Duties and responsibilities of the front commander
l. The front commander is the principal organizer of the combat
operations of the front and he personally or through his staff commands
and controls the troops in combat. The commander accomplishes the following
- conduct of training to insure high combat readiness of the troops, combat
arms and services, and troop control organs of the front to accomplish
likely combat missions in the future;
- control and supervision of the procedures used to bring the front to
full strength in terms of personnel, weapons, equipment, technical and material
requirements and other supplies.
2. The commander is responsible for the combat capability of subordinate
troops, the organization of combat operations, the maintenance of undistrupted
troop control, and successful accomplishment of combat missions.
3. The commander clarifies the combat mission by himself or jointly with the
chief of staff and the chief of the political affairs department. He instructs
the chief of staff on preparing the combat arms, supporting arms, and services
as well as the staffs for combat and gives his instructions about the timing of
preparations for the attack and combat operation. The commander estimates the
situation by himself or he listens to the reports and suggestions of the chiefs
of combat and combat support arms and services about the employment of their
troops. He listens to the suggestions of the chief of staff about his
deductions from the estimate of the situation and proposed decisions.
Accordingly he makes his rational decision, issues combat missions to
subordinates and gives instructions about planning the operation.
4. The commander organizes coordination among the troops, supporting troops,
adjacents, and other elements of the armed forces operating in the front
area of responsibility.
5. The commander issues instructions about all-round support of the operation.
6. The commander personally or through his staff controls the preparation of
combat arms and combat support arms and services for the operation and for the
accomplishment of the assigned mission. He extends necessary assistance to
subordinate troops .
7. The commander is obliged constantly and thoroughly to evaluate and to
analyze the situation during the course of the operation and to predict likely
changes in the situation. Under any circumstances the commander is to make a
rational and timely decision in accordance with the changes in the situation
and to issue new combat missions to subordinate troops.
8. The commander should always be prepared to report to the supreme command or
general staff about the situation, status and character of operations of the
friendly and enemy troops, and his current decision.
9. The commander briefs the chief of staff about his concept and intention and
aim. He also briefs the chief of staff about any instructions he personally
issued to subordinate troops.
Duties of the chief of staff
l. The chief of staff is the first deputy of the commander and the supervisor
of the front staff. Only the chief of staff is eligible to issue in the
name of the commander instructions and orders to operational formations, and
large units, the chiefs of combat and combat support arms and services, and
other responsible officers directly under command of the front
commander. He should report to the commander about all orders he has issued.
The chief of staff accomplishes the following tasks or duties.
- He is responsible for all duties to be accomplished by the staff.
- The chief of staff briefs the deputy commander, chiefs of staff departments,
and chiefs of combat and combat support arms and services about the mission and
gives instructions about the preparation of preliminary warning orders,
calendar plans, and calculations for the decision-making process. He sets the
deadlines for their preparation.
- The chief of staff is constantly obliged to know the situation and to predict
likely changes in the situation and to be prepared to report the following
items to the commander:
(1) situation and status and character of friendly and enemy forces'
(2) deductions from his estimate of the situation and his proposed decision;
(3) measures on organization of command and control, coordination, and support
of the combat action of friendly troops.
2. The chief of staff coordinates the operation of the staff and specifies the
coordinating measures to all chiefs of combat and combat support arms and
services concerning troop control organs and adjacents. He coordinates the
operation of all organs and controls their performance.
3. The planning of the operation is conducted under the leadership of the chief
of staff. The chief of staff personally prepares some important documents such
as the combat directive and participates in preparation and working out of some
other issues and documents. He supervises the process of their preparation.
4. The chief of staff should be aware of all orders and instructions issued by
the commander and should control their execution.
5. All directives orders and instructions that should be issued to operational
formations and large units as well as all plans and important combat documents
are signed or approved by the chief of staff.
Duties of the chief of operations
l. The chief of operations is one of the most important department chiefs. He
is responsible for training and the preparation during combat of the operation.
He has the following duties:
- preparation of warning orders, calendar plans, and sometimes personally
writing the combat directives and preparation of other important documents;
- preparation of calculations required for the commander to make the decision;
- planning the front operation and preparing the annexes to the plan
such as the plan of the initial nuclear strike, operational concealment plan,
plan of protection of troops against mass destructive weapons, plan of
restoration of troop combat capabilities. The plan of employment of air assault
operations, plans of movement and deployment of front troops and FUPs
2. He is responsible for the issuance and conveyance of combat missions to
subordinate operational formations and large units;
- collection, study and analysis of situation information;
- timely presentation and dispatch of information about the situation and
regular situation reports to higher headquarters, dispatch of information about
all changes in the situation to subordinate unit staffs, the combat and combat
support arms and services, the headquarters of coordinating elements, and
- organization and maintenance of continuous coordination and preparation of
documents on coordination;
- organization and deployment of command posts and their relocation during the
course of the operation;
- organization of signal communications and designation of the command and
- control of the preparation of troops for combat operations;
- control of accomplishment of combat missions by subordinates and extension of
required assistance to them-prepare combat documents about troop control.
