neither the Mediterranean unity of the ancient world, nor what may be regarded as the truly essential features of the Roman culture as it still existed in the 5th century, at a time when there was no longer an Emperor in the West.
2. The cause of the break with the tradition of antiquity was the rapid and unexpected advance of Islam. The result of that advance was the final separation of East from West, and the end of the Mediterranean unity.
3 The West was blockaded and forced to live upon its own resources, For the first time in history the axis of life was shifted northwards from the Mediterranean.

Pirenne, Henri - trans. Frank Halsey

Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade

Doubleday & Co., Garden City N. Y., 1925, 185 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Medieval History

The book was created from the author's lectures in 1922. The author's basic thesis is the same as in the above book, namely, that the Roman Empire was a Mediterranean civilization which was its economic and political basis. The Germanic tribes also sought to migrate to the Mediterranean if possible. Their aim was not to destroy the Roman empire but to occupy and enjoy it. And they succeeded for a time. Marseilles was still a great port in the 8th century. It was the Moslem conquest of much of trhe Mediterranean shore in the late 7th and early 8th centuries that shattered this unit. This forced the center of gravity of western Europe northwards. From then on, Pirenne shows, that cities began to grow in the northern regions. He describes life in these towns and cities in detail.

Plato -

The Dialogues of Plato

Bantam Books, N.Y., 1986, 342 pgs., bibliography

Philosophy

The book consists of 8 of Plato's books, each translated by a different scholar.

Plato - trans Francis Macdonald Cornford

The Republic of Plato

Oxford Univ. Press, London, 1961, 366 pgs. , index, foot notes, paper back

Philosophy

The translator, editor notes that he has reorganized the material from its 10 papyrus 'rolls into six sections by subject matter. - current views of justice; justice in the state and individual; the philosopher king; decline of society; quarrel between philosophy and poetry; and immortality and the rewards of justice.

Plato, - trans. G. M. A. Grube

Plato's Republic

Hackett Pub. Indianapolis Ind., 1974, 276 pgs., index, foot notes, bibliography, paperback

Philosophy

The most important of Plato's books for political theory.

Plato, - trans. Tarrane, Harold

Plato - The last Days of Socrates- Euthyphro - Apology, Crito, Phaedo

Penguin Books, London, 1954, 237 pgs., introduction, paperback

Philosophy

This is Plato's description that presents his own philosophy in the name of Socrates. The trial and death of Socrates beginning with Socrates' discussion of ethics prior to the trial, then his rebutal of the charges against him with a defense of his life's work, then in prison he continues and refuses to escape, and in Phaedo he awaits death while proclaiming the immortality of the soul

Platonov, S. F. - trans L Rex Pyles

Boris Godunov. Tsar of Russia

Academic International Press, Gulf Breeze, 1973, 230 pgs., index, index, notes, map, illustrations. sources

Russian History

Excellent introduction by John Alexander. The book is organized into 3 parts - Boris' career, policy and tragedy.

Plumb, J. H.

The Italian Renaissance; A Concise Survey of Its History and Culture

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1961, 164 pgs., index, paperback

Early Modern History

The author begins with a gruesome, negative word picture of Rome and Italy. And the story gets worse from there. It is a distorted view of the Medieval World. But then the scene of the Renaissance becomes worse. The book is quite different from Burckhardt to say the least. But refreshing if you like blood and guts.

Plumb, J. H. - ed.

Renaissance Profiles

Harper & Row, N.Y., 1961, 161 pgs., index

Early Modern History

In this book the author of above becomes editor and the picture lightens considerably. The nine short biographies are: Petrach by Morris Bishop; Machiavelli by Garrett Mattingly; Michelangelo by Kenneth Clark; Lorenzo de' Medici by Ralph Roeder; Leonardo da Vinci by J. Bronowski; Pope Pius II by Iris Origo; Doge Francesco Foscari by H. R. Trevor-Roper; Federigo da Montefeltro by Dennis Mack Smith; and Beatrice and Isabella d'Este by Maria Bellonci.. My favorites are the last two.

Polanyi, Karl

The Great Transformation

Rinehart Co., 1944, 315 pgs., index, end notes, paperback

Economic History - Public Policy

The theme is the social implications of economic systems, in particular the market economy. The author believes that the uncontrolled 'free market' has created disastrous conditions for society. Chapter 16 on the problems with money is especially valuable.

Polanyi, Michael

The Tacit Dimension

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1967, 108 pgs., index, notes, bibliography, paperback

Philosophy

Very brief, but very concise. The author had his run-ins with Soviet theoreticians such as Bukharin. He writes: 'I was struck by the fact that this denial of their very existence of independent scientific thought came from a socialist theory which derived its tremendous persuasive power from its claim to scientific certainty." Well we know how that turned out. Further "It seemed to me then that our whole civilization was pervaded by the dissonance of an extreme critical lucidity and an intense moral conscience, and that this combination had generated both our tight-lipped modern revolutions and the tormented self-doubt of modern man outside revolutionary movements."

Polin, Raymond

Marxian Foundations of Communism

Henry Regnery Co., Chicago, 1966, 203 pgs., bibliography, foot notes

Political Theory

An introduction to the study of communist theory with an introduction by Robert MacIver. The book includes a chapter on Dialectical Idealism of Georg Hegel and then on on Marx and Engles transformation of this to Dialectical Historical Materialism. Another chapter is about communism in China.

Pollard, Alfred W.

The Romance of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table - Abridged from Malory's Morte D'Arthur

Macmillan Co., 1917, 509 pgs., glossary, illustrations

Literature - Medieval History

The famous Morte D'Arthur in a modern English version with excellent illustrations.. No commentary or notes, but at least a glossary for students.

Polo, Marco

The Travels of Marco Polo

Orion Press, N. Y., 356 pgs., illustrations

Medieval History

A special edition with no translator or editor listed. The illustrations are from a 14th century manuscript in the Bibliotheque Nationale Paris.

Polybius - trans. Mortimer Chambers

The Histories

Twayne Pub., N.Y., 1966, 340 pgs., index, glossary, foot notes

Ancient History

There is an important Introduction by E. Badian in which he describes Greece and Rome at the time, Polybius' life and work and the present book. Polybius's history was published in 40 volumes in which he attempted a history of the entire Mediterranean, and of which only some have survived. This edition in turn includes only some of these; those that describe Roman history and institutions. Thus we have here books I, II, III, IV, V, VI:, XII, XVIII, and XXXI. Book VI is often considered the most interesting as it discusses the structure of Roman government and its military system.

Pope, Stephanie - ed

Cambridge Latin Course unit 1

Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010, 260 pgs., index,

Literature

Excellent course in Latin for beginners.

Popper, Karl R.

The Open Society and It's Enemies Vol II: The High Tide of Prophecy: Hegel, Marx, and the Aftermath

George Routledge & Sons, London, 1945, 352 pgs, index, end notes

Philosophy

Very Influential concepts about modern society

Prabhavananda, Swami & Christopher Isherwood - trans.

Bhagavad-Gita: The Song of God

New American Library, N. Y., 1954, 145 pgs., appendices, paperback

Religion

The classic Hindu epic poem that includes a dialogue between Krishna and Arjuna. It includes Vedanta philosophy and much more. It was composed in Sanskrit. Its basic philosophy contains four doctrines - 1 the phenomenal world of matter and of individualized consciousness - the world of things and animals and men is manifestation of a Devine Ground -apart from it they would be nonexistent
2 human beings are capable not merely of knowing about the Divine Ground
3 man possesses a double nature, a phenomenal ego and an eternal self
4 man's life on earth has only one end and purpose: to identify himself with his eternal Self and to come to unitive knowledge of the Divine Ground.

Prados, John

Keepers of The Keys: A History of the National Security Council from Truman to Bush

William Morrow Co, N. Y., 1991 632 pgs., index, end notes, illustrations, acronyms

American History

Mr. Prados has devoted years to the study of American national security and intelligence organizations, as this deeply researched book shows. He narrates and analyzes the central guiding brain of this organization here. Recognizing organizational problems from World War II the Truman administration created the National Security Council directly in the White House. Prados continues the story up to the First Bush administration. as a fine story teller, he starts the first chapter not at the beginning with President Truman, but with the exciting actions of the NSC staff of President Reagan in the Achille Lauro incident. That was in 1985 and the book was published in 1991. Unintended by Prados, the incident is an example of TERRORISM in action those many years ago by Islamic terrorists. We still fail to understand the threat.

Prados, John

Safe for Democracy: The Secret Wars of the CIA

Ivan R. Dee, Chicago, 2006, 696 pgs., index, end notes, acronyms

American History

The author describes and analyzes CIA covert operations throughout the world since its creation. His conclusions are very critical. he discusses how the CIA and US Intelligence agencies are subject to 'oversight' by Congressional committees and operate under strict guidance from the President. He comments that this 'oversight' effort is actually in competitive process between Congress and President and it needs to be examined in public as much as the CIA operations themselves. Much, much more information has become public knowledge since 2006, but the book remains an important reference providing broader context.

Presniakov. Alexander E. - ed and trans Robert Price

The Tsardom of Muscovy

Academic International Press, Gulf Breeze, Fl., 1978, 157 pgs., end notes

Russian History

Presniakov was a famous historian living in 19th century Russia. Charles Halperin, himself a notes scholar of medieval Russia, provides a valuable introduction, noting that this book is a classic. The books is organized by functional topics into chapters such as land tenure, population, government, church and state, boyars, public life and Russian people. The focus is on the period of the Reigns of Ivan III to the Time of Troubles.

Presniakov, A. E. - trans. A. E. Moorhouse

The Formation of the Great Russian State

Quadrangle Books, Chicago, 1970,414 pgs., index, maps., genealogical charts.

Russian History

The original Russian text of the great historian was published in St. Petersburg in 1917. He describes and comments about the expansion of Russia in the Thirteenth to Fifteenth Centuries. There is an excellent introduction by Alfred Rieber that describes both Presniakov's personal accomplishments and the broader state of Russian historiography in 1890 1920.

Preston, Richard A. & Sydney Wise & Herman Werner

Men in Arms

Frederick A. Praeger, N.Y., 1962, 406 pgs., index, bibliography

Military - Social History

This was a major influence when first published. The subtitle is: A History of Warfare and its Interrelationships with Western Society. The focus and stress is on 'interrelationships'. While more recent historical study has shown the errors in facts, especially about medieval warfare, the author's general thoughts on the relation of war and society are worth considering.

Price, Lorna

The Plan of St. Gall in brief: an overview of the three volume work by Walter Horn & Ernest Born

Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1982, 100 pgs., illustrations, large format

Medieval History

This is a masterpiece of printing and publication skill as even more is the three volume edition of which this is a summary. It is a detailed description of the marvelous plan of the Benedictine monastery at St. Gall. The monastery was founded ca. 612 AD. The Plan depicts the buildings laid out in an architecturally coherent and brilliantly arranged composition. It was drawn on parchment between 820 and 830 AD from a lost original. Thus it is evidence of both the high skill in early middle ages of the designers and builders of the monastery and of the skill of the draftsmen who prepared this document. The document was lost until 1604 when the later text of a Life of St. Martin was noticed on the verso.

Pushkarev, Sergei - trans Robert McNeal

The Emergence of Modern Russia 1801-1917

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1963, 511 pgs., index, charts, maps, bibliography, notes, glossary

Russian History

An excellent history of the 19th century in Russia with strong sections on cultural developments, finances, bureaucracy, foreign and domestic policy, social changes, All this described and analyzed in chronological sections from the status of Russia in 1801 to the start of the Revolution in 1917.

Pyle, Howard

The Book of King Arthur

Classic Press Inc., San Rafael, CA. 1969, 192 pgs., illustrations

Medieval history - Legends

The book is written for school students. It is about much more than King Arthur - descriptions of how to become a knight, glossary of terms on the relevant pages, and a concluding section about Mr. Pyle. He is the author of many books about history written for young readers.

Quigley, Carroll

Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World in our time

Macmillan Co, N. Y., 1966, 1348 pgs., index,

Modern World History

Not only a narrative of modern history, but more importantly the author's assessments, commentary, opinions. He claims to have been inside the world financial system that is organized to control all government.

Raeff, Marc - ed.

Peter the Great: Reformer or Revolutionary?

D.C. Heath Co., 1963, 109 pgs., readings, paper back

Russian History

This is a Heath teaching aid designed to generate discussion among students. It consists of 19 essays by noted historians, many 19th century Russians, with varied and opposing views on the nature of Peter's policies for transformation of Muscovy into Russia.

Raeff, Marc - ed.

Catherine the Great

Hill and Wang, N. Y., 1972, 331 pgs., chronology, foot notes, recommend reading,

Russian History

A compendium of essays on various subjects related to Catherine and Russia by specialists.

Ramsey, Dave

The Total Money Makeover:

Nelson Books, Nashville Tenn., 2013, 237 pgs., index, tables

Investment Advice

The author apparently believes his advice is a 'hard sell' because he includes many pages of testimonials from delighted couples who followed it. The book is about how to GET OUT of debt. But by extension some of the ideas, if followed, might keep people out of debt.

Raspail, Jean - trans Norman Shapiro

The Camp of the Saints

Charles Scribner's Sons, N. Y., 311 pgs.

Novel - Modern History

The novel is a prediction of the invasion of Western Europe by masses of refugees from the 'third world' and the passive inability of the French to prevent it.

Reagan, Ronald - ed Douglas Brinkley

The Reagan Diaries

Harper Collins, N. Y., 2007,767 pgs., glossary, index, illustrations

Biography, American History

Douglas Brinkley in his introduction expresses the central thoughts one has when reading the diaries.

Reden, Sitta von

Money in Classical Antiquity

Cambridge Univ. Press, 2010, 237 pgs., index, references, maps, figures , tables, ,glossary, bibliographical essay, appendices, paperback

Economic History, money, finance, ancient history

A scholarly study of ancient sources focused on the origins and role of money - including currency and credit - in Classical Greece and Rome. The author describes money differently than authors of some general histories. Importantly, she shows that credit played a significant part in classical financial activities.

