MUSEUM OF ARMORED FORCES
prepared and copyright by John
The Museum of Armored Equipment has one of the largest collections of
armored vehicles in the world. The 290 items range from 3-5 ton light tanks and
armored cars to a super-heavy, 180 ton monster. There are 40 self-propelled
guns from 57 to 600 caliber, 30 armored cars, 10 reconnaissance and command
vehicles, and a variety of technical and engineer support vehicles. Vehicles
from 11 foreign countries are represented. During the Civil War and foreign
intervention the Red Army captured several French and British tanks. One of the
Reno tanks was taken by Lenin's order to the Sormobski factory in Nizhnigorod
as a model for Soviet tanks. In 31 August 1920 the first Soviet built tank, a 7
ton vehicle with 8-16mm thick armor was produced. During the 1920's the Red
Army purchased many foreign examples of tanks to use as models for future
domestic production. During World War II the USSR received American tanks under
Lend-Lease. The bulk of foreign tanks in the collection was captured during
World War II. Others were obtained by exchange with the British Armor Museum or
were given by Soviet allies and clients from items they captured in VietNam,
Korea, Cuba, Middle East Wars, etc. There are 129 Russian items including many
prototype models of vehicles that were not produced in quantity. To return to
the Xenophon main page go here.
To view the catalog of the museum collection prepared by Steven Zaloga from
materials supplied by the museum please go here.
Following are selected photos taken during visits in 1992 and 1993. Copies
of these photos may be purchased as prints or on disk. Not being sufficiently
familiar with armored vehicles, I may not have correctly identified many of the
tanks and SP guns in these photos by matching the vehicle numbers to Steve
Zaloga's catalog numbers. I am delighted with the multiple responses viewers
have sent in offering additional imformation or corrections. In several cases I
have received conflicting opinions. I will attempt to register all
identification information received with the captions for the pictures. We are
planning another visit for summer 1997. Anyone wishing to supply information or
participate in future visits to the museum is most welcome to contact
Xenophon. The page was last amended
on 22 Dec. 2001. A future project is to develop a bibliography of printed
references and attach it to this page.
Soviet armored railroad car.
general view of shed of Soviet tanks, #106 is SU 152
gun on KV.
Putilov Austin Armored Car.
#405 is a BA-6 standard armored car from 1935, #406
is a BA-21 6 wheel BA-20 derivative from 1939, #407 is a KSP-76 SP ZIS 3 w/76mm
gun from 1944.
#402 in Pavilion 4 - BA-27M (1930) Early armored
car - #403 - BA-3 (1943) BT-5 T-26 turret armored car. Here we have a
discrepency between Steve's catalog and Ed's photo identifications. Ed writes
that the #402 is the BA-3 and #403 is a BA-6.
#402 again - #403 BA-3 again - #404 PB-4 (1935)
Amphibious armored car. Ed wonders if it is really amphibious. Any other ideas
402, #403, #404 PB-4 again - #405 BA-6 (1935)
Standard Armored Car. Ed notes that #405 is a BA-10 rather than BA-6.
# 404 again, #405 BA-6 - #406 BA-21
(1939) 6 wheel Armored Car a BA-20 derivative.
#415 in Pavilion 4 - Soviet BTR-40 (1950) Standard
postwar scout car. #416 is a BTR-40A with ZPTU-2 AAMG turret from 1951.
#302 A T-27 tankette (identification kindly
supplied by Ed Dyer).
#307 in Pavilion 3 is a T-37A amphbious (1933)
standard scout tank. In forground #308 is T-30 (a T-40 prototype) from 1941,
and #306 is a BT-5, Cavalry tank from 1933.
#102, pavilion 1, T-35 Model 1935 Heavy Tank
#102, T-35 model 1935 heavy tank
#103, SU-14/Br-2 prototype SP gun of 1939, in
background is #104, a SU-100U of 1941.
#103, SU-14/Br-2 prototype SP gun from other side.
Ed Dyer has supplied information on this vehicle.
It is a T-18 tankette, a modification of the T-17. However, this photo shows
twin mounted MG's that Ed notes are likely bogus, as the original mounted a
on right, #103 SU 14 prototype SP Gun, on left #104
SU100U prototype SP Gun
#310 in Pavilion 3 - Soviet T-126SP gun (1940) A
T-50 prototype. In background, item 311 is a short lived T-50 infantry tank
#316 in pavilion 3 - Soviet T-80 (1943) Light Tank.
In background, item 317 is K-75 (1947) Non amphibious APC.
#206 is a T-44 production version from 1944 and
#207 is a SU-101 from 1945.
#214 is a T-55 Almaz 1961 tank with night vision
devices. #215 in Pavilon 2 - Obiekt 483 (1959) A Soviet Experimental flame
thrower. Ed Dyer notes it is on a T-54 chassis.