Duties of the chief of reconnaissance
l. The chief of reconnaissance is responsible for the training, and insures the
high combat readiness of the reconnaissance troops. He exercises troop control
over them and supervises the conduct of the operation of reconnaissance units
and subunits. He is responsible for the following items:
- collection, study, and analysis of the derivation of deductions from
reconnaissance information about the enemy and terrain and timely presentation
of the important information to the chief of staff and higher commander and
- derivation of the aims and tasks of reconnaissance and the allocation of
required troops and reconnaissance means to accomplish these;
- preparation of the reconnaissance plan and issuance of missions to the
reconnaissance department staff. The reconnaissance plan is signed by the chief
of staff and approved by the commander.
- coordination of all efforts of different reconnaissance means in terms of
their missions and objectives;
- preparation of units and sub-units (groups) (GRG from SPETZNAZ) at army level
which has two sections each with 4 groups. Front level battalion has 35
to 40 groups operating up to 800 km deep.
- preparation of unit and subunits assigned to conduct reconnaissance and
insuring their all round support;
- control of the execution of assigned instructions and orders and practical
assistance to staffs and commanders of units and sub units in accomplishment of
- organization of continuous communications with units and subunits (groups)
assigned to combat reconnaissance and also with the headquarters of subordinate
operational formations and large units;
- reception of reconnaissance reports from aircraft;
- organization and conduct of actions about the protection of reconnaissance
units, subunits, and groups against mass destruction weapons;
- communication of reconnaissance information inside the staff and to
subordinate, adjacent, and coordinating headquarters.
The duties of the chiefs of combat and combat support arms and
The chiefs of combat and combat support arms and services are responsible for
the training, command and control and high combat readiness of their respective
operational formations, large units, and units. They are obliged to accomplish
the following duties:
- report to the commander information on the capabilities of the enemy in their
respective specialties, as well as information on the capabilities and strength
of their own operational formations, large units, and units along with
suggestions regarding the combat employment of their respective troops;
- prepare the required calculations for the commander to make the decision;
- assist the commander in troop control of troops during preparation and in the
course of the operation;
- on the basis of the commander's decision, conduct the troop control of
related operational formations, large units, and units of combat and combat
support arms and services;
- plan combat employment of subordinate troops and have the plans signed by the
- issue and convey combat missions to their subordinate troops based on the
instructions of the commander;
- organize coordination and all round support of their respective subordinate
- along with the staff, and chiefs of other combat and combat support arms and
services, control the correct understanding of the combat mission and also
control and supervise the timely accomplishment of assigned missions as
2. In the course of combat the chiefs of combat and combat support arms and
services are to follow the situation and status of their subordinate units and
always be prepared to report to the commander and chief of staff the
information about the situation of their subordinate units.
Duties of chief of rear service - deputy commander of front
for rear services
The chief of rear services is at the same time the deputy commander of the
front for logistics matters. He is responsible for the training, troop
control, and high combat readiness of logistics large units and installations.
He is obliged to accomplish the following duties:
- maintenance of constant combat readiness of front rear services to
support the front`s large operational formations, large units, and units
related to combat, and combat support arms and services with all kinds of
supplies and medical services;
- clarification of mission, preparation of the initial data for the rear
services plan, making the decision, and organization of planning of logistical
- timely assignment of missions to rear service large units and installations;
- supply of all material to the troops and timely establishment and maintenance
of the specified stores and their undisrupted transportation to the troops;
- preparation and maintenance of supply routes and transport means along with
the establishment of provost and traffic regulation services along the main
- collection, evacuation and repair of damaged or disabled vehicles equipment
- provision of medical assistance and treatment of wounded and sick personnel,
creation of measures against epidemics, and prophylactic measures during the
- preparation of mobile technical bases for rocket and missile units and depots
for rocket fuel;
- organization of protection and defense and security of logistic installations
and maintenance of order in the rear services area;
- veterinary support, lodgement, and boarding of troops and exploitation of
local economy (captured supplies);
- insure the maneuver, movement and extension of supplies, transportation
vehicles and location of repair and evacuation units, medical installations,
mobile technical bases of rockets, railroad units, pipeline units, and motor
routes in accordance with the situation and the advance of front troops;
- continuous control of accomplishment of the given logistic orders and
instructions and extension of assistance to logistical units, large units, and