Reece, Richard

Roman Coins

Ernest Benn Ltd., London, 1970, 189 pgs. , index, bibliography, illustrations

Roman coins

This is a practical guide for collectors of Roman coins. This requires also a short section on Roman history, as this knowledge is required for associating coins to their period in Roman history. Conversely, understanding Roman coinage assists the student in study of history. - See also Sutherland

Reinhart, Carmen M & Kenneth S. Rogoff

This Time is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2009, 463 pgs., index, references, end notes, tables

Economic History, Finance, Banking

This book was a publishing sensation. Not only did it stir extensive commentary in the professions, but also became well known in the public arena. But so far I have not seen any significant reaction to prevent the same financial 'folly' they describe from occurring again.

Reitran, E. A. - ed.

George III: Tyrant or Constitutional Monarch?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1964, 106 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

This is a booklet in the problems of European civilization series designed for teachers to use in classroom discussion. It seems to me that one can be both a tyrant and constitutional ruler. The booklet has 12 essays proposing various opinions on the subject. Four are by contemporary authors such as Burke and Walpole, two are by Whig historians, three are by Namier 'school' of which two are by Namier himself, and three are responses to Namier. The editor provides a long introduction in which he quotes Herbert Butterfield's point that there is a problem in determining who is conservative and who not. And he describes the work of Sir Lewis Namier as starting a modern look at King George. The result is a booklet full of able arguments that a teacher may use for class discussion.

Reman, Edward

The Norse Discoveries and Explorations in America

Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1949, 201 pgs., index, foot notes,

Medieval History

The chapters are organized for each of the major Norse explorers, Gunnbjorn Ulfsson, Erik the Red, Lief Erickson, Thorvald Erickson, and Thorfinn Karlsfni

Reynolds, Susan

Fiefs and Vassals: The Medieval Evidence Reinterpreted

Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1994, 544 pgs., index, bibliography, footnotes, appendix

Medieval History

An entirely new concept about Fiefs and vassals in medieval western Europe. The author meticulously dissects the document sources and shows many false conclusions reached by previous scholars. The many books on 'feudalism' in this list must be revised.

Riasanovsky, Nicholas V.

A History of Russia

Oxford Univ. Press, N.Y., 1977, 762 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, maps

Russian History

A standard college course text recently.

Riasanovsky, Nicholas V.

The Image of Peter the Great in Ruissian History and Thought

Oxford Univ. Press, N.Y., 1985, 331 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Russian History

The author points out that this is not a history of Peter or of his times as such, but rather, as the title indicates. a study of the popular and influential opinion about Peter that developed after his death. It is a history of ideas, intellectual history including literature and even myth.

Rice, Philip M.

Understanding a History of Civilization

Prentice-Hall Co, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1959, 122 pgs. , maps, outlines, questions, paperback

Modern History

This is a student study booklet and guide designed to accompany Vol II of A History of Civilization, by Brinton, Christopher and Wolff.

Rich, Norman

The Age of Nationalism and Reform 1850-1890

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 1970, 270 pgs., index, readings, maps, illustrations, paperback

Modern History - Intellectual History

This book follows Breunig's The Age of Revolution and Reaction 1780-1850in the Norton History of Modern Europe series. Nationalism as both concept and political agenda expanded greatly as a reaction to Napoleonic France. It had it most significant effects in the unifications of Germany and Italy and increasing disunity of the Habsburg Austro-Hungarian Empire. The author describes also the great changes in intellectual and cultural agendas with science and art and literature.

Richards, Jay W.

Money, Greed, and God: Why Capitalism is the Solution and not the Problem

Harper One, N.Y., 2009, 255 pgs., notes, appendix, paperback

Public policy, economics, morality

A well organized refutation of many myths that accuse capitalism of numerous social ills. Worth reading along with Rodney Stark's books - such as "The Victory of Reason".

Richardson, Joanna

Louis XIV

Book Club Associates, London, 1973, 232 pgs., index, readings, genealogy charts, illustrations

Biography - Early Modern History

Very well illustrated. It is biography with little else about political and other events during the reign.

Richelson, Jeffrey

The U. S. Intelligence Community

Ballinger Pub. Co., Cambridge Mass, 1989, 483 pgs., index, chapter notes, illustrations, figures, tables, abbreviations, paperback

Modern History

A comprehensive study of American federal government intelligence organizations from the National Security Council on down. The author also includes topics such as exchange with foreign governments, sources, analysis and estimates, counter intelligence, covert operations. The book should be refreshed with new information on changes regularly.

Richelson, Jeffrey

Sword and Shield: The Soviet Intelligence and Security Apparatus

Ballinger Pub. Co., Cambridge Mass, 1986, 279 pgs., index, chapter notes, figures, tables, abbreviations, paperback

Modern History

The author describes both the KGB and the GRU. The organization of subject matter is similar to the above book.

Richmond, I. A.

Roman Britain

Penguin Books, London, 1963, 240 pgs. , index, bibliography, illustrations

British History - Roman History

The first chapter is about the military aspect of Roman Roman Britain

Rickards, James

Currency Wars: The Making of the Next Global Crisis

Portfolio/Penguin, N. Y., 2012, 296 pgs., index, sources, end notes, paper back

Financial, Economics, Public Policy

The author describes briefly a 'financial wargame' and then draws conclusions from his extensive career in international finance and currency markets. He discusses the previous currency wars since World War One and indicates that another one is in progress now. Nations engage in currency wars in order to protect their own currency and economy from the devaluations made in their currencies by other countries.

Rickards, James

The Death of Money: The Comiong Collapse of the International Monetary System

Portfolio/Penguin, N. Y., 2014, 356 pgs., index, sources, end notes

Financial, Economics, Public Policy

This book builds on the previous - Currency Wars. The author describes the reasons he expects the US dollar to collapse soon. Along with that he expects the entire International monetary system to collapse, for one thing due to the central position of the dollar as the reserve currency. In place, he expects the IMF to expand its issues of SDR - Special Drawing Rights - to become a new world currency. he recommends certain classes of assets as investments that will survive the best. The world financial system has collapsed several times in the past. We are now in a deflationary era.

Ridley, Matt

The Evolution of Everything: How New Ideas Emerge

Harper Collins, N.Y. 2015, 360 pgs., index, sources

History, philosophy, public policy, economics

The author applies the basicconcept of evolution - that change is gradual and effects all aspects of life to everything from the universe to the Internet. But the author is an athiest, materialist who goes to extremes to denounce all religions. In everything he means everything - all is pure chance driven by an evolutionary process.

Riffenburgh, Beau

Exploration Experience

National Geographic Society, Wash. D. C., 2007, 80 pgs., large format, index, maps, illustrations, inserts

World History

xThis is an elaborate, highly illustrated history of exploration and explorers world wide- organised by geographic region, which corresponds generally with the chonological events - that it Central Africa and Australia are described after Central Asia and North America.

Riha, Thomas, ed

Readings in Russian Civilization

Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1964, 801 pgs., index, chronology,

Russian History

This is 3 volumes in one. - Russia before Peter the Great - Imperial Russia - Soviet Russia Each contains essays on specific topics

Roberts, J. M.

History of the World Vol. 1, Prehistory and the First Civilizations

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1998, 192 pgs., illustrations, index, maps

Ancient History

The color illustrations are great. The multi-volume organization enabled the author to focus in each volume on much detail.

Roberts, J. M.

History of the World Vol 2, Eastern Asia and Classical Greece

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1999, 192 pgs., illustrations, index, maps

Ancient History

The color illustrations are great. The multi-volume organization enabled the author to focus in each volume on much detail.

Roberts, J. M.

History of the World Vol 3, Rome and the Classical West

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1999, 192 pgs., illustrations, index, maps

Ancient History

The color illustrations are great. The multi-volume organization enabled the author to focus in each volume on much detail.

Roberts, J. M.

History of the World Vol 4, The Age of Diverging Traditions

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1999, 192 pgs., illustrations, index, maps

Medieval History

The color illustrations are great. The multi-volume organization enabled the author to focus in each volume on much detail.

Roberts, J. M.

History of the World Vol 5, The Far East and A New Europe

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1999, 192 pgs., illustrations, index, maps

World History

The color illustrations are great. The multi-volume organization enabled the author to focus in each volume on much detail.

Roberts, J. M.

History of the World Vol 6, The Making of the European Age

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1998, 192 pgs., illustrations, index, maps

Modern history

The color illustrations are great. The multi-volume organization enabled the author to focus in each volume on much detail.

Roberts, J. M.

History of the World Vol 7, The Age of Revolution

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1998, 192 pgs., illustrations, index, maps

Modern History

The color illustrations are great. The multi-volume organization enabled the author to focus in each volume on much detail.

Roberts, Penfield

The Quest for Security: 1715-1740

Harper and Row, N. Y., 1947, 300 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, illustrations, paperback

Early Modern History

This is one of the books in the Rise of Modern Europe series. It includes political, economic and intellectual history and the arts.

Robertson, Wilmot

The Dispossessed Majority

Howard Allen, Cape Canaveral Florida, 1973, 586 pgs., index, foot notes, paperback

Political Philosophy

The author writes: "The most truly disadvantaged are those who are hated for their virtues, not their vices, who insist on playing the game of life with opponents who have long ago abandoned the rules, who stubbornly go on believing that a set of highly sophisticated institutions developed by and for a particular people at a particular point in time and space is operational for all peoples under all circumstances.'

Robinson, James Harvey

Readings in European History, Vol 1

Ginn and Co., N.Y., 1904, 55-0 pgs., index, foot notes

European History

A collection of extracts from the sources chosen with the purpose of illustrating the progress of culture in Western Europe since the German Invasions. - From the breaking of the Roman Empire to the Protestant Revolt. With introductions and commentary by the author

Roche, George Charles III

Frederic Bastiat: A Man Alone

Hillsdale College Press, Hillsdale MI., 1977, 256 pgs., index, paperback

Biography, Economics - Political Policy

Frederic Bastiat lived in France during the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 in which socialism became a popular political theory and practice. He denounced the theory and wrote essays proving its dire consequences.

Roche, George Charles III

Education in America

Foundation for Economic Education, 1969, 163 pgs., index

Public Policy

Critique of education system and results - not favorable

Roche, George Charles III

Legacy of Freedom

Hillsdale College Press, Hillsdale, Michigan, 1973, 356 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Western European History

The focus is on the heritage the West received from classical Greek and Roman civilizations. The author deplores that the ancient standards have not been maintained and hopes for a return to this heritage.

Roche, George Charles III

The Bewildered Society

Hillsdale College Press, Hillsdale, Michigan, 1974, 346 pgs., index, paperback

American History - Political Philosophy

The theme is the modern expansion of 'bigness' in government, industry, business, and society. All of this has caused the current social disruption and feeling of personal estrangement. The author focuses on the rapid spread of this 'bigness' from the last half of the 19th century. He describes the role of many specific individuals - both politicians and academics. They have imported European theories about the 'state' and the demand for centralization and the role of expert elites in government control over the individual.

Roche, George Charles III

The Bewildered Society

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N. Y., 1972, 346 pgs., index,

American History - Political Philosophy

The theme is the modern expansion of 'bigness' in government, industry, business, and society. All of this has caused the current social disruption and feeling of personal estrangement. The author focuses on the rapid spread of this 'bigness' from the last half of the 19th century. He describes the role of many specific individuals - both politicians and academics. They have imported European theories about the 'state' and the demand for centralization and the role of expert elites in government control over the individual.

Rockwood, Raymond O. - ed.

Carl Becker's Heavenly City Revisited

Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, 227 pgs., index, footnotes

Intellectual History

A series of essays focused on various critiques of Carl Becker's ideas expressed in his "Heavenly City" The essays are a result of a symposium at Colgate Univ. in 1956. The event itself was an example of Becker's influence. It seems that most objections to Becker's opinions are about his treatment of various Enlightenment authors rather than about his own philosophy.

Rorimer, James J.

The Cloisters

Metropolitan Museum of Art, Ny., 1963, 212 pgs., index, illustrations, map, paperback

Art and Archetecture History

A guide book that identifies the origins of the many parts of the building and its collection that was assembled by moving medieval archetecture and art from Europe and assembling them into a wonderful whole in New York City;.

Rorlich, Azade-Ayse

The Volga Tatars: A Profile in National Resilience

Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, 1986, 288 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes. maps, genealogies, paperback

History of Russia and its minorities

There is a short section on the Kazan Khanate prior to Russian conquest. Then a narrative of that conquest. Most of the book is a history and assessment of the fate of the Volga Tartars under Russian and Soviet rule.

Rosen, William

The Third Horseman: Climate Change and the Great Famine of the 14th Century

Viking, N. Y., 2014, 302 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes,

Medieval History

This should be read with Fischer's The Great Wave. And it is relevant to current theories and discussions about climate change.

Ross, Alec

The Industries of the Future

Simon and Schuster, N.Y., 2016, 304 pgs., index. notes

Economics, Investment, Public Policy

The author describes how the future will be dependent on the expansion of technology and especially information technoligy in chapters on robots, information warfare, geography and other determinants of the future.

Ross, Charles

Edward IV

Book Club Associates, London, 1975, 475 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, maps, illustrations, diagrams

Biography, Medieval History

Edward lived through tumultuous times and reigned for 22 before dying rather suddenly at age 40. He and his reign have come in for trhe usual controversial assessments by generations of historians. Ross, makes great use of many contemporary witnesses who wrote extensively. His assessment is favorable.

Rossiter, Clinton

The American Presidency

Mentor Book, N.Y., 1956, 166 pgs., index, appendix, paperback

American Politics

A short but condensed description of the American Presidency including topics such as Powers, Limits, history and relationship of modern presidency to the Constitution.

