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WINTER PALACE - HERMITAGE

 
 

This photography was taken during visits in 1992, 1993, 1998 and 2003. We now have new photography taken in 2005.

 
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Winter palace interior - the Jordan staircase, now part of the main tourist entrance. This was designed by Bartolomeo Rastrelli in 1762. However there was a fire in 1837 and much of the restoration was by Vasily Stasov. It is named after the Jordan because the Imperial family would stand here to watch the baptism in the Neva at Epiphany in commemoration of Christ's baptism in the Jordan. This ceremony is still being done by people who enjoy being dipped in freezing water through a hole in the ice.

 
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Winter palace - Detail of upper wall in the entrance staircase - Jordan stair. This is the view as one enters the public rooms from the entrance area on the ground floor. The ceiling and walls have trompee d'oeil atlantees and fresco fo gods o nMt Olympus by Gaspar Diziani.

 
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Winter palace interior - Upper landing of Jordan staircase

 
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View looking down on the first landing of the Jordan staircase from the upper floor.

 
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State carriage that Peter I had built in England. This is in the former Marshal's hall and is one of the first items the visitor sees. This hall was designed by Montferrand but was the site of the great fire. It was restored by Stasov.

 
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Portrait of Davidov - only portrait of Napoleonic era general remaining in the former Marshal's hall.

 
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Portrait of General Barclay de Tolly, commander of the First Western Army during the 1812 campaign - it is in the 1812 hall.

 
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Overall view of one end of the 1812 hall in the Hermitage. After the war Alexander I commissioned an English artist, George Dawes, to paint portraits of all the general officers at Borodino, except those who had died for which blank spaces are left.

 
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Portrait of Austrian Emperor Francis I in the 1812 hall

 
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Portrait of Emperor Alexander I in the 1812 hall

 
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Portrait of Prussian King Frederich William II in the 1812 hall

 
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Portrait of Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich in the 1812 hall .

 
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Portraits by Dawes of some generals along one of the walls of the 1812 hall. There are blank spaces for those generals who died in the battle. According to several articles in recent Tsekhgaus magazines some of the name plates are reversed. Easy to happen with some many officers having similar names.

 
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One wall in the 1812 Heros gallery with paintings by Dawes of Russian general officers who fought in 1812 campaign.

 
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The portrait of Alexander I occupies one end wall of the 1812 memorial hall in the Winter Palace. One side wall has portraits of Kutuzov and Barclay de Tolly and the other wall has small pictures of the general officers who fought at Borodino and survived to have Dawes make their portraits.

 
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This portrait of Barclay de Tolly is in the Heros of 1812 gallery in the Hermitage.

 
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This portrait of Kutuzov is in the 1812 heros gallery in the Hermitage

 
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Painting of wounding of General Prince Bagration at Borodino. He died from wounds later.

 
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Portrait of General Benningson in the 1812 hall.

 
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Silver statue of Russian cavalryman, others in background, in hall between the 1818 gallery and the imperial chapel.

 
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Entrance arch into the imperial chapel. This was designed by Rastrelli in Baroque style.

 
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Portrait of Tsar Alexander III. There are portraits of Tsars and Tsarinas from Ivan IV to Nicholas II in a hallway in the Winter Palace.

 
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Malachite room, with over two tons of malachite, was built in 1837 for Nicholas I's wife, Alexsandra Fyodrovna. It was a meeting room for the Provisional government.

 
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Pair of doors in Hermitage

 
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One of the halls in the Winter Palace.

 
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Typical doors between rooms along the corridor in the Hermitage.

 
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Another pair of doors between rooms along the corridor in Hermitage.

 
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- Pavilion Hall designed by Andrei Stakenschneider 1850-58 to replace Catherine II's original interior

 
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Part of the Pavilion hall in the Hermitage.

 
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View of another part of the Pavilion hall

 
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Pavilion room - chandliers

 
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Pavilion Hall - Mosaic floor in Roman style. The room was designed by Andrei Stakenschneider in 1850 after the great fire.

 
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The famous peacock that moves with clockwork in the Pavilion hall - photo by Deena Buckner 2003.

 
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Large vase

 
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Carved Iconostasis

 
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Large chandelier

 
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Map of the USSR made from semi-precious stones

 
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Large chandelier

 
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Malachite vase and columns

 
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Large malachite vase and model of triumphal arch

 
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Large vase.

 
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View from balcony.

 
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Ornate desk.

 
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View of malachite columns through door.

 
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Ceiling encrusted with gold.

 
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The ceiling reflected in a mirror, two vases on mantle.

 
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- The Alexander Hall designed by Aleksandr Bryullov in 1837 as a reception room. The blue and white ceiling has recently been restored.

