SOVIET MILITARY AUTHORS
A. S. ALGAZIN
Aleksey Sergeyevich Algazin (1902-1937) In the Army since
1925. Military writer and teacher. Was chief of staff of an air force brigade,
and instructor and chairman of the department of operational aArt at the N. Ye
Zhukovskiy Air Force Academy.
Principal Works: Obespecheniye vozdushnykh operasiy
[Supporting Air Operations], 1928; Taktika bomvardirovochnoy aviatsii
[Bomber Tactics], 1934; Aviatsiya v sovremennoy voyne [The Air Force
in Modern Warfare], 1935.
S. N. AMMOSOV
Sergey Nikolayevich Ammosov (1897-1943) In the Red Army
since 1918. After the Civil War, taught in an artillery school. Worked in
military training institutions after graduating in 1928 from the RKKA M. V.
Frunze Military Academy. Commander and commissar of a mechanized brigade from
1936 to 1938. Colonel.
Principal works: "Raids by Motorized and Mechanized
Formations", Voyna i revolyutsiya, No. 6, 1931; Taktika
motmekhsoyedineniy[Tactics of Motorized and Mechanized Formations, GVIZ
[State Military Publishing House, 1932; "Tanks in the Breakthrough
Operation," Voyna i revolyutsiya, Nos. 5-6, 1932;
Vzaimodeystviye tankov s pekhotoy [Interaction of Tanks and Infantry],
Moscow, GVIZ, 1934; Taktika i takticheskaya podgotovka[Tactics and
Tactical Training, Moscow, GVIZ, 1934.
Semen Markovich Belitskiy (1889-1937) With the Red Army
since it was first organized. Occupied staff and command posts as high as
deputy army commander. Graduated form the Military Academy in 1922, served as
Chief of the Operations Directorate, RKKA Staff, worked in the Higher Military
Editorial Council, was an instructor at the Military Academy, and Deputy
Chairman of the Osoaviakhim Central Council.
Principal works: Kharakter sovremennoy voyny [The
Nature of Modern War], Moscow-Leningrad, 1927; "A Study of the Experience
of the 1918-1921 Civil war," Istoriya grazhdanskoy voyny [History
of the Civil War], No. 2, 1928; Operativnaya razvedka [Operational
Reconnaissance], 1929; Voyna [War], 1931; Strategicheskiye
rezervy [Strategic Reserves], 1930.
V. V. FAVITSKIY
Vladimir Viktorovich Favitskiy (1896-1938) In the Red Army
since 1918, active participant in the Civil War. Graduated from the RKKA
Military Academy in 1925. Worked as a teacher and then as chairman of the
Department of Troop Motorization and Mechanization at the M. V. Frunze Military
Academy from 1930 to 1935. Awarded the academic title Professor of the RKKA
Military Academy in 1935. Was commander and commissar of the First Separate
Heavy Tank Brigade after 1936. Colonel.
Principal work: "Rol' mekhvoysk v sovremennoy
operatsii," Mekhanizatsiya i motorizatsiya RKKA, [The Role of
Mechanized Forces in the Modern Operation], In the journal Mechanization and
Motorization of the RKKA, Moscow, Gosvoyenizdat, 1933, No. 2, pp. 60-71.
M. V. FRUNZE
Mikhail Vasil'yevich Frunze (1885-1925) Outstanding figure
in the Communist Party, the Soviet state, and the Soviet Armed Froces, major
During the Civil War M. V. Frunze commanded armies and fronts. After the
Civil War (from the end of 1920 to 1924) M. V. Frunze was the commander of the
Ukrainian and Crimena Armed Froces and a representative of the Ukrainian SSR
Republic Revolutionary Military Council. From March 1924 he was Deputy Chairman
of the USSR Revolutionary Military Council and Deputy Perople's Commissar for
Military and Naval Affairs. From January 1925 Frunze was People's Commissar for
Military and Naval Affairs and Chairman of the USSR Revolutionary Military
Principal works: Yedinaya voyennaya doktrina i
krasnaya armiya [A Unified Military Doctrine and the Red Army], 1921;
Front i tyl v voyne budushchego [The Front and the Rear Area in the
War of the Future], 1925; Yevropeyskiya tsivilizatory i Marokko [The
European civilizers and Morocco], 1927; Na novykh putyakh, sbornik statey i
rechey po voprosam voyennogo stroitel'stva i vysshego voyennogo
obrazovaniya [On New Paths: A Collection of Articles and Speeches on
Problems of Military Organizational Development and Higher Military Education],
Moscow, Izdatel'stvo "Voyennyy vestnik," 1925.
