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1. Which of the following is not an aim of maskirovka?

-----conceal friendly troops from all types of enemy reconnaissance

----- deceive the enemy about troops groupings, intentions, and activities

----- disrupt enemy rear service operations

----- hamper the enemy in his selection of objectives for destruction by fire and air strikes

2. Which of the following is not a principle of maskirovka?

----- variety

----- timeliness

----- mass

----- continuity

3. Which of the following is not a basic measure for maskirovka?

----- Use of camouflage properties (characteristics) of the terrain, of darkness and other conditions of limited visibility (fog, rain, etc.)

----- distribution of false documents

----- signal security and deception, sound masking, blacking out, and radar camouflage

----- secrecy in executing engineer work

----- use of smoke screens

4. Which of the following is not a consideration in use of terrain for maskirovka?

----- use of terrain is the simplest and most accessible method

----- the most ideal terrain for concealment is broken and closed with vegetation and/ or man made structures. (protection against visual, radar, and heat reconnaissance.)

-----terrain which is open, level, single tone, and devoid of vegetation and/ or man made structures is ideal with little further enhancement

----- evergreen forests offer the most protection

----- use of improvised natural vegetation e.g. freshly cut branches, leaves, grass, reeds, moss, dirt, snow, etc

5. Which of the following is not a purpose for using smoke screens?

----- deceive the enemy

----- protect against thermal radiation of nuclear bursts

----- degrade the effectiveness of ATGM and laser guided munition

----- interfer with infrared, TV, might vision and radar reconnaissance instrument.

----- protect troops from ultraviolet radiation

6. Which of the following is not a typical means for producing smoke:

----- hand and rifle grenades, pots, drums, barrels, generators

----- mines and aerial bombs

----- forest fires

----- arty and mortar shells

----- motor vehicles, APC/BMP and tank dispensers

7. Which of the following is not a type of smoke screen?

----- blinding

----- camouflaging

----- decoying

----- illuminating

8. Which of the following is not a requirement for dummy equipment?

----- right size and dimension

----- must be employed in areas where placement of equipment is tactically sound

----- areas where dummy equipment is placed must be devoid of actual or simulated activity characteristic of operational equipment

----- decoys must be camouflaged well enough to conceal defects in construction but not well enough to prevent enemy detection

9. Which of the following is not a part of sound masking?

----- concealing give-away noises with sound curtain

----- deceiving the enemy by imitating the sound of motors in areas which are not occupied by the troops

----- turning on the engines of vehicles in areas where troops are positioned

----- observing acoustic discipline when issuing commands vocally and during conversations

10. Which of the following is not a part of light masking?

----- extinguishing (dimming) illumination devices on vehicles when travelling at night

----- using moonlight to conceal the movement of troops

----- dimming the working quarters at the CPs

----- positioning artillery behind shelters which conceal the glow of the flashes when shooting

----- separating workshops which use illumination devices from troop deployment areas

11. Which of the following is not a consideration in radar camouflage?

----- using mock-ups which imitate various forms of equipment

----- executing artillery fire missions from temporary positions when necessary

----- conducting artillery fire with extensive prior ranging

----- using roving guns and tanks to create dummy fire positions

12. Which of the following is not a part of the commander's instructions on maskirovka?

----- aim, tasks, and measures of maskirovka

----- forces and means to be used

----- place and deadlines for executing maskirovka

----- the procedure for detecting enemy maskirovka

----- individuals responsible for maskirovka measures


Mark the following statements as true or false:

1. Dazzle paint distorts the external appearance and noticeability of an object.

2. Signal deception does not require detection and elimination of typical reconnaissance tell-tale signs in the work of friendly radio equipment

3. It is believed that properly used, troops wearing coveralls can not be seen with the naked eye at a distance of more than 20 - 30 meters

4. The area covered by smoke should be 50 times greater than the covered object which should not be located in the center of the smoke-screen.

5. Paint is an effective means for camouflage

6. Reflexive control is a Soviet technique to influence an opponent's decision making.

7. Specialized camouflage sets are used to conceal specific objects (camouflage fringe, camouflage net over dug-in tank etc.)

8. Use of paint is based on the artistic talent available to the commander

9. MKT series covers take 5 - 10 hours to erect in daytime and up to twice that long at night.

10. Single color paint is effective in the jungle.

11. Decoys must be camouflaged well enough to conceal defects in construction but not well enough to prevent enemy detection

12. Blinding smoke screens are used against enemy observation posts and firing positions. It can decrease to effectiveness of fire about 10 times and can reduce the casualties up to 90%

13. Coveralls also reduce infrared detectibility

14. Types of covers include general purpose, horizontal camouflage, specialized sets, and vertical camouflage.

15. Signal security requires maintaining in time of necessity, complete radio silence

16. Dummy radio traffic is employed as part of signal security

17. Sound curtains are established by delivering artillery fire, by flying aircraft at low altitudes, by running powerful motors without mufflers and with other equipment

18. To enhance radar camouflage units and equipment should be positioned in shelters, covers and behind local objects which reflect radar beams

19. Corner reflectors are effective means for accoustic camouflage

20. Units should never travel along routes which are closed off to the enemy by local objects.