Rostovtzeff, M. - trans J. D. Duff

Rome

Oxford Univ. Press, N. Y., 1960, 350 pgs., index, maps, bibliography, illustrations, paper back

Ancient History

A reprint of a 1927 classic by the great Russian historian. The narrative and analysis is from the foundation of Rome to its decline in the 4th century

Rostow, W. W.

The Stages of Economic Growth: A non-communist manifesto

Cambridge University Press, 1961, 179 pgs., index, appendix, foot notes, paper back

Economic History in Theory

The author was a very influential political adviser and this book was also very influential at the time. But it subsequently has been overcome by events, for instance the collapse of the Soviet Union and belief in Communism.

Rothbard, Murray N.

An Austrian Perspective on the History of Economic Thought - two volumes, Economic Thought before Adam Smith - and Classical Economics

Ludwig von Mises Institute, Augurn, Alabama, 2006, 556 and 528 pgs., index, bibliography

Economic Thought, from ancient era to the middle 19th century

Comprehensive - one wishes for a continuation into the 20th century.

Round, J. H.

Feudal England: Historical Studies on the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1895-1964, 444 pgs., index, genealogy chart, foot notes

Medieval History

There has been much new information and theory about the actual nature of 'feudal' since the book was published. It contains several rather detailed and separate discussions. One lengthy section is about controversy over the Battle of Hastings. There are lengthy sections extracted from primary sources. I suggest it should be studied after one has learned a great deal about medieval England.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques - trans Judith R. Masters

The First and Second Discourses

St. Martin's Press, N. Y., 1964, 248 pgs.

Political Philosophy

The famous and influential essays.

Runciman, Steven

Byzantine Civilization

Meridian Books, N. Y., 1956, 246 pgs., bibliography, footnotes, list of emperors

Medieval History

The book provides a general summary of the East Roman civilization

Russell, Bertrand

Freedom versus Organization: The Pattern of Political Changes in 19th Century European History

W, W, Norton Co., N.Y., 1934, 471 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Modern History - Political theory

The author writes: "This book is an attempt to trace the main causes of political change during the hundred years from 1814 to 1914. These causes appear to me to have been of three kinds: economic technique, political theory, and important individuals." He continues, "The part played in history by individuals, which was over emphasized by Carlyle, and is still exaggerated in our day by his reactionary disciples, tends, on the other hand to be unduly minimized by those who believe themselves to have discovered the laws of sociological change." "Nor can we ignore the part played by what may be called chance, that is to say, by trivial occurrences which happened to have great effects." I call this contingency.

Rutland, Jonathan

See Inside An Ancient Greek Town

Barnes & Noble, London, 1986, 31 pgs., index, glossary, illustrations, paperback

Ancient History

The full color illustrations are of much more than layout and descriptions of towns. They include people and artifacts.

Ryan, Alan

On Politics - 2 vols

Liveright Pub. N.Y., 2012, 1114 pgs., index, bibliography

History of Political Theory

The content includes authors on political theory from Herodotus to the present. The author appears to favor progressive thinking in the 20th century.

Saccio, Peter

Shakespeare's English Kings

Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1977, 268 pgs., index, bibliography, genealogy charts, map, chronology chart

Medieval History - Literature

The book describes English history during the 8 reigns Shakespeare treated in his plays. He focuses on the difference between our understanding of the history of those periods and what Shakespeare claimed in a play. He writes: 'This book is intended as background reading for Shakespeare's ten history plays. They are about - Richard II- the Fall of a King - Henry IV - The King Embattled - Henry V- The King Victorious - Henry VI - The Loss of Empire -- Henry IV and Edward IV - The rival Kings - Richard III - The Last Plantagenet - John - The Legitimacy of the king - and Henry VIII - the Supreme Head.

Saggs, H. W. F.

The Greatness that was Babylon: A sketch of the ancient civilization of the Tigris-Euphrates valley

Hawthorn Books, N. Y., 1961, 562 pgs,. index, chronology, bibliography, maps, illustrations

Ancient History

A classic scholarly work on ancient Mesopotamia - Sumner, Babylon, Assyria

Saint-Simon, Henri de - ed and trans Felix Markhan

Social Organization, the Science of Man and Other Writings

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1952, 116 pgs., foot notes, paperback

Early Modern History

Claude-Henri de Rouvroy, Comte de Saint-Simon is one of these influential authors who are much more often quoted than read. This relatively short book of extracts from some of his huge written output seeks to provide at least a favor of his thought. He was of a military family and served in the French Army including Rochambeau's expedition in support of the American Revolution. He was a politician during the phases of the French Revolution. He died in 1825. Felix Markham provides an enlightening, lengthy introduction attempting to clarify Saint Simon's ideas.

Salmio, Mario

Chiese di Roma

instituto Geografico de Agosteini, Novara, 1962, 168 pgs., index, illustrations

Architecture - Art History

Text in Italian - excellent photography of buildings and paintings in Rome

Samuelson, Kurt - trans. E Geoffrey French

Religion and Economic Action: A Critique of Max Weber

Harper & Row, N.Y., 1957, 157 pgs., index, foot notes, paperback

History, Sociology, Economics

The author of the introduction, D. C. Coleman, comments: "The very fact of the continuing influence of Weber's hypotheses is in itself a tribute, be it to their truth or to some deep-seated appeal which they possess. For in spite of much damaging criticism, of refutations and counter- refutations, the belief in some sort of influence wielded by Puritanism on capitalism is still strong and pervasive." He continues with comment of Taweney's Religion and the Rise of Capitalism. We have both in this list. The author bases his analysis on study of the religious doctrines of both Catholics and Puritans in comparison with the concepts of the promoters of capitalism and finds no differences. But more recent historians had refuted Weber rather on historical grounds by showing that capitalism was well advanced in Europe centuries before the Reformation.

Samuelson, Paul A.

Economics: An Introductory Analysis

McGraw- Hill, New York, 1955, 853 pgs., index, illustrations

Economics

The standard college text - we used it at WP - several generations of students led wrong by the acolyte of Keynes .

Santosuosso, Antonio

Barbarians, Marauders, and Infidels: The Ways of Medieval Warfare

Westview Press, Boulder Colorado, 2004, chronology, bibliography, end notes, maps, illustrations

Medieval History

Part one is about the Ostrogoths, Lombards and Franks. Part two is about the Muslims. Part three is about the Vikings, Magyars, Normans and Crusades. Part four is about the 100 Years War. Throughout the author describes arms and armor, warfare methods,, fortifications, and specific battles.

Scarisbrick, J.J.

Henry VIII

Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1968, 561 pgs., index, sources, maps, illustrations, appendices

Medieval History - Biography

The author writes that the book is something between a private life of the king and a comprehensive study of his life and times. There is little about the development of governmental institutions or economic, diplomatic or religious topics. So this is a rather lengthy biography of a personality that lived a life 'larger than life' so amply justifies a larger than expected biography.

Schama, Simon

Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1989,948 pgs., index, sources and bibliography, illustrations, map

Modern History

By 'chronicle' the author means it - a chronological narrative of events and personal ideas designed to show the haphazard and chaotic nature of the causes and effects. And what a massive chronicle it is. In his preface Schama discusses in some detail the changing trends since the Revolution in the perceptions of writers and ideological appraisals it has created in generations of historians. The whole preface it itself an excellent comment on historiography.

Schama, Simon

A History of Britain - vol III - The Fate of Empire 1776 - 2000

Hyperion, N. Y., 2002, 575 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations,

Modern History

The book was published to accompany a BBC TV production. What a massive book and it is only Vol III and only covers a limited time period in the history of "Britain" - not Great Britain. The author notes that this is his subjective value judgment about what to include. In this he chose to include considerable discussion of India and its role in and effects on development in the Home country.

Schevill, Ferdinand

Medieval and Renaissance Florence Vol I, Medieval Florence

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1961, 258 pgs., index, illustrations, maps, paperback

Medieval History

This pair are some of my favorite books. The style is engrossing. When one starts one must continue to the next chapter.. The story begins with Etruscan pre-Florence. We learn about one of my favorites, Countess Matilda of Tuscany. Then there is the conflict between Guelphs and Ghibellines. Dante takes center stage for a spell.

Schevill, Ferdinand

Medieval and Renaissance Florence Vol II, The Coming of Humanism and the Age of the Medici

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1961, 277 pgs., index, illustrations, maps, paperback

Medieval History

The volume begins with the struggle between urban democracy and oligarchy - 1343-1382 and concludes with the end of the republic in 1530 when the Medici regained power.

Schiff, Peter D

The Real Crash: America's Coming Bankruptcy -how to save Yourself and your Country

St. Martin's Press, N. Y., 2012, 335 pgs., index, appendices

Economics, Public Policy, Financial

The author believes nothing significant has changed in the causes for the financial crisis of 2008. He expects a much worse market crash to happen within a few years. Now rather than housing the bubbles are in Treasury Bonds and the rest of the massive federal government debt.

Schoeck, Helmut - trans. Michael Glenny

Envy: A Theory of Social Behavior

Harcourt, Brace &World, N.Y., 1966, 408 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, paper back

Sociology - History

The book is about the role of envy as human behavior throughout history. Thus it includes politics, philosophy, guilt, justice, The author writes: "Throughout history, in all stages of cultural development, in most languages and as members of widely differing societies, men have recognized a fundamental problem of their existence and have given it specific names: the feeling of envy and of being envied."

Schweizer, Peter

Architects of Ruin: How Big Government Liberals Wrecked the Global Economy - and How They Will do it Again if No one Stops them.

Harper Collins, Pub. N. Y., 2009, 219 pgs., index, end notes

Economic, Public Policy, Financial Crisis of 2008

The author describes how the radical left in political office, business, pressure groups used government power to demand that minorities and others lacking credit to purchase houses nevertheless be given mortgages that were then passed on to the financial world. The result was disaster.

Scruton, Roger

Fools, Frauds and Firebrands: Thinkers of the New Left

Bloomsbury, London, 2015, 296t pgs, index,

Political Philosophy, Politics

The author demolishes the fraudulant theories and writings of the more significant of 20th century leftist writers.

Scullard, H. H.

A History of the Roman World 753 - 146 B.C. 3rd ed.

Methuen &Co., London, 1964, 484 pgs. , index, notes, maps, bibliography, chronology, appendices

Ancient History

The author notes that political and military activities take a major place in the account of the history of this period. But he has included also economic, social and intellectual history as well. There are chapters on religions, literature, art, Roman life. The wars Punic Wars including the Second between Hannibal and Scipio are well covered.

Scullard, H. H.

From the Gracchi to Nero: A History of Rome from 133 B.C. to A. D. 68

Methuen &Co., London, 1959, 460 pgs. , index, notes, maps,

Ancient History

There is a rational for selecting the time period for this study, namely that it comprises the critical years of the transformation of Rome from Republic to Empire. In the first paragraph of his introduction the author sets out the problem facing Roman society in 146 - 133 BC. "Could Rome adapt her institutions to meet the challenge of her increasing responsibilities?". One can see some similarities to the issues facing the American society today. The author sets the stage by first describing the position of Roman society ca. 146 BC. Roman politics at the time was very much personal, the leaders of a handful of families who had held the highest offices for generations. Could then work together in the greatly expanded arena of the Mediterranean world? Professor Scullard focuses chapters on some of these: the Gracchi, Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Caesar, then Antony and Octavian. He also includes chapters on economics, social life, art, literature and intellectual history. The concluding chapters carry the narrative and analysis through from Octavian to Tiberius, Gaius, Claudius and Nero, thus firmly into the established new order of empire..

Sealey, Raphael

A History of the Greek City States 700-338 B.C.

Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1976, 515 pgs., index, illustrations, maps, notes, abbreviations

Ancient History

An introduction to the study of Greek history. The author presents his hypotheses and theories about issues that are not known as certain facts. This is one of the very best text books on ancient Greece

Sears, Steven, M.

The Indomitable Investor: Why a Few Succeed in the Stock Market When Everyone Else Fails

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N. J., 2012, 238 pgs., index, end notes

Investment advice - finance

The author has a column in Barron's on stock market derivatives - how to profit from puts and calls. This book is a description of the stock market and how it functions. It emphasizes the psychological in motivations of traders and investors.

Sedeen, Margaret - ed.

Our Fifty States

National Geographic, Wash. D. C., 1991, 264 pgs., index, maps, illustrations data tables

Reference - atlas

Organized by region. Not only state maps but also flags and text.

Selin, A. A.

Ivangorodskaya Doroga

Yazikovoi Tsentr, St Petersburg, 1996, 35 pgs., references, end note, maps, paperback

Russian History

The book is about one of the more important main 'roads' in medieval Russia - the Ivangorod road. that connected Novgorod the Great with Ivangorod, opposite Narva. The maps show the routes and intermediate places that are described in the text.

Sellers, Charles and Henry May

A Synopsis of American History

Rand McNally Co, Chicago, 1963, 434 pgs., index, tables, map, paperback

American History

A study aid for high school students. The content is political history with the commentary on the liberal side.

Shakespeare, William

The Tragedy of Julius Caesar

American Book Co, N.Y. 1898, 125 pgs.

Literature

Full text of the play

Sharma, Ruchir

The Rise and Fall of Nations

W. W. Norton Co. Ny., 2016, 464 pgs., index, bibliography, notes

Finance, economics, public policy, investment

 

Shepherd, William R.

Atlas of Medieval and Modern History

Henry Holt Co. N. Y., 1932, 42 pgs., index, maps

Reference - atlas

Full color maps showing the complexity of political divisions of medieval Europe.

Shiller, Robert J.

Irrational Exuberance

Broadway Books, N. Y., 2000, 319 pgs., index, references, end notes, figures, tables, paperback

Economics, Finance,

The book is about the recent stock market booms and busts. Note, he is thinking of the market busts of the 1990's. - The booms and busts of 2000 -2012 were yet to come.

