SOVIET VOROSHILOV ACADEMY LECTURES

LESSON III: TACTICAL AND OPERATIONAL
CALCULATIONS


1. General: In this three hour lesson the students will become familiar
with Soviet mathematical approaches to decision making. They will consider a
series of specific problems isolated from tactical situations and focus on the
formulas, nomograms, tables, and other technical aids for calculations. The
problems will be seen again in tactical and operational settings in the later
practical exercises.


DISCUSSION AGENDAOperational and Tactical Calculations


LESSON NOTESOperational calculations


CLARIFICATION OF THE MISSION


ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION


CALCULATIONS DURING COMBAT


LIST OF VIEWGRAPHSVG1  Introduction and outline of Lesson III VG2  Basic time and distance calculation VG3  Basic time and distance calculation VG4  Nomogram  time and distance calculation VG5  Example basic time and distance VG6  Calculation of time to begin move to start line VG7  Calculation of time to begin move to start line VG8  Nomogram  time to begin move to start line VG9  Example  time to begin move VG10  Calculation of time to deploy into a new assembly area VG11  Calculation of time to deploy into a new assembly area VG12  Nomogram  time to deploy into new area VG13  Example  time to deploy in new area VG14  Calculation of time unit arrives in a new area VG15  Table Calculation of time unit arrives in a new area VG16  Blank table Calculation of time unit arrives in a new area VG17  Calculation of time unit arrives in a new area VG18  Example  time unit arrives in a new area VG19  Calculation of the duration of a march from one area to another VG20  Table calculation of duration of march VG21  Blank table calculation of duration of march VG22  Calculation of the duration of march from one area to another VG23  Example  duration of march VG24  Determine the required movement rate for a unit to regroup in a new area VG25  Form for calculating required travel speed VG26  Blank form for calculating required travel speed VG27  Determine the requried movement rate for a unit to regroup in a new area VG28  Example  required movement rate VG29  Calculation of length of route, average speed and duration of movement of moving column VG30  Form for calculation of transit time over multisegment route VG31  Blank form for calculation of transit time over multisegment route VG32  Calculation of transit time over multisegment route VG33  Example  transit time over multisegment route VG34  Calculation of overall depth of column consisting of several subcolumns VG35  Nomogram  calculation of total length of column VG36  Calculation of overall depth of column consisting of several subcolumns VG37  Example  total depth of column VG38  Calculation of duration of passage of narrow points and difficult segments VG39  Nomogram  duration of passage of narrow point or obstacle VG40  Calculation of duration of passage of narrow points and difficult segments VG41  Duration of passage of narrow points and difficult segments (2) VG42  Duration of passage of narrow points and difficult segments (3) VG43  Duration of passage of narrow points and difficult segments (4) VG44  Duration of passage of narrow points and difficult segments (5) VG45  Example  duration of passage of obstacle VG46  Example  duration of passage of obstacle (2) VG47  Example  duration of passage of obstacle (3) VG48  Nomogram time to surmount long obstacle VG49  Calculation for passage times across start point (sl) by the head and tail of the column VG50  Calculation for passage times across start point (sl) by the head and tail of the column VG51  Nomogram  time to cross start or control point VG52  Calculation for passage times across start point (sl) by the head and tail of the column (2) VG53  Example time to pass point VG54  Calculation of expected time and distance of point of contact with advancing enemy VG55  Calculation of expected time and distance of point of contact with advancing enemy VG56  Nomogram  calculation of time and distance to point of contact VG57  Example  calculation time and distance of point of contact with advancing enemy VG58  Solution  calculation time and distance of point of contact with advancing enemy VG59  Calculation of time required for advancing and deploying subunits to change from line of march into the attack VG60  Calculation of time required for advancing and deploying subunits to change from line of march into the attack VG61  Table calculation of time to advance and deploy VG62  Calculation of the time and distance to the line of contact VG63  Table  calculation of expected time and distance to probable line of meeting engagement VG64  Blank table  calculation of expected time and distance to probable line of meeting engagement VG65  Calculation of the time and distance to the line of contact VG66  Example  the time and distance to the line of contact VG67  Calculation of expected time and rate of overtaking when pursuing the enemy VG68  Calculation of expected time and rate of overtaking when pursuing the enemy VG69  Calculation of expected time and rate of overtaking when pursuing the enemy (2) VG70  Nomogram  expected time and rate of overtaking enemy VG71  Example  expected time and rate of overtaking when pursuing the enemy VG72  Example  expected time and rate of overtaking when pursuing the enemy (2) VG73  Example  expected time and rate of overtaking when pursuing the enemy (3) VG74  Calculation of the work time available to the commander and staff for organizing repulse of advancing enemy forces VG75  Calculation of the work time available to the commander and staff for organizing repulse of advancing enemy forces VG76  Nomogram  work time available to commander and staff VG77  Example  work time available to the commander and staff for organizing repulse of advancing enemy forces VG78  Example  work time available to the commander and staff for organizing repulse of advancing enemy forces (2) VG79  Determination of quantity of various means for task performance VG80  Determination of quantity of various means for task performance VG81  Determination of quantity of various means for task performance VG82  Determination of quantity of various means for task performance VG83  Determination of quantity of various means for task performance VG84  Nomogram  quantity of weapons and probibility to fulfill task VG85  Determination of quantity of various means for task performance (2) VG86  Example  quantity of means for task performance VG87  Example of quantity of various means for task performance (2) VG88  Modeling battle VG89  Coefficients of comensurability VG90  Modeling battle VG91  Modeling battle VG92  Calculation of strike capability of subunits VG93  Calculation of strike capability of subunits VG94  Example of strike capability of subunits VG95  Calculation of the width of main attack sector VG96  Calculation of the width of main attack sector VG97  Example of the width of main attack sector VG98  Calculation of required destruction of enemy VG99  Calculation of required destruction of enemy VG100  Nomogram  required destruction graph VG101  Example  of required destruction of enemy VG102  Calculation of rate of advance in relation to correlation of forces VG103  Nomogram  F factor and correlation of forces VG104  Example  rate of advance in relation to correlation of forces VG105  Nomogram  Force attrition army VG106  Nomogram  Force attrition front VG107  Determine the required amount of manpower and weapons for bringing subunits back up to sufficient strength to restore their combat capability VG108  Form for calculation of required amount of forces VG109  Blank form for calculation of required amount of forces VG110  Determine the required amount of manpower and weapons for bringing subunits back up to sufficient strength to restore their combat capability VG111  Example  the required amount of manpower and weapons for bringing subunits back up to sufficient strength to restore their combat capability VG112  Determine the expected radiation dose VG113  Determine the expected radiation dose VG114  Nomogram  determine expected radiation dose VG115  Determine the expected radiation dose VG116  Example  the expected radiation dose VG117  Form for calculation of expected radiation dose VG118  Form  Quantitative characteristics of alternative routes VG119  Form  Effectrivenewss of artillery fire damage VG120  Form Effectiveness of artillery fire damage II VG121  Calculation to determine the effectiveness of fire destruction means VG122  Form for calculating weapons effectiveness VG123  Calculation to determine the effectivenss of fire destruction means VG124  Example  determine the effectiveness of fire destruction means


