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ALEXANDER I - HUSSAR REGIMENTS

 
 

This section features a set of lithographs by L. Kiel depicting the Hussar Regiments of the Imperial Russian army during the reign of Emperor Alexander I.
Some were organized as far back and 1651 and others during the reign of Empress Catherine II. At the beginning of 1812 there were 11 line hussar regiments in the Russian armed forces plus one guard hussar regiment. An additional regiment was added in December 1812. This is a brief account of these regiments. Light cavalry had always occupied a prominent place in the Russian armed forces. The development of the hussar, as a specific type of cavalry was influenced by the appearance of hussars in the armies of the Western European powers. Initially, in the early 17th century, the first units to appear corresponding to a hussar type were formed from the irregular mounted streltzi and some cossack "polks". Eventually these were transformed into irregular light horse units and then, in 1741, into regular hussar regiments on the army rolls.- fully 20% of the Russian cavalry. Each regiment considsted of 10 squadrons divided into 2 battalions. On campaigns the regiments took 8 squadrons and the 2 remaining squadrons were in the reserves. The table of organization of a regiment consisted of one 'chief', 6 staff officers ( colonel, Lt. Colonel, 4 majors), 75 senior officers (6 rotmisters, 10 saf-rotmisters, 20 poruchiks, 34 coronets, 1 shefski and 2 battalion adjutants, 1 quartermaster and 1 kaznach), 130 NCO's,. 1480 privates, 32 trumpeters, 52 non-combatants ( of whom 1 svyashennik, 3 doctors, 2 feldwebels, 1 kistoprav and 10 clerks) 39 masterovs, 27 furleiters, - 1432 service horses in peacetime and 1582 in wartime (not counting the horses of the officers and military officials - who owned their own), In each field squadron there were 7 senior officers, 13 NCO's, 148 privates, 3 trumpeters, and 143 horses. The Pavlograd Regiment , decorated for excellence at Shyengrabyen with the St George Standards, had for their guard in each squadron 2 non- commissioned officers over TO&E in each squadron. In January of 1813 all cavalry regiments were reduced to 7 squadrons (6 on campaigns and 1 in reserve)
The privates of the hussar regiments in 1812-1814 were recruited in the majority from inhabitants of Ukraine and southern Russia. To be suitable for hussar service the recruit had to be from 165 to 169 centemeters tall. This rule, naturally, did not apply to the officers. The hussar horses had to be excellent, but not taller than 2 arshins 2 vershk (151 centemeters) nor shorter than 2 arshins (142 centemeters). The cost of a horse for hussars typically amounted to 40 rubles, but during war of course inflation brought the price to 200 rubles. The traditional uniform of the hussars which was based on the national costume of the Magyars and south Slavs,
The basic parts were the doloman, myentik (peliesse) (worn thrown over the left shoulder, but in winter could be worn with the arms in the sleeves. The hussars wore the 1812 model kiver of black leather

 
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Akhtirski Hussar Regiment - formed 27 June, 1651 from natives of Little Russia (Ukraine) as the Akhtirski Settlement Cherkasski Regiment -

 
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Staff trumpeter - Aktirski Hussary Regiment - 1817 - colored lithgraph by L. Kiel

 
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Senior officer - Aktirski Hussar Regiment - 1815 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Aleksandrovski Hussar Regiment - formed on 28 July, 1783 by general major Baron I. Ye. Ferzyen on the basis of the Dalmatian and Makyedonski Hussary Regiments, as the Alyeksandriiskii Light horse Regiment - Yekatyerinuslavski Horse.

 
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NCO - Aleksandrovski Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Private - Aleksandrovski Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Belorusskii Hussar Regiment - formed on 16 May, 1803 by Count general major P. V. Golyenishchyev-Kutusov in Yekatyerinopol and Zvyenigorod in Kiev Province on the basis of four squadrons, formerly from the Alyeksandriiskii, Yelizabetgradskii, Ol'viopol'skii and Pavlogradskii Hussar Regiments

 
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Private - Belorusski Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Senior officer - Belorusski Hussar Regiment - 1815 -color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Elizavetgradskii Hussar Regiment - formed on 22 March, 1764 in the fortress of St. Yelizavyet from Cossacks serving in the fortress as the Yelizavyetgrad Lancer Regiment

 
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Staff officer - Elizavetgradskii Hussar Regment - 1815 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Private - Elizavetgradskii Hussar Regiment - 1815 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Grodnyenskii Hussar Regiment - formed on 13 July, 1806 by Colonel D. D. Shyepyelyev in Toropts in the Pskov Province on the basis of five squadrons formerly in the Alyeksandriiskii, Izumskii, Ol'viopol'skii, and Sumskii Hussar Regiments

 
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NCO - Grodnenskii Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Senior officer - Grodnenskii Hussar Regiment - 1815 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Irkutskii Hussar Regiment - formed on 17 December, 1812 on the basis of the Irkutski Dragoon and Moskva Hussar Count Saltikov Regiments

 
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Senior officer - Irkutskii Hussar Regiment - 1815 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Staff officer - Irkutskii Hussar Regiment - 1815 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Izumskii Hussar Regiment - formed on 27 July, 1651 from natives of Little Russia as the Izumskii Settlement Cherkasskii Cossack Regiment

 
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Staff trumpeter - Izumskii Hussar Regiment - 1817 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Private - Izumskii Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Mariupol'skii Hussar Regiment - formed on 28 July, 1783 from the Luganski and Poltavski Lancer Regiments as the Mariupol'skii Light Horse Regiment

 
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Private - Mariupol'skii Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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NCO - Mariupol'skii Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Pavlogradskii Hussar Regiment - formed on 28 July, 1783 by general lieutenant Baron I. A. Igyel'sgtrom on the basis of the Dnyeprovskii and Yekatyerinoslavskii Lancer Regiments.

 
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Private - Pavlogradskii Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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NCO - Pavlogradskii Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Sumskii Hussar Regiment - formed on 27, July 1651 from settlers in Little Russia as the Sumskii Settlement Cherkasskii Cossack Regiment.

 
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Senior officer - Sumskii Hussar Regiment - 1815 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Staff trumpeter - Sumskii Hussar Regiment - 1817 - color lithgraph by L. Kiel

 
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The Ol'viopol'skii and Lubenskii Hussar Regiments - formed on 28 June, 1783 by general major baron I. Ye. Ferzen from the Serbski and Bolgarski hussars and on 14 March, 1807 by general major A. P. Melissin in Shkolov and Mogilev on Dnestr river from Russian volunteers and foreigners

 
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Private - Olviopol'skii Hussar Regiment - 1816 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 
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Staff officer - Lubenskii Hussar Regiment - 1815 - color lithograph by L. Kiel

 

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