Shilling, A. Gary

The Age of Deleveraging: Investment Strategies for a Decade of Slow Growth and Deflation

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N. J., 2011, 512 pgs., index, graphs

Investment Advice - finance - Economics

The author correctly believes the world has entered a deflationary era. He offers investment advice.

Shishsov, A.

Russkiye Knyaz'ya (Russian princes)

Izdatel'sto Feniks, Rostov na Don, 1997, 443 pgs.,

Russian History

Biographies of selected Russian grand princes from Oleg to Igor Starshi, to Yaroslav Mundri, to Vasilii III Ivanovich.

Shishsov, A. V

Kazach'i voiska Rossii: ot Vol'nixh kazakov do Reservnogo kazach'ego voiska

Dopyechatnaya podgotovka vipolnyena v Redaktsionno izdateel'skom tentre, Moscow, 2004, 271 pgs.

Russian History

There are sections on the history of the independent Cossacks then cossacks entering Russian service, then sections on 14 individual Cossack forces such as Amur, and Astrakhan and Don Cossacks, then short biographies of some of the 28 Cossack leaders such as Aleksandr Vasil'yevich Suvorov-Romnikskii and Ataman Ermak Timofiyeev and General-major Nikolai Pavlovich Sleptsov. In Russian

Shishsov, A. V

Zsdnamyenitiye Inostrantssi na Sluzhbe Rossii

ZAO Isd-po=vo Tsentrpoligraf, Moscow, 2001, 619 pgs. illustrations

Russian History

The study of foreigners who entered Russian service (mostly military service) . They mostly began during the reign of Alexsyeya Mikhailovich. Two of the first to reach senior command were Patrick Gordon and Franz Lefort, who became companions of Peter I. There are chapters focused on 21 of these individuals. In Russian

Shishsov, A. V

Zagdki Pervoi Mirovoi Voini,

ZAO, Isdatelstvo Veche, 2000, 319 pgs., illustrations, maps,

Russian History

There are 13 chapters in Russia on various topics concerning Russian actions during World War One.

Shlaes, Amity

the forgotten man: A New History of the Great Depression

Harper Collins, N. Y., 2007, 464 pgs., index, bibliography

American History - Economic History

A wonderful book based on extensive scholarship and research. The author sets the historical record right in showing what really happened as a result of the Roosevelt administration and the Federal Reserve to use the economic results of the stock market crash of 1929 to effect a political revolution in the United States. The author has since published a fine biography of President Coolidge.

Siegel, Jeremy J.

Stocks for the Long Run, 5th Edition

McGraw Hill, N. Y., 2015, 422 pgs, index, notes, graphs

Investment advice, economics

A massive and comprehensive text that includes extensive historical description and analysis.

Simkins, Francis Butler

Virginia: History, Government, Geography

Charles Scribner's Sons, N.Y., 1964, 672 pgs., index, illustrations, appendix

American History

This is a high school text describing Virginia from Jamestown in 1609 to the 1960's. Fully a third is devoted to colonial period and another 150 pages or so to the period through the Civil War.

Simms, Brendan

Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy from 1453 to the present

Basic Books, N. Y., 2013, 690 pgs. index, references, maps

Modern History

The author's belief is that the struggle for control of German territory was a central motivation and cause for historical development in Europe.

Sirico, Rev. Robert

Defending the Free Market: The Moral Case for a Free Economy

Regnery Pub., Washington, D. C., 2012, 213 pgs., index, end notes

Public Policy, Economics,

Individual freedom requires economic freedom - that is found when markets for economic exchange a free from government or other monopoly control. Socialism generates more greed in its leaders than does capitalism. The 'state' is the enemy of individual freedom as is shown by controls in welfare state policies and government control of health industry.

Siu, R. G. H.

The Craft of Power

John Wiley & Sons, N. Y., 1978, 253 pgs. , index, bibliography

Political Theory

This is a handbook of advice for those who seek power in any organization, public or private. The bibliography includes some famous authors including Machiavelli and Alinsky.

Sizov, E. S. et al.

Treasures from the Kremlin

Metropolitan Museum of Art, N. Y., 1979, 223 pgs., index, illustrations, bibliography,

Russian History

This is the catalog prepared for a special exhibit at the Museum of items brought from the Moscow Kremlin, The photography is super and the text well documents the material. One section is on the arms and armor .

Skarica, David

The Great Super Cycle: Profit from the Coming Inflation Tidal Wave and Dollar Devaluation

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N. J., 2011, 248 pgs., index, references, charts, graphs

Economics, banking, finance - Investment advice

So far it has not happened. Yes, the government and FED and ECB are flooding the world with debt-credit - money. But inflation is a way off because all this money 'printing' is only countering the deflation that has included deleveraging and reduction in private debt plus greatly increased productivity. The advice to shift investment into gold, commodities and contrarian ideas is premature at best.

Skousen, Mark

The Structure of Production

New York Univ. Press, NY., 2015, 402 pgs. , index, notes, references, paperback

GDP, investment, economics, monetary policy

 

Skousen, W. Cleon

The Naked Capitalist

W. Cleon Skousen, Salt Lake City, 1970, 144 pgs., index, appendix, paper back

Political Policy, History

This is a commentary and critique of Quigley's book Tragedy and Hopewhich we list here also. Skousen writes that Quigley had inside information about the world financial system.

Slavin, Arthur J. - ed.

The "New Monarchies" and Representative Assemblies: Medieval Constitutionalism or Modern Absolutism?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1964, 99 pgs., readings, paperback

Early Modern History

The booklet is one of a series designed for teachers to use in classroom discussion. It contains 12 essays including the opening one by Alfred Pollard who coined the term' new monarchies' in his book. The others are then addressing his thesis. The editor, Arthur Slavin, in a long introduction shows with citations to names that this issue is indeed controversial and worthy of examination. There is no question about the expanding role and power of the new concept 'state' but considerable differences in opinion about its underlying attributes and developments.

Sloan, Jared

The Effects of Video Frame Delay and Spatial Ability on the Operation of Multiple Semiautonomous and Tele-operated Robots

Thesis submitted for degree of Masters of Science, University of Central Florida, 2005, 38 pgs., bibliography, tables, paperback

Psychology

A very interesting and timely case study based on experiments judging the capabilities of human operators to control unmanned aerial robots.

Sloan, John

A Comparative Application of the Methods of Stokes and Hirvonen to the Computation of the Undulation of the Geoid

A Thesis presented for fulfillment of Degree of Master of Science, Ohio State Univ. 1960, 63 pgs., bibliography, tables, paperback

 

Geodetic Science

The study was based on gravity measurements around Pike's Peak in Colorado. Advanced mathmatics were used to compare the historic methods developed in theory by Sir George Stokes with modern methods using more gravimetric data and the methods described by R. A. Hirovonen.

Smith, Adam

An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of The Wealth of Nations - 2 vols.

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N. Y., nd., 446 and 575 pgs.

Moral Philosophy, Economic Theory

The classic study of morality and economics

Smith, A. L.

Church and State in the Middle Ages

Frank Cass Co., London, 1964, reprint from 1915, 245 pgs.,

Medieval History

The book consists of six lectures presented in 1915. Obviously much scholarship has been generated since then. But the topics are very much of interest today. They deal with the Church at the height of its power in the 13th century. As the title indicates the book is about political power, legal concepts and institutions, the Pope as a powerful politician, especially Pope Innocent III. The development of the Church itself as a 'state'. Unfortunately, the book lacks a recent commentary by a historian today.

Smith, A. Robert & Eric Sevareid

Washington: Magnificent Capital

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y. 1965, 248 pgs., index, illustrations

American History - Geography

This book is all about the excellent photography of Washington D. C. - the text accompanies and explains. But the book is organized around topics - The City itself, the Potomac, the President, the Lawgivers, The Diplomats the Judiciary, the Bureaucracy, and other similar subjects.

Smith, Barbara, J. - ed.

Champions of Freedom: The Ludwig von Mises Lecture Series Vol. 2

Hillsdale College Press, Hillsdale MI. 1975, 127 pgs., paperback

Economics, history

A set of 6 essays from lectures by noted scholars influenced by Ludwig von Mises.

Smith, Barbara, J. - ed.

Champions of Freedom: The Ludwig von Mises Lecture Series Vol. 3

Hillsdale College Press, Hillsdale MI. 1976, 154 pgs., paperback

Economics, history

A set of 6 essays from lectures by noted scholars influenced by Ludwig von Mises.

Smith, Paul A. Jr.

On Political War

National Defense Univ. Press, Wash. D. C., 1989, 277 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

History, Political Science

The author discusses political war in 10 chapters from classical era to Reformation to Napoleon and till today. He writes: "Political war is the use of political means to compel an opponent to do one's will, political being understood to describe purposeful intercourse between peoples and governments affecting national survival and relative advantage." Of course Machiavelli long ago noted that politics is war conducted by other, less violent, means.

.

Snell, Bruno - trans. T. G. Rosenmeyer

The Discovery of the Mind: The Greek Origins of European Thought

Harper & Brothers, N.Y., 324 pgs., index, end notes, paper back

Ancient History - Greek thought

The author begins with the direct statement: "European thinking begins with the Greeks." Many other authors in this list write the same thing with different words. But unfortunately today there are many academics and 'progressives' who refuse to admit this. The author begins with a discussion of Homer, then Pindar, Aristophanes and on. But this is denounced as 'euro-centrism'.

Snell, John L - ed.

The Nazi Revolution: Germany's Guilt or Germany's Fate?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1959, 97 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

The booklet is in the series on problems in European civilization designed for use by teachers in classroom discussion. 19 essays by noted authors presenting their opinions on the question. The editor provides an introduction to explain why the topic can be worth discussing. Of course the interpretation is highly ideological with leftists denying that the Nazi were also a revolutionary movement.

Snell, John L - ed.

The Outbreak of the Second World War: Design or Blunder?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1962, 107 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

The booklet is in the series on problems in European civilization designed for use by teachers in classroom discussion. There are 12 essays and the editor provides an introduction in which he describes some of the alternate view, largely ideological, about what caused the war.

Soloviev, Sergei M. ed and trans. John Windhausen

History of Russia Vol. 7 The Reign of Ivan III the Great

Academic International Press, Gulf Breeze Fl. 1978, 164 pgs., index, end notes, diagram.

Russian History

These translations are from Soloviev's massive, 29 vols. History published between 1851 and 1879. He is still considered one of the greatest Russian historians. This covers the events of the Reign of Ivan III so complements the topical discussion in Presniakov's book.

Soloviev, Sergei M. ed and trans John Windhausen

History of Russia Vol. 8 Russian Society in the Age of Ivan III

Academic International Press, Gulf Breeze Fl. 1979, 283 pgs., index, end notes, maps.

Russian History

This book also discusses events - war with Lithuania and Livonia, but also social topics similar to those in Preniakov's book.

Soloviev, Sergei M. ed and trans. Hugh Graham

History of Russia Vol. 9 The Age of Vasilii III

Academic International Press, Gulf Breeze Fl., 1976, 273 pgs., index, end notes, illustration.

Russian History

Further on to events in chapters on Pskov and Smolensk. The subject moves on after Ivan III's death to the period of Vasilii III and the regency of Elena in the name of Ivan IV.

Soloviev, Sergei M. ed and trans Alexander Muller

History of Russia Vol. 24, The Character of Old Russia

Academic International Press, Gulf Breeze Fl. 1980, 301 pgs., end notes, tables, appendices, map.

Russian History

The introduction provides a summary of Soloviev's education and its impact on his interpretation of history. It outlines the development of his multivolume history noting that he was the first historian authorized access to much government archival material. His belief in the significance of geographical environmental factors on mankind's development shows in the first chapter here. The organization of the book is both chronological and topical. The discussion ranges from the earliest times of Rurik and Igor down to those of Alexei Michailovich in the late 17th century. Soloviev ends the book with an enjoyable extract from Patrick Gordon's diary by way of illustrating some typical aspects of conditions in Moscow.

Sornette, Didier

Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2003, 421 pgs., index, references, tables

Finance, Economics

This is a highly mathematical approach to the study of stock market dynamics. The authors use several 'market crashes' as case studies - going back to the famous Tulip Mania and South Sea Bubble. Markets are complex systems in mathematical jargon. They discuss 'efficient markets' and 'random walks'. They include psychological aspects. feed back and imitation. and the current fad - the singularity. The author is a mathematician. He writes, "This book is a story, a scientific tale of how financial crashes can be understood by invoking the latest and most sophisticated concepts in modern science, that is, the theory of complex systems and of critical phenomena.." Scientific or not, I don't come away having studied it with any more insight as to how to invest. Read also Joseph Tainter's The Collapse of Complex Societies.

Sorokin, Pittrim A. & Walter A. Lunden

Power and Morality: Who shall guard the guardians?

Porter Sargent, Boston, 1959, 202 pgs. , index, end notes

Political Philosophy

A famous book by a famous sociologist. The authors write: "The Momentous Questions of Our Time - The well- being and survival of the human race are today largely determined by a mere handful of the top rulers of the great nuclear powers. " By this they mean the governments of the nuclear powers. And their study of the history of governments, presented in this book is one of near criminal. The write: "The central point underlying diverse glorifying ideologies is the claim that the moral standards of rulers and governing elite are far superior to those of the rank and file of the ruled." They proceed to show that in their opinions this is false. Their concern about impending nuclear war proved over blown. But the most interesting sections of the book are the tables listing the rulers of governments from Rome to modern times showing how many were murderers and how many died violently.

Southern, R. W.

The Making of the Middle Ages

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1953, 280 pgs., index, illustrations, bibliography, foot notes, paperback

Medieval History

The book describes the formation of western Europe between the late tenth and early thirteenth centuries. This was a period of dramatic development both intellectually and physically. This book is focused mostly on the intellectual. But the changes in thought also brought changes in government, relation of government to church and changes within the Catholic Church. It was a time of expansion of the monasteries and spread of their influence. The rejuvenation within the church found expression also in such events ad the Investiture Controversy.