Obiekt 430, T-64 prototype, Soviet Medium Tank
#221 Object 430 - (1960) T-64 prototype with 100 mm
gun and smooth wheels. In background #220 is IT-1 a T-62 derived missile armed
tank destroyer (1968).
#221 Object 430, T-64 prototype.
#222 Object 432, T-64 prototype with early turret.
#218, Obiekt 167, T-62 with new suspension.
#218 is Obiekt 167, a T-62 with new suspension and 700 hp diesel engine
and Malyutka ATGM from 1961. #219 is Obiekt 167s, a mod of 167 with GTD 800
turbine engine from 1962.
Obiekt 220, IT-1 - T-62 derived missile armed tank
#219 again and #220 is an IT-1, A T-62 derived
missile armed tank destroyer.
#119, Obiekt 277 - final derivitave of the T-10
with rounded bow, which, as Ed Dyer points, out did not see production..
#118 Obiekt 268 T-10 based Assault Gun. Ed Dyer
notes that it carries a modified ML-20S 152mm howitzer. #117, Obiekt 266, T- 10
relative, which Ed identifies as the IS-8.
#119 is Obiekt 277, a T-10 relative with larger
turet and rounded bow from 1957, #118 is Obiekt 268, a T-10 based assault gun
from 1956 (see kpd018).
#117, Obiekt 266, T-10 relative (see note for
#229, Obiekt 172m. T-72A prototype.
#228 is Obiekt 172, a T-72 prototype of 1969, # 229
is Obiekt 172M Ural, a T-72A prototype of 1972.
#231, Obiekt 219, T-80 Tank
#231 in Pavilion 3 - Obiekt 219-T-80 (1976), a T-80
prototype. #230 is Obiekt 174/T-72BV, a T-72 with reactive armor.
#120 - Obiekt 279 (1957) Troyanov super-heavy tank,
close up showing the double treads.
Again, Obiekt 279 Troyanov super heavy tank,
showing more of the chassis.
Another view of Obiekt 279 Tryanov super heavy
tank, from the other side, showing the turret.
Closeup of tracks of the Obiekt 279, Troyanov super
#121, Obiekt 770, Isakov heavy tank prototype.
# 122 is SU 100 SP, #123 is SU 100P Rear mounted.
#222 is obiekt 432, T-64 prototype, #223 is obiekt
434, T-64 115 gun.
#224 is T-64 A, #225 is obiekt 775, P. P. Isakov low
profile missile tank a relative of the T-64.
#225 is the P. P. Isakov low profile missile tank.
#225, Obiekt 775, is the Isakov low profile tank
again, #226 is obiekt 287, Taifun missile tank destroyer with two 73 mm
#226, Obiekt 287, Taifun missile tank, #225, low
#226, Obiekt 287, Taifun missile tank, #227, Obiekt
288, Kotin T-64 observation tank, twin Isotov engines.
#227, Obiekt 288, Kotin, T-64 observation tank.
#227, Kotin, T-64 observation tank, #228, obiekt
172, T-72 prototype.
#228, T-72 prototype.
#228, obiekt 172, T-72 prototype.
The German Kugelpanzer, Artillery rolling forward
observer post. I have various opinions on the origin and use of this item.
Steve Zaloga wrote an article on it for the ordnance magazine at Aberdeen.
German Tank pavilion - #1 is PzKpfw I (1939), #2 is
PzKpfw II (1940), # 3 and # 4 are Marder II Tank destroyers (1942) and #5 is
MAUS - Front glacis. This is item 16 in Pavilon 5.
For a description of the MAUS and MORSER kindly supplied by Mr. Lothar Zeidler
please go here.
MAUS - Front glacis and turret.
MAUS - Rear view
MAUS - Front detail of glacis and turret
MAUS - Front detail - (overexposed by
flash, but shows turret)
Between MAUS and MORSER with local fans
Detail of MORSER
Detail of MORSER
Detail of MORSER
KARL MORSER - Front view of the 60 cm SP
mortar. This is item 15 in Pavilion 5 5.
MORSER - Rear view.
MORSER - Front view.
German mineclearing vehicle - Alkett
Minenraumfahrzeug. It is item 32 in Pavilion 5.
German Elefant, Sturmgeschutz, 8.8cm Pak43 SP Tank
Destroyer. Edwin Dyer has provided information on the item in background - a
Waffentrager or a VK30001H 128mm SP gun on Pzkpfw IV chassis - also known as
Selbstfahrlafette L/61. Two were built on left over chassis and put into
service with the 2nd Panzer Division in Russia, where it was captured.
German PkFw VI ausf E, Tiger I.
#21 in German tank pavilion, the Jagd Tiger Tank
OTHER WEB PAGES ON ARMOR
Wee have photos of vehicles at the two museums at
Ft Hood and at the
outdoor military museum in Kyiv.
Now photos of armor and artillery at
ground, at the Virginia
armor museum and Ft
Lewis, Washington. Go toTop.