LESSON III OPERATIONAL CALCULATIONS SAMPLE EXERCISES 

Operational and Tactical Calculations


Solution:


Example 2: Calculate the required speed of movement for the column to
reach the start line with a distance of 7.5 km and a time of 45 min.


3 Calculation of Time to Deploy into a New Assembly Area


Example problem: Calculate the time required for a column to occupy a
new area if the length of the column is 7 km, the depth of the new area is 3.5
km and the speed of movement during deployment is 10 kph.


Example problem: Calculate the time required for a column to occupy a
new area if the length of the column is ____km, the depth of the new area is
____ km and the speed of movement during deployment is ___ kph.


4 Calculation of Time a Unit will be in a New Area


5 Calculation of the Duration of a March from one Area to Another


6 Determine the Required Movement Rate for a Unit to Regroup in a New
Area


7 Calculation of Length of Route, Average speed and Duration of
Movement of Moving Column


8 Calculation of Overall Depth of Column
Consisting of Several Subcolumns


Example using the nomogram (Figure 89):Determine the length of a moving formation if there are 3
moving columns and the distances between them is 400 meters, the overall number
of vehicles is 65, distance between vehicles is 25 meters (variant a).


Example using the nomogram (Figure 89):


9 Calculation of Duration of Passage of Narrow Points and Difficult
Segments


The formula for major obstacles:




Example using nomogram (Figure 90):


Example using nomogram (Figure 91):


Example Calculation (A): Calculate the time required to cross an
obstacle by a column of ____ vehicles with distance between vehicles of ___
meters and a maximum speed of ____ kph.


10 Calculation for Passage Times Across Start Point (SL) by the Head
and Tail of the Column




11 Calculation of Expected Time and Distance of Probable Point of
Contact with Advancing Enemy


12 Calculation of Time Required for Advancing and Deploying Subunits
to Change From Line of March into the Attack


13 Calculation of the Time and Distance to the Line of Contact




14 Calculation of Expected Time and Rate of Overtaking when Pursuing
the Enemy




15 Calculation of the Work Time Available to the Commander and Staff
for Organizing Repulse of Advancing Enemy Forces


17 Determination of Quantity of Various Weapons, Reconnaissance,
Support, Communications etc. for Task Performance


19 Calculation of Strike Capability of Subunits


20 Calculation of the Width of Main Attack Sector


21 Calculation of Required Destruction of Enemy


22 Calculation of Rate of Advance in Relation to Correlation of Forces


24 Determine the Required Amount of Manpower and Weapons for Bringing
SubUnits back up to Sufficient Strength to Restore their Combat Capability


25 Determine the Expected Radiation Dose


29 Calculation to Determine the Effectiveness of Fire Destruction Means