Sowell, Thomas

Basic Economics: A Citizen's Guide to the Economy

Basic Books, N.Y., 2000, 366 pgs., index, sources,

Economics

Based on common sense as much as on typical economic theory. No tables, graphs or mathematical formulas. He is right about the problems Presidents Hoover and FDR created and made greater at the outset of the Great Depression.

Sowell, Thomas

Basic Economics: A Common Sense Guide to the Economy - 3rd Ed.

Basic Books, N.Y., 2007, 627 pgs., index, sources,

Economics

An expanded eversion of still more common sense. The book is written for non-economists. He writes: "However, no listing of economic fallacies can be complete, because the fertility of the human imagination is virtually unlimited." Nevertheless Sowell makes a strong effort to disprove the fallacies that guide current government action. This is a book that should be re-read over and over.

Spear, Percival

India; A Modern History

Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1961, 510 pgs., index, readings, maps, end notes, glossary

History of India

Although a 'modern history' the author devoted 100 pages to the earliest times with development of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Then he included about 60 pages to the Mughal Empire of the Moslems. The British defeat of the French and then Indian rulers fills another 90 pages. So 'modern' India includes the period up to Nehru.

Sperandeo, Victor and Alvaro Almeida

Crashmaker: A Federal Affaire - 2 volumes

Sheridan Books, Chelsea Michigan, 2000, 1572 pgs.

Political novel,

A terrific book. A combination murder mystery, spy story, international conspiracy, didactic lecture on federal money policy and debt, inner look at politic and expose of Wall Street financial markets. The authors go to great length to deny any relationship of characters here to the living of dead, but the parallels are quite obvious.

Spiteris, Tony

Greek and Etruscan Painting

Funk &Wagnalls, N. Y., 1965, 207 pgs., index, illustrations, dictionary, maps, glossary, chronology, museums,

Art - Art History

The text describes the individual illustrations and also the history of Greek and Etruscan art. The full color photographs are outstanding. The book is one of a series.

Spitz, Lewis W. - ed.

The Reformation: Material or Spiritual?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1962, 104 pgs., readings, paperback

Early Modern History

This booklet is in the problems in European civilization series designed for use by teachers in classroom discussion. There are 11 essays in which authors present different opinions on the question. In the introduction Spitz comments: "The interpretation of the Reformation is particularly challenging to the historian." And ,"One of the most complex and perplexing questions is that of ordering the Reformation within the total historical development from medieval to modern times." The booklet provides plenty of material for the student to discuss.

Spitznagel, Mark

The DAO of Capital, Austrian Investing in a Distorted World

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N.J., 2013, 332 pgs., index, end notes

Investment Advice

A strong explanation of the use of Austrian School economic theories for investment policies in a world distorted by central banking monetary policies.

Spufford, Peter

Power and Profit: The Merchant in Medieval Europe

Thames & Hudson, London, 2002, 432 pgs., index, bibliography, notes, maps, illustrations

Medieval History

This is a terrific read and very valuable study of the reality of medieval Economics - especially the role of money (currency and credit) - in commerce. Unfortunately the many other important scholarly works by the author are very difficult to obtain. He has scoured the local archives and visited the key locations throughout Europe in researching the broader subject of commerce in the "Middle Ages".

Standford, Les

Washington a Frenchman's Vision for our Nation's Capital Survived Congress, the Founding Fathers, and the Invading British Army

Crown Publishers, N., Y., 2008, 353 pgs., index, end notes, map

American History

Interesting narrative and commentary on the early history of Washington D.C. Every aspect of the creation of the National Capital, from location, to design of every structure was subject to intense political struggles. Then the British came and burned much of it down. At least Dolly Madison insisted on saving Gilbert Stuart's full-length portrait of George Washington before she would depart the White House. Interesting that Charles Carroll was the one to take her to Bellvue. Immediately the British left the new political struggle over rebuilding began. The completion was years away, but in the end L'Efant's design won out.

Stark, Rodney

How the West Won: The Neglected Story of the Triumph of Modernity

ISI Books, Wilmington DE., 2014, 455 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

World History

The author seeks to correct the mass of erroneous information about the development of science and industry - capitalism in general - in the West. He corrects much misleading concepts about Islamic history as well. However, he does not present as strong a historical picture of the achievements of the so- called 'dark ages' in Western Europe that were anything but 'dark'.

Stark, Rodney

The Victory of Reason: How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, and Western Success

Random House, N.Y., 2005, 281 pgs., index, notes, bibliography, paperback

History

A narower focus than the latter book, in this one Stark shows how the concepts of Christianity were the foundation for belief in Reason and that was the essential ingredient for the development of Western thought necessary for the development of freedon, capitalism. and democracy.

Starr, Chester G & Nowell, Lyon, Stearns, Hamerow

A History of the World Vol I -to 1500

Rand McNally Co., Chicago, 1960, 630 pgs., index, illustrations, maps

World History

The preface: "A history of the World is a text book for the study of all the world's people - although the major portion of the work is devoted to the development of Western Civilization." The authors were all professors at Univ. of Illinois. They would never get away with such a content today. But the content does indeed include more on Asia and Middle East than the typical text book on European History. The book is enhanced by the inclusion of many maps.

Stearns, Raymond Phineas

Pagent of Europe: Sources and Selections from the Renaissance to the Present Day

Harcourt, Brace & World, N.Y., 1961, 1072 pgs., index,

Modern History - emphasis on intellectual history

The book is written for use in college survey courses in modern European history. Thus it escaped most of the fad of 'political correctness' and anti-eurocentrism. The extracts are organized topically and the author has provided commentary. One theme is in the intellectual history - development of 'modern' thought. Thus there are extensive extracts from writers such as Petrarch, Erasmus, Luther, Calvin, Voltaire, Locke, and many others into the 1950's.

Steven, Stewart

The Spymasters of Israel

Ballantine Books, N. Y., 1980, 400 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations, paperback

Modern History

A history of the development and success of Israeli intelligence and counter-intelligence organizations and operations.

Stirling, Matthew W.

Indians of the Americas

National Geographic Society, Wash, D. C., 1955, 431 pgs., illustrations

American History

The numerous, color illustrations are the chief value of this excellent book. The book includes not only North America but also Central and South America

Stevenson, William

A Man called Intrepid; The Secret War

Book Club Associates, London, 1976, 486 pgs., index

Modern History

This is about British intelligence activities in the US during World War II. There were some critical reviews when it was published.

Stobart, J. C.

The Grandeur that was Rome - 4th ed

Book Club Associates, London, 1976, 322 pgs. ,index, chronology, bibliography, illustrations

Ancient History

This edition was edited by H. H. Scullard and W. S. Maguinness. Many people don't consider Rome to be that Grand in light of its massive slavery and brutality. This account begins with Rome's beginning and carries through to the decline in the 5th century. The authors admit that the Romans were blood thirsty and cared little for drama theater but preferred to watch gladiatorial combat. The illustrations highlight Rome's major accomplishment - architecture.

Stockman, David A

The Great Deformation: The Corruption of Capitalism in America

Public Affairs, N. Y., 2013, 742 pgs., index, sources

Economics, political policy, Market collapse 2008

This is Stockman's revenge on Pres. Reagan. Plus his assessment of the political destruction of the 'free market' in the United States. (I have to assert that there never was a real 'free market' to be destroyed. This is a deserved attack on the FED and its policies.

Stormer, John A.

None Dare Call it Treason.. 25 Years Later

Liberty Bell Press, Florissant, Missouri, 1990, 625 pgs., index, end notes, paperback

Political Action

This is the author's follow on book with the same title as his earlier edition. The thesis is that radical left operatives in American society have and continue to subvert the culture in favor of Soviet communism. Another 25 years has shown quite a change.

Storti, Amedeo

Venice inside and out

Edizioni Storti, Venezia, 1979, 129 pgs., illustrations, map, paperback

Architecture - art

Has 200 illustrations and photos. A guide to Venice - text captions for all.

Straka, Gerald M - ed.

The Revolution of 1688: Whig Triumph or Palace Revolution?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1963, 98 pgs., readings, paperback

Early Modern History

The booklet is in the series on problems in European Civilization designed for use by teachers in classroom discussion. There are 13 essays and the editor has provided an introduction in which he describes the different interpretations. The opinions can be ideological depending on whether the author supported the Whigs in overthrow of the House of Stuart and also whether the author supported the increased power of Parliament or not.

Strouhal, Eugen

Life of the Ancient Egyptians

Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 1992, 278 pgs., index, maps, chronology, bibliography, illustrations, large format

Ancient History

An excellent text that describes social, cultural, economic and political life of the Egyptian people.

Sullivan, Richard E.

The Coronation of Charlemagne: What Did It Signify?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1959, 99 pgs., readings, paperback

Medieval History

The booklet is in the series on problems in European Civilization designed for use by teachers in classroom discussion. There are 12 essays and the editor has provided an introduction in which he describes the different interpretations. He begins by quoting James Bryce that, "The Coronation of Charles is not only the central event of the Middle Ages, it is also one of those very few events of which, taking them singly, it may be said that if they had not happened, the history of the world would have been different." He comments that other historians may not agree at least to this dramatic extent, but that all would admit that the event was so important that every student should 'grasp its nature'. The opinions expressed in the extracts give the student a good start.

Sutherland, C. H. V.

Coinage in Roman Imperial Policy 31 BC - AD 68

Methuen & Co, London, 1951, 221 pgs., appendices, illustrations

Roman coinage

see also Reece - The subject here is narrower in chronology than Reece. But it is focused on the political - social aspects of the use of coins rather than narrowly on the coins themselves.

Sutton, Anthony, C.

Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler

'76 Press, Seal Beach, Calif., 1976, 220 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, appendices

Modern History

The author cites sources to show that many American large corporations provided material support for German industry that aided Hitler's expansion of power.

Swinton, William

First Lessons in Our Country's History

American Book Co., N. Y., 1872, 208 pgs., tables, maps, illustrations

American History

A 19th century grammar school text book. The author writes : "The extension of the study of United States History into the lower grades of our schools has suggested the need of a class-book fitted to their wants." The reader now can judge the quality of education at that time and compare it with today. At the end of each chapter there are review lessons. One such, "Did the English try to make settlements in North America during the sixteenth century?" And on the Civil War "What was the first important event in the West in 1862?" And "What was the first great event of 1863?"

Syme, Ronald

The Roman Revolution

Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, 1960, 580 pgs., index, tables, chronology, bibliography

Ancient History

The 'revolution' described here is that transformation of the Roman political system from the republic in which the senators competed with each other for power and wealth to the empire initiated in birth by Julius and solidified by Augustus during his 40 year reign and then further fixed by his immediate heirs.

Tainter, Joseph A.

The Collapse of Complex Societies

Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1988, 250 pgs., index, references, figures, paper back

History, Economic History, archeology, Implications

The author is an experienced archeologist - anthropologist, He is fascinated with the 'collapse' of the many ancient societies he has explored and has developed his theory about collapse being triggered by increasing social complexity exceeding the energy available to support its institutions. Fine, but he also thinks the Roman Empire 'collapsed' for the same reason, which I do not believe. The issue is, the question - Is modern civilization tending to collapse due to its complexity?.

Taleb, Nassim Nicholas

The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable

Penguin Books, N.Y., 2007, 244 pgs., index, bibliography, paperback

Economics, Investment, Finances

In which the author notes that the standard Gausian curve - a central concept of statistics - does not adequately account for the possibility of 'fat tails' that is events on the far left - dangerous side, He advocates caution and defense against risk by taking account of these 'black swans'

Taleb, Nassim Nicholas

Fooled by Randomness: The Hidden Role of Chance in Life and in the Markets

Random House, N.Y. 2004, 326 pgs., index, references, end notes,

Economics, Investment, Finances

In which the author describes the hubris of market traders who think their success is due to their own cleverness rather than randomness.

Taleb, Nassim Nicholas

Antifragile: Things That Gain from Disorder

Random House, N.Y., 2012, 519 pgs., index, bibliography, glossary, appendices, notes

Economics, Investment, Finances

In which the author goes further. He claims real profits can be made from the fragility induced by these 'black swans'

Talmon, J. L.

Political Messianism: The Romantic Phase

Frederick A. Praeger, N.Y., 1960, 607 pgs. , index, end notes

Political Theory

The author discusses the several strains of messianism in 19th century political thought - socialist messianism, Nationalist messianism, confrontations between liberalism and these, ideas versus realities, the terror that came with the revolutions of 1848. A similar political messianism was and is the core of 21st century progressivism. The target is the same, private property, the abolishment of which is an essential basis for the egalitarian future.

Talmon, J. L.

The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy

Frederick A. Praeger, N.Y., 1960, 366 pgs., index, end notes, paperback

Political Theory

This in many ways is a further discussion of political messianism. The author places the background for totalitarianism in the political messianism of the 18th century and then the Jacobin Improvisation. He then describes the Babouvist Crystallization. Thus his approach is much earlier chronologically than that of Arendt or Friedreich.

Tamny, John

Who Needs the FED?

, Encounter Boks, NY., 2016, 202 pgs, index, notes

Public Policy, finance,

Subtitle: What Taylor Swift, Uer, and Robots Tell Us About Money, Credcit, and Why We Should Abolish America's Central Bank

Tansill, Charles Callan - ed.

The Making of the American Republic; The Great Documents, 1774-1789

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N. Y., nd., 1115 pgs.

American History - Reference - Political Science

A marvelous reference to American Constitutional history - over 30 of the priceless, primary documents from the Declaration and resolves of the First Continental Congress in 1774 to Congressional resolutions submitting the first 12 amendments to the Constitution.

Tawney, R. H.

Religion and The Rise of Capitalism

Harcourt, Brace Co, N.Y., 1926, reprint 1958, 280 pgs., index, paper back

History - Political ideas - Intellectual history

Tawney reacts to, comments on and in some ways disagrees with Max Weber on the theory that Protestantism was a fundamental influence on the development of Capitalism. But there is much more in the book about Political, economic and religious thought and practice in the latter Middle ages and Early Modern Europe. Still worth reading.

