The Siege of Theodosia in c.?360 was the
third and final siege by the Bosporan Kingdom under Leukon I against the city of Theodosia, a probable
colony of Heraclea Pontica, who had aided the city in two previous sieges.
In the first siege, Satyros I, the father of Leukon,
besieged the city but lost his life there at the age of 81. Leukon besieged the
city himself but, after having been tricked by Tynnichus, retreated back to
Panticapaeum. After his defeat, Leukon had to solidify his position on the
throne after getting word that some of his friends and subjects were conspiring
against him due his failure at Theodosia. He enlisted the aid of merchants and
put down the conspiracy.
Leukon, seeing that the Heracleotes had left to their colony, possibly due to
problems with Clearchus of Heraclea who had made himself tyrant of Heraclea
recently, laid a sneak attack on the city of Theodosia before the Heracleotes
could prepare an expedition to aid the city. Leukon succeeded in finally
defeating Theodosia, who robbed his father of his life in 389. After defeating
Theodosia however, Leukon was invaded by the Heracleotes in his own territory,
but as able to repel them through the use of Scythians to maintain his Greek
troops disciplined and stable.