M. R. GALAKTIONOV
Mikhail Romanovich Galaktionov (1897-1948) CPSU member
since 1917. Worked in the military commissariats of Samara, Smolensk, and Omsk,
and then as a commissar at the RKKA Headquarters. served as a member of the
editorial board of the newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda and as military
editor of the newspaper Pravda.
Principal works: Tempy operatsiy [The Pace of
Operations], 1936; Marnskoye srazheniye [The Marne Engagement], 1938;
Marne [The Marne], 1939; Strategic and tactical Mobility of Modern
Armies," Kniga i oborona SSSR, No. 14, 1932; "Mobility and
Maneuvers in the Future," Kniga i oborona SSSR, No. 1, 1934.
G. S. ISSERSON
Georgiy Samoylovich Isserson (born 1898) Participant in
the Civil War. CPSU member as of 1919. Graduated from the RKKA Military Academy
in 1924. Held command and staff positions, was commander of a division, deputy
Chief of the First section of the General Staff, Chairman of the operations
Department, Frunze Military Academy, and as of 1936 served as Chairman of the
Department of Operational Art at the General Staff Academy. Retired since 1955.
Principal works: Evolyutsiya operativnogo
iskusstva [Evolution of Operational Art] (1st edition published in 1932,
2n edition, enlarged, published in 1937; Osnovy glubokoy operatsii
[The Fundamentals of the Operation in Depth], 1933; Voyennoye iskusstvo
epokhi natsional'nykh voyn 2-y poloviny XIX veka [Military Art in the era
of Nationalistic wars in the Second Half of the 19th Century], 1933; Osnovy
oboronitel'noy operatsii. Osnovy vedeniya operatsii [Fundamentals of the
Defensive Operation. Fundamentals of the Conduct of Operations], 1938.
Novyye formy bor'by [New Forms of Conflict], 1940.
K. B. KALINOVSKIY
Konstantin Bronislavovich Kalinovskiy (1897-1931) Served
in the Red Army since 1918. During the Civil War, was commander and military
commissar of an armored train, and subsequently an armored unit. Inspector of
the Caucasian Army. Worked as armored forces inspector after graduating from
the RKKA Military Academy (1925). Deputy Chief of the RKKA Directorate of
Mechanization and Motorization from November 1929. Died 12 July 1931 in an air
Principal works: Tanki [Tanks], 1925, as well as
a number of articles "Use of Tanks and Their Coordination with
Infantry," Voyennyy vestnik, No. 27, 1927; "Coordination of
Infantry and Tanks," Voyennyy vestnik, No. 25, 1928; "Tanks
in the General Range Support Group," Motorizatsiya, i
Mekhanizatsiya,, Nos. 1-2. 1931.
S. S. KAMENEV
Sergey Sergeyevich Kamenev (1881-1936) A Colonel on the
General Staff of the old Russian Army. Joined the Red Army in 1918. Commanded
troops on the Eastern Front. Was Commander-in Chief of the Soviet Republic
Armed Forces from July 1919-1924, amd subsequemtly Chief Inspector of the Red
Army. Deputy People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs, Deputy Chairman
of the USSR Revolutionary Military Council, and Chief of the Red Army Air
Principal works: Ocherednyye voyennyye zadachi
[Immediate Military Tasks] (Lectures and Articles). Izdatel'stvo Vysshego
voyennogo redaktsionnogo soveta, Moscow, 1922; Osnovnyee voprosy
sovremennoy taktiki [Basic Problems of Modern Tactics] (written in
collaboration with R. Tsiffer), Moscow, 1925; Podgotovka pekhoty v
inostrannykh armiyakh [Infantry Training in Foreign Armies], Moscow, 1927;
Voyennaya Podgotovka naseleniza [Military Training of the Population]
(written in collaboration with K.A. Mekhanoshin, Moscow 1926.