Taylor, A. J. P

The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848-1918

Oxford, Univ. Press, 1954, 638 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, foot notes

Modern History

See also, Brendan Simms - Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy - This is political diplomatic, and military history at its finest. Just noting that 638 pages are devoted to not much more than half a century in Western Europe is an indication of the intensity of the detail. The student can consider that he is also in a "struggle for mastery" that of the details of European politics. Such economic information as is necessary is included, but not cultural, artistic, or religious subjects.

 Taylor, George Rogers - ed.

The Turner Thesis: Concerning The Role of the Frontier in American History

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1949, 106 pgs., readings, paperback

American History

One of a series of booklets designed for use by teachers in classroom discussion. There are 9 essays including a section by Turner from his book.

Taylor, Henry Osborn

The Classical Heritage of the Middle Ages

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1901, reprint 1958, 379 pgs. , index, bibliography, foot notes

Medieval History

Forward by Kenneth Setton describes the current importance. He writes "This book deserves a thoughtful, unhurried reading." And, he quotes Taylor, "This book seeks to describe 'the freeing of the human spirit - both its intellect and its passion - from the limitations of the antique temperament and modes of thought." Taylor begins by noting, "No date marks the passing of the ancient world and the beginning of the Middle Ages. The transition from one to the other was a process of spiritual change, during which antique characteristics gradually ceased and were replaced by much that was incipiently medieval."'

Taylor, Henry Osborn

The Medieval Mind - 2 vol. 4th edition

Harvard uni. Press, Cambridge, 1925, 603 & 620 pgs., index

Medieval History, Intellectual History

This book remains valuable and comprehenisve in study of thought in middle ages

Taylor, Lonn & Kathleen Kendrick & Jeffrey Brodie

The Star-Spangled Banner

National Museum of American history, Smithsonian Institution, Wash D.C.. 2008, 182 pgs. , index, illustrations

American History

Spectacular book that is a memorial to the Star-Spangled Banner. It describes the huge and expensive conservation program the museum accomplished to mount the flag in a new, highly protected place. And also a very interesting history of the flag from the War of 1812 to today.

Taylor, Philip A. M. - ed.

The Industrial Revolution in Britain: Triumph or Disaster?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1958, 90 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

This is one of a series of booklets designed for teacher use in class room discussions. Seems to me that both alternatives posed in the title are ideological, but they reflect two popular view points pushed by political movements. There are 9 essays in the booklet. Authors include Arnold Toynbee, John Nef, and Karl Marx.

TePaske, John J & John C Rule -eds.

The Character of Philip II: The Problem of Moral Judgements in History

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1963, 103 pgs., readings, paperback

Early Modern History

This is one of a series of booklets designed for teacher use in class room discussions. There are 16 essays in the booklet. Authors include Leopold von Ranke, Garrett Mattingly, and Sir Charles Oman. There are contemporary authors as well .The editors provide an introduction. Of course the subject of Spanish King Philip II is one of the most ideologically influenced in history. His English enemies saw to that.

Tetlock, Philip E, & Dan Gardner

Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction

Crown Publishers, N.Y., 2015, 340 pgs., index, end notes

Psychology, forecasting

The author believes that some forecasting is possible under certain conditions and by experienced individuals. Read with Nassim Taleb's and David Kahneman's books.

Thomas, Clarence

My Grandfather's Son

Harper Collins, N. Y., 2007, 289 pgs., illustrations

Memoir

The Supreme Court Justice writes an autobiography

Thomas, Hugh

A History of the World

Harper & Row, N. Y., 1979, 700 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

World History

The author explains his intent. "The main purpose of this book is to provide a short history of the world arranged so far as possible on thematic, rather than chronological lines." Well, it clearly is not very short, but it unfortunately lacks maps and illustrations. He was writing during the early student fad of anti-Eurocentraism, so in the preface he states his view that Western Europe and America "have provided the world's dynamism." The themes for his sections are - prehistory - Age of agriculture - Intellectual transformation - Industrial triumphs - Political failures. These are excellent, fascinating concepts around with to build the course of history, but I believe a student should already have a firm grasp of the chronology and of the cultural and artistic side of things.

Thompson, James Westfall

Economic and Social History of the Middle Ages Vol I.

Frederick Ungar Co., N. Y., 1928 - 1959, 498 pgs.

Medieval History

Much scholarly research has been published since the 1920's, but this remains a huge source of information on social and economic conditions, without being a book on economics or sociology. The chapters on the transition of the western part of the Roman Empire to the 'barbarian' kingdoms are especially important

Thompson, James Westfall

Economic and Social History of the Middle Ages Vol II.

Frederick Ungar Co., N. Y., 1928 - 1959, 408 pgs. index, index, bibliography, maps

Medieval History

Much scholarly research has been published since the 1920's, but this remains a huge source of information on social and economic conditions, without being a book on economics or sociology.

Thompson, James Westfall

Economic and Social History of Europe in the Later Middle Ages

Frederick Ungar Co., N. Y., 1928 - 1960, 545 pgs. index, index, bibliography, maps

Medieval History

A continuation of the previous two volumes

Thompson, Merritt, M.

The History of Education: Topical Summary with Chronology from Ancient Times to the Present

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1961, 159 pgs., index, paperback

History of Education

An interesting summary outline.

Thomson, David

Europe since Napoleon - 2nd ed.

Alfred A. Knopf, 1963, 934 pgs., index, bibliography, illustrations

European History

The author seeks to integrate the facts into patterns of the process of historical change. He writes: 'It must expose the interplay between conditions, events, personalities, and ideas as well as the interconnections between events themselves. The book is intended to be a college level history text.

Thrupp, Sylvia L. - ed.

Change in Medieval Society: Europe North of the Alps, 1050-1500

Appleton Century-Crofts, N. Y., 1964, 324 pgs., notes, paperback

Medieval History

The book contains many essays on specific topics by noted historians. The editor writes that the amount of documentary evidence for a full picture of all aspects of society is generally lacking for the period prior to the 11th century. Written evidence for the preceding 500 years is mostly about politics and warfare. Hence the start date for this book. In keeping with her emphasis, the essays here are mostly about society and intellectual developments. They do not result in a comprehensive history of the period but are valuable for their more detailed exposition of the subjects included. There is one essay, by Carlo Cipolla, on "Currency Depreciation in Medieval Europe" that has particular interest today.

Tierney, Brian & Sidney Painter

Western Europe in the Middle Ages 300 - 1475 - 5th ed.

McGraw-Hill, N. Y., 1992, 653 pgs., index, genealogy charts, illustrations, maps

Medieval History

This is an excellent, very comprehensive treatment of medieval European civilization. It includes military, political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural history. It begins with the decline of the western Roman Empire and Byzantium, then the expansion of Christianity. The discussion on feudalism could be developed with recent ideas. The 12th century 'renaissance' is well described, The concluding chapter is an appraisal of the 'achievement of the Middle Ages'.

Tocqueville, Alexis de - trans. Henry Reeve

Democracy in America

Arlington House, New Rochelle, N.Y., nd., 431 and 382 pgs.,

American History - Politics in America

This edition has introduction by Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn. It is a classic appraisal of America by noted French author.

Tocqueville, Alex de - trans Stuart Gilbert

The Old Regime and the French Revolution

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N. Y., 1955, 300 pgs., notes, paperback

Modern History - Political science

The author wrote: "It is not my purpose here to write a history of the French Revolution, that has been done already, and so ably that it would be folly on my part to think of covering the ground again. In this book I shall study, rather, the background and nature of the Revolution." For his research the author had access to the formerly secret archives of the central and of some regional governments. He comments that they contained a vast wealth of useful information. His focus is on the immediate prelude, the 18th century. His chapter titles are generally "How" such and such took place. Or "how' some idea became strong. For instance "How the desire for reforms took precedence of the desire for freedom."

Tolley, T

A Book of Hours

Harper Collins, San Francisco, 1993, 59 pgs., color illustrations

Medieval art

A small but beautiful book with reproductions of pages from various famous 'Book of Hours' editions. These were books of the prayers to be used at various times like compline and prime. They were so highly illustrated by master artists that they are extremely expensive as works of art.

Tomasssi, John`

Free Market Fairness

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 2012, 348 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

Economics, Public Policy,

The author attempts to reconcile or perhaps merge classical liberal economic and political thinking with the current progressive (high liberal) thought prevalent in academia today. Among other things he provides an excellent discussion of the progressive theories of John Rawls (current high priest of leftist champions of 'social justice' as the basis for abrogating Constitutionally protected individual property rights.

Tonsor, Stephen J.

National Socialism: Conservative Reaction or Nihilist Revolt?

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. HY., 1961, 27 pgs.

Modern History

This is one in the series of booklets designed for teachers to use in class discussions. I don't much like the alternatives expressed in the title. The booklet has 13 essays which in general advance 4 different answers or concepts, but those are all ideologically driven and do not include all the theories being expressed.

Toynbee, Arnold

Civilization on Trial - The World and the West

Meridan Books, N.Y., 1958, 348 pgs., index, paperback

World History

These two books published in one volume. The first one is actually a collection of 13 essays and the second is the Reith Lectures presented in 1952. Both are more relevant today than when originally presented as the struggle between The West and The Rest. The edition also contains an essay by D. C. Somervell - The Argument ofA Study of History.

Toynbee, Arnold

A Study of History - abridgment of Volumes I to VI by D. C. Somervell

Oxford Univ. Press, London, 1946, 617 pgs., index, tables

World History

Dr. Toynbee writes in his introduction that he considers this abridgment to be first rate, so we can feel secure that it provides the essence of his original massive work.

Toynbee, Arnold

A Study of History - abridgment of Volumes VII to X by D. C. Somervell

Oxford Univ. Press, London, 1957, 415 pgs., index

World History

Dr. Toynbee writes in his introduction that he considers this abridgment to be first rate, so we can feel secure that it provides the essence of his original massive work. There is a similar abridgment of the first set of volumes as well.

Toynbee, Arnold J. - trans. and ed.

Greek Historical Thought: From Homer to the Age of Heraclius

New American Library, N. Y., 1953, 208 pgs., index, paperback

Ancient History

This is a combination of extracts from a large number of Greek historians and Professor Toynbee's commentary and analysis. The material is organized by subject matter - prefaces, philosophy of history - pride, doom and the gods - evolution - law and causation - argument and observation - the art of history - criticism - and epilogues.

Toynbee, Arnold J.

Hannibal's Legacy - The Hannibalic War's Effects on Roman Life - Vol I

Oxford Univ Press, London, 1965, 643 pgs., index, glossary, bibliography, notes,

Ancient History

A monumental work of scholarship. Professor Toynbee's basic thesis is that southern Italy never has fully recovered from the destruction created during Hannibal's occupation. Volume I describes Rome and her neighbors before Hannibal's entry.

Toynbee, Arnold J.

Hannibal's Legacy - The Hannibalic War's Effects on Roman Life - Vol II

Oxford Univ Press, London, 1965, 752 pgs., index, glossary, bibliography, notes,

Ancient History

A monumental work of scholarship. Professor Toynbee's basic thesis is that southern Italy never has fully recovered from the destruction created during Hannibal's occupation. Volume II describes Rome and her neighbors after Hannibal's exit.

Trentmann, Frank

Empire of Things: How We Became a World of Consumers, from the 15th Century to the 21st

Harper Collins, NY., 2016, notes, digrams, no index, paperback

World History, economics

 

Trevelyan, G. M.

Illustrated English Social History Vol 1 -Chaucer's England and Early Tudors - Vol 2 - The Age of Shakespeare and the Stuart Period

Longmans, Green and Co., London, 1944, 175 pgs., notes, index, & illustrations & 206 pgs., index, notes, illustrations

English History - Early Modern History

The four volumes of Trevelyan are published in two boxed volumes.

Trevelyan, G. M.

Illustrated English Social History Vol 3 - The Eighteenth Century - Vol 4 - The Nineteenth Century

Longmans, Green and Co., London, 1944, 209 pgs., notes, index, & illustrations & 186 pgs., index, notes, illustrations

English History - Modern History

The four volumes of Trevelyan are published in two boxed volumes.

Trevelyan, G. M.

History of England Vol II: The Tudors and the Stuart Era

Doubleday & Co., N. Y., 1926-1952, 320 pgs., index, genealogical chart, maps, paperback

Early Modern History

From the Reign of Henry VII to the death of Queen Anne.

Tuchman, Barbara W.

A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century

Alfred A. Knopf, N. Y., 1978, 677 pgs. , index, bibliography, map, illustrations

Medieval History

A highly acclaimed popular history of a subject not otherwise likely to gain so much public reader attention.

Turner, Frederick Jackson

Frontier and Section; Selected Essays of Frederick Jackson Turner

Prentice- Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1961, 171 pgs., paperback

American History

Turner's thesis about the closing of the American frontier was very influential and still draws a lot of comment. This book has an Introduction by Ray Billington who writes: "The essays in this volume have been selected to show Frederick Jackson Turner in his true light, not simply as the father of the 'frontier' and 'sectional' interpretations of American history, but as a scholar whose interests were universal and whose views were as modern as tomorrow." There are 9 essays. They may be classified as contributions to historiography.

Twain, Mark

Joan of Arc

Ignatius Press, San Francisco, 1989, 452 pgs., paperback

Medieval History

A fictional account cleverly written by Mark Twain to appear as an eye-witness saccount of the central events of her life - but baseed on year's of research.

Ulam, Adam B.

Expansion & Coexistence: The History of Soviet Foreign Policy 1917-67

Frederick A. Praeger, N. Y., 1968, 775 pgs., index

Soviet Russian History

Basic reference

Ullman, R. J.

Latin for Americans - First Book

Macmillan Pub.., N. Y., 1981, 468 pgs., index, illustrations

Literature

Excellent text book - includes much material on Roman culture for students.

