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Imperial Russia

Armed Forces of Russian Federation



St. Petersburg, Russia


This web site has been prepared as an unofficial display of selected material from the great Museum of Artillery, Engineers, and Signal Troops in St Petersburg, Russia by members of the Xenophon Group Int. We want to acknowledge the gracious assistance of the museum Director, Colonel V. Krilov, the curators and department heads, especially Mr. A. Kulinski, and the members of their staffs during our frequent visits to this marvelous museum. Without their special permission to examine and photograph artifacts among the millions held in closed areas not open to public view this display would not be possible.

The museum traces its origin to the prescient objectives of Emperor Peter I, who decreed that an especially historic captured mortar be preserved at a time the Russian army was desperately melting down all possible metal to cast new cannon. Jacob Bruce, the Tsar's chief of artillery followed through by organizing the acquisition and safe storage of historically important weapons. The Artillery Museum was founded by a government UKAZ in 1756 as the Main Artillery and Fortifications Museum. In 1868 the collections were moved to the Crownwork Arsenal of the Peter and Paul Fortress, built by the architect P. I. Tamanski. The museum was named Artillery Museum in 1903 and in 1963 it was merged with the Central Historical Military Engineer Museum. A section on the history of military signaling was created in 1965. The collection is housed in 13 halls containing 15,000 square meters of floor space. The museum collections include many unique pieces of artillery, rocket weapons, small arms, and cold weapons. It has a large collection of military engineer and signal equipment and many displays and dioramas illustrating the history of these branches. The museum also has outstanding collection of military flags and standards, military awards and decorations, medals, uniforms and accoutrements, and combat equipment. It has a large collection of combat art and graphics displays, sculpture, and paintings. The archive has an extensive collection of documents dating back to the 16th century. Large weapons and equipment including vehicles are on display outside, in the courtyard. The museum conducts an educational program of lectures, displays, and meetings.
. To view our extensive web sites on Russian history and general military history go to Xenophon Group. .

Selected photographs of the museum collection


We have additional photos taken at the museum in 2005 here.

This section is now open at exhibition.

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