S. N. KRASIL'NIKOV
Sergei Nikolayevich Krasil'nikov ( 1893-1971) Lieutenant
General, Distinguished Scientist, Doctor of Military Science, Professor. CPSU
member since 1920. Commanded a rifle brigade during the Civil War. Graduated
from the Military Academy in 1923 and from the Academy of the General Staff in
1939.. Commanded a corps, and served as a section chief, chief of directorates
of the General Staff and the Ministry of Defense, and as chairman of the
strategy department of the Military Academy of the General Staff.
Principal works: Organizatisiya konnitsy i legkikh
motomekhanizirovannykh soyedineniy (Organization of Cavalry and Light
Motorized and Mechanized Formations), Moscow, 1931; Sovremennaya
organizatsiya burzhuaznykh armiy(The Present Organization of Bourgeois
Armies), Moscow, 1932; Organizatsiya krupnykh obshchevoyskovykh
soyedineniye (The Organization of Large Combined-Arms Formation), Moscow,
1933; Boyevyye deystvoua parishskoy kommuny (The Combat Actions of the
Paris Commune), Moscow, 1935; Vstrechnyy boy korpusa (The Meeting
Engagement and the Corps), Moscow 1939; Nastupatel'naya armeyskaya
operatsiya (The Offensive Army Operation), Moscow, 1940; Armeyskaya
operatsiya (The Army Operation), Moscow, 1940.
V. P. KRYZHANOVSKIY
Vladimir Petrovich Kryzhanovskiy (1901-1937) In the Red
Army since 1918. After the Civil War, taught in an infantry school, graduated
from the RKKA Military Academy (1926) and from the Command Personnel
Improvement Course (1930). Held a number of important posts in the RKKA
Directorate of Mechanization and Motorization from 1930-1937.
Principal Works: "Independent Mechanized Formations
on an Army's Exposed Flank in an Offensive Operation," Voyna i
revolutsiya, No. 1, 1932; Preodoleniye zagrazhdeniy
motomekhanizirovannymi chastyami (Surmounting Obstacles with Motorized and
Mechanized Units), State Military Publishing House, 1932; "The Problems of
Independent Motorized Rifle Formations," Voyna i revolyutsiya,
Nos. 1-2, 1934.
V. V. KHRIPIN
Vasiliy Vladimirovich Khripin (1893-1937) In the Air Force
since 1916, in the Soviet Army since it was first created. Was chief of the
army's Air Force and deputy chief of the Air Force during the Civil War, and
subsequently was an VVS [air force] inspector, Air Force chief-of-staff, and
commander of AON [special purpose aviation].
Principal works: "Problems in Strategy and Tactis of
the Red Air Force," 1925; Vozdushnaya voyna [The Air War] (in
collaboration with Ye. I. Tatarchenko), 1934; Ogospodstve v vozdukhe
[On Air Supremacy], 1935.
F. I. KUZNETSOV
Fedor Isidorovich Kuznetsov (1898-1961) In the Red Army
since 1918. Commanded rifle units and formations. Graduated from the RKKA
Military Academy in 1926. Was chairman of the school of infantry, senior
instructor, and then chairman of the Department of General Tactics at the M. V.
Frunze Military Academy. Held a number of important posts in the troops and in
the central directorates of the Ministry of Defense during the Great Patriotic
War. Retired in 1948. Colonel General.
Principal works: "Motorization and Mechanization and
Obstacle Service," Voyna i revolyutsiya, Nos. 2&3, 1930;
"Today's Battle Vehicle and the Problem of Unification," Voyna i
revolyutsiya, no. 6, 1931.
A. N. LAPCHINSKIY
Aleksandr Nikolayevich Lapchinskiy (1882-1938) Soviet air
aviation theoretician well known in the USSR and aborad who studied the combat
employment of the air force. Served in the Red Army since its organization.