Underhill, Ruth Murray

Red Man's America: A history of Indians in the United States

Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1953, 400 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, illustrations, map

American History

The author notes that this must be a very limited survey, since full coverage of the many Indian tribes would require volumes. She organized the work with an initial description of the arrival and spread of the native Americans. After that the organization is by region, begining with the southeast, then north east.

Unstead, R. J.

See Inside An Egyptian Town

Barnes & Noble, London, 1986, 31 pgs., index, glossary, illustrations

Ancient History

Excellent full color illustrations of what a town looked like, plus people and other subjects.

Unstead, R. J.

Kings, Barons & Serfs: A Pictorial History 1086 - 1300 - Vol 2

Macdonald Educational, London, 1971, 89 pgs., index, time chart, map, `large format

Medieval History

The book is for students. It is highly illustrated with many in color. The focus is on England with kings from William Rufus to Edward II. Society and social conditions are included, such as castles, medicine, justice, tournaments. Magna Carta, and education.

Ure, Percy Neville

Justinian and his Age

Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1951, 262 pgs., index, map, illustrations, paperback

Medieval History

The book contains much on Justinian's wars as well as his domestic and political activities. It concludes with a section in which the author evaluates his achievement and limitations.

Vabilina, V. Ye. - ed.

Gosudarstvyennaya Oruzhyeinaya Palata Moskovskogo Kremlya

Iskustvo, Moskva, 1953, 577 pgs., bibliography, illustrations

Russian History

A huge reference book on the contents of the Armory Museum in the Kremlin. There are 10 essays by specialists in the separate subjects described. One essay is on the collection of small arms and another is on the personal armor. A third is on the gold and silver encrusted helmets.

Vallentin, Antonina - trans. E. W. Dickes

Leonardo da Vinci: The Tragic Pursuit of Perfection

Viking Press, N.Y., 1952, 561 pgs., index, end notes, bibliography, illustrations

Biography

This is much more than a plain biography. The author has written full description of Milan and Italy of the times. She includes an appraisal of his art and mechanical inventions.

Varange, Ulick - Francis Parker Yackey

Imperium; The Philosophy of history and Politics

Noontide Press, Sausalito. Calif. 1948, 626 pgs., index, paperback

Political Philosophy - Theory of History

An unusual book.

Veritas Staff

The Great Deceit: Social Pseudo-Sciences

Veritas Foundation, West Sayville, N.Y., 1964, 354 pgs., index, foot notes, paper back

Political Theory

The book is a refutation of Marxist and Socialist concepts and expose of socialism in practice.. The introduction and Epilogue are written by Archibald Roosevelt.

Verne Jules, trans. George Towle

Around the World in Eighty Days

Porter & Coates, Philadelphia, 1873, 315 pgs.,

Adventure

A rare first edition, unfortunately not in the best condition.

Verne, Jules,

Eight Hundred Leagues on the Amazon

Missing info

Adventure

A rare first edition, unfortunately not in the best condition.

Verne, Jules, trans. William Lackland

Five Weeks in A Balloon: Journeys and Discoveries in Africa by Three Englishmen

The Mershon Co., N. Y., 265 pgs.

Adventure

A rare first edition, unfortunately not in the best condition.

Verne, Jules,

From the Earth to the Moon: In 97 hours and 20 minutes - plus other stories

M. A. Donohue Co, Chicago, 1877, 168 pgs., illustrations

Adventure

A rare first edition, unfortunately not in the best condition. In Vern's imagination the expedition to the moon was launched from Cape Caneveral Florida.

Vernadsky, George

A History of Russia Vol.1 - Ancient Russia

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1943, 425 pgs., index, sources, abbreviations, maps

Russian History

A classic from one of the best of historians of Russia. In this one he discusses many theories about the word 'Rus' and about the founding of the earliest towns and cities.

Vernadsky, George

A History of Russia Vol. 2- Kievan Russia

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1948, 412 pgs., index, sources, abbreviations, maps

Russian History

The details of the conflicts between the descendents of Vladimir and Yaroslav. The conversion of Vladimir to Byzantine Orthodox Christianity/.

Vernadsky, George

A History of Russia Vol.3 - The Mongols and Russia

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1953, 462 pgs., index, bibliography, abbreviations, maps

Russian History

The Tatar Yoke created and enforced by the Mongol invaders and their Mongol- Tatar khans for over 200 years changed the Russians.

Vernadsky, George

A History of Russia Vol.4 - Russia at the Dawn of the Modern Age

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1964, 347 pgs., index, sources, abbreviations, maps

Russian History

The center of power shifted from Kyiv to the Suzdal - Yaroslavl - Rostov region to the northwest and from that base Moscow gradually expanded its domain.

Vernadsky, George

A History of Russia Vol 5 Part 1: The Tsardom of Moscow 1547 - 1682

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1969, 425 pgs., maps

Russian History

Moscow as expanding even more rapidly with Tsars, Ivan III, Boris, and Ivan IV. - Then came the collapse of the Rurikovich dynasty and the Time of Troubles from which the Romanovs took over.

Vernadsky, George

A History of Russia Vol 5 Part 2: Tsardom of Moscow 1547 - 1682

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1969, 391 pgs., index, sources, abbreviations, maps

Russian History

The story continues.

Vesser, Dale A. - ed.

Readings in Political Philosophy - 4th ed.

U. S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y., 1965,252 pgs.,

Political Philosophy

A supplement text for the course in political philosophy. The book has 11 sections in each of which there are extracts from various authors.

Vilinbakov, G.

Svyatoi georgii pobvedonosyets

Izdatl'stvo Iskustvo SPB, St Petersburg, 1995, 159 pgs., illustrations

Russian History

A description of artistic painting and statues of St George.

Visscher, Charles de - trans. P. E. Corbett

Theory and Reality in Public International Law

Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1957, 381 pgs., index

International Law- History

Read along with Philip Bobbitt's Shield of Achilles.

Voegelin, Eric

Science, Politics and Gnosticism

Henry Regnery, Chicago, 1968, 114 pgs., paperback

Philosophy

A great philosopher discusses the modern occurrences of the ancient gnosticism in relation to science and politics.

Voegelin, Eric

Order and History Vol One - Israel and Revelation

Louisiana State Univ. Press, Batton Rouge, 1956, 533 pgs. , index, references

Philosophical study of Order

Voegelin is acclaimed as the most influential historian today. This is the first book in a set of 6 that describes the order of man, society and history to the extent possible with the surviving original sources. This volume studies "not only the forms of cosmological and historical order, but also the emergence of the Chosen People from the ambiance of cosmological empires." These volumes should be compared with Toynbee's multivolume history

Voegelin, Eric

Order and History Vol Two - The World of the Polis

Louisiana State Univ. Press, Batton Rouge, 1957, 389 pgs. , index,

Philosophical study of Order

From Israel the lead shifts to Greece

Voegelin, Eric

Order and History Vol Three - Plato and Aristotle

Louisiana State Univ. Press, Batton Rouge, 1956, 383 pgs. , index

Philosophical study of Order

The two Greek Philosophers who have most influenced thought in later centuries.

Voegelin, Eric

Order and History Vol Four - Empire and Christianity

Louisiana State Univ. Press, Batton Rouge, 195, pgs. , index, r

Philosophical study of Order

not purchased yet

Voegelin, Eric

Order and History Vol Five - The Protestant Centuries

Louisiana State Univ. Press, Batton Rouge, 195, pgs. , index,

Philosophical study of Order

not purchased yet

Voegelin, Eric

Order and History Vol Six - The Crisis of Western Civilization

Louisiana State Univ. Press, Batton Rouge, 195, pgs. , index,

Philosophical study of Order

not purchased yet

Voegelin, Eric

Plato

Louisiana State Univ. Press, Batton Rouge 1966, 279, pgs. , index,

Political Philosophy

A study of Plato's major works,

Voegelin, Eric - ed. John Hallowell

From Enlightenment to Revolution

Duke Univ. Press, Durham, 1975, 307 pgs. ,index

Political Philosophy

In his excellent review, John East writes: "The core of this book lies in the author's delineating the nature and causes of what he terms "the crisis' of modern Western Civilization. The crisis results from the growth of gnosticism, and the cause of this unfortunate development is the Western intellectual departure from the classical Greek and Christian foundations."

Walbank, F. W.

The Hellenistic World

Harvard Univ. Press, 1993, 288 pgs., index, maps, abbreviations, date chart, sources

Ancient Greek History

This book is part of the Fontana series on ancient world.

Waley, Daniel

Later Medieval Europe: From St. Louis to Luther

Barnes & Noble, N. Y., 1964. 306 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, illustrations, maps

Medieval History

The author writes: "The aim of this book is to serve as an introduction to the history of Europe between the middle of the thirteenth century and the early part of the sixteenth." He also states that he has included substantial material on art, culture, economics, religion and ideas, But that his focus is on the development of the STATE. Great, just the subject most in need of explanation to people today. For it was during this period that the abstract concept allied 'state' was developed and grew its basic foundation.

Wallace-Hadrill, J. M.

The Barbarian West A.D. 400 - 1000 - The Early Middle Ages

Harper & Brothers, N. Y., 1952 - 1962, 159 pgs., index, bibliography, maps, paperback

Medieval History

The subject is the gradual merger of the 'barbarian' Franks, Visigoths, Ostrogoths and Lombards with the remaining Roman population and government.

Wapshott, Nicholas

Keynes - Hayek: The Clash That Defined Modern Economics

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 2011, 382 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, paperback

Economic Theory - Biography

Acolytes of Keynes try not to mention Hayek or that there was even a scholarly debate between them in the 1930's. Or progressives will try to blame Hayek and the Austrian School of Economic theory for any economics policies by PM Thatcher or Pres Reagan that the left perceives to be evil. Their intellectual contest was indeed the clash that defined modern economics. Keynes presented theories that appealed to socialist politicians, especially in Great Britain, Hayek continually wrote in defense of individuals versus the state. Hayek's thought gained support from Thatcher and Reagan, but Keynes has come back strong as a fundamental doctrine of the British Labor and American Democratic Parties since then. Read also White and Lewis

Warren, W. L.

Henry II

Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1973, 693 pgs., index, bibliography, foot notes, illustrations, glossary, maps, genealogical charts

Medieval History - Biography

A great king deserves a great biography. Much took place on many fronts and the author covers it all. Not only Henry, but his wife, Eleanor, sons, Richard, John in particular require much attention. Henry was of course at war on many fronts. He was busy reorganizing the government of England. His relations with the Church were strained, The author includes all of this.

Watson, Peter

The Modern Mind: An Intellectual History of the 20th Century

Perennial,, Harper Collins, N. Y., 2011, index, notes and references

Intellectual History

A masterful description of the huge shift in popular and elite thinking in Western societies about reality and such subsidiary thought as culture, politics, economics and both hard and soft sciences. The author first presents a brief summary of thought circa 1900 and then describes in detail the simultaneous shifts from 1900 to 2000. He presents the changes in all these seemingly different fields in such as way as to show they form an integrated whole.

Weatherford, Jack

The History of Money: From Sandstone to Cyberspace

Three Rivers Press, N. Y., 1997, 288 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes, paperback

Economic History, Finances & Banking

This history of money is relatively light on the earliest times but strong on current role of banks and non-banks in creation of money.

Weaver, Richard M.

Ideas have Consequences

Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1948, 190 pgs. , paperback

Political Philosophy

When first published this book had a very large influence. The author attempted to analyze many features of modern disintegration by referring them to a first cause. The causes stemmed from the changes in Western philosophy from the 14th century, when the reality of transcendental was first seriously challenged. The decline of belief in standards and values stems from a change in fundamental ideas - or ideas about fundamental categories..

Weaver, Richard M.

Visions of Order: The Cultural Crisis of our Time

Louisiana State Univ. Press, Baton Rouge, 1964, 153 pgs., foot notes

Philosophy

The author was a moral philosopher who sought to defend culture from the ravages of modernism. The forward is by Russell Kirk. Kirk writes that in this book Weaver 'assaults the 'presentism' scientism, and democratism that are subverting the high old order of our civilization and our human dignity."

Webb, Walter Prescott

The Great Plains

Grosset & Dunlap, N. Y., 1931, 525 pgs., index, maps, bibliography, paperback

American History

This is a special study focuses on what happened when the Americans encountered the huge plains area west of the Mississippi.

Weber, Max - trans. Talcott Parsons

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

Charles Scribner's Sons, N. Y., 1958, 292 pgs., index, end notes, paperback

Political and Intellectual history - Sociology

The concept when first published was very influential. It is that Capitalism became an economic idea and practice due to the changes generated by the Protestant Reformation and it developed in the northern part of Europe inhabited mostly by the new Protestants. But now much historical evidence has shown that capitalism as both an idea and economic practice long pre-dated the Reformation. There is an important introduction by R. Tawney.

Weiss, Martin D.

Crash Profits: Make Money When Stocks Sink and Soar!

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N. J., 2003, 359 pgs., index, end notes

Investment advice

The author owns and operates an investment advisory service and publishes several subscription news letters. He was among the first to predict the coming housing bubble crash and financial crash. Like all investment news letter publishers even when he predicts the dire times coming he has advice on how the reader can make millions.

Weiss, Martin D.

The Ultimate Depression Survival Guide

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N. J., 2009, 220 pgs., index, end notes

Investment advice

The author owns and operates an investment advisory service and publishes several subscription news letters. He was among the first to predict the coming housing bubble crash and financial crash.

Weiss, Martin D.

How Federal Regulators, Lenders, and Wall Street Created America's Housing Crisis: None Proposals for a Long-Term Recovery

Weiss Research Inc. July 2007, 58 pgs., tables, paper

Financial - monetary policy

Dr. Weiss was among the first to publicly predict the finanical catastrophy of 2008 and its causes in the government policy of attempting to increase home ownership by lending to individuals who could not afford themortgages. This paper describes what happened and offers solutions..