 
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Part of ceiling and wall in the white and blue Alexander Hall - the tan color of part of the wall is a distortion due to the lighting. The entire wall and ceiling is light blue and white.

 
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Another side of the Alexander hall- again note that the tan color is a distortion.

 
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Close up detail of military motif decoration in the Alexander Hall.

 
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Detail of decoration on wall of Alexander Hall.

 
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View of Alexander Hall from balcony.

 
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Gold drawing room wall, created in 1850's and the gold was added in the 1870's.

 
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Another view of the Gold drawing room with the gilt applied in the 1870's.

 
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Another view of gold drawing room.

 
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Loggia designed as copy of Raphael's loggia in Vatican. This was created by Quarenghi to suit Catherine II who commissioned copies between 1783 and 1792. They occupy a hall a tthe east end of the Hermitage section.

 
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Section of wall in the Raphael Logia copied from designs at the Vatican.

 
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Section of ceiling in the Raphael Logia.

 
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Raphael Loggia, corridor modeled after those in the Vatican, this section is in the Large Hermitage

 
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Part of ceiling in the "Raphael logia' corridor in the Hermitage

 
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Another vase in different light shows in different color.

 
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Raspberry Boudoir of Alexander II's wife, Maria Alexandrovna, showing upper part of one wall and decorations around the ceiling

 
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Malachite, used to decorate several rooms. The Malachite room was designed by Bryulov with eight columns and eight pilasters.

 
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Malachite columns - over two tons of stone were used in this room in 1839.

 
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Ceiling detail of The Armorial hall built for receptions and balls. it was designed by Rastrelli and then extended by Velten.

 
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The Armorial hall built for receptions and balls. It was designed by Rastrelli and then extended by Velten.

 
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Doorway details

 
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Doorways in connecting corridor between rooms in the Winter Palace.

 
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Upper part of series of doorways.

 
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Ornate ceiling

 
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Another gorgeous ceiling.

 
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Huge malachite vase and gold table, Canelleto and other paintings on walls in the "Great Italian Prospect" a room in the New Hermitage.

 
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Three full sets of full armor for horse and rider.

 
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Several knights in full plate armor.

 
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Suit of late medieval plate armor in the Knight's hall collection.

 
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Some of the collection of parade armor.

 
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Two sets of full armor for man and horse.

 
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Silver sarcophagus of Alexander Nevski

 
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Another ornate ceiling - in Malachite room

 
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Statue of Voltaire by Houdon in the Hermitage Museum

 
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Statue of Crouching Youth by Michelangelo .

 
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Scuplture in Hermitage Museum collection

 
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Painting

 
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Painting of Madonna and Child and St Catherine?.

 
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Painting Madonna Litta, by Leonardo da Vinci

 
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Painting Benois Madonna, by Leonardo da Vinci. These are the only two works of Leonardo in Russia.

 
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Another example of the elaborate inlay work on the doors

 
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Winter palace interior view showing details of the decoration of open doorways

 
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Peter the Great - Small Throne room in the Winter Palace - was designed by Montferrand in 1833. The painting shows Peter with Minerva. The silver-gilt throne was made in England i n1731.

 
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Peter the Great - Small Throne room in Winter Palace with different lighting makes it look quite different from previous view. Peter is with Minerva.

 
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The Peter the Great throne room - of course Peter never was there and the official throne room is a different place but this is to honor Peter.

 
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The real state throne room - Hall of St George. This was built by Quarenghi and opened in 1795. But it was modified by Stasov.

 
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The real imperial throne in the Hall of St George.

 
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Section of the facade on the Palace square side.

 
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Winter Palace - The first palace was begun by Peter the Great in 1718. The much larger, main Winter Palace was constructed during 1754-62 by the architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli. It contains 1,057 rooms, 117 staircases, 1,786 doors, and 1945 windows. Tied to it are a number of other buildings including the Old Hermitage (1775-84) and the New Hermitage (1839-52). This is now the most famous of Russian museums. It has extensive military art and other military related holdings, much of which is not open to the public. The art collection was begun in 1764 with the acquisition of 225 paintings from Berlin. Now the collection includes 2,790,000 items.

 
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Winter Palace. Visitors to the city flock to the palace to view the art in the Hermitage museum inside. This facade faces the Palace square

 
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Entrance to Winter Palace - the formal entrance on Palace square, not the current tourist entrance, which is on the other side.

 
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Winter palace - facade facing Palace square

 
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Winter palace corner of facade on Palace square.

 
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The end -west wing side - of the Winter Palace facing the Admiralty - inside thissection were the state rooms including Gothic Library,

 
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Neva River side west corner of Winter Palace The Malachite Room is on the second floor toward the center in this photo.

 
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Winter palace from river, view from on board boat between the palace and Peter and Paul fortress

 

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