Active participant in the Civil War. Was chief of the army air force and chief
of staff of the republic's air force. After the Civil War, worked as an
instructor at the M. V. Frunze Military Academy and at the Air Force Academy.
Principal works: Taktika aviatsii [Air Force
Tactics], published in 1926, 1928, and 1931 (awarded the M. V. Frunze Prize);
Krasnyy vozdushnyy flot 1918-1928 [The Red Air Force in 1918-1928,
1928; tekhnika i taktika vozdushnogo flota [Air force Equipment and
Tactics], 1930; Vozdushnyye sily v boyu i operatsii [The air Force in
the Battle and the Operation], 1932; a mojor scientific research monograph
consisting of three books Vozdushnyy boy [The aerial battle], 1934;
Bombardirovochnaya aviatsiya [Bombers], 1937; and Vozdushnaya
armiya [The Air Army], 1939; Vozdushnaya razvedka [Air
V. A. MELIKOV
Vladimir Arsen'yevich Melikov (1898-1942) Participant in
the Civil War. CPSU member since 1919. Graduated from the RKKA Military Academy
in 1923. Served as instructor and later chairman of the department of military
history, M. V. Frunze Military Academy, and after 1936 at the Academy of the
General Staff as a Major General, professor, and doctor of military science.
Principal works: Marna Visla, Smirna [Marne, the
Vistula, and Smyrna]. Moscow, 1928; Problema strategicheskogo razertyvaniya
po opytu mirovoy i grazhdanskoy voyn [The Problem of Strategic Deployment
as Seen in the World and Civil Wars], Moscow, 1935; Geroicheskaya oborona
tsaritsyna [The Heoric Defense of Tsaritsyn], Moscow, 1938.
B. M. SHAPOSHNIKOV
Boris Mikhaylovich Shaposhnikov (1882-1945) Marshal of the
Soviet Union. Graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff in 1910.
During the Civil War chief operations directorate, field headquarters of
Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic. Commanded military districts
after the Civil War. Was chief of the M. V. Frunze Military Academy , chief of
the General Staff, Deputy People's Commissar for Defense, and Chief of the
Higher Military Academy. CPSU member since 1930, candidate member of the VKP(b)
Central Committee since 1939.
Principal works: Konnitsa Kavaleriyskiye ocherki,
[The Cavalry: Cavalry Studies], Moscow, 1923; Na Visle. K isterii kamparii
1920 g. [ On the Vistula: Toward a History of the 1920 Compaign], Moscow,
1924; Mozg armii [The Brain of the Army], Book I, Moscow, 1927;
Mozg armii, Book II, Moscow 1927; Mozg armii, Book III,
Moscow, 1929; Varshavskaya operatsiya [The Warsaw Operation], Moscow,
YE. A SHILOVSKIY
Yevgeniy Aleksandrovich Shilovskiy (1889-1952) Lieutenant
General, Doctor of Military Sciences, Professor at the Military Academy of the
General Staff, and CPSU member since 1943. Graduated from the old Russian
Army's Academy of the General Staff in 1917. Participant in world War I. In the
Soviet Army since August 1918. Was 16th Army Chief of Staff during the Civil
War. Served as Chief of Staff, Moscow Military District from October 1928 to
February 1931. Then worked as a scholar and instructor at the Military Academy
of the General Staff.
Principal works: Na Berezine. Deystviya XVI armii v
1920 g. [At the Berezina. Operations of the 16th Army in 1920], 1928;
Kontrnastupleniye Krasnoy armii v Belorussii [The Red Army's
Counteroffensive in Belorussia], 1940.
I. P. SUKHOV
Ivan Prokof'yevich Sukhov (1895-1962) In the Red Army
since 1918. Commanded a rifle brigade after the Civil War. Studied at the
"Vystrel" and subsequemtly worked at the Moscow command personnel
improvement school. Served as senior instructor at the RKKA Military Academy of
Motorization and Mechanization in 1933-1935, and as chairman of the department
of higher formation tactics at the same academy in 1938-1940. Commanded large
armored formations during the Great Patriotic War. Held posts of responsibility
in the directorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense in postwar ear. Colonel
General, Tank Troops.
Principal Works: "Tanki v sovremennoy voyne,"Trudy
voyennoy akademii mekhanizatsii i motorizatsii RKKA [Works of the RKKA
Military Academy of Mechanization and Motorization], 1940; Mol.
Bol'shevik [Young Bolshevik], No. 2, 1941.
A. A. SVECHIN
Aleksandr Andreyevich Svechin (1878-1938) Officer on the
old Russian Army General Staff, participant in the Russo-Japanese War
(1904-1905) and World War I. Military commander of the Smolensk region in the
Soviet Army as of March 1918 and Chief, All-Russian main staff as of August
1918. Subsequently involved in scientific instructional work at the M. V.
Frunze Military Academy and at the Academy of the General Staff as professor in
the Department of Staff Service and Strategy, and chief instructor on the
history of military art.
Principal works: Strategiya [Strategy], 1923, 2d
ed. 1927; Strategoya v trudakh voyennykh klassikov [Strategy in the
Works of Military Classicists], A.A. Svechin, ed., 1925; Evolyutsiya
voyennogo iskusstva[Evolution of Military Art], 1927; Klauzevits
[Clausewitz], 1935; Strategiya XX veka no pervom etape [The First
Stage of 20th Century Strategy], 1937.
B. L. TEPLINSKIY
Boris L'vovich Teplinskiy (1899-1972) Major General of
Aviation (retired), Associate Professor. Participant in the Civil War. After
the Civil War, served as chief of staff of an Air Force brigade, instructor at
the Academy of the General Staff, deputy chief of the Air Force main
headquarters, and Air Force chief of staff of a military district.
Principal works: Vozdushnoye nablyudeniye [Air
Surveillance], 1931; Osnovy obshchey taktiki VVA [Fundamentals fo
General Air Force Tactics]. 1940; Aviatsiya v boyu nazemnykh voysk
[Aviation in Ground Forces Combat], 1940.
V. K. TRIANDAFILLOV
Vladimir Kiriakovich Triandafillov (1894-1931) Participant
in the Civil War, CPSU member since 1919. Graduated from the RKKA Military
Academy in 1924. Commanded a corps in 1928 -29. Died in an air crash.
Principal works: "Coordination between the Western
and South-western Fronts During the Red Army's Vistula Offensive in
1920," Voyna i revolyutsiya [Was and Revolution], Book 2, 1925;
"The Red Army's Perekop Operation," Grazhdanskaya voyna 1918-1921
g. [The Civil War of 1918-1921], Vol 1, Moscow, 1928; Razmakh
operatsiy sovremennykh armiy [The Scope of the Operations of Modern
Armies], Moscow, 1926, Kharakter operatsii sovremennykh amriy [Nature
of Operations of Modern Armies], Moscow, 1929, 2d ed 1932.
I. P. UBOREVICH
Iyeronim Petrovich Uborevich (1896-1937) CPSU member as of
March 1917. Was commander of an artillery battery in the old Russian Army.
Organized Red Army detachments from the onset of the Civil War. Commanded a
brigade, a division, and armies, and was Commander in Chief of the People's
Revolutionary Army of the Far East Republic. After the end of the Civil War,
was commander of military districts, a member of the USSR Revolutionary
Military Council, Chief of Armament, and Deputy People's Commissar of Navbal
Affairs. Candidate member of the VKP(b) Central Committee as of 1930.
Principal works: "Significanceof Maneuver in the
Civil War," Voyennyy vestnik, Military Hearld, No. 4, 1921;
"Principles of Conducting Combat and Their Significance in red Army
Training and Indoctrination," Krasnaya Armiya no Vostoke [The Red
Army in the East], No. 8, 1922; Podgotovka komsostava RKKA (starshego i
vysshego) [The Training of RKKA Command Personnel (Senior and Higher)];
Polevyye poyezdki, uskorennyye voyennyye igry i vykhody v pole, [Field
Trips, Accelerated War Games, and Field Excerises, 1928;
Operativno-takticheskiye i aviatsionnyye voyennyye igry
[Operational-Tactical and Aviation War Games], Moscow, 1929; "Troop
Tactical Training in Summer," Voyna i revolyutsiya Nos. 6-7,
N. Y. VARFOLOMEYEV
Nikolay Yefimovich Varfolomeyev (1890-1941) junior captain
in the old Russian Army. Served in the Red Army since 1918 in the posts of
Chief of the Operational Directorate, an army chief of staff, front deputy
chief of staff, Deputy Chief Strategy Lecture Series at the RKKA M. V. Frunze
Military Academy and a military district chief of staff.
Principal works: "Strategic Buildup and Attrition in
the Civil War, " Istoriya grazhdanskoy voyny [History of the
Civil War], Vol. 2, 1928; Udarnaya armiya [The Shock Army], 1933;
Nastupatel'naya operatsiya [The Offensive Operation], 1937;
"Strategy from an Academic Perspective," Voyna i
revolyutsiya, No. 11, 1928; "Operational Art at the Present
stage," Krasnaya Zvezda, Moscow, No. 127, 1932.
I. I. VATSETIS
Ioakim Ioakimovich Vatsetis (1873-1939) Colonel in the old
Russian Army. Graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff in 1909.
Served in the Red Army from its organization. Commanded the Eastern Front in
1918. Was Commander in chief of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Republic from 8
September 1917 to July 1919, and sudsequently a professor at the RKKA Military
Principal works: Boyevyye deystviya v vostochnoy prussii v nachale
sentyabrya 1914 g. [Combat Operations in East Prussia in the Beginning of
September 1914], 1923; O voyennoy doktrine budushchego [On Military
Doctrine of the Future], 1923; Chelovek i voyna: Ocherki po
voyennoy-obshchestvennoy psikhologii[Man and War: Essays on Military
Social Psychology], 1925; Operatsii no vostochnoy Granitse Germanii v 1914
g. [Operations on the Eastern Border of Germany in 1914, 1929.
A. M. VOL'PE
Abram Mironovich Vol'pe (1893-1937) participant in the
Civil War. CPSU member since 1917. Graduated from the RKKA Military Academy in
1922. Served as an instructor at the M. V. Frunze Military Academy. Occupied a
number of major posts in the central administartion of the People's
Commissariat of Defense. Commanded a division in the early 1930's. In his last
years he was Chief of Staff, Moscow Military District, and then Chief, RKKA
Principal work: Frontal'nyy udar [The Frontal
Assault], Govoyenizdat, 1931.
A. I. YEGOROV
Alexksandr Il'ich Yegorov (1885-1941) Lieutenant Colonel
in the old Russian Army. Served in the Red Army since its organization.
Commanded armies and fronts during the Civil War, and after the Civil War was
commander of military districts, Chief of the RKKA General Staff, Deputy
People's Commissar for Defense, and marshal of the Soviet Union. CPSU member as
of 1918. Was a candidate member of the VKP (b) Central Committee as of 1934.
Principal works: L'vov-Varshava 1929 God
[L'vov-warsaw, 1929]; Vzaimodeystviye frontov [Interaction of
Fronts], Gosvoyenizdat, Moscow, 1929; Razgrom denikina. 1919
God[Denikin's Rout: 1919], Gosvoyenizdat, Moscow, 1931; "The 1920
Kiev Engagement," Voyenno-istoricheskiy byulleten', Izd-vo NKO,
B. B. ZHERVE
Boris Borisovich Zherve (1879-1937) Graduated from the
Naval School in 1898 and from the mine courses in 1901. Instructor at the Naval
Academy as of 1918, and chief of the Naval Academy from 1928-1931.
Principal works: Osnovy voyenno-morskoy strategii
[Fundamentals of Naval Strategy], 1919-1921; Znacheniye morskoy sily dlya
gosudarstva [The Significance of Naval Power to the State], 1923;
Morskaya strategiya Napoleona [Napoleon's Naval Strategy], 1926;
Desantnaya operatsiya [The Assault Landing Operation], 1931.