Weiss, Martin D.

Proposed $700 Billion Bailout is Too Little, Too Late to End the Debt Crisis; Too Much, Too Soon for the U. S. Bond Market.

Weiss Research Inc. Paper submited to the U. S. Congress, Senate Banking Committee and House Financial Services Committee, Sept. 2008, 21 pgs. paper

Financial, monetery and banking policy

Among other important topics in this paper, Weiss lists the banks he believes are at risk of failure..

Wells, Colin

The Roman Empire

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, 1984, 366 pgs., index, illustrations, further reading. lists of dates, maps,

Ancient Roman History

The book is part of the Fontana series on ancient world. There is one chapter describing the Roman armies during the period.

West, Ray B. Jr.

Kingdom of the Saints: The Story of Brigham Young and the Mormans

The Viking Press, N. Y., 1957, 389 pgs., index, bibliography, map

American History

This is also in part of biography of Brigham Young, but only as he was the founder, leader of the Morman experience. The story is about the entire period of their move to Utah.

West, Willis Mason

The Ancient World: From earliest time to 800 AD Part II Rome and the West

Allyn and Bacon, Boston, 1913, 663 pgs., index, illustrations, maps

Ancient History

It is interesting to see what authors were writing for text books a hundred years ago. Volume I of this set is by William Davis

Westin, Alan F. - ed.

The Uses of Power: 7 Cases in American Politics

Harcourt, Brace, and World, 1962, 375 pgs., sources, paperback

Political theory, Politics

Seven case studies on American Congress, Presidency, Supreme Court, Regulatory Agencies, Political Parties, State and Local Governments and Pressure Groups.

Whalen, R. Christopher

Inflated: How Money and Debt Built the American Dream

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, N. J., 2011, 393 pgs., index, references, end notes

Economic History, Banking, Finance

This is an economic history of the United States focused on the role of banks and credit in the monetary system. The author is very positive about this. He describes the role of the modern central bank - FED -in expanding credit=inflation which he contends has been instrumental in creating the American Dream..

White, Lawrence H.

The Clash of Economic Ideas: The Great Policy Debates and Experiments of the Last Hundred Years

Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2012, 428 pgs., index, foot notes

Economic Theory

The book is about all the various economic theories that flashed through academia in the 20th century and remain today. But the principal clash was between the individualist ideas of Hayek and Austrian School and the statist ideas of Keynes and establishment economists. Throughout, however, the reader learns that the whole academic field called economics is theory and is guided by the desire of economists to gain influence and fame (and some power) by finding a theory that will appeal to politicians and powerful people. They also are eager (desperate) to gain academic respectability by showing that economics is a science. Thus was born the field known as econometrics. And of course 'macro-economics' is popular because the higher the level of abstraction divorced from physical reality the easier it is to pontificate. Read also Lewis and Wapshott.

Widener, Alice

Teachers of Destruction

The Citizens Evaluation Institute, Wash. D. C. 1970, 257 pgs., index, paperback

Public Policy

The author presents her eye-witness account of the socialist agenda of many school teachers.

Wieczynski, Joseph, L. - editor

The Modern Encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet History - 42 vols.

Academic International Press, Gulf Breeze Fl. 1976 on, each volume about 246 pgs.,

Russian History

Alphabetical organization volume by volume Vol 1 is Aacnen to Anichkov.

Wiedemer, David & Robert Wiedemer

Aftershock: Protect Yourself and Profit in the Next Global Financial Meltdown

John Wiley & Son, Hoboken N. J., 2010, 273 pgs., index, bibliography, appendices

Investment Advice - Finance, Stock Market

This is a very self-serving book in which the authors claim a singular ability to predict market crisis and especially claim they predicted the mortgage and financial collapse of 2007-08. Many individuals predicted both the 'dot.com' crash and the housing market collapse. However, even though they were not the only ones they were right. And their belief about the danger coming from government fiscal and monetary policy is right.

Wiggin, Addison

The Demise of the Dollar.. and Why It's even Better for Your Investments

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N.J. 2008, 197 pgs. , index, end notes, paperback

Investment advice

The author is one of the senior members of the AGORA publishing operation owned by Bill Bonner. They publish a large number of paid subscription and free news letters. They were among the first to predict the dot-com bubble crash and the housing mortgage crash. But as with other investment advisors despite predictions of disaster they have to find ways for their readers to make millions. There is a forward by Chuck Butler, a currency expert at EverBank.

Wiggin, Addison & Kate Incontrera

I. O.U. S. A. One nation, under stress, in debt

John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken N.J. 2008, 266 pgs. paperback

Investment advice

The book is a warning about the expanding US Federal Debt. It contains interviews with experts who also are concerned. AGORA made a movie from the material. There is a forward by David Walker.

Wilentz, Sean

The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln

W. W. Norton Co., N. Y., 2005, 1044 pgs., index, end notes, maps, illustrations

American History

The narrative and analysis is divided into three sections: 1 - The Crisis of the New order (Jefferson in the election of 1800 generated a revolution in American government organization). 2 - Democracy Ascendant, (of which Jackson's administration is center piece). 3 -Slavery and the Crisis of American Democracy (of which of course the continual struggle between Northern and Southern societies over the status of the west was significant). This is a huge book focused on the title subject (rise of democracy). For instance, the Mexican War is analyzed in terms of its impact on sectionalism and the fight over slavery. His chapter including the War of 1812 begins; "The coming of the war with Britain, and the war itself, permanently altered the structure of American politics." Throughout, the author not only (a) describes events, (b) analyzes them in terms of political results, but also (c) discusses popular and historiographical thought about them even now.

The Seventeenth Century Background

Doubleday & Co., Garden City, N.Y., 1953, 316 pgs., index, paperback

Intellectual History

The book begins with the end of Scholasticism as the leading intellectual school. The author then discusses Bacon, Sir Thomas Browne, Descartes, Hobbes, Joseph Glanville, Milton, John Locke and other philosophers. The author sought to provide readers with a view of the 17th century intellectual scene. He focuses on poetic and religious expression in literature.

Williams, Schafer - ed.

The Gregorian Epoch: Reformation, Revolution, Reaction?

D. C. Heath, Boston, 1964, 110 pgs., readings, paperback

Medieval History

This is one of a series of booklets designed for teacher use in class room discussions. The Gregory the book is about is not the Pope Gregory related to the Chant nor the one related to change in Calendar. This is the great Gregory VII who confronted the Holy Roman Emperor, king of the Germans, Henry IV, in the dramatic Investiture Controversy. There are 14 essays in the booklet. The editor sets the stage by providing background. He shows the significance by mentioning - "The period lying between the Synod of Sutri (1046) and the Concordat of Worms (1122) is called for convenience "The Age of the Gregorian Reform," or "The Struggle of the Investitures' or "The Conflict between Church and State". So this Pope Gregory was someone with whom one needed to reckon.

Williamson, G. A.

The World of Josephus

Little, Brown Co, Boston, 1964, 318 pgs., index, appendix, map, chronology

Ancient History

Josephus was an eye-witness to the Roman war that destroyed Jerusalem and he wrote the important book on the Jewish War. The author here combines his biography of Josephus with a comprehensive history of the period, beginning before the war. Josephus' book is listed in the military book catalog.

Williamson, Kevin D.

The End is Near and It's Going to be Awesome; How Going Broke Will Leave American Richer, happier, and More Secure

Broadside Books, N.Y., 2013, 227 pgs., index

Public Policy, Economics,

The author describes 'Politics is Violence' and many of the failures of centralized 'big' government. It is a decidedly 'libertarian' point of view. He concludes that 'The End is Near' because increasingly government cannot provide what it has promised or what the citizens demand. However, his unusual conclusion is that this collapse of government will result in a glorious new era in which, once freed from government shackles, the spirit of the people will be unleased and all will be better. A very optimistic belief.

Wilson, John Harold

All The King's Ladies: Actresses of the Restoration

Univ. Of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1958, 206 pgs. , index, list of actresses,

Early Modern History

Social history of a special kind. The reign of Charles II in England was a bawdy time, in reaction to the Puritan times of Cromwell. Both the cast and the audience were ribald and disreputable. And at this point females took to the stage. Whereas in previous times boys had been cast in female roles, now not only were females cast in female roles but also in male roles. The purpose was to show of the feminine body, given the type of costume they wore. Wilson describes the scene. And he provides a list of the names and short bios of dozens of these actresses.

Wilson, Peter H.

Heart of Europe: A History of the Holy Roman Empire

Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 2016, 942 pgs., index, notes, chronology, maps, illustrations, family trees, appendices

European History

A massive book as befits a massive subject. The content is comprehensive, the organization is mostly topical. The book is packed full of information, data, facts as well as analysis.

Winks, Robin W. - ed.

British Imperialism

Holt, Rinehart and Winston, N. Y., 1963, 122 pgs., readings, paperback

Modern History

One of the series of problems in history for use by teachers. There are 16 essays from Lenin to Schumpeter and Galbraith. The booklet for teachers is designed because the topic is considered controversial and worth class discussion. But not only is the role of Britain questions, but also the definition of 'imperialism' is an ideological construct.

Winterbotham, F. W.

The Ultra Secret

Dell, N. Y., 1974, 286 pgs., index, paperback

Modern History

A brief summary of the Ultra program to decode German radio messages.

Wittfogel, Karl A

.

Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power

Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1957, 557 pgs., index, bibliography, end notes

World History

A famous book that created much discussion. Wittfogel disputed the Marxian theory of the stages of history. He found that the great civilizations that depended on massive labor power to control rivers - floods- and irrigation became the most despotic of early societies. They relied on seasonal river floods because they lacked sufficient rainfall.

Woloch, Isser

The New Regime: Transformation of the French Civil Order 1789-1820's

W. W. Norfton Co., N. Y., 1994, 536 pgs., index, end notes, maps, illustrations, tables, paper back

Modern History

So what happened After the French Revolution and Napoleon? This book tells the story in great detail. Pre-revolutionary France had remained a rural society, economy and political structure, despite the growth of towns and cities. Yes, the abstract concept of 'state' had penetrated the upper, upper class - King Louis XIV even called himself 'the state' and indeed he was. The author wants to know, "What civic values animated the new regime, what policies did it adopt, what institutions did it establish, and how did they fare when carried into practice? Finally since this is as much a matter of process as results, what alternatives in various domains were discarded or foreclosed along the way?" Further, "The great preoccupation of the new regime, it turned out, was to penetrate the countryside and implant a new civic order in the villages." The real process proceeded step-by-step and the author's exposition likewise proceeds in that manner.

Wood, Gordon S.

The Creation of the American Republic 1776-1787

Univ. of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1969, 653 pgs., index, notes,

American History - Political Science - Intellectual History

This is about the political theory and practice in colonial America that resulted in the Creation of the Constitution.

Wood, Neal

Cicero's Social & Political Thought

Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1991, 288 pgs., index, notes, bibliography, papeback

Political Theory

The author was a specialist in the history of political theory with strong emphasis on the classical authors. This is an excellent study of the ideas expressed by Cicero in his many writings.

Wood, Neal

Tyranny in America

Verso, London, 2004, 147 pgs.,

Political Theory

The author became disallusioned with the increasing materialism and coruption of American politics and focuses his blame on the influence and results of capitalism as a system itself rather than individuals

Woolley, Sir Leonard

A Forgotten Kingdom: Being a Record of the Results Obtained from the Excavation of Two Mounds Atchana and Al Mina, in the Turkish Hatay

Penguin Books, Baltimore, 1953, 191 pgs., index, illustrations, chronology, drawings, paperback

Ancient History - Archeology

This is the record of results from 8 seasons of archeological digs in Syria. Thee uncovered ruins from Roman times back to Hittite.

Wray, L. Randall

Modern Money Theory

Palgrave, macmillan, NY., 2012, 294 pgs., index, notes, bibliogrpahy, paperback

Economics, economic history,

Subtitle is A primer on Macroeconomics for Sovereign Monetary Systems - History of money with discussion of current monetary policy

Wright, Gordon & Arthur Mejia Jr.

An Age of Controversy: Discussion Problems in 20th Century European History

Dodd, Mead & Co., N. Y., 1963, 506 pgs.,

Modern History

As the title indicates this is a text for students to support discussion. It is divided into 15 sections each containing 5 to 8 essays by specialist historians or politicians on a specific theme. Neither world war is included itself - rather we have a section on the origins of WWI and another on the Treaty of Versailles - further on a section on Munich appeasement and one on Yalta and one on Nuremberg Trials. The book would be useful for teachers to stimulate discussions.

Yardley, Herbert O.

The American Black Chamber

Ballantine Books, N. Y., 1981, 250 pgs., illustrations, paperback

Modern History

There is a fascinating introduction by David Khan. The book was originally published in 1931 and the author was himself the leader of America's cryptography organization. That is why Khan was so eager to find it years ago. The book was a sensation when published so we are happy now to have this new paperback edition.

Yermolayev, Igor. Petrovich.

Proshloye v Litsakh Rurikovichi - Biograficheskii slovar'

OLMA_PRESS, Moscow, 2002 191 pgs,. abbreviations, genealogical diagram charts, appendix, illustrations

Reference - Russian History

This is an alphabetical list of biographies of important individuals in Kievan and Muscovite Russia. They are not all strictly members of the Rurokiviche clan. For instance there are Tatar khans listed as well.

Young, G. M.

Victorian England, Portrait of an Age 2nd ed.

Oxford Univ Press, London, 1957,219 pgs., index, chronological table, paperback

Modern History

A fine narrative with commentary and analysis - the chronology is very helpful.

Zabel, Orville H.

Study Guide for An Introduction to the History of the Western Tradition by Edgar Johnson, Vol II

Ginn and Co., N. Y., 1959, 92 pgs., readings, tables, chronologies, paperback

Modern History

The content is keyed to the chapters in the referenced history text. There are extensive source recommendations and study questions. See Edgar Johnson above